Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 18,184 100 28,743 100 12,633 100 15.9 - 16.4 - 15.9 -
Less than 50 miles 7,416 40.8 16,042 55.8 369 2.9 16.2 4.6 18.6 6.2 20.5 0.6
50 - 99 miles 2,874 15.8 4,639 16.1 649 5.1 16.7 2.7 26.2 3 37.6 1.3
100 - 249 miles 755 4.2 265 0.9 71 0.6 10.2 0.6 22.5 0.2 20 0.2
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,576 8.7 1,234 4.3 S S 30.8 3.3 48.3 3.7 S S
750 - 999 miles 411 2.3 194 0.7 114 0.9 28.5 0.4 37.2 0.3 31.5 0.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 819 4.5 S S S S 38 1.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 539 3 289 1 753 6 44.9 0.7 34.9 0.3 24.2 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,114 6.1 813 2.8 6,245 49.4 27.3 2.3 36.1 0.7 27.4 7.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 16,124 100 27,070 100 10,299 100 18.1 - 17.6 - 17.3 -
Less than 50 miles 6,838 42.4 15,779 58.3 365 3.5 17.7 4.5 19.1 6.3 20.7 0.6
50 - 99 miles 2,476 15.4 4,179 15.4 551 5.3 15.7 2.5 27.1 2.8 42.1 1.2
100 - 249 miles 705 4.4 259 1 68 0.7 10.5 0.7 23.4 0.2 21.5 0.2
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,090 6.8 787 2.9 S S 27.3 2.4 48.3 2.8 S S
750 - 999 miles 262 1.6 132 0.5 83 0.8 20.6 0.4 44.9 0.4 39.5 0.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 703 4.4 S S S S 32.4 1.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 268 1 702 6.8 S S 37 0.2 25.4 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 991 6.1 618 2.3 4,780 46.4 31.2 2.5 39.9 0.6 22.8 7

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,032 100 15,139 100 665 100 11 - 16.9 - 13.2 -
Less than 50 miles 5,182 64.5 12,221 80.7 226 34 17.8 5.2 18.7 5 18.1 5.9
50 - 99 miles 1,828 22.8 2,378 15.7 171 25.7 16.5 4.6 30.4 4.5 29.5 5.8
100 - 249 miles 334 4.2 150 1 44 6.6 15.3 0.8 19.5 0.3 17.5 1.7
250 - 499 miles 250 3.1 121 0.8 58 8.8 15.5 0.5 30.6 0.5 32.9 2.5
500 - 749 miles 273 3.4 104 0.7 75 11.3 37.5 1.3 30.5 0.4 31 3.3
750 - 999 miles 23 0.3 14 0.1 4 0.6 34.1 0.1 49.4 0.1 37.5 0.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 72 0.9 S S S S 40.9 0.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,333 100 3,663 100 326 100 14.7 - 35.5 - 20.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,068 45.8 2,196 60 52 16 29 6.6 46.3 9 45.7 4.9
50 - 99 miles 406 17.4 S S S S 36.8 5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 234 10 69 1.9 25 7.6 21.1 2.4 29.6 3.8 31.7 3.9
250 - 499 miles 196 8.4 96 2.6 51 15.6 16.1 1.3 38.4 2.7 38.2 4
500 - 749 miles 269 11.5 99 2.7 72 22 38.4 3.4 31.7 2.6 32.2 6.7
750 - 999 miles 23 1 S S 4 1.3 34.7 0.5 S S 37.9 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 68 2.9 18 0.5 9 2.9 44.2 1.4 31.9 0.4 32.4 2.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,699 100 11,476 100 339 100 10.8 - 17.3 - 10.7 -
Less than 50 miles 4,114 72.2 10,025 87.4 174 51.4 16.6 5.7 20.7 5 13.1 7.2
50 - 99 miles 1,422 25 1,273 11.1 101 29.9 16.6 5.7 22.5 5 23.9 6.2
100 - 249 miles 100 1.8 80 0.7 19 5.5 27.6 0.4 39.4 0.3 36.7 1.5
250 - 499 miles 54 1 S S S S 49.9 0.4 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 5,214 100 S S S S 42.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S 807 15.5 S S S S 35.8 19.2 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,896 100 3,333 100 7,589 100 21.6 - 29.4 - 18.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 4 0.1 1 - S S 27.4 0.2 40.5 -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 107 3.7 S S S S 17.8 2.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 538 18.6 S S S S 38.2 8.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 203 6.1 660 8.7 S S 26.6 3.1 23.4 2.8
More than 2,000 miles 615 21.2 614 18.4 4,766 62.8 34.8 4.4 40.1 6.6 22.9 7.1

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,885 100 3,330 100 7,589 100 21.8 - 29.5 - 18.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 4 0.1 1 - S S 27.4 0.2 40.5 -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 107 3.7 S S S S 17.8 2.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 538 18.7 S S S S 38.2 8.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 203 6.1 660 8.7 S S 26.6 3.1 23.4 2.8
More than 2,000 miles 615 21.3 614 18.4 4,766 62.8 34.8 4.6 40.1 6.6 22.9 7.1

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,241 100 S S S S 31.7 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 13 1 - 0.1 - - 44.9 1.5 33.2 0.5 40.2 0.1
100 - 249 miles 99 8 S S S S 47 3.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 165 13.3 15 3.7 11 4.2 35.3 8.5 28.6 11.2 31.6 10.7
750 - 999 miles 113 9.1 6 1.7 6 2.3 32.1 7.9 38.3 6.9 42 5.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 12 1 1 0.3 3 1.2 32.3 1 32.1 1.8 36.5 5.3
More than 2,000 miles S S 2 0.6 9 3.7 S S 40.2 1 40.9 3.4

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,091 100 2,997 100 S S 37.9 - 40.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 1,477 70.7 2,489 83.1 S S 41.6 11.9 44.2 9.2 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 19 0.9 S S S S 46.7 1.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,050 100 688 100 S S 18 - 36.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S 3 0.4 - - S S 24.6 2.3 34.9 0.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 32 3 3 0.5 S S 31.3 1.2 42.6 2.6 S S
250 - 499 miles 44 4.2 5 0.8 4 0.2 19.9 1.3 27.1 2.6 32.9 2.9
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 495 100 12 100 6 100 48.4 - 19.9 - 28.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S 3 22.6 - 2.4 S S 24.6 6.1 34.9 1.6
50 - 99 miles 42 8.5 S S - 5.2 44.7 3.7 S S 48.7 2.2
100 - 249 miles 23 4.5 1 9.3 - 6 26 3.3 45.3 2.8 47.6 2.8
250 - 499 miles 25 5 2 17.6 2 28.3 19.8 2.7 28 3.1 37.6 7.4
500 - 749 miles S S 2 12.7 1 19.7 S S 20.9 3 24.5 4.7
750 - 999 miles 7 1.4 - 2.3 - 4.5 35.1 1.9 27.6 1.5 28.7 5.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3 0.7 S S S S 32.4 0.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 25 5.1 S S S S 39.4 8.3 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 488 100 509 100 S S 29 - 42.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 3 0.7 3 0.2 S S 34.5 6.2 48.8 4.4
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,011 100 985 100 313 100 28.3 - 37.2 - 47 -
Less than 50 miles 282 27.9 S S S S 23.7 6.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 63 6.3 11 1.1 5 1.6 46.9 5.8 34.6 7.7 33.3 13.6
500 - 749 miles 336 33.3 392 39.7 S S 41.9 9.5 45.5 12.9 S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.