Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31,535 100 47,792 100 3,083 100 243 14.1 - 14.5 - 13.8 - 13.2
Less than 50 lbs 4,390 13.9 46 0.1 16 0.5 401 21.2 2.2 18.6 - 27.9 0.2 12.2
50 - 99 lbs 860 2.7 48 0.1 7 0.2 147 16.6 0.5 16.0 - 32.6 0.1 19.7
100 - 499 lbs 4,158 13.2 336 0.7 44 1.4 129 19.0 1.3 12.5 0.2 24.6 0.4 20.9
500 - 749 lbs S S 188 0.4 27 0.9 138 S S 14.7 0.1 35.2 0.3 22.8
750 - 999 lbs 702 2.2 143 0.3 20 0.7 143 29.6 0.6 26.7 0.1 32.8 0.2 33.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,303 26.3 2,899 6.1 430 13.9 123 17.3 3.0 15.5 1.1 23.3 2.6 19.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,484 23.7 31,124 65.1 1,934 62.7 73 14.4 3.3 22.8 6.4 19.7 5.1 36.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,642 11.5 12,412 26.0 490 15.9 39 34.3 3.3 20.9 5.8 21.1 3.5 17.8
More than 100,000 lbs 113 0.4 595 1.2 114 3.7 184 26.3 0.2 22.9 0.3 24.9 1.2 27.2

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,187 100 47,456 100 2,903 100 96 14.3 - 14.7 - 13.9 - 11.5
Less than 50 lbs 1,481 5.9 20 - 2 0.1 110 45.4 2.8 18.3 - 28.6 - 35.8
50 - 99 lbs 369 1.5 34 0.1 2 0.1 65 19.5 0.2 17.3 - 21.8 - 10.7
100 - 499 lbs 2,648 10.5 294 0.6 29 1.0 93 17.7 1.2 13.4 0.1 26.0 0.3 20.5
500 - 749 lbs S S 169 0.4 25 0.9 141 S S 15.6 0.1 38.4 0.4 22.8
750 - 999 lbs 686 2.7 140 0.3 19 0.7 137 30.0 0.7 27.3 0.1 33.6 0.2 34.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,137 28.3 2,801 5.9 374 12.9 112 17.5 3.3 16.4 1.0 22.7 2.9 22.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,389 29.3 31,069 65.5 1,886 64.9 71 14.6 3.3 22.8 6.5 20.0 5.0 38.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,642 14.5 12,412 26.2 490 16.9 39 34.3 3.9 20.9 5.9 21.1 3.6 17.8
More than 100,000 lbs 94 0.4 517 1.1 77 2.6 129 28.3 0.2 27.6 0.3 35.2 1.2 35.6

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,090 100 47,074 100 2,825 100 80 14.0 - 14.8 - 14.1 - 16.1
Less than 50 lbs 1,336 5.5 20 - 1 - S 49.6 3.0 18.1 - 41.8 - S
50 - 99 lbs 312 1.3 34 0.1 2 0.1 56 20.8 0.2 16.9 - 23.6 - 12.5
100 - 499 lbs 2,046 8.5 293 0.6 27 1.0 88 17.3 1.4 13.4 0.1 27.3 0.3 21.6
500 - 749 lbs S S 168 0.4 25 0.9 139 S S 15.6 0.1 39.5 0.4 23.4
750 - 999 lbs 684 2.8 140 0.3 19 0.7 135 30.1 0.7 27.4 0.1 34.4 0.2 34.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,132 29.6 2,800 5.9 371 13.1 111 17.5 3.4 16.4 1.1 22.8 2.9 22.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,389 30.7 31,069 66.0 1,886 66.7 71 14.6 3.4 22.8 6.5 20.0 5.1 38.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,623 15.0 12,368 26.3 490 17.3 39 34.2 4.1 20.8 5.9 21.1 3.8 17.7
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 12 S S S S S S 28.3

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,002 100 21,602 100 2,012 100 298 19.3 - 13.1 - 20.0 - 20.5
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 - S S 528 S S 34.1 - S S 23.2
50 - 99 lbs 99 0.9 2 - 1 - 445 43.6 0.2 24.3 - 28.0 - 38.3
100 - 499 lbs 861 7.8 34 0.2 18 0.9 517 30.7 2.3 16.0 - 33.3 0.4 22.2
500 - 749 lbs S S 30 0.1 19 0.9 605 S S 26.1 - 46.9 0.5 20.0
750 - 999 lbs S S 23 0.1 15 0.7 626 S S 21.7 - 41.4 0.3 18.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,546 23.1 655 3.0 272 13.5 414 25.0 2.1 16.9 0.6 29.2 4.4 14.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,138 37.6 15,362 71.1 1,449 72.0 120 18.2 5.5 20.3 6.7 26.8 5.7 29.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,320 12.0 5,493 25.4 238 11.8 43 43.2 4.1 23.8 6.5 18.5 3.2 33.4
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,088 100 25,472 100 814 100 31 13.1 - 18.3 - 18.2 - 5.7
Less than 50 lbs 602 4.6 18 0.1 - 0.1 23 32.9 2.3 20.4 - 20.7 - 7.2
50 - 99 lbs 213 1.6 32 0.1 1 0.1 28 14.9 0.3 17.5 - 21.1 - 8.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,185 9.1 259 1.0 9 1.2 34 12.0 1.3 15.3 0.4 21.0 0.3 10.6
500 - 749 lbs 573 4.4 137 0.5 6 0.7 40 22.3 0.8 16.6 0.1 19.7 0.1 11.5
750 - 999 lbs 369 2.8 117 0.5 4 0.5 36 13.6 0.4 31.2 0.2 23.3 0.1 13.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,586 35.0 2,145 8.4 100 12.3 40 16.8 4.6 20.8 2.1 24.7 1.9 12.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,251 24.8 15,706 61.7 436 53.6 30 25.0 4.0 27.0 7.0 21.9 6.4 17.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,303 17.6 6,876 27.0 252 31.0 36 33.3 4.3 21.1 5.8 29.3 6.2 14.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 12 S S S S S S 28.3

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 82 100 326 100 72 100 208 23.9 - 19.2 - 30.8 - 25.0
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 82 100.0 326 100.0 72 100.0 208 23.9 - 19.2 - 30.8 - 25.0

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 990 100 4 100 5 100 1,306 29.0 - 34.9 - 22.6 - 16.3
Less than 50 lbs 145 14.7 1 13.7 1 16.3 1,393 34.7 12.7 38.2 10.9 44.6 11.7 14.8
50 - 99 lbs 56 5.7 1 13.3 - 5.8 594 23.8 4.8 46.3 5.5 31.3 5.8 46.1
100 - 499 lbs 602 60.9 1 20.3 1 22.8 1,638 37.1 12.9 33.7 7.1 40.1 6.5 11.8
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - 5.5 - 6.6 1,695 S S 25.9 7.2 27.9 4.8 21.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5 0.5 1 22.9 2 39.3 2,903 33.6 2.4 30.9 12.1 29.9 11.7 20.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25 100 53 100 S S S 22.7 - 49.2 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,845 100 138 100 140 100 726 25.4 - 40.5 - 44.4 - 6.7
Less than 50 lbs 2,818 58.1 19 13.9 14 9.9 713 27.8 5.5 31.5 6.1 30.7 6.7 7.6
50 - 99 lbs 421 8.7 5 3.9 4 3.2 850 23.9 1.7 38.3 3.9 44.0 3.7 10.6
100 - 499 lbs 1,374 28.4 15 10.9 14 10.0 788 32.5 4.4 40.0 6.8 42.7 7.3 17.7
500 - 749 lbs 99 2.0 2 1.6 1 1.0 581 39.0 0.6 22.4 3.3 37.5 2.0 49.8
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 7,895 S S S S S S 25.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 32 0.7 S S 23 16.7 2,302 45.7 2.1 S S 34.5 18.1 38.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 19 0.4 79 57.1 37 26.6 472 29.8 1.1 34.2 14.8 36.3 12.6 13.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,714 100 42 100 34 100 721 26.3 - 31.9 - 35.3 - 6.7
Less than 50 lbs 2,817 59.8 19 45.7 14 40.2 713 27.8 5.2 31.5 4.7 30.7 5.2 7.6
50 - 99 lbs 421 8.9 5 12.7 4 12.9 850 23.9 1.9 38.3 2.4 44.0 2.4 10.6
100 - 499 lbs 1,374 29.1 15 35.6 14 40.7 788 32.5 4.3 40.0 3.7 42.7 4.2 17.7
500 - 749 lbs 99 2.1 2 5.3 1 4.0 581 39.0 0.6 22.4 3.3 37.5 1.5 49.8
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30 100 S S 47 100 1,322 33.5 - S S 38.5 - 43.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,932 S S S S S S -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S 79 95.8 37 78.5 472 S S 34.2 3.7 36.3 17.2 13.8

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 14 100 S S 7,105 S S 45.8 - S S 29.8
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 7,923 S S S S S S 6.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,503 100 198 100 40 100 S 38.3 - 46.9 - 43.3 - S
Less than 50 lbs 91 6.1 6 3.1 - 0.3 S 40.2 3.6 42.0 1.5 31.0 0.6 S
50 - 99 lbs 71 4.7 S S S S S 49.8 2.4 S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 136 9.1 27 13.8 S S S 37.2 3.8 44.6 4.8 S S S
500 - 749 lbs 42 2.8 S S 1 1.9 S 42.7 1.4 S S 40.0 1.1 S
750 - 999 lbs S S 3 1.3 S S S S S 46.4 3.0 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,087 72.3 S S 11 28.2 S 47.0 12.3 S S 45.3 13.4 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 63 4.2 44 22.3 S S S 37.1 13.4 24.9 12.5 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.