Table 11. Shipment Characteristics by NAICS and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 11. Shipment Characteristics by NAICS and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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NAICS2 31-33, Manufacturing

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 275 100 2,838 100 17 100 95 22.4 - 30.2 - 36.9 - 33.4
Single modes 195 70.8 2,824 99.5 16 96.6 S 31.8 10 30.4 12.5 38.1 10.5 S
Truck5 195 70.8 2,824 99.5 16 96.6 S 31.8 10 30.4 12.5 38.1 10.5 S
For-hire truck 4 1.4 1 - - 2.4 547 31.8 2.3 34.4 3.9 43.5 9.5 24.9
Private truck 191 69.4 2,823 99.5 16 94.2 S 32.7 10.5 30.4 13.4 39.2 14.9 S
Multiple modes S S 1 - S S S S S 36.1 3.6 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 - S S S S S 36.1 3.6 S S S
Other and unknown modes 41 14.8 S S - 1.7 156 22.5 4.6 S S 48.4 5.5 36.9

NAICS2 323, Printing and related support activities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 87 100 8 100 1 100 163 16.1 - 21 - 30.5 - 27.4
Single modes 28 31.8 3 39.5 - 54.4 S 33.6 14 24.4 16.2 42.8 14.3 S
Truck5 28 31.8 3 39.5 - 54.4 S 33.6 14 24.4 16.2 42.8 14.3 S
For-hire truck 4 4.4 1 8.5 - 44.9 547 31.8 2.8 34.4 6 43.5 13.6 24.9
Private truck 24 27.4 2 30.9 - 9.5 S 37.5 13.4 26.1 13.3 47 14.4 S
Multiple modes 19 22.3 1 9.9 S S S 28.2 8.3 37.4 3 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 19 22.3 1 9.9 S S S 28.2 8.3 37.4 3 S S S
Other and unknown modes 40 45.9 4 50.6 S S 157 23.4 10.9 34.6 13.3 S S 36.9

NAICS2 327, Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 124 100 2,828 100 16 100 6 18.8 - 21.5 - 33 - 11.2
Single modes 124 99.5 2,818 99.6 16 99.2 6 18.9 0.6 21.7 0.6 33 1.5 11.3
Truck5 124 99.5 2,818 99.6 16 99.2 6 18.9 0.6 21.7 0.6 33 1.5 11.3
Private truck 124 99.5 2,818 99.6 16 99.2 6 18.9 0.6 21.7 0.6 33 1.5 11.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 332, Fabricated metal product manufacturing

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9 100 1 100 - 100 6 41.9 - 38 - 29.6 - 30.5
Single modes 8 95.8 1 98.9 - 98.8 6 40.6 1.7 38.9 1.8 30.3 1 35.9
Truck5 8 95.8 1 98.9 - 98.8 6 40.6 1.7 38.9 1.8 30.3 1 35.9
Private truck 8 95.8 1 98.9 - 98.8 6 40.6 1.7 38.9 1.8 30.3 1 35.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S - 0.9 - 1 6 S S 7.9 5.6 29.1 3.2 44.2

NAICS2 337, Furniture and related product manufacturing

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 339, Miscellaneous manufacturing

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 42, Wholesale trade

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,290 100 S S 27 100 40 21 - S S 26.9 - 13.8
Single modes 2,098 91.6 S S 27 98.4 21 20.6 2.8 S S 27.6 1.5 15.6
Truck5 2,096 91.5 S S 27 98.1 21 20.6 2.8 S S 27.6 2 16.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 1,982 86.6 553 37.4 19 67.4 21 23.2 7.5 15.9 17.8 30.5 10.6 18.2
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.1 - - - 0.3 333 2.9 0.4 4.3 0.2 4.3 4.5 -
Multiple modes 182 7.9 1 0.1 - 1.5 223 35.6 3 19.7 0.1 22.4 1.6 25.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 182 7.9 1 0.1 - 1.5 223 35.6 3 19.7 0.1 22.4 1.6 25.9
Other and unknown modes 10 0.4 1 - - - 2 32.6 0.4 22.8 0.2 14.4 - 13.7

NAICS2 423, Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,128 100 S S 21 100 50 46.4 - S S 34.7 - 25.4
Single modes S S S S 21 98.8 S S S S S 35.3 11.3 S
Truck5 S S S S 21 98.8 S S S S S 35.3 11.3 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S 13 60.6 S S S S S 44.2 13.1 S
Multiple modes 174 15.4 1 0.1 - 1.2 184 38.4 10.2 32.3 4.3 35.2 12.5 19.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 174 15.4 1 0.1 - 1.2 184 38.4 10.2 32.3 4.3 35.2 12.5 19.8
Other and unknown modes 10 0.9 S S - - 2 15 5 S S 17.3 0.8 -

NAICS2 4232, Furniture and home furnishing merchant wholesalers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 152 100 1 100 - 100 197 23.9 - 46.8 - 34.3 - 22.3
Multiple modes 152 100 1 100 - 100 197 23.9 - 46.8 - 34.3 - 22.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 152 100 1 100 - 100 197 23.9 - 46.8 - 34.3 - 22.3

NAICS2 4233, Lumber and other construction materials merchant wholesalers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 38 100 S S S S S 14.8 - S S S S S
Single modes 38 100 S S S S S 14.8 - S S S S S
Truck5 38 100 S S S S S 14.8 - S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 32 82.6 S S S S 61 13 12.3 S S S S 3.4

NAICS2 4234, Commercial equip. merchant wholesalers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 4236, Electrical and electronic goods merchant wholesalers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 324 100 25 100 - 100 14 42.9 - 47.6 - 45.2 - 26.1
Single modes S S S S - 87.3 12 S S S S 34.3 17.4 41.9
Truck5 S S S S - 87.3 12 S S S S 34.3 17.4 41.9
Private truck S S S S - 87.3 12 S S S S 34.3 17.4 41.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2 S S S S S S -

NAICS2 4237, Hardware and plumbing merchant wholesalers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 33 100 1 100 - 100 100 29 - 34.1 - 47.2 - 19.9
Single modes 14 43.8 S S S S 16 8.6 11.5 S S S S 22.2
Truck5 14 43.8 S S S S 16 8.6 11.5 S S S S 22.2
Private truck 14 43.8 S S S S 16 8.6 11.5 S S S S 22.2
Multiple modes 18 56.2 - 49 - 92.6 175 30.3 13.2 15.4 14.8 45.8 2.3 27.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 18 56.2 - 49 - 92.6 175 30.3 13.2 15.4 14.8 45.8 2.3 27.9

NAICS2 4238, Machinery, equipment, and supplies merchant wholesalers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 4239, Miscellaneous durable goods merchant wholesalers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 38 100 95 100 13 100 100 8.2 - 22.8 - 18.6 - 33.4
Single modes 38 100 95 100 13 100 100 8.2 - 22.8 - 18.6 - 33.4
Truck5 38 100 95 100 13 100 100 8.2 - 22.8 - 18.6 - 33.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 81 85 11 86.8 100 S S 34.9 17.3 30.7 16.9 34.5

NAICS2 424, Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,162 100 463 100 7 100 33 24.1 - 25.1 - 39.9 - 15.5
Single modes 1,153 99.3 462 99.9 6 97.3 25 24.2 0.4 25.1 0.3 36.9 1 17.6
Truck5 1,151 99.1 462 99.8 6 95.9 24 24.3 0.5 25.2 0.3 37.4 1.5 17.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 1,053 90.7 402 86.8 6 88.8 24 27 6.7 24.8 6.3 40.3 5.7 16.5
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.2 - 0.1 - 1.4 333 2.9 0.5 4.3 0.2 4.3 5.9 -
Multiple modes S S - 0.1 S S 543 S S 46.1 - S S 29.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.1 S S 543 S S 46.1 - S S 29.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 4241, Paper and paper product merchant wholesalers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 47 100 7 100 - 100 16 24.3 - 43.7 - 29.9 - 12.1
Single modes 47 98.8 7 99.6 - 96.1 13 23.8 0.5 43.6 0.2 27.5 2.2 14.8
Truck5 47 98.8 7 99.6 - 96.1 13 23.8 0.5 43.6 0.2 27.5 2.2 14.8
Private truck 47 98.8 7 99.6 - 96.1 13 23.8 0.5 43.6 0.2 27.5 2.2 14.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 72 S S S S S S 28.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 72 S S S S S S 28.1

NAICS2 4243, Apparel, piece goods, and notions merchant wholesalers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 23 100 1 100 - 100 341 37.7 - 41.9 - 2.1 - 34
Single modes S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 0.5
Truck5 S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 0.5
Private truck S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 0.5
Multiple modes 7 28.6 - 33.9 - 94.9 777 7.7 16.2 1.8 17.9 2 3.9 4.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7 28.6 - 33.9 - 94.9 777 7.7 16.2 1.8 17.9 2 3.9 4.4

NAICS2 4244, Grocery and related product merchant wholesalers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 693 100 252 100 5 100 33 30 - 38.4 - 41.1 - 16
Single modes 692 99.8 252 99.9 5 99.6 32 30.1 0.5 38.5 0.3 41.4 0.9 16.8
Truck5 691 99.6 252 99.8 5 97.8 31 30.1 0.5 38.5 0.3 42.2 1.8 17.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 592 85.4 192 76 5 89.1 33 37.2 11.5 48.9 12.7 47.2 8.2 17.8
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.3 - 0.1 - 1.7 333 2.9 0.6 4.3 0.6 4.3 8 -
Multiple modes 1 0.1 - - - 0.4 S 26.8 0.6 30.7 0.4 43.8 4.9 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.1 - - - 0.4 S 26.8 0.6 30.7 0.4 43.8 4.9 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 4248, Beer, wine, and distilled alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 398 100 203 100 1 100 5 45.7 - 23.4 - 26.5 - 14.4
Single modes 398 100 203 100 1 100 5 45.7 - 23.4 - 26.5 - 14.4
Truck5 398 100 203 100 1 100 5 45.7 - 23.4 - 26.5 - 14.4
Private truck 398 100 203 100 1 100 5 45.7 - 23.4 - 26.5 - 14.4

NAICS2 4541, Electronic shopping and mail-order houses

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 1,125 S S S S S S 21.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,059 S S S S S S 20.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,059 S S S S S S 20.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 5111, Newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average
miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average
miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 926 S S S S S S 10.6
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 North American Industry Classification System
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI by Food manufacturing (NAICS 311) by Rail has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire industries are not present if there is no such data for that particular area. For example, Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX by Newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishers (NAICS 5111) has no data for any mode therefore the entire industry is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.