Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,876 100 4,505 100 57 100 776 20.4 - 26.3 - 18.4 - 25.9
Single modes 2,409 83.8 4,481 99.5 50 87.6 21 21.5 3.7 26.4 0.7 19.2 7.3 8.9
Truck6 2,407 83.7 4,481 99.5 50 87.4 21 21.5 3.7 26.4 0.7 19.3 7.2 9.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 2,185 76 3,380 75 35 60.7 19 20.9 5.7 24.6 8.4 22 11.4 15.8
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.1 - - - 0.2 333 2.9 0.4 4.3 0.1 4.3 1.7 -
Multiple modes 365 12.7 6 0.1 S S 969 31 3.3 39.1 0.5 S S 22
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 365 12.7 6 0.1 S S 969 31 3.3 39.1 0.5 S S 22
Other and unknown modes 102 3.6 S S S S 987 35.3 1.1 S S S S 29.5

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 116 100 S S S S 10 35.6 - S S S S 9.4
Single modes 116 100 S S S S 10 35.6 - S S S S 9.4
Truck6 116 100 S S S S 10 35.6 - S S S S 9.4
Private truck 116 100 S S S S 10 35.6 - S S S S 9.4

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 175 100 29 100 1 100 42 32.7 - 19.2 - 24.4 - 22.7
Single modes 175 100 29 100 1 100 42 32.7 - 19.2 - 24.4 - 22.7
Truck6 175 100 29 100 1 100 42 32.7 - 19.2 - 24.4 - 22.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 292 S S S S S S 35.2
Private truck 174 99.4 29 99.8 1 96.5 35 32.7 0.3 19.2 0.2 22.4 1.9 20.7

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 32.8
Single modes S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 32.8
Truck6 S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 32.8
Private truck S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 32.8

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 32.2
Single modes S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 33.8
Truck6 S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 33.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 33.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 398 100 203 100 1 100 5 45.7 - 23.4 - 26.5 - 14.4
Single modes 398 100 203 100 1 100 5 45.7 - 23.4 - 26.5 - 14.4
Truck6 398 100 203 100 1 100 5 45.7 - 23.4 - 26.5 - 14.4
Private truck 398 100 203 100 1 100 5 45.7 - 23.4 - 26.5 - 14.4

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4 100 - 100 - 100 13 41.6 - 33.2 - 44.7 - 12.4
Single modes 4 100 - 100 - 100 13 41.6 - 33.2 - 44.7 - 12.4
Truck6 4 100 - 100 - 100 13 41.6 - 33.2 - 44.7 - 12.4
Private truck 4 100 - 100 - 100 13 41.6 - 33.2 - 44.7 - 12.4

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3 100 S S - 100 706 30.7 - S S 39.8 - 22.1
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2 75.5 S S - 94.9 774 38.6 16.3 S S 44.5 14.5 17.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 75.5 S S - 94.9 774 38.6 16.3 S S 44.5 14.5 17.6

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2 100 - 100 - 100 5 2.9 - - - 7.2 - 7.2
Single modes 2 100 - 100 - 100 5 2.9 - - - 7.2 - 7.2
Truck6 2 100 - 100 - 100 5 2.9 - - - 7.2 - 7.2
Private truck 2 100 - 100 - 100 5 2.9 - - - 7.2 - 7.2

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 62 100 12 100 1 100 59 40.3 - 21.9 - 37.9 - 24
Single modes 62 100 12 100 1 100 59 40.3 - 21.9 - 37.9 - 24
Truck6 62 100 12 100 1 100 59 40.3 - 21.9 - 37.9 - 24
Private truck 62 100 12 100 1 100 59 40.3 - 21.9 - 37.9 - 24

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 13 S S S S S S 24.6
Single modes S S S S S S 10 S S S S S S 24
Truck6 S S S S S S 10 S S S S S S 24
Private truck S S S S S S 10 S S S S S S 24
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 337 100 S S S S 1,006 49.5 - S S S S 25.2
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,097 S S S S S S 26.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,097 S S S S S S 26.9
Other and unknown modes 89 26.3 S S S S 996 40 12.8 S S S S 30.6

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 174 100 1 100 - 100 235 27.8 - 37.2 - 22.8 - 23.3
Single modes S S S S S S 10 S S S S S S 9.5
Truck6 S S S S S S 10 S S S S S S 9.5
Private truck S S S S S S 10 S S S S S S 9.5
Multiple modes 159 91 1 60.2 - 97.5 S 35.1 15.3 28.1 15.8 22.3 1.5 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 159 91 1 60.2 - 97.5 S 35.1 15.3 28.1 15.8 22.3 1.5 S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 132 100 3,678 100 22 100 6 22.5 - 29.7 - 36.1 - 9.5
Single modes 131 99.5 3,667 99.7 22 99.4 6 22.8 0.6 29.8 0.5 36.5 1.3 9.6
Truck6 131 99.5 3,667 99.7 22 99.4 6 22.8 0.6 29.8 0.5 36.5 1.3 9.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 125 94.5 2,818 76.6 16 71.5 6 23.3 3.7 25.8 10.2 35.6 11.8 9.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1 100 S S S S 6 31.2 - S S S S 10
Single modes S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 15.4
Truck6 S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 15.4
Private truck S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 15.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 45 100 S S - 100 99 28.4 - S S 48.6 - 31.5
Single modes 31 69.7 S S - 27.9 15 37 10.4 S S 45 19.9 19.7
Truck6 31 69.7 S S - 27.9 15 37 10.4 S S 45 19.9 19.7
Private truck 31 69.7 S S - 27.9 15 37 10.4 S S 45 19.9 19.7
Multiple modes 14 30.3 S S S S 219 39.8 12.6 S S S S 41.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 14 30.3 S S S S 219 39.8 12.6 S S S S 41.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S - 100 38 S S S S 41.7 - 42.2
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 58 S S S S S S 29.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 58 S S S S S S 29.1

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 328 100 S S - 100 43 47 - S S 49.2 - 35.4
Single modes 311 94.9 S S - 86.1 12 42.3 18.6 S S 41.6 13.4 33.4
Truck6 311 94.9 S S - 86.1 12 42.3 18.6 S S 41.6 13.4 33.4
Private truck 311 94.9 S S - 86.1 12 42.3 18.6 S S 41.6 13.4 33.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 649 S S S S S S 42.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 649 S S S S S S 42.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2 S S S S S S -

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 620 S S S S S S 49.4
Single modes S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 13.9
Truck6 S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 13.9
Private truck S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 13.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 38 100 95 100 13 100 100 8.2 - 22.8 - 18.6 - 33.4
Single modes 38 100 95 100 13 100 100 8.2 - 22.8 - 18.6 - 33.4
Truck6 38 100 95 100 13 100 100 8.2 - 22.8 - 18.6 - 33.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 81 85 11 86.8 100 S S 34.9 17.3 30.7 16.9 34.5

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 36 S S S S S S 43.9
Single modes S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 21.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 23 S S S S S S 21.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 20.3
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.5 - 0.2 - 2.5 333 2.9 2.5 4.3 1.1 4.3 8.5 -
Multiple modes S S - 0.1 S S 411 S S 33.3 0.6 S S 40.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.1 S S 411 S S 33.3 0.6 S S 40.1

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.