Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 32,684 100 24,281 100 1,819 100 10.7 - 12.3 - 10.4 -
Less than 50 miles 17,330 53 19,306 79.5 507 27.9 13.8 2.9 14.8 3.7 15.8 3.5
50 - 99 miles 2,683 8.2 1,694 7 158 8.7 17.1 1.4 10.2 1.7 11 1.2
100 - 249 miles 5,262 16.1 2,315 9.5 499 27.4 18.2 1.8 17.3 2.2 23.9 4.4
250 - 499 miles 2,715 8.3 587 2.4 250 13.8 17.9 1.2 24.9 0.6 25 2.3
500 - 749 miles 881 2.7 243 1 180 9.9 18.5 0.4 28.1 0.3 29.7 2.2
750 - 999 miles 953 2.9 40 0.2 38 2.1 43 1.3 34.1 0.1 32.8 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,217 3.7 51 0.2 69 3.8 36.3 1.6 32.6 0.1 32.2 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 313 1 S S S S 28.4 0.7 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,329 4.1 34 0.1 92 5.1 34.4 1.4 34.9 0.1 35.1 2.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,199 100 24,007 100 1,770 100 9.8 - 12.5 - 10.8 -
Less than 50 miles 14,119 56 19,104 79.6 505 28.5 10.4 3.3 14.9 3.8 15.9 3.9
50 - 99 miles 2,212 8.8 1,691 7 158 8.9 19.2 1.5 10.2 1.8 11.1 1.3
100 - 249 miles 3,942 15.6 2,298 9.6 494 27.9 20.6 2 17.5 2.2 24.1 4.5
250 - 499 miles 1,952 7.7 554 2.3 238 13.4 19 1.2 27.6 0.7 27.3 2.6
500 - 749 miles 510 2 237 1 176 9.9 16.4 0.4 28.7 0.3 30.4 2.4
750 - 999 miles S S 38 0.2 35 2 S S 36.6 0.1 35.1 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 894 3.5 47 0.2 63 3.6 46.4 1.8 35.8 0.1 35.7 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 713 2.8 29 0.1 79 4.4 40.3 1.4 41.3 0.1 41.6 2.1

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,510 100 23,024 100 1,492 100 11.5 - 13.1 - 10.7 -
Less than 50 miles 13,541 57.6 18,890 82 493 33 11.7 3.4 15.2 3.5 16.3 3.9
50 - 99 miles 2,212 9.4 1,691 7.3 158 10.6 19.2 1.4 10.2 1.8 11.1 1.5
100 - 249 miles 3,814 16.2 1,587 6.9 285 19.1 20.8 1.9 14.5 1.6 13.5 2.4
250 - 499 miles 1,928 8.2 553 2.4 238 15.9 19.6 1.1 27.6 0.7 27.4 3.7
500 - 749 miles 450 1.9 204 0.9 145 9.7 18.9 0.3 22.8 0.2 21.8 1.6
750 - 999 miles 232 1 25 0.1 24 1.6 33 0.3 37.4 - 36.4 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 512 2.2 36 0.2 50 3.3 36.1 1.2 39.4 0.1 40.1 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 684 2.9 29 0.1 78 5.2 41.9 1.4 42 0.1 42.1 2.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,848 100 3,551 100 713 100 18.4 - 33.8 - 20.5 -
Less than 50 miles 5,385 41.9 1,910 53.8 S S 25.4 5.6 48.9 7.6 S S
50 - 99 miles 1,297 10.1 439 12.4 41 5.7 34.1 2.2 35 2.4 31.7 0.8
100 - 249 miles 2,567 20 521 14.7 109 15.3 26.1 3.6 23.1 2.8 23.9 1.2
250 - 499 miles 1,586 12.3 378 10.6 162 22.7 22.5 1.4 36.8 3.6 34.9 4.7
500 - 749 miles 450 3.5 204 5.7 145 20.3 18.9 0.9 22.9 1.1 21.9 2.7
750 - 999 miles 232 1.8 24 0.7 24 3.3 33 0.7 37.5 0.5 36.5 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 512 4 36 1 50 7 36.1 2.9 39.4 0.5 40.1 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 684 5.3 29 0.8 78 10.9 41.9 2.2 42 0.4 42.1 3.4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,661 100 19,473 100 779 100 10.9 - 14.7 - 14.4 -
Less than 50 miles 8,156 76.5 16,980 87.2 410 52.6 11.1 1.9 16.3 3.8 17.1 3.8
50 - 99 miles 916 8.6 1,252 6.4 117 15 13.4 1.1 12.7 2.1 12.6 2.6
100 - 249 miles 1,246 11.7 1,066 5.5 176 22.6 14.3 0.6 16.8 1.8 17 3.4
250 - 499 miles 342 3.2 176 0.9 S S 25 0.7 48.2 0.3 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 73 100 946 100 246 100 45 - 47 - 38.5 -
Less than 50 miles 15 21.2 210 22.2 11 4.4 32.8 5.3 32.5 4.6 33.7 1.5
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 55 75.6 709 74.9 208 84.6 32.5 10.4 35.3 10.5 39.1 8.6
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 1 2.1 - 1.1 S S 30.7 5.7 32.1 3.5
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2 0.2 - 0.3 - 0.6 40.5 1.9 48 1.9 48.6 4.1
More than 2,000 miles S S - 0.8 1 2.4 S S 38.9 6.4 37.9 13.8

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,049 100 51 100 29 100 43.9 - 25.4 - 30.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S 21 40.7 1 2.1 S S 24.7 4 33.5 0.6
50 - 99 miles S S 3 5.2 - 0.9 S S 37.8 0.9 38.6 0.3
100 - 249 miles 1,228 17.4 7 14.7 2 7 45.2 2.9 24.7 2.4 31.6 1.6
250 - 499 miles 671 9.5 5 10.7 2 8.3 44.4 2.9 31.9 2.1 31.2 1.4
500 - 749 miles 365 5.2 3 6.5 2 8.3 34 1.8 31.4 0.8 30.9 0.8
750 - 999 miles 233 3.3 2 4.9 3 9 24.2 1.2 37.4 0.6 37.9 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 322 4.6 S S S S 21.8 1.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 176 2.5 1 2.7 3 10.5 24.3 1.8 26.7 0.9 27.3 3.2
More than 2,000 miles 609 8.6 4 7.1 10 33.4 34.8 2.9 25 2.3 25.5 5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,998 100 50 100 27 100 44.3 - 24.4 - 26.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S 21 41.5 1 2.3 S S 24.7 3.9 33.5 0.6
50 - 99 miles S S 3 5.3 - 0.9 S S 37.8 0.9 38.6 0.3
100 - 249 miles 1,228 17.6 7 14.9 2 7.6 45.2 2.8 24.7 2.4 31.6 1.6
250 - 499 miles 671 9.6 5 10.9 2 8.9 44.4 2.9 31.9 2.1 31.2 1.4
500 - 749 miles 365 5.2 3 6.6 2 8.9 34 1.8 31.4 0.8 30.9 0.9
750 - 999 miles 233 3.3 2 5 3 9.7 24.2 1.3 37.4 0.7 37.9 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 272 3.9 3 5.8 4 14.4 20.5 1.7 44.4 1 41.4 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 176 2.5 1 2.8 3 11.3 24.3 1.8 26.7 0.9 27.3 3.1
More than 2,000 miles 609 8.7 4 7.2 10 36 34.8 2.9 25 2.3 25.5 4.8

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 436 100 S S 20 100 27.6 - S S 46.3 -
Less than 50 miles 233 53.4 S S 2 9.8 24.4 11.5 S S 44.4 19.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 92 21.1 S S S S 45 19.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S - - - 0.4 S S 32.8 0.3 33.7 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.