Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 18,184 100 28,743 100 12,633 100 176 15.9 - 16.4 - 15.9 - 24.7
Single modes 16,124 88.7 27,070 94.2 10,299 81.5 133 18.1 2.3 17.6 1.7 17.3 6.6 24.8
Truck5 8,032 44.2 15,139 52.7 665 5.3 64 11 3.4 16.9 6.1 13.2 1.3 13.4
For-hire truck 2,333 12.8 3,663 12.7 326 2.6 239 14.7 1.6 35.5 3.7 20.1 0.8 17.9
Private truck 5,699 31.3 11,476 39.9 339 2.7 34 10.8 2.5 17.3 6.2 10.7 0.6 16.6
Rail S S 5,214 18.1 S S 329 S S 42.9 9.6 S S 30.3
Water 2,896 15.9 3,333 11.6 7,589 60.1 891 21.6 2.7 29.4 2.9 18.9 7.4 20.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft 2,885 15.9 3,330 11.6 7,589 60.1 896 21.8 2.7 29.5 2.9 18.9 7.4 20.1
Air (incl truck and air) 1,241 6.8 S S S S 1,309 31.7 2.1 S S S S 20
Pipeline6 2,091 11.5 2,997 10.4 S S S 37.9 3.6 40.6 2.9 S S S
Multiple modes 1,050 5.8 688 2.4 S S 615 18 1.8 36.7 0.7 S S 20.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 495 2.7 12 - 6 - 554 48.4 2 19.9 - 28.6 - 19.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 488 2.7 509 1.8 S S 1,716 29 0.8 42.3 0.7 S S 22.7
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,501 S S S S S S 33.5
Other and unknown modes 1,011 5.6 985 3.4 313 2.5 212 28.3 1.8 37.2 1.8 47 1.7 22.5

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 71 100 48 100 8 100 98 26.8 - 18.3 - 34.1 - 40.6
Single modes 71 99.5 48 99.7 8 98.4 93 26.9 11.8 18.4 0.3 35.2 2 20.8
Truck5 68 95.6 41 85.2 7 84 67 12.1 1.4 18.7 6.5 39.2 7.8 24.7
For-hire truck 24 33.8 12 25.6 6 78.9 436 25 9.3 26.7 10.6 42.9 9.6 11.1
Private truck 44 61.8 29 59.6 - 5.1 14 21.4 8.8 26.8 10.2 48.2 3.9 43.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 3 3.8 1 2.9 1 7.5 547 34.5 5.2 36.1 1.2 41 7.8 15.1
Multiple modes S S - 0.3 - 1.6 850 S S 6.3 0.8 33.5 6.1 25.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 1,224 S S S S S S 33
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,881 S S S S S S 36
Private truck S S S S S S 22 S S S S S S 24.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,004 S S S S S S 32.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,786 S S S S S S 31.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 43 39.4 S S S S S 48.4 6.2 S S S S S

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,054 100 686 100 542 100 1,240 24.9 - 29.2 - 42.3 - 19.3
Single modes 1,722 83.8 520 75.8 443 81.8 1,294 24.3 4.8 27.7 7.5 48.3 7.4 19.6
Truck5 708 34.5 S S 15 2.8 S 41.5 11.2 S S 40.2 9.1 S
For-hire truck S S 31 4.5 11 2 446 S S 48.6 8.5 45.2 8.9 17.6
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 808 39.4 300 43.8 S S 1,048 42.9 8.1 38.4 8.4 S S 19.7
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft 808 39.3 300 43.7 S S 1,082 42.9 8.1 38.5 8.4 S S 18.9
Air (incl truck and air) 206 10 S S S S 3,516 47 6 S S S S 11.9
Multiple modes 270 13.1 133 19.4 S S 729 45 4.4 49 5.6 S S 23.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 0.1 - - - - 774 39.3 0.1 41.7 0.1 47 0.2 20.8
Truck and water 256 12.5 131 19 94 17.4 S 31.5 7.1 34.7 6.8 40.8 17.9 S
Other multiple modes 11 0.6 2 0.3 2 0.3 S 23.6 1.9 35 2.2 43.4 4 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 64 100 23 100 3 100 S 31.4 - 44.8 - 45.5 - S
Single modes 60 94 22 95.7 S S S 30.1 2.3 43.6 1.3 S S S
Truck5 59 93.3 22 95 S S 95 25.9 2.8 41.3 1.4 S S 22.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 535 S S S S S S 19.8
Private truck 54 85 19 83.2 1 30.9 61 25.6 4.8 36.9 4.5 20.1 19.3 18.6
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 759 S S S S S S 13.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 759 S S S S S S 13.4
Other and unknown modes 1 1.6 - 2.1 S S S 36.4 1.5 44.1 1.2 S S S

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 512 100 384 100 26 100 S 23.3 - 29.9 - 26.7 - S
Single modes 497 97 376 98.1 20 77.1 S 24.3 6.9 30.4 6 25.7 8.4 S
Truck5 467 91.3 366 95.4 14 52.1 S 25.3 9.6 31.1 9.9 30.7 12.3 S
For-hire truck 17 3.3 S S S S 584 41 2.5 S S S S 17.8
Private truck 450 87.9 353 91.8 8 29.1 22 26 10 32.2 10.3 27.2 13.9 26.5
Water 3 0.6 2 0.5 S S S 23.1 1.3 30.9 0.6 S S S
Deep draft 3 0.6 2 0.5 S S S 23.1 1.3 30.9 0.6 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 26 5.2 8 2.2 5 19.9 1,376 25.6 3.6 30.7 5 29.4 4.2 35.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 589 S S S S S S 20.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3 0.6 1 0.2 S S 588 31.7 0.9 44.7 1.2 S S 24.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 273 100 113 100 18 100 76 17.5 - 15.9 - 32.6 - 10
Single modes 272 99.7 113 99.8 18 99.6 75 17.6 0.4 16.1 0.6 32.8 1.4 10.1
Truck5 269 98.5 113 99.4 18 98.5 75 17.3 0.7 16.1 0.6 32.9 2.5 10.3
For-hire truck 35 12.8 28 24.4 14 75.2 452 42.3 8.2 47.7 9.8 45.1 17.8 14.9
Private truck 234 85.7 85 75 4 23.3 54 22.9 8 22.6 9.6 22.1 16.5 6.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1 0.3 S S S S S 34.7 2.5 S S S S S
Truck and water 1 0.3 S S S S S 34.7 2.5 S S S S S

SCTG1 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 25 100 S S S S S 24 - S S S S S
Single modes 24 94.4 S S S S S 24.7 2.6 S S S S S
Truck5 9 33.9 S S S S S 21.8 15.4 S S S S S
For-hire truck 3 12.8 S S S S 818 16.5 6.4 S S S S 6.9
Private truck 5 21 S S S S S 29.5 18.3 S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 12 46.7 S S S S 373 29.7 8.3 S S S S 20.3
Multiple modes 1 5.4 S S S S 636 48.9 2.8 S S S S 6.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 625 S S S S S S 8.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S - 100 S S S S S 19.1 - S
Single modes S S S S - 100 S S S S S 19.1 - S
Truck5 S S S S - 100 S S S S S 19.1 - S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 49 S S S S S S 41.3
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 76 100 6,867 100 150 100 18 35 - 30.3 - 24 - 23
Single modes 76 100 6,867 100 150 100 18 35 - 30.3 - 24 - 23
Truck5 72 94.2 6,411 93.4 121 80.8 18 37.7 8.9 33.7 8.9 28.9 10.1 23.4
For-hire truck S S S S 64 42.9 38 S S S S 47.9 12.7 16.4
Private truck 58 76.7 4,573 66.6 57 37.9 S 44.9 10.4 41.3 10.9 24.2 15.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 93 S S S S S S 30

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 14 100 49 100 S S 187 23.7 - 41.5 - S S 27.4
Single modes 14 99.8 49 100 S S 187 23.6 0.1 41.5 - S S 27.4
Truck5 14 99.8 49 100 S S 187 23.6 0.1 41.5 - S S 27.4
For-hire truck 10 72.7 31 64.3 9 89.5 203 15.6 13.2 43.1 18.9 46.7 6.8 27.4
Private truck S S S S S S 47 S S S S S S 19.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,720 100 S S 5,501 100 1,598 33.2 - S S 23.5 - 2.9
Single modes 1,720 100 S S 5,501 100 1,598 33.2 - S S 23.5 - 2.9
Truck5 457 26.6 249 14 13 0.2 52 5.3 4.5 5.5 5 8.3 - -
Private truck 457 26.6 249 14 13 0.2 52 5.3 4.5 5.5 5 8.3 - -
Water 1,264 73.4 S S 5,489 99.8 1,806 44 4.5 S S 23.5 - 29.8
Deep draft 1,264 73.4 S S 5,489 99.8 1,806 44 4.5 S S 23.5 - 29.8

SCTG1 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 46 100 1,685 100 400 100 139 43.1 - 38.4 - 46.7 - 11.9
Single modes 46 100 1,685 100 400 100 139 43.1 - 38.4 - 46.7 - 11.9
Rail 46 100 1,685 100 400 100 139 43.1 - 38.4 - 46.7 - 11.9

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4,940 100 6,868 100 2,050 100 254 41.4 - 44 - 49.5 - 22.4
Single modes 4,803 97.2 6,667 97.1 S S 214 43 3.2 45.8 3.9 S S 28.9
Truck5 1,486 30.1 1,903 27.7 81 4 57 37.5 12.4 39.4 12.5 22.2 13.6 20.9
For-hire truck 498 10.1 665 9.7 31 1.5 S 41.5 6.7 41.9 7.3 27.1 12 S
Private truck 987 20 1,237 18 51 2.5 56 38.1 11.3 39.8 11.3 25.9 9.2 26.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 914 S S S S S S 16.6
Deep draft S S S S S S 914 S S S S S S 16.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 423 S S S S S S 6.3
Pipeline6 S S 1,526 22.2 S S S S S 49.5 10.8 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 290 S S S S S S 32.6

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,502 100 5,783 100 3,250 100 243 18.9 - 23.9 - 46.8 - 22
Single modes 2,914 83.2 4,926 85.2 S S 217 20.9 5.2 27.3 5.9 S S 24
Truck5 1,405 40.1 2,262 39.1 161 4.9 85 18.1 5.7 32.3 6.1 22.9 9.9 10.9
For-hire truck 323 9.2 472 8.2 65 2 S 38.3 2.7 38.1 2.9 21 3.6 S
Private truck 1,082 30.9 1,790 30.9 95 2.9 74 21.5 7 41.3 7.5 32.6 8.1 15.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 313 9 S S S S 903 37.9 17.6 S S S S 10.2
Deep draft 313 9 S S S S 903 37.9 17.6 S S S S 10.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 439 S S S S S S 31.7
Pipeline6 744 21.3 1,451 25.1 S S S 21.3 9.1 34.8 8.4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 523 14.9 670 11.6 S S 304 44.6 5.5 45.4 5.8 S S 29.9

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 585 100 461 100 38 100 S 15.7 - 33.6 - 27.5 - S
Single modes 560 95.7 452 98 36 92.8 S 17.7 5.7 34.2 3.5 30.4 7 S
Truck5 336 57.4 432 93.7 33 85.9 S 28.7 11.5 36 10 32.7 10.9 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 309 S S S S S S 42
Private truck 279 47.7 268 58.1 20 53.1 S 28.6 10.9 29.7 10.8 48.2 12.4 S
Water S S S S S S 914 S S S S S S 49.2
Deep draft S S S S S S 914 S S S S S S 49.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 S S 19 4.2 S S S S S 26.3 16.1 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 24 4 9 1.9 3 7 293 40.2 5.7 39 3.5 41.6 7.1 31.3

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 19 100 S S S S 111 28.2 - S S S S 25.7
Single modes 17 88.6 S S S S 93 24.4 4.5 S S S S 31.9
Truck5 16 85.4 S S S S 81 23.6 5.3 S S S S 40
For-hire truck 9 48.8 S S S S 279 27 11.7 S S S S 26.2
Private truck 7 36.6 S S S S 61 32.9 11.6 S S S S 36.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 601 S S S S S S 15.1
Multiple modes 1 5.5 - 1.9 S S S 30.6 7.3 11.2 6.8 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 5.5 - 1.9 S S S 30.6 7.3 11.2 6.8 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 89 S S S S S S 40.9

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,265 S S S S S S 7.5

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 423 S S S S S S 23.3
Single modes S S S S S S 434 S S S S S S 12.9
Truck5 S S S S S S 434 S S S S S S 12.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 428 S S S S S S 27.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 107 100 89 100 14 100 81 29.5 - 27.6 - 47.1 - 44.5
Single modes 102 95.3 87 96.7 S S S 31.4 2.9 28.4 1.8 S S S
Truck5 97 90.6 80 89.7 S S S 33.6 5.4 31.5 7 S S S
For-hire truck 67 63.1 61 67.8 S S 286 32.5 9.7 36.4 11.9 S S 26.6
Private truck 29 27.5 S S - 1.1 S 49.3 7.1 S S 42.2 3.4 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 5 4.4 1 0.6 - 0.6 547 31.6 8.6 41.3 8.1 47 8 25.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - 0.4 - 0.1 S S S 39.3 0.4 40.1 0.1 S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3 2.9 1 1.3 S S 209 40.8 3.6 43.9 2.2 S S 33.1

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 89 100 S S S S 100 45.9 - S S S S 46.7
Single modes S S S S S S 119 S S S S S S 44.1
Truck5 S S S S S S 102 S S S S S S 45.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 22 24.7 4 15.5 - 0.9 25 35.9 12.3 43.9 16.1 34.7 9.1 48.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.2 - 0.2 717 S S 30.9 3.9 49.9 7 21.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - 30 S S S S 37.7 19.2 27.6

SCTG1 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 122 100 S S 8 100 S 31.6 - S S 40 - S
Single modes 73 59.7 S S S S S 22.4 12.2 S S S S S
Truck5 66 53.9 S S 2 22.1 S 24.8 12.3 S S 50 19.6 S
For-hire truck S S 2 0.4 S S 1,337 S S 29.4 18 S S 34.1
Private truck 51 42 S S S S 18 31.1 12.6 S S S S 37.9
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 5 100 3 100 S S 333 21.6 - 33.1 - S S 31
Single modes 4 78.8 2 91.9 S S 48 18.5 8.9 34.1 4.5 S S 26.3
Truck5 4 78.8 2 91.9 S S 48 18.5 8.9 34.1 4.5 S S 26.3
Private truck 4 78.8 2 91.9 S S 48 18.5 8.9 34.1 4.5 S S 26.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 576 S S S S S S 30.2

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 55 100 12 100 1 100 S 36.8 - 23.8 - 41.7 - S
Single modes 51 92.4 11 94.6 1 83 37 38.1 5.1 21.5 3 41.7 7.6 22.5
Truck5 50 90.2 11 93.7 1 77.7 37 38.9 5.3 21.5 3.1 45.2 10.8 21.8
For-hire truck - 0.9 - 0.7 S S 259 41.6 1 50 0.8 S S 38.2
Private truck 49 89.3 11 93.1 1 74.6 26 38.7 5.2 21.6 3.1 47.4 10.8 13
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.7 S S 635 S S 2.4 2 S S 16.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 594 S S S S S S 16.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 594 S S S S S S 16.1
Other and unknown modes 2 3.1 S S S S S 49.9 8.2 S S S S S

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 192 100 16 100 2 100 136 41.3 - 35.1 - 40.2 - 43.9
Single modes 150 77.9 14 83.9 1 68.6 S 37.3 6.6 38.3 11.6 49.1 11.4 S
Truck5 149 77.5 14 83.9 1 68.5 68 35.1 7.6 35.9 9.4 47.5 11.5 47.1
For-hire truck 73 38.2 7 40.5 1 60.2 S 25.7 16.4 37.9 17.1 47.7 16.3 S
Private truck 76 39.3 7 43.4 S S 19 37.1 13 31.7 13.9 S S 15.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - 0.1 441 S S 0.9 15.7 38.1 18.5 10.6
Multiple modes S S 1 4.1 - 17.1 602 S S 46.8 13.5 39.6 11.2 19.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 4.1 - 17.1 602 S S 46.8 13.5 39.6 11.2 19.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 24 100 S S 1 100 S 33.1 - S S 48.6 - S
Single modes 20 83.1 S S 1 97.3 S 34.9 5.8 S S 49.4 8.5 S
Truck5 18 75.1 S S S S 123 38.8 10.8 S S S S 49.3
For-hire truck 12 52.7 S S S S 491 43 17.1 S S S S 8.7
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,144 S S S S S S 35.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 282 S S S S S S 20.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 282 S S S S S S 20.7
Other and unknown modes 1 4 S S - 0.2 S 44.6 5.1 S S 36.6 0.1 S

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 190 100 2,637 100 135 100 46 24.8 - 24 - 47.5 - 17.1
Single modes 189 99.6 2,636 100 135 99.9 44 25.1 1.7 24 0.1 47.6 0.9 18.3
Truck5 179 94.1 2,433 92.3 S S 40 26.1 4 25.8 5.7 S S 19.7
For-hire truck 19 10.3 S S S S 249 33.6 3.7 S S S S 34.8
Private truck 159 83.9 2,250 85.3 77 57.4 28 27.3 5.7 27.5 8.2 50 12.1 18.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S - - S S S S S 35 0.6 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes - 0.2 S S S S 47 39.4 2.1 S S S S 13.1

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 130 100 60 100 2 100 44 28.6 - 28.1 - 41.5 - 33.7
Single modes 127 97.6 60 98.9 2 96.9 40 29.4 6.7 28.8 7.8 42.6 9.9 32.3
Truck5 111 86 57 94.7 1 81.1 35 28.3 7.1 27.9 7.5 44.4 12 35.6
For-hire truck 15 11.5 S S S S S 43.1 4.8 S S S S S
Private truck 97 74.5 54 88.9 1 41.2 22 28 5.6 28.5 7 38.9 13.6 25.4
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 598 S S S S S S 34.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 24.5

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 150 100 19 100 2 100 126 26.8 - 35 - 43.3 - 26.6
Single modes 139 93 17 88.9 2 94.7 107 26.7 2.3 34.1 3.8 43.6 3.7 16.2
Truck5 104 69.7 17 87.8 S S 79 28.1 8.8 34.7 5.5 S S 17.6
For-hire truck 55 36.4 S S S S 169 49.5 8.3 S S S S 46.5
Private truck 50 33.2 9 48.5 S S 28 30.5 12 46.4 10.9 S S 17.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 1.1 S S 965 S S 46.6 5.5 S S 41.7
Multiple modes 3 2 - 2.3 - 4 S 32.2 2.3 31.4 5.1 42.9 4 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3 1.9 - 1.9 S S S 33.5 2.3 38.9 5.1 S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 277 100 18 100 3 100 182 20 - 32.8 - 25.5 - 16.4
Single modes 256 92.5 18 96.3 3 95.5 176 22.3 5.4 35.2 5.5 27 5.6 17
Truck5 190 68.9 17 90.6 2 67.1 87 29.3 8 38.1 6.7 38.5 11.3 27.9
For-hire truck 88 31.8 7 35.6 2 56.2 392 44.2 8.8 33.8 10 47.8 12.2 16.2
Private truck 103 37.1 S S S S 20 45.1 7.9 S S S S 16.4
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 65 23.6 1 5.7 1 28.4 746 41.5 7.7 28.6 4.4 26.2 10.9 30.2
Multiple modes 15 5.4 S S - 4.3 313 41.5 5 S S 34.9 7.6 22.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 15 5.4 S S - 4.3 313 41.5 5 S S 34.9 7.6 22.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 404 100 24 100 S S 180 24.6 - 44.8 - S S 25.4
Single modes 234 57.8 S S S S 146 32.6 9.8 S S S S 35.2
Truck5 184 45.6 S S S S 125 40.5 9.4 S S S S 41.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 72 17.7 8 33.5 S S 32 26.3 7.9 46.8 7.2 S S 35.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 2.3 - 10.9 472 S S 32.5 3.6 39.4 6.9 12.8
Multiple modes 100 24.7 1 5.3 1 19.7 400 49.3 7.6 39.8 4.8 45.8 10.8 13.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 100 24.7 1 5.3 1 19.7 400 49.3 7.6 39.8 4.8 45.8 10.8 13.9
Other and unknown modes 71 17.6 4 15.1 - 1.4 S 46.1 11 38.1 9.8 38.8 8.8 S

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 316 100 S S 7 100 213 35.3 - S S 42.4 - 27.3
Single modes 286 90.3 S S 6 78.7 193 35.6 2 S S 47.1 7.2 38.9
Truck5 201 63.4 S S S S 162 35.4 6.2 S S S S 45.3
For-hire truck 141 44.5 S S S S 507 47.1 7 S S S S 26
Private truck 60 18.9 4 11 S S 19 22.7 10.2 19.3 13.5 S S 47.7
Water S S S S S S 172 S S S S S S 47.7
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S 220 S S S S S S 28.6
Air (incl truck and air) 81 25.7 2 6 1 13 461 47.6 5.1 38.5 3.7 42.9 11.6 31.6
Multiple modes 14 4.3 1 3.3 S S S 47.3 1.5 40 1.9 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 473 S S S S S S 25.7
Truck and water 2 0.7 - 1.2 S S S 15.7 5.6 11.5 7.9 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 91 S S S S S S 33.9

SCTG1 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S - 100 - 100 S S S 36.2 - 3.3 - S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S - 82.9 - 80.8 S S S 22.8 13.4 20.1 18.9 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S - 100 S S 157 S S 47.7 - S S 29
Single modes S S - 87.2 - 67 143 S S 48.9 14.4 46.2 17.3 25.5
Truck5 S S - 87.2 - 67 143 S S 48.9 14.4 46.2 17.3 25.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 256 S S S S S S 36
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 256 S S S S S S 36
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 55 100 5 100 1 100 202 26.9 - 31.6 - 44.4 - 30.5
Single modes 42 76.3 4 72.5 S S 90 32.2 10.5 40.2 10.7 S S 43.4
Truck5 42 75.5 4 71.8 S S S 30.6 8.3 38.5 10.8 S S S
For-hire truck 21 37.6 S S S S S 49.8 18 S S S S S
Private truck 21 37.9 2 38.7 S S S 21.8 12.2 25.6 12.2 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) - 0.8 S S S S 354 14.9 2.9 S S S S 35.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 870 S S S S S S 36.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 867 S S S S S S 39.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 639 100 54 100 S S 239 45.6 - 49.2 - S S 18.8
Single modes 630 98.5 S S S S 230 46.1 1.4 S S S S 24.8
Truck5 S S S S S S 196 S S S S S S 24.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 372 S S S S S S 23.4
Private truck 44 6.9 S S - 1.3 S 47 11.4 S S 48.6 10.7 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 2.4 S S S S S 48.8 10.9 S S S
Multiple modes 6 1 - 0.7 S S 340 45.3 1 41.4 1 S S 21.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.4 S S 313 S S 44.9 0.8 S S 20.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 4 0.6 S S - - 32 38.5 1.2 S S 43.1 0.2 23.6

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 941 100 S S 19 100 S 36.6 - S S 36.8 - S
Single modes 816 86.8 S S 12 63.2 S 42.6 10.9 S S 44.2 12.1 S
Truck5 782 83.2 S S 5 27.6 S 45.1 12.3 S S 39.5 12.7 S
For-hire truck 52 5.6 4 1.7 S S S 42.7 13.1 41.8 6 S S S
Private truck 730 77.6 S S 2 9.5 39 48.7 15.3 S S 41.9 15.9 16.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 10 3.9 S S 720 S S 48.3 12.2 S S 34.2
Multiple modes 27 2.9 4 1.5 S S 328 40.3 4.1 36 5.3 S S 30
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11 1.2 1 0.3 - 1 321 49.5 1.7 31.3 1.5 33.5 2.9 35.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S 3 1.2 S S 471 S S 39.6 9.7 S S 46.9
Other and unknown modes 97 10.4 13 5 S S S 23.3 10.8 20.6 13.4 S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.