Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 29,575 100 26,087 100 5,368 100 885 9.8 - 11.5 - 18 - 18.3
Single modes 23,251 78.6 23,259 89.2 4,526 84.3 759 10.1 2.6 12.7 5.3 19.8 4.8 27
Truck6 22,742 76.9 22,788 87.4 4,185 78 757 10.4 2.9 13.6 5.8 23 6.3 27.3
For-hire truck 12,273 41.5 8,421 32.3 3,519 65.6 1,302 12.8 4.2 22.6 4.8 24.2 5.7 16.7
Private truck 10,469 35.4 14,366 55.1 665 12.4 35 16.2 3.3 15.3 5.7 26.6 2.1 9.7
Rail 74 0.2 S S 289 5.4 S 43.3 0.4 S S 46.8 8.4 S
Water S S S S S S 52 S S S S S S 15.1
Deep draft S S S S S S 52 S S S S S S 15.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,283 S S S S S S 14.9
Multiple modes 4,320 14.6 S S 528 9.8 1,073 27.7 2.9 S S 50 5.1 9.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,695 9.1 99 0.4 102 1.9 1,074 16.7 1 19 0.1 22.7 1.1 9.5
Truck and rail 198 0.7 S S 126 2.3 2,060 34 0.2 S S 31 0.9 17.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 344 S S S S S S 42.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,004 6.8 433 1.7 314 5.9 43 18.1 1.4 31.5 0.4 47.1 2 45.9

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,452 100 2,122 100 545 100 340 15.2 - 23.8 - 19.2 - 40.5
Single modes 2,390 97.5 2,107 99.3 509 93.3 317 15.3 1.3 23.8 0.2 18.1 1.9 44
Truck6 2,390 97.5 2,107 99.3 509 93.3 317 15.3 1.3 23.8 0.2 18.1 1.9 44
For-hire truck 1,515 61.8 1,494 70.4 464 85 609 23.6 10 29.4 10.3 19.4 3.9 19.1
Private truck 875 35.7 613 28.9 45 8.3 131 33.9 9.2 38.9 10.2 25.8 3.9 22.8
Multiple modes S S 12 0.6 35 6.5 S S S 39.8 0.3 33.9 2.2 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 990 S S S S S S 43.9
Truck and rail 8 0.3 10 0.5 34 6.3 3,416 9.2 0.3 10.5 0.2 11.8 2.3 -
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,581 100 S S S S 77 37.5 - S S S S 42.3
Single modes 3,423 95.6 S S S S 74 37.3 1.1 S S S S 43.7
Truck6 3,423 95.6 S S S S 74 37.3 1.1 S S S S 43.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 545 S S S S S S 41.9
Private truck 1,632 45.6 1,249 41.7 96 10.5 33 22.3 12.7 27.3 14.5 35.1 17.7 39.8
Multiple modes 91 2.6 S S S S S 35.2 1.4 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 15 0.4 S S S S 309 49.4 0.1 S S S S 29.4
Truck and rail 76 2.1 S S 22 2.4 S 10.4 2.8 S S 37.9 9.9 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 42.9

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 46 100 4,864 100 84 100 17 22.9 - 19.3 - 24 - 20.3
Single modes 45 98.7 4,849 99.7 82 97.5 16 23.8 6.5 19.5 1.1 25.2 3.8 15.8
Truck6 45 98.7 4,849 99.7 82 97.5 16 23.8 6.5 19.5 1.1 25.2 3.8 15.8
For-hire truck 7 15.1 872 17.9 16 18.8 18 17.9 9.4 15.7 14.1 20.8 12.9 17.7
Private truck 38 83.6 3,977 81.8 66 78.7 16 25.2 11.4 22.9 12.2 30.4 12.5 14.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,165 100 5,055 100 592 100 S 41.4 - 39.9 - 49.6 - S
Single modes 1,813 57.3 2,849 56.4 S S S 16 12.7 12.3 13.1 S S S
Truck6 1,753 55.4 2,480 49.1 S S 20 17.8 13.5 16.2 15 S S 47.6
For-hire truck 568 17.9 841 16.6 44 7.4 S 19.4 11.4 17.1 10.7 34.5 15.2 S
Private truck 1,185 37.5 1,638 32.4 40 6.7 S 26.4 9.7 24.7 10 33.4 14 S
Rail 53 1.7 S S S S 603 14.6 13.8 S S S S 9.2
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,825 100 655 100 431 100 1,036 14.7 - 24.5 - 27.4 - 24.9
Single modes 1,644 90.1 631 96.3 406 94.1 608 16.6 4.2 26 3.6 31 8.7 26.5
Truck6 1,635 89.6 626 95.6 401 93 608 16.7 4.4 26.1 4 30.9 8.5 26.6
For-hire truck 1,194 65.4 524 80.1 379 87.8 883 21.1 7.1 28.9 5.5 31.7 8.2 12
Private truck 441 24.2 102 15.5 S S S 23.2 4.6 42.6 4 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 3 0.1 1 0.1 - - 38 28.7 1.7 31.1 1.4 33.8 0.1 3.1
Deep draft 3 0.1 1 0.1 - - 38 28.7 1.7 31.1 1.4 33.8 0.1 3.1
Air (incl truck and air) 4 0.2 S S S S 362 37.6 1.2 S S S S 11
Multiple modes 148 8.1 11 1.7 S S 1,567 29.9 4 43.3 3 S S 21.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 131 7.2 S S S S 1,567 34.4 3.9 S S S S 22.1
Truck and rail 17 0.9 3 0.5 11 2.5 3,327 24.6 2.2 15.9 2.2 15.9 15.8 0.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20 S S S S S S 30.4

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,023 100 2,346 100 468 100 1,060 16.4 - 49.1 - 18.7 - 21
Single modes 1,475 48.8 2,239 95.5 414 88.6 945 12.8 7.1 50 2 17.4 3.8 25.2
Truck6 1,473 48.7 2,239 95.4 414 88.6 945 12.8 7.1 50 2 17.4 3.8 25.3
For-hire truck 638 21.1 390 16.6 290 61.9 1,272 16.5 6.1 14.5 11.5 21.3 10.9 17.5
Private truck 835 27.6 S S S S 43 23.4 5.2 S S S S 20.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,003 S S S S S S 18.9
Multiple modes 302 10 S S S S 1,136 41.7 4 S S S S 13.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 299 9.9 S S S S 1,136 42.4 4.1 S S S S 13.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,246 41.2 80 3.4 S S 549 24.5 7.6 45.7 1.1 S S 29

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,969 100 4,782 100 995 100 232 25.2 - 23.7 - 25.3 - 25.9
Single modes 4,439 89.3 4,601 96.2 830 83.5 187 27.3 2.7 25.1 2.5 24.2 5.3 41.4
Truck6 4,346 87.5 4,527 94.7 759 76.3 171 28 3.8 24.1 2.4 20.3 6 45.5
For-hire truck 2,925 58.9 1,578 33 686 69 709 39.5 6.8 23.1 5.2 20.6 5.6 21.6
Private truck 1,421 28.6 2,949 61.7 72 7.3 24 30.3 5.4 26.7 6.6 26.4 1.6 27.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 76 1.5 1 - S S 1,494 38.2 1.7 41 0.1 S S 15.2
Multiple modes 417 8.4 S S S S 438 36 2.7 S S S S 36.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 375 7.5 6 0.1 4 0.4 437 34.8 2.7 31 0.1 22.1 0.1 36.9
Truck and rail 2 - S S 25 2.5 2,009 13.5 0.4 S S 24.2 6.9 44
Truck and water S S 1 - - - 42 S S 2.7 0.1 20.4 - 23
Other and unknown modes 113 2.3 162 3.4 S S S 23.5 1.1 47.9 2.3 S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,797 100 223 100 136 100 748 16.6 - 28 - 31.2 - 17.6
Single modes 2,501 65.9 181 80.8 114 84.3 388 20.1 7.8 25.1 4.7 31.3 4.8 15.5
Truck6 2,375 62.5 176 78.6 99 73.1 384 20 7.8 26.1 5.3 30 6.6 16.8
For-hire truck 1,548 40.8 89 40 93 68.7 634 27.9 8 26.8 10.2 31.3 7 22.1
Private truck 827 21.8 86 38.6 6 4.5 46 28.9 6.3 47.9 10.3 45.8 5.4 19.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 740 S S S S S S 30.9
Multiple modes 1,146 30.2 19 8.5 21 15.1 1,045 25.5 7.4 32.3 3.5 39.5 4.8 14
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,119 29.5 19 8.3 17 12.7 1,043 26.4 7.5 32.7 3.5 39 5 14
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 149 3.9 S S S S S 47.6 1.6 S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,718 100 3,042 100 S S 1,129 28.5 - 35.5 - S S 19.4
Single modes 5,521 82.2 2,844 93.5 S S 1,395 29.3 3.2 35.5 2.1 S S 27.6
Truck6 5,303 78.9 2,826 92.9 S S 1,394 30.3 4.6 35.4 2.2 S S 28
For-hire truck 2,088 31.1 923 30.3 S S 1,665 36.4 7 49.8 8 S S 20.5
Private truck 3,215 47.9 1,902 62.5 S S 50 37.5 9.4 33 8.8 S S 28.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,899 S S S S S S 19
Multiple modes 842 12.5 55 1.8 83 6.9 1,014 37.8 3.1 37.5 2.1 42.5 6 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 747 11.1 43 1.4 47 3.9 1,014 37.3 2.8 36.9 1.8 39 4.4 11.8
Truck and rail 95 1.4 11 0.4 34 2.8 3,132 27.2 1.2 42.1 1.4 42.4 9.7 0.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.