Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 32,684 100 24,281 100 1,819 100 317 10.7 - 12.3 - 10.4 - 22.6
Less than 50 lbs 8,792 26.9 69 0.3 17 0.9 456 20.8 4.2 11.3 - 18.4 0.4 17.9
50 - 99 lbs 3,448 10.5 56 0.2 9 0.5 154 41.6 2.9 16.5 - 20.8 0.1 15.9
100 - 499 lbs 3,492 10.7 441 1.8 50 2.7 118 13.2 1.1 21.7 0.3 26.9 0.6 13.0
500 - 749 lbs 1,282 3.9 196 0.8 15 0.8 74 40.9 1.8 22.2 0.2 20.3 0.1 21.9
750 - 999 lbs 612 1.9 180 0.7 12 0.7 66 17.2 0.3 14.8 0.1 21.3 0.1 21.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,219 19.0 2,393 9.9 278 15.3 102 12.7 3.9 8.3 1.5 20.5 4.0 24.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,026 24.6 15,224 62.7 848 46.6 55 26.8 5.2 17.6 6.9 16.4 6.2 19.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 668 2.0 3,861 15.9 288 15.8 74 29.8 0.6 15.1 4.4 17.9 3.7 7.2
More than 100,000 lbs 147 0.4 1,861 7.7 303 16.6 202 39.1 0.2 27.9 4.0 49.9 8.5 24.0

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,199 100 24,007 100 1,770 100 92 9.8 - 12.5 - 10.8 - 20.9
Less than 50 lbs 4,524 18.0 44 0.2 3 0.2 98 37.8 5.7 14.8 - 19.9 - 31.0
50 - 99 lbs 1,345 5.3 45 0.2 4 0.2 82 39.2 1.8 17.7 - 27.3 0.1 20.1
100 - 499 lbs 2,833 11.2 425 1.8 42 2.4 102 14.9 2.5 22.5 0.3 33.0 0.6 16.9
500 - 749 lbs 1,221 4.8 192 0.8 14 0.8 69 40.7 1.9 22.5 0.2 20.9 0.1 23.8
750 - 999 lbs 488 1.9 179 0.7 10 0.6 55 14.1 0.3 15.0 0.1 15.2 0.1 13.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,985 23.7 2,343 9.8 264 14.9 100 13.7 4.4 9.2 1.5 22.2 3.9 25.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,992 31.7 15,209 63.4 846 47.8 55 26.9 6.2 17.6 7.0 16.5 6.5 19.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 667 2.6 3,857 16.1 288 16.3 74 29.8 0.7 15.2 4.5 18.0 3.8 7.2
More than 100,000 lbs 144 0.6 1,714 7.1 299 16.9 209 36.7 0.3 28.2 4.7 48.3 9.9 22.1

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,510 100 23,024 100 1,492 100 73 11.5 - 13.1 - 10.7 - 14.7
Less than 50 lbs 4,400 18.7 43 0.2 3 0.2 54 39.4 5.8 15.6 - 22.0 - 19.2
50 - 99 lbs 1,315 5.6 44 0.2 3 0.2 75 40.2 1.8 17.9 - 32.0 0.1 23.8
100 - 499 lbs 2,759 11.7 423 1.8 41 2.8 99 15.3 2.6 22.6 0.3 34.3 0.7 17.6
500 - 749 lbs 700 3.0 189 0.8 13 0.9 66 15.0 0.5 22.9 0.2 22.8 0.1 25.2
750 - 999 lbs 467 2.0 178 0.8 10 0.6 54 14.7 0.4 15.0 0.1 16.5 0.1 14.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,138 21.9 2,314 10.0 237 15.9 93 12.3 4.1 9.3 1.4 24.2 3.3 26.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,992 34.0 15,209 66.1 846 56.7 55 26.9 6.0 17.6 6.5 16.5 5.1 19.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 665 2.8 3,823 16.6 279 18.7 72 30.0 1.4 15.0 5.0 17.9 4.7 7.5
More than 100,000 lbs 73 0.3 802 3.5 S S S 26.9 0.2 30.5 2.6 S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,848 100 3,551 100 713 100 200 18.4 - 33.8 - 20.5 - 41.2
Less than 50 lbs 3,563 27.7 11 0.3 1 0.2 S 48.9 9.3 48.6 0.3 39.8 0.1 S
50 - 99 lbs S S 5 0.1 S S S S S 46.5 0.1 S S S
100 - 499 lbs 629 4.9 21 0.6 12 1.7 590 22.4 3.0 31.3 0.3 25.0 0.3 21.3
500 - 749 lbs 164 1.3 10 0.3 7 1.0 693 24.3 0.6 21.5 0.1 38.1 0.2 17.3
750 - 999 lbs 72 0.6 S S 3 0.5 S 32.2 0.1 S S 27.3 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,202 17.1 500 14.1 164 23.0 347 33.4 7.2 21.7 4.7 36.2 5.2 20.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,223 40.7 2,372 66.8 470 65.9 217 35.8 10.0 44.4 7.1 23.5 5.9 18.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 549 15.5 40 5.6 72 S S 39.7 5.6 42.9 3.2 13.3
More than 100,000 lbs 33 0.3 64 1.8 14 1.9 248 35.4 0.8 33.6 15.5 9.8 10.6 35.8

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,661 100 19,473 100 779 100 46 10.9 - 14.7 - 14.4 - 14.4
Less than 50 lbs 837 7.9 32 0.2 1 0.1 32 12.6 1.4 14.5 - 19.1 - 8.9
50 - 99 lbs 464 4.3 39 0.2 2 0.3 50 18.9 0.6 20.1 - 32.9 0.1 19.6
100 - 499 lbs 2,131 20.0 402 2.1 29 3.7 73 20.4 2.8 23.9 0.3 45.0 0.9 22.3
500 - 749 lbs 536 5.0 179 0.9 6 0.7 32 21.0 0.6 24.4 0.2 18.8 0.1 11.0
750 - 999 lbs 395 3.7 160 0.8 6 0.8 39 17.1 0.5 15.1 0.1 22.7 0.2 15.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,937 27.5 1,813 9.3 72 9.3 36 16.7 2.7 15.8 1.5 12.5 1.0 10.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,769 26.0 12,838 65.9 376 48.2 29 13.8 2.6 19.4 7.3 16.4 8.7 23.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 552 5.2 3,274 16.8 239 30.7 72 38.8 2.1 22.9 6.2 26.1 7.8 13.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S 738 3.8 S S S S S 37.2 3.9 S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 73 100 946 100 246 100 S 45.0 - 47.0 - 38.5 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3 3.7 34 3.6 S S 249 1.9 11.6 6.5 13.5 S S 31.0
More than 100,000 lbs 70 96.3 913 96.4 238 96.6 S 46.8 5.0 49.1 5.7 40.9 9.1 S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 821 S S S S S S 19.7
Less than 50 lbs 124 7.7 1 2.3 1 2.4 840 44.2 15.4 41.4 11.4 41.0 11.4 24.3
50 - 99 lbs S S - 1.1 - 1.3 929 S S 34.0 11.5 31.5 15.5 25.1
100 - 499 lbs S S S S 1 3.8 626 S S S S 49.6 8.0 42.7
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 652 S S S S S S 23.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 868 S S S S S S 31.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,049 100 51 100 29 100 738 43.9 - 25.4 - 30.5 - 9.2
Less than 50 lbs 4,192 59.5 24 47.0 13 46.3 752 39.0 6.0 23.2 4.6 25.5 5.2 9.0
50 - 99 lbs S S 10 20.5 5 16.7 477 S S 29.9 2.4 28.0 3.0 29.3
100 - 499 lbs 619 8.8 12 24.5 7 24.9 538 21.8 5.0 32.8 4.4 36.1 5.0 23.8
500 - 749 lbs 28 0.4 3 6.0 S S 454 34.2 0.2 49.7 1.1 S S 21.2
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,027 S S S S S S 38.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,998 100 50 100 27 100 738 44.3 - 24.4 - 26.3 - 9.2
Less than 50 lbs 4,192 59.9 24 47.9 13 49.9 752 39.0 5.9 23.2 4.5 25.5 4.8 9.0
50 - 99 lbs S S 10 20.9 5 18.0 477 S S 29.9 2.4 28.0 3.0 29.3
100 - 499 lbs 619 8.8 12 24.9 7 26.8 538 21.8 5.1 32.8 4.4 36.1 5.1 23.8
500 - 749 lbs 28 0.4 3 6.1 S S 454 34.2 0.2 49.7 1.2 S S 21.2
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - 0.2 S S S S S 25.7 0.7 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 436 100 S S 20 100 40 27.6 - S S 46.3 - 49.4
Less than 50 lbs 76 17.4 2 0.7 - 0.2 25 21.5 5.0 17.8 1.5 48.2 0.7 18.8
50 - 99 lbs 15 3.5 1 0.4 S S S 41.8 4.2 28.6 1.1 S S S
100 - 499 lbs 40 9.1 4 1.6 S S S 32.1 2.1 37.1 2.1 S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 0.5 - 0.1 S S S 49.2 1.9 33.2 4.0 S
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 0.4 S S S S S 21.3 1.9 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 234 53.7 S S S S 220 45.2 9.5 S S S S 35.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 34 7.8 15 6.5 S S 179 47.3 9.7 28.1 19.8 S S 35.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 3 0.7 S S S S S 33.2 1.3 S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.