Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 164,820 100 175,439 100 24,207 100 7 - 7.1 - 12.7 -
Less than 50 miles 53,972 32.7 116,807 66.6 2,787 11.5 8.4 2 7.1 3.2 11.7 2.8
50 - 99 miles 11,051 6.7 20,131 11.5 1,809 7.5 13.6 0.7 18.3 2.2 15.3 1
100 - 249 miles 24,573 14.9 21,426 12.2 4,253 17.6 17.5 2 25.9 2 25.5 2
250 - 499 miles 25,046 15.2 9,098 5.2 4,115 17 15.8 1.8 14.3 0.6 15.1 1.7
500 - 749 miles 8,991 5.5 3,404 1.9 2,866 11.8 17.8 1.2 22.5 0.5 22.4 2.4
750 - 999 miles 7,577 4.6 880 0.5 1,049 4.3 17.7 0.9 19.9 0.1 20.7 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13,787 8.4 1,896 1.1 3,112 12.9 11.7 1 12.1 0.1 13.3 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 13,966 8.5 888 0.5 1,804 7.5 11.9 0.7 11.7 0.1 10.9 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 5,856 3.6 909 0.5 S S 17.3 0.6 48.7 0.2 S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 133,824 100 169,571 100 21,717 100 6.6 - 6.5 - 12 -
Less than 50 miles 50,303 37.6 113,868 67.2 2,739 12.6 8.7 2.2 7.2 3.3 11.9 2.7
50 - 99 miles 10,540 7.9 20,069 11.8 1,801 8.3 14.1 0.8 18.3 2.3 15.3 1.2
100 - 249 miles 22,885 17.1 19,849 11.7 3,787 17.4 18.7 2.5 23.3 1.9 22.3 1.9
250 - 499 miles 21,413 16 8,686 5.1 3,808 17.5 16.6 2 13.8 0.6 13.6 1.7
500 - 749 miles 6,728 5 3,349 2 2,820 13 24.5 1.5 22.8 0.5 22.7 2.5
750 - 999 miles 4,162 3.1 808 0.5 968 4.5 31 1 21.8 0.1 22.5 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,976 6 1,430 0.8 2,276 10.5 13.1 0.9 11.1 0.1 10.7 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,573 4.9 760 0.4 1,533 7.1 22.2 1 12.9 0.1 12 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 3,243 2.4 S S S S 24.1 0.6 S S S S

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 123,371 100 159,157 100 19,702 100 7.4 - 7.9 - 12.6 -
Less than 50 miles 50,280 40.8 113,863 71.5 2,739 13.9 8.7 2.9 7.2 2.6 11.9 2.7
50 - 99 miles 9,509 7.7 12,142 7.6 1,146 5.8 15.8 0.9 15.1 0.8 14.8 0.8
100 - 249 miles 22,089 17.9 18,646 11.7 3,499 17.8 19.7 2.6 22.3 2 21.4 2.1
250 - 499 miles 18,525 15 8,195 5.1 3,581 18.2 19.8 2.1 15.3 0.7 15 1.8
500 - 749 miles 6,183 5 2,671 1.7 2,218 11.3 26.4 1.5 23.7 0.5 23.8 2.6
750 - 999 miles 3,225 2.6 751 0.5 829 4.2 24.9 0.8 23.9 0.1 24.2 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,229 5 1,403 0.9 2,238 11.4 12.6 0.9 11.4 0.1 10.9 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,644 4.6 757 0.5 1,527 7.8 26.9 1.2 13 0.1 12.1 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,686 1.4 S S S S 21.7 0.4 S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 59,880 100 61,391 100 14,339 100 12.5 - 15.4 - 14.7 -
Less than 50 miles 10,041 16.8 34,073 55.5 889 6.2 23 2.7 20.5 4.5 23.8 1.6
50 - 99 miles 3,258 5.4 6,390 10.4 631 4.4 29.6 1 17 1.3 17.5 0.9
100 - 249 miles 10,403 17.4 9,221 15 1,691 11.8 31.9 4.1 35 3.1 31.3 1.7
250 - 499 miles 13,235 22.1 5,433 8.9 2,424 16.9 25.6 2.3 16.7 1.7 15.2 2.5
500 - 749 miles 6,165 10.3 2,637 4.3 2,190 15.3 26.5 2.7 24.2 1 24.3 3
750 - 999 miles 3,222 5.4 746 1.2 823 5.7 24.9 2.1 23.5 0.4 23.8 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,228 10.4 1,403 2.3 2,238 15.6 12.6 2.3 11.4 0.6 10.9 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,644 9.4 757 1.2 1,527 10.7 26.9 3.4 13 0.4 12.1 2
More than 2,000 miles 1,685 2.8 S S S S 21.7 0.9 S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 63,490 100 97,767 100 5,363 100 8.2 - 8 - 11.2 -
Less than 50 miles 40,240 63.4 79,790 81.6 1,850 34.5 8.3 3.7 9.9 3.1 14.2 5.1
50 - 99 miles 6,251 9.8 5,751 5.9 515 9.6 23.2 1.6 21.4 1 19.1 1.6
100 - 249 miles 11,687 18.4 9,424 9.6 1,808 33.7 19.9 2.1 23.8 2.7 24.3 5.1
250 - 499 miles 5,290 8.3 2,762 2.8 1,156 21.6 24.8 2 18.6 0.5 20 2.7
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1 - - - - - 47.6 - 6.3 - 9.3 -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,811 100 10,156 100 1,867 100 40.9 - 38.6 - 30.5 -
Less than 50 miles 4 0.2 S S S S 10.7 6.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 1,031 56.9 7,928 78.1 656 35.1 30 10.7 43.1 7.3 40 7.5
100 - 249 miles 685 37.8 S S S S 41.9 6.4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 195 10.4 S S S S 35.6 7.9
500 - 749 miles 38 2.1 669 6.6 596 31.9 41.6 18.1 45.4 17.1 44.7 14.1
750 - 999 miles 5 0.3 S S S S 49.7 1.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5 0.3 20 0.2 29 1.5 0.2 7.6 25.5 0.6 25 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,545 100 112 100 116 100 22.8 - 38.5 - 32.2 -
Less than 50 miles 18 0.2 S S S S 40.5 0.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S - - S S S S 46.3 0.1
250 - 499 miles 2,846 33.3 S S 32 27.6 30.2 7.5 S S 47.8 7.4
500 - 749 miles 507 5.9 S S S S 38.1 3.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 2 1.5 2 1.8 S S 34 2 33.2 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,742 20.4 7 5.9 10 8.4 29.8 6.1 37 7.7 33.3 7.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 929 10.9 3 2.6 6 5 41.7 2.6 26.9 2.6 26.6 2.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,558 18.2 23 20.2 59 51.1 44.1 4.6 39.6 7.4 39.3 8.5

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 27,542 100 2,600 100 2,126 100 13 - 50 - 31.7 -
Less than 50 miles 1,719 6.2 44 1.7 2 0.1 19.6 1 24.2 1.2 29.4 0.1
50 - 99 miles 434 1.6 17 0.6 2 0.1 15.6 0.4 30.9 0.7 32.6 0.1
100 - 249 miles 1,049 3.8 S S S S 19.9 0.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 3,351 12.2 305 11.7 S S 16.8 2 44.6 7.9 S S
500 - 749 miles 2,237 8.1 29 1.1 26 1.2 28.2 1.4 15.9 1.8 18.1 1.5
750 - 999 miles 3,408 12.4 42 1.6 47 2.2 32.2 3 31.4 1.2 31.9 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,614 20.4 424 16.3 768 36.1 16.2 2.5 39.3 8.5 40.8 7.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7,207 26.2 82 3.2 176 8.3 18.4 2.3 18.7 2.9 20.7 3.6
More than 2,000 miles 2,522 9.2 S S S S 28.3 1.6 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26,913 100 317 100 365 100 13.1 - 12.1 - 13.3 -
Less than 50 miles 1,703 6.3 31 9.9 1 0.3 20 1.1 14.7 1.1 35.8 0.2
50 - 99 miles 434 1.6 17 5.3 2 0.5 15.6 0.4 30.9 1 32.6 0.1
100 - 249 miles 1,014 3.8 24 7.4 5 1.2 19.1 0.8 13.5 1.2 13.2 0.2
250 - 499 miles 3,281 12.2 48 15.1 21 5.8 17 2 28 2.5 25 1.1
500 - 749 miles 2,236 8.3 25 7.9 21 5.7 28.2 1.4 19.2 1.4 19 1.1
750 - 999 miles 3,381 12.6 32 10.2 36 9.8 32.1 3.3 28.7 2.8 27.8 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,389 20 49 15.4 82 22.4 16.7 2.4 18.1 1.7 19.1 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7,063 26.2 68 21.5 140 38.4 19.4 2.6 19.5 2.3 19.7 4.1
More than 2,000 miles 2,411 9 23 7.3 58 15.9 28.8 1.6 20.4 1.2 19.9 1.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 489 100 S S 1,614 100 47.7 - S S 36.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S 13 0.6 1 - S S 31.9 3 17.9 0.2
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S 584 36.2 S S S S 38.4 15.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 106 4.7 285 17.6 S S 49.2 13.2 49.2 14.6

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 77 55.6 S S S S 34.5 16.6 S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,454 100 3,267 100 364 100 29.2 - 36.2 - 36.7 -
Less than 50 miles 1,950 56.5 2,895 88.6 46 12.6 39.2 6.8 37.4 3.9 31.7 6.6
50 - 99 miles 77 2.2 S S S S 33.9 1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 282 8.2 S S 44 12.2 29.7 2 S S 49.5 4.8
500 - 749 miles 26 0.7 S S S S 47.3 0.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 7 0.2 S S S S 44.3 0.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 197 5.7 42 1.3 S S 48.5 1.8 50 0.4 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 185 5.4 46 1.4 96 26.3 26.9 2.6 38.8 0.5 37.6 6.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.