Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31,535 100 47,792 100 3,083 100 14.1 - 14.5 - 13.8 -
Less than 50 miles 12,701 40.3 39,554 82.8 700 22.7 13.5 3.3 16.6 2.5 16.1 3.6
50 - 99 miles 4,345 13.8 3,909 8.2 357 11.6 19.1 2.1 20.6 1.4 19.6 1.7
100 - 249 miles 4,188 13.3 2,655 5.6 567 18.4 12.9 2 14.6 0.7 15.6 2.7
250 - 499 miles 3,164 10 819 1.7 349 11.3 21.9 1.2 27.4 0.7 26.3 1.8
500 - 749 miles 1,643 5.2 279 0.6 203 6.6 21.7 0.7 33.7 0.3 33.5 1.4
750 - 999 miles 1,230 3.9 207 0.4 215 7 39.7 0.8 44 0.3 44 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,346 4.3 278 0.6 423 13.7 21.3 0.8 43.4 0.3 44.3 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 9 - 20 0.6 S S 47 - 48 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 2,381 7.6 83 0.2 249 8.1 36 1.6 31.3 0.1 31.3 1.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,187 100 47,456 100 2,903 100 14.3 - 14.7 - 13.9 -
Less than 50 miles 10,925 43.4 39,384 83 698 24 15.1 4.1 16.7 2.5 16.2 3.7
50 - 99 miles 4,244 16.8 3,893 8.2 355 12.2 19.7 2.4 20.7 1.5 19.7 1.9
100 - 249 miles 3,190 12.7 2,583 5.4 546 18.8 16.8 1.9 15 0.7 16.1 2.8
250 - 499 miles 2,508 10 804 1.7 342 11.8 28.1 1.8 28 0.7 27 1.8
500 - 749 miles 1,070 4.2 263 0.6 190 6.6 21.6 0.7 36.1 0.3 36.2 1.5
750 - 999 miles 507 2 191 0.4 197 6.8 30.3 0.6 48.4 0.3 49.3 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,011 4 273 0.6 415 14.3 25.3 0.8 44.4 0.3 45.3 4.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 8 - S S S S 50 - S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,331 5.3 56 0.1 143 4.9 45.5 1.4 37.1 - 36.5 1.5

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,090 100 47,074 100 2,825 100 14 - 14.8 - 14.1 -
Less than 50 miles 10,708 44.5 39,330 83.6 697 24.7 14.8 4 16.8 2.4 16.2 3.7
50 - 99 miles 4,244 17.6 3,893 8.3 355 12.6 19.7 2.6 20.7 1.5 19.7 2
100 - 249 miles 2,971 12.3 2,267 4.8 479 17 17.8 1.7 14.6 0.6 15.9 2.7
250 - 499 miles 2,485 10.3 794 1.7 336 11.9 28.4 1.8 28 0.7 26.9 1.8
500 - 749 miles 930 3.9 263 0.6 190 6.7 21.5 0.7 36.2 0.3 36.2 1.5
750 - 999 miles 467 1.9 191 0.4 196 7 29.5 0.6 48.5 0.3 49.3 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 973 4 272 0.6 414 14.7 26.2 0.9 44.5 0.3 45.4 4.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 911 3.8 55 0.1 140 4.9 45.5 1 37.5 - 36.9 1.6

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,002 100 21,602 100 2,012 100 19.3 - 13.1 - 20 -
Less than 50 miles 2,074 18.8 17,150 79.4 305 15.2 20.8 4.1 15 2.9 16.8 3.5
50 - 99 miles 1,130 10.3 1,601 7.4 148 7.4 23.1 1.9 24.6 1.6 24.8 2.2
100 - 249 miles 1,735 15.8 1,305 6 281 14 25.1 2.6 12.9 0.7 12.7 2.3
250 - 499 miles 2,387 21.7 758 3.5 321 16 28.7 2.6 28.9 1 27.7 2
500 - 749 miles 927 8.4 262 1.2 189 9.4 21.6 1.3 36.5 0.4 36.6 1.7
750 - 999 miles 464 4.2 191 0.9 196 9.7 29.4 1.1 48.7 0.4 49.5 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 973 8.8 272 1.3 414 20.6 26.2 1.8 44.5 0.6 45.4 5.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 911 8.3 55 0.3 139 6.9 45.5 1.9 37.6 0.1 37 2.2

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,088 100 25,472 100 814 100 13.1 - 18.3 - 18.2 -
Less than 50 miles 8,634 66 22,180 87.1 391 48.1 13.7 5.2 19.9 2.4 17.3 4.2
50 - 99 miles 3,113 23.8 2,292 9 207 25.5 21.5 3.4 20.7 1.6 19.2 2
100 - 249 miles 1,237 9.4 962 3.8 198 24.4 27.7 2.2 32.2 1.1 33.5 4.8
250 - 499 miles 98 0.7 36 0.1 S S 36.1 0.3 49 0.1 S S
500 - 749 miles 3 - S S S S 23.5 0.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 82 100 326 100 72 100 23.9 - 19.2 - 30.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 80 97.5 316 97 67 92.4 22.5 1.5 17.9 2 26.8 4.2
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 990 100 4 100 5 100 29 - 34.9 - 22.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S - 9.5 - 3 S S 49.8 4.2 41.4 1.8
250 - 499 miles 21 2.1 S S S S 41.2 1.4 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S - 10.8 - 6.5 S S 43.3 5.5 43.4 5.9
750 - 999 miles S S - 3.4 - 2.3 S S 43.9 2.6 42.1 2.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 38 3.8 S S S S 46 1.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 1 27.8 3 55.2 S S 27.3 11.2 29.7 10.1

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25 100 53 100 S S 22.7 - 49.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles 25 100 53 100 S S 22.7 - 49.2 - S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,845 100 138 100 140 100 25.4 - 40.5 - 44.4 -
Less than 50 miles 1,192 24.6 8 6 - 0.3 31.9 5.7 38.2 4.5 45.6 0.7
50 - 99 miles 94 1.9 S S S S 28.7 1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 679 14 S S S S 19.7 1.9 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 589 12.2 7 5.2 3 2.3 26.9 3.2 30.1 4.2 28.6 2.8
500 - 749 miles 521 10.8 S S S S 36.9 1.6 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 285 5.9 S S S S 38.4 1.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 333 6.9 S S S S 25.2 2.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 137 2.8 1 0.7 2 1.5 50 0.5 27.1 0.5 28 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 1,015 20.9 16 11.3 S S 42.5 4.4 34.6 3 S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,714 100 42 100 34 100 26.3 - 31.9 - 35.3 -
Less than 50 miles 1,192 25.3 8 19.8 - 1.3 31.9 5.6 38.2 4.4 45.6 0.8
50 - 99 miles 87 1.8 2 4.8 - 0.5 28.8 0.7 29.8 0.9 27.6 0.2
100 - 249 miles 656 13.9 6 13.2 1 3.9 20.2 2.1 26.8 3.3 24.6 1.3
250 - 499 miles 589 12.5 7 16.9 3 9.4 26.9 3.4 30.1 2.3 28.6 4
500 - 749 miles 521 11 5 11.7 4 10.7 37 1.6 26.8 2.6 27.8 3.1
750 - 999 miles 282 6 3 8.2 3 10.2 38.7 1.4 40.9 1.7 39 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 333 7.1 S S S S 25.2 2.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 137 2.9 1 2.3 2 5.9 50 0.6 27.1 0.5 28 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 918 19.5 5 11.8 13 38 46.9 4.1 39.3 2.4 38.8 5.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30 100 S S 47 100 33.5 - S S 38.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 17 59.1 61 74.2 19 39.4 29.3 18.2 32.5 7.5 30.9 9.7
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 14 100 S S S S 45.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,503 100 198 100 40 100 38.3 - 46.9 - 43.3 -
Less than 50 miles 584 38.8 S S 2 5 35.1 11.4 S S 45.5 6
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 4 1.8 1 2 S S 44.4 1.5 24.7 6.7
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 3 1.5 S S S S 29 3.5 S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S - 0.1 - 1.1 S S 46.1 0.3 44.6 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 36 2.4 S S S S 46.5 16.8 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.