Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,575 100 26,087 100 5,368 100 885 9.8 - 11.5 - 18.0 - 18.3
Less than 50 lbs 3,314 11.2 119 0.5 94 1.7 1,010 18.6 1.4 19.5 0.1 35.8 1.1 18.3
50 - 99 lbs 769 2.6 43 0.2 12 0.2 280 14.3 0.4 12.4 - 31.7 0.1 15.5
100 - 499 lbs 2,256 7.6 239 0.9 48 0.9 208 10.7 0.7 12.6 0.1 9.8 0.2 11.9
500 - 749 lbs 758 2.6 168 0.6 23 0.4 139 14.4 0.4 17.5 0.1 21.6 0.1 19.2
750 - 999 lbs 378 1.3 107 0.4 16 0.3 150 14.8 0.2 22.5 0.1 25.8 0.1 23.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,600 22.3 1,929 7.4 517 9.6 230 10.6 2.6 13.9 0.9 22.4 2.3 13.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,760 43.1 15,855 60.8 3,084 57.5 194 16.9 4.2 14.2 4.2 26.8 6.0 15.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,222 4.1 4,391 16.8 S S 198 16.5 0.7 20.1 3.0 S S 30.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 690 12.8 S S S S S 41.4 6.7 S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,251 100 23,259 100 4,526 100 759 10.1 - 12.7 - 19.8 - 27.0
Less than 50 lbs 1,322 5.7 59 0.3 S S 989 39.4 2.4 41.0 0.2 S S 28.3
50 - 99 lbs 456 2.0 26 0.1 3 0.1 105 17.6 0.5 15.1 - 17.5 - 19.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,584 6.8 193 0.8 26 0.6 127 7.7 0.9 13.2 0.1 16.3 0.2 16.5
500 - 749 lbs 636 2.7 145 0.6 16 0.4 116 12.7 0.6 14.4 0.1 21.5 0.1 18.4
750 - 999 lbs 366 1.6 104 0.4 14 0.3 135 16.1 0.2 22.9 0.1 21.7 0.1 29.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,772 24.8 1,816 7.8 467 10.3 214 10.0 2.8 13.8 0.8 19.9 2.3 11.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 11,674 50.2 15,433 66.4 2,804 62.0 180 18.2 4.6 14.8 3.5 26.5 5.8 15.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,124 4.8 4,173 17.9 S S 180 18.6 0.7 21.7 2.9 S S 33.0
More than 100,000 lbs 317 1.4 1,311 5.6 413 9.1 S 25.5 0.6 26.4 2.7 37.3 6.2 S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,742 100 22,788 100 4,185 100 757 10.4 - 13.6 - 23.0 - 27.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,293 5.7 58 0.3 S S 988 39.7 2.5 41.2 0.2 S S 28.7
50 - 99 lbs 391 1.7 26 0.1 3 0.1 100 16.3 0.4 14.7 0.1 18.8 - 18.4
100 - 499 lbs 1,557 6.8 192 0.8 25 0.6 124 7.5 0.9 13.2 0.2 17.2 0.2 17.1
500 - 749 lbs 626 2.8 145 0.6 16 0.4 116 13.4 0.6 14.4 0.1 20.7 0.1 18.3
750 - 999 lbs 359 1.6 104 0.5 14 0.3 135 15.3 0.2 22.9 0.1 21.7 0.1 29.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,485 24.1 1,793 7.9 418 10.0 192 10.6 2.8 13.4 0.9 18.3 2.4 12.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 11,671 51.3 15,430 67.7 2,796 66.8 179 18.2 4.5 14.8 2.8 26.6 4.8 15.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,117 4.9 4,159 18.2 S S 181 19.0 0.8 21.9 2.9 S S 33.0
More than 100,000 lbs 244 1.1 881 3.9 S S S 28.8 0.4 41.5 1.7 S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,273 100 8,421 100 3,519 100 1,302 12.8 - 22.6 - 24.2 - 16.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,378 S S S S S S 15.8
50 - 99 lbs 90 0.7 4 - 2 0.1 427 35.5 0.3 26.0 - 25.7 - 46.3
100 - 499 lbs 527 4.3 26 0.3 18 0.5 616 15.1 1.1 27.7 0.1 22.2 0.2 10.6
500 - 749 lbs 271 2.2 21 0.2 11 0.3 555 12.9 0.4 27.8 0.1 26.4 0.1 12.4
750 - 999 lbs 177 1.4 13 0.2 11 0.3 873 19.6 0.4 18.9 0.1 23.2 0.1 10.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,011 24.5 450 5.3 366 10.4 863 17.4 4.0 13.4 1.3 20.6 3.0 11.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,827 55.6 5,786 68.7 2,323 66.0 447 22.8 5.6 26.6 3.3 31.1 5.4 18.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 673 5.5 1,988 23.6 S S 311 27.4 1.7 25.7 3.7 S S 29.2
More than 100,000 lbs 133 1.1 108 1.3 S S 1,326 42.1 0.9 30.1 0.8 S S 26.8

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,469 100 14,366 100 665 100 35 16.2 - 15.3 - 26.6 - 9.7
Less than 50 lbs 729 7.0 33 0.2 1 0.1 28 22.9 1.8 38.9 0.4 32.4 0.2 11.5
50 - 99 lbs 301 2.9 22 0.2 1 0.1 40 13.0 0.7 17.4 0.1 16.3 0.1 17.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,030 9.8 166 1.2 7 1.0 45 10.9 1.6 16.3 0.4 15.1 0.6 17.5
500 - 749 lbs 355 3.4 124 0.9 5 0.8 42 18.0 1.1 15.8 0.1 29.1 0.3 14.6
750 - 999 lbs 182 1.7 91 0.6 3 0.4 S 18.2 0.3 24.9 0.1 21.9 0.2 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,474 23.6 1,343 9.3 52 7.8 37 11.0 2.9 15.2 1.2 13.6 2.8 28.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,844 46.3 9,644 67.1 473 71.1 49 29.2 6.1 18.1 4.9 29.3 4.9 27.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 443 4.2 2,171 15.1 112 16.8 52 17.1 0.4 23.6 3.5 48.5 3.5 38.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S 774 5.4 12 1.8 S S S 47.2 2.9 47.0 1.8 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 74 100 S S 289 100 S 43.3 - S S 46.8 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 73 99.3 430 99.5 282 97.5 635 40.0 0.4 48.1 0.2 45.6 1.3 40.7

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 52 S S S S S S 15.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 38 S S S S S S 3.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 52 S S S S S S 15.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 38 S S S S S S 3.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,283 S S S S S S 14.9
Less than 50 lbs S S - 1.0 S S 1,117 S S 44.1 4.0 S S 11.3
50 - 99 lbs S S - 0.7 S S 954 S S 30.3 19.6 S S 37.2
100 - 499 lbs 28 6.5 S S S S 1,238 34.0 15.0 S S S S 22.3
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.5 - 0.1 S S S 31.2 12.2 28.3 16.8 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,977 S S S S S S 33.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,320 100 S S 528 100 1,073 27.7 - S S 50.0 - 9.5
Less than 50 lbs 1,831 42.4 54 2.3 63 11.9 1,081 21.1 9.2 31.9 11.0 40.8 9.1 9.9
50 - 99 lbs 274 6.3 12 0.5 9 1.8 749 22.9 1.9 41.8 3.6 43.7 2.8 9.3
100 - 499 lbs 508 11.8 22 0.9 22 4.2 965 36.2 4.4 13.1 3.5 15.5 2.4 13.5
500 - 749 lbs 74 1.7 9 0.4 6 1.2 726 47.7 0.7 39.6 2.2 42.9 1.2 34.9
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 46.8 1.2 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 67 1.5 S S S S S 49.9 3.4 S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 288 6.7 S S 131 24.7 S 24.7 3.7 S S 28.3 12.2 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 71 1.6 S S 15 2.9 S 30.4 8.4 S S 10.7 14.5 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,695 100 99 100 102 100 1,074 16.7 - 19.0 - 22.7 - 9.5
Less than 50 lbs 1,831 67.9 54 55.2 63 61.3 1,081 21.1 6.4 31.9 9.7 40.8 12.0 9.9
50 - 99 lbs 274 10.2 12 12.5 9 9.1 749 22.9 2.6 41.8 3.1 43.7 3.4 9.3
100 - 499 lbs 508 18.8 22 22.3 22 21.8 965 36.2 4.7 13.1 6.3 15.5 8.7 13.5
500 - 749 lbs 74 2.8 9 8.8 6 6.1 726 47.7 1.1 39.6 2.7 42.9 2.6 34.9
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 1.2 S S S S S 46.8 6.5 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 198 100 S S 126 100 2,060 34.0 - S S 31.0 - 17.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 188 95.1 60 85.6 121 96.6 2,247 31.3 2.0 43.6 5.4 29.8 1.6 13.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 344 S S S S S S 42.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 65 S S S S S S 22.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 77 S S S S S S 14.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,004 100 433 100 314 100 43 18.1 - 31.5 - 47.1 - 45.9
Less than 50 lbs 161 8.0 6 1.4 - - 14 28.6 2.5 24.7 0.9 24.3 0.5 43.1
50 - 99 lbs 39 2.0 4 1.0 - - 13 27.4 0.6 29.7 0.7 18.9 0.5 26.3
100 - 499 lbs 164 8.2 24 5.6 S S 19 24.0 7.0 28.8 7.0 S S 22.1
500 - 749 lbs S S S S - - S S S S S 47.0 7.2 S
750 - 999 lbs 5 0.2 2 0.5 S S 33 17.3 1.5 35.5 1.1 S S 39.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 761 38.0 108 24.9 S S 390 25.0 6.3 29.4 8.3 S S 44.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 798 39.8 195 45.1 150 47.7 790 30.0 8.9 39.6 10.4 43.8 10.6 24.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 27 1.4 79 18.1 117 37.3 1,511 28.7 3.1 33.0 15.7 24.0 14.3 11.3
More than 100,000 lbs - - - 0.1 - - 4 - - - 0.1 - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.