Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 182,785 100 268,926 100 58,222 100 9.1 - 9.8 - 11.2 -
Less than 50 miles 51,957 28.4 144,236 53.6 3,818 6.6 16.3 2.3 12.2 2 15.4 1
50 - 99 miles 17,373 9.5 31,695 11.8 3,034 5.2 11.2 0.6 13.7 1 13.8 0.7
100 - 249 miles 35,310 19.3 43,126 16 9,866 16.9 13 1.8 13.1 1.1 15.5 2.2
250 - 499 miles 33,510 18.3 23,264 8.7 11,338 19.5 8.6 1.2 7.3 0.9 7.3 1.4
500 - 749 miles 23,095 12.6 15,117 5.6 11,953 20.5 9.7 1 14.5 0.8 13.8 1.9
750 - 999 miles 10,299 5.6 6,406 2.4 6,944 11.9 13.2 0.6 18.2 0.4 19.4 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,601 2 1,650 0.6 2,539 4.4 9.5 0.3 14 0.1 16.7 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,679 3.1 2,502 0.9 6,013 10.3 16.9 0.6 23 0.2 23.3 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 1,960 1.1 931 0.3 2,717 4.7 23.3 0.3 39.2 0.1 39.9 1.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 152,202 100 257,077 100 51,295 100 8.8 - 10.2 - 9.8 -
Less than 50 miles 48,401 31.8 140,611 54.7 3,719 7.2 17.5 2.9 12.4 1.9 15.1 0.9
50 - 99 miles 15,403 10.1 31,293 12.2 2,992 5.8 9.4 0.6 13.8 1.1 14 0.8
100 - 249 miles 28,299 18.6 40,752 15.9 9,392 18.3 7.9 1.3 14.1 1.2 16.4 2.3
250 - 499 miles 25,358 16.7 21,690 8.4 10,329 20.1 7.6 1.3 7.8 0.9 8 1.5
500 - 749 miles 19,011 12.5 13,508 5.3 10,506 20.5 10.7 0.9 13.9 0.8 13.4 2
750 - 999 miles 7,475 4.9 4,927 1.9 5,187 10.1 10.4 0.6 12.6 0.3 13 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,884 1.9 1,597 0.6 2,467 4.8 10.4 0.2 14.4 0.1 17.1 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,872 2.5 2,071 0.8 4,921 9.6 20.6 0.6 28.5 0.2 29.4 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,498 1 628 0.2 1,782 3.5 27.8 0.3 32.5 0.1 34.1 1.3

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 138,230 100 216,993 100 30,088 100 9 - 10.8 - 6 -
Less than 50 miles 46,743 33.8 133,870 61.7 3,580 11.9 18.4 3.1 13 2.2 16.1 1.5
50 - 99 miles 15,122 10.9 27,981 12.9 2,626 8.7 9.6 0.6 13 1.1 13 0.9
100 - 249 miles 25,998 18.8 28,981 13.4 5,735 19.1 7.8 1.3 14.5 1.1 12.5 1.6
250 - 499 miles 21,257 15.4 13,678 6.3 6,129 20.4 8.6 1 8.1 0.5 8.2 0.9
500 - 749 miles 16,340 11.8 8,290 3.8 6,178 20.5 8.2 0.9 11.5 0.6 10.9 1.8
750 - 999 miles 6,359 4.6 2,434 1.1 2,474 8.2 10.2 0.7 10.2 0.2 10.3 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,276 1.6 788 0.4 1,128 3.7 10.9 0.2 7.9 0.1 7.7 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,870 2.1 701 0.3 1,519 5 21.7 0.6 13.5 0.1 13.9 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,264 0.9 271 0.1 719 2.4 32.4 0.4 17.4 - 17.3 0.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 84,748 100 109,346 100 22,018 100 11.9 - 14.5 - 6.4 -
Less than 50 miles 21,296 25.1 58,953 53.9 1,860 8.4 36.9 5.6 23.4 4.5 24.3 1.8
50 - 99 miles 6,003 7.1 12,817 11.7 1,169 5.3 10.8 1 14.8 1.4 14.7 0.7
100 - 249 miles 13,809 16.3 16,044 14.7 3,280 14.9 9.8 1.4 13 1.2 12.4 1.6
250 - 499 miles 16,720 19.7 10,192 9.3 4,689 21.3 10.2 1.5 12.1 1.2 11.6 1.6
500 - 749 miles 14,842 17.5 7,458 6.8 5,571 25.3 8.7 1.4 12.2 1.4 11.5 2
750 - 999 miles 5,962 7 2,234 2 2,272 10.3 11.2 1.2 9.6 0.5 9.7 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,010 2.4 727 0.7 1,041 4.7 7.7 0.3 7.5 0.1 7.3 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,846 3.4 652 0.6 1,420 6.4 21.9 1 10.4 0.1 10.9 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,260 1.5 270 0.2 716 3.3 32.5 0.6 17.5 0.1 17.4 0.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 53,483 100 107,646 100 8,070 100 6.9 - 15.3 - 12.1 -
Less than 50 miles 25,447 47.6 74,917 69.6 1,720 21.3 6.3 2.5 17 3.1 18.4 2.1
50 - 99 miles 9,120 17.1 15,164 14.1 1,457 18 11.4 1.1 17.7 1.7 17.4 2
100 - 249 miles 12,188 22.8 12,936 12 2,455 30.4 10.8 1.4 19.5 1.7 15.5 2.3
250 - 499 miles 4,537 8.5 3,486 3.2 1,440 17.8 18.6 1.1 14.6 0.4 14.2 1.7
500 - 749 miles 1,498 2.8 832 0.8 607 7.5 18.2 0.4 14.7 0.1 14.5 1
750 - 999 miles 397 0.7 200 0.2 202 2.5 35.8 0.2 34.2 0.1 33.2 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 61 0.1 87 1.1 S S 29.5 - 26.8 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 1 - 2 - S S 37.1 - 33 -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,388 100 37,916 100 20,504 100 14.2 - 11.3 - 15.3 -
Less than 50 miles 1,415 11.4 5,376 14.2 128 0.6 30.8 3.8 28.2 4.8 39 0.4
50 - 99 miles 275 2.2 3,288 8.7 364 1.8 29.1 0.9 36.1 2.6 35.3 0.7
100 - 249 miles 2,020 16.3 11,485 30.3 3,490 17 27.9 4.6 30.7 6.7 33.5 5.2
250 - 499 miles 3,739 30.2 7,677 20.2 3,889 19 27.7 7.5 17.1 6 15.7 4.7
500 - 749 miles 2,388 19.3 5,098 13.4 4,163 20.3 32.4 4.2 19.7 2.6 18.9 3.6
750 - 999 miles 1,057 8.5 2,468 6.5 2,694 13.1 23.5 1.1 19.3 1.2 19.5 2.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 556 4.5 808 2.1 1,337 6.5 30.9 0.9 26.5 0.4 29.9 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 758 6.1 1,362 3.6 3,385 16.5 41.6 1.8 37.6 1 37.7 3.8
More than 2,000 miles 181 1.5 353 0.9 1,054 5.1 32.5 0.7 42.1 0.5 43.2 3.6

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 710 100 S S S S 49.2 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 849 100 22 100 32 100 30.9 - 24.6 - 33.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S - 0.7 S S S S 39.9 1.7
250 - 499 miles 156 18.4 4 16.3 2 5.1 38.8 8.6 49 9 41.9 8.8
500 - 749 miles 188 22.1 3 12 2 5.7 36.7 7.8 35.5 5.7 36.2 4.3
750 - 999 miles S S 1 2.7 1 1.7 S S 26.6 1.2 24.5 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 52 6.1 S S S S 46.7 4.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 244 28.8 S S S S 45.8 10.8 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 27,897 100 7,465 100 6,381 100 23.9 - 18.1 - 27.6 -
Less than 50 miles 2,139 7.7 S S S S 46.8 1.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 162 2.2 18 0.3 S S 36.6 0.6 39.7 0.2
100 - 249 miles S S 1,706 22.9 352 5.5 S S 34.9 5.1 25.7 1.8
250 - 499 miles 7,921 28.4 1,384 18.5 917 14.4 23.3 4.4 14.1 3.4 15.9 3.6
500 - 749 miles 3,747 13.4 1,442 19.3 1,320 20.7 17.9 3.5 22.7 2.7 20.7 3.5
750 - 999 miles 2,700 9.7 1,433 19.2 1,709 26.8 31.2 1.8 44.4 3.9 45.5 4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 687 2.5 S S S S 22.6 0.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,757 6.3 420 5.6 1,067 16.7 26.2 1.2 28.3 3.4 28.5 5.7
More than 2,000 miles 458 1.6 S S S S 33.4 0.4 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 17,856 100 536 100 256 100 38.6 - 33.5 - 21.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S 37 14.6 S S S S 44.1 4
250 - 499 miles 3,237 18.1 101 18.9 44 17.2 38.8 2.4 29.8 2.3 24.9 2
500 - 749 miles 2,440 13.7 74 13.8 56 21.9 15.8 3.7 26.1 3.2 25.9 2.5
750 - 999 miles 837 4.7 32 5.9 32 12.6 15.9 1.4 29.4 1.3 29.4 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 677 3.8 17 3.2 24 9.3 22.2 1.3 31 1 29.6 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 654 3.7 14 2.6 32 12.4 21.1 0.8 16.6 0.5 17 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 284 1.6 9 1.6 23 9 28.1 0.3 40.6 0.4 41.4 1.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,143 100 4,274 100 3,998 100 41.2 - 15.5 - 25.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 63 0.8 109 2.5 13 0.3 39.9 1.4 45.3 1.1 49.1 0.1
100 - 249 miles 295 3.6 553 12.9 134 3.4 33.7 4.2 27.6 3.3 28.9 1.3
250 - 499 miles 4,076 50.1 1,095 25.6 644 16.1 48.5 9.1 19.2 4.5 19.5 4.5
500 - 749 miles 835 10.3 755 17.7 639 16 46.8 3.5 25.9 2.3 24.4 2.7
750 - 999 miles 1,372 16.9 546 12.8 644 16.1 45.7 3 24.4 3 23.7 3.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,102 13.5 405 9.5 1,033 25.8 41.7 4.7 29.5 4.4 29.6 7.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,286 100 S S 1,439 100 39.6 - S S 48.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 578 44.9 128 10.9 186 12.9 43.1 11.3 49.6 17.1 48.7 18.3
500 - 749 miles 314 24.5 402 34.1 487 33.9 33.5 10.8 27.5 13.7 22.3 15.2
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 35 100 S S 85 100 26.8 - S S 38.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 30 85.3 S S S S 13.4 8.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 577 100 S S S S 48.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,687 100 4,384 100 547 100 12.4 - 22.5 - 23.5 -
Less than 50 miles 1,417 52.7 3,024 69 40 7.4 24 8 28.2 10.1 27.3 5.2
50 - 99 miles 200 7.5 240 5.5 24 4.3 22 1.8 36.6 1.4 36.5 1.6
100 - 249 miles 293 10.9 S S S S 41.2 3.7 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 231 8.6 191 4.3 93 17 30.1 2.6 45 2.6 46.8 3.4
500 - 749 miles 336 12.5 166 3.8 127 23.3 30.9 4.4 35 4.9 35.6 7.5
750 - 999 miles 124 4.6 46 1 47 8.7 46.3 3.5 35.9 1.5 36 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 30 1.1 24 0.6 32 5.9 29.1 0.5 46.9 0.8 46.7 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 11 0.3 25 4.6 S S 34 0.7 34.3 5.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.