Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 32,684 100 24,281 100 1,819 100 317 10.7 - 12.3 - 10.4 - 22.6
Single modes 25,199 77.1 24,007 98.9 1,770 97.3 92 9.8 5.9 12.5 0.5 10.8 1.8 20.9
Truck6 23,510 71.9 23,024 94.8 1,492 82 73 11.5 7 13.1 2.8 10.7 5.3 14.7
For-hire truck 12,848 39.3 3,551 14.6 713 39.2 200 18.4 6.8 33.8 3.7 20.5 6.7 41.2
Private truck 10,661 32.6 19,473 80.2 779 42.8 46 10.9 3.4 14.7 3.7 14.4 4.7 14.4
Rail 73 0.2 946 3.9 246 13.5 S 45 0.3 47 6.8 38.5 11.4 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 821 S S S S S S 19.7
Multiple modes 7,049 21.6 51 0.2 29 1.6 738 43.9 5.7 25.4 0.1 30.5 0.6 9.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,998 21.4 50 0.2 27 1.5 738 44.3 5.8 24.4 0.1 26.3 0.6 9.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 436 1.3 S S 20 1.1 40 27.6 0.4 S S 46.3 1.3 49.4

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,076 100 334 100 60 100 88 26.6 - 20.5 - 42.8 - 45.6
Single modes 1,074 99.9 334 99.8 60 99.9 88 26.6 0.2 20.5 0.3 42.8 0.1 46.4
Truck6 1,073 99.8 333 99.7 60 99.4 88 26.7 0.6 20.5 0.7 43 2.2 46.2
For-hire truck S S 130 39 35 58.6 350 S S 42.1 9.8 44.2 10.5 22.1
Private truck 577 53.6 203 60.8 S S 61 18.1 10.7 21.2 7.4 S S 22.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes - - - - S S 129 11.6 0.1 16.1 0.1 S S 10.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - S S 129 11.6 0.1 16.1 0.1 S S 10.8
Other and unknown modes 1 0.1 1 0.2 S S S 24.5 1.3 46.1 1.8 S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,085 100 1,480 100 122 100 93 11.6 - 18.4 - 23.5 - 19.9
Single modes 2,084 100 1,480 100 122 100 93 11.6 - 18.4 - 23.5 - 19.9
Truck6 2,084 100 1,480 100 122 100 93 11.6 - 18.4 - 23.5 - 19.9
For-hire truck 886 42.5 490 33.1 74 60.6 326 14.9 4 35.9 6.5 21 6.2 17.6
Private truck 1,198 57.5 990 66.9 48 39.4 72 12.9 5.7 14.7 6.8 32.2 8.4 22.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 151 100 6,529 100 243 100 S 33 - 45.2 - 35.7 - S
Single modes 150 99.2 6,407 98.1 242 99.9 S 33.5 4 46.6 8.1 35.8 4.4 S
Truck6 150 99.2 6,407 98.1 242 99.9 S 33.5 4 46.6 8.1 35.8 4.4 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 91 59.9 5,377 82.4 152 62.4 33 43.4 14.2 48.8 14.1 43.2 14.2 47.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 580 100 1,786 100 19 100 22 31.9 - 32 - 31.9 - 16.8
Single modes 577 99.6 1,786 100 19 100 22 32.2 3.5 32 0.8 31.9 1.1 18.2
Truck6 577 99.6 1,786 100 19 100 22 32.2 3.5 32 0.8 31.9 1.1 18.2
Private truck 577 99.6 1,786 100 19 100 22 32.2 3.5 32 0.8 31.9 1.1 18.2
Multiple modes S S S S - - S S S S S 30 1.1 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 30 1.1 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,907 100 580 100 116 100 334 35.9 - 34.4 - 47.9 - 25.5
Single modes 4,958 55.7 546 94.3 108 92.9 107 43.3 11.9 35.5 3.9 47.1 9.4 27.7
Truck6 4,938 55.4 545 94.1 107 92.3 81 43.6 11.8 35.4 3.9 47.2 9.3 26.1
For-hire truck 4,342 48.7 S S S S S 48.9 13.8 S S S S S
Private truck 597 6.7 382 65.9 36 31.3 32 20.2 11.2 31.2 5.5 41.7 9.8 15.7
Air (incl truck and air) 20 0.2 S S S S 475 43.8 1.1 S S S S 40.7
Multiple modes S S 11 1.9 S S 556 S S 46.9 3.1 S S 18.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 11 1.9 S S 556 S S 46.9 3.1 S S 18.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,794 100 2,130 100 237 100 546 26.2 - 19.5 - 17.6 - 14.3
Single modes 5,986 88.1 2,044 96 213 89.8 97 29.3 4.4 20.8 4.6 20.2 5.4 20.5
Truck6 5,977 88 2,044 96 213 89.7 95 29.4 4.5 20.8 4.6 20.3 5.4 20.9
For-hire truck 4,408 64.9 318 14.9 81 34.2 493 42 13.5 21.3 5.5 21.5 8.1 16.4
Private truck 1,570 23.1 1,726 81.1 132 55.5 40 14.2 10.8 25.7 7.6 36.8 10.2 8.2
Air (incl truck and air) 9 0.1 - - - 0.1 1,211 3.2 1.1 40.4 0.1 19.8 0.8 23.3
Multiple modes 691 10.2 19 0.9 11 4.7 833 23.1 4.2 31 0.4 38.1 1.3 11.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 640 9.4 18 0.8 9 3.8 832 22.6 3.9 28.1 0.3 26.4 0.9 11.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 117 1.7 67 3.1 S S S 36.2 0.7 43.9 4.3 S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,551 100 8,697 100 747 100 216 10.7 - 28 - 25.5 - 27.3
Single modes 1,982 77.7 8,682 99.8 742 99.3 73 13.2 6.4 28.1 0.2 25.6 0.4 29
Truck6 1,852 72.6 7,733 88.9 495 66.3 68 14.5 7.1 27.3 4.4 19.6 9.8 31.6
For-hire truck 563 22.1 1,055 12.1 217 29.1 459 40 8.4 35.2 11.6 40.6 13.7 21.5
Private truck 1,289 50.5 6,678 76.8 277 37.1 35 16.7 8.4 32.7 9.2 34.7 10.8 25.2
Rail 73 2.9 946 10.9 246 33 S 45 3.7 47 9.5 38.5 13.6 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 518 20.3 8 0.1 5 0.6 487 28.9 6.8 44 0.1 50 0.4 27.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 518 20.3 8 0.1 5 0.6 487 28.9 6.8 44 0.1 50 0.4 27.1
Other and unknown modes 51 2 7 0.1 S S S 45.4 1.1 28.6 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,325 100 154 100 S S 531 25.9 - 25.2 - S S 14
Single modes 4,551 72 141 91.5 S S 284 30.9 6.3 28 4.5 S S 30.9
Truck6 3,021 47.8 108 70.1 S S 103 20.8 8.2 29.5 8.3 S S 40.1
For-hire truck 1,470 23.2 S S S S S 42.6 7.7 S S S S S
Private truck 1,551 24.5 56 36 4 3.5 38 28.6 7.6 19.2 10.5 33.6 7.3 19.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,033 S S S S S S 25.9
Multiple modes 1,596 25.2 8 5.4 5 5.3 793 18.1 5.6 26.8 2.2 24.5 7.2 10.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,596 25.2 8 5.4 5 5.3 793 18.1 5.6 26.8 2.2 24.5 7.2 10.5
Other and unknown modes S S 5 3.1 S S S S S 28 4.4 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,216 100 S S 171 100 S 21.1 - S S 24.5 - S
Single modes 3,836 91 S S 166 96.9 S 22.1 2.5 S S 25.6 2.4 S
Truck6 3,835 91 S S 166 96.9 S 22.2 2.6 S S 25.6 2.6 S
For-hire truck 623 14.8 311 12 79 46.2 S 29.1 5.8 41.8 7.3 33.5 7.8 S
Private truck 3,211 76.2 S S 87 50.6 47 24 5.1 S S 28.9 8.9 12.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,749 S S S S S S 20.8
Multiple modes 361 8.6 4 0.1 3 1.9 1,090 32.9 2.5 35.5 0.3 44 1.7 18.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 361 8.6 4 0.1 3 1.9 1,090 32.9 2.5 35.5 0.3 44 1.7 18.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 126 S S S S S S 35.2

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.