Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 164,820 100 175,439 100 24,207 100 780 7 - 7.1 - 12.7 - 5.7
Less than 50 lbs 36,116 21.9 289 0.2 199 0.8 1,043 18.7 3.6 5.3 - 7.7 0.2 5.3
50 - 99 lbs 6,463 3.9 195 0.1 76 0.3 386 22.7 0.7 8.8 - 12.7 - 13.9
100 - 499 lbs 21,255 12.9 1,312 0.7 308 1.3 258 11.4 1 5.8 0.1 11 0.2 11
500 - 749 lbs 4,348 2.6 659 0.4 125 0.5 189 18.2 0.6 9.4 0.1 14.7 0.1 7.7
750 - 999 lbs 3,225 2 616 0.4 74 0.3 121 19.5 0.5 9.4 - 11.1 0.1 12.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 29,065 17.6 10,491 6 1,971 8.1 167 9.6 2.1 5.3 0.5 14 1.7 8.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 50,381 30.6 102,866 58.6 12,918 53.4 128 10 2.2 5.8 3.1 8.6 3.9 8.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 11,024 6.7 33,999 19.4 3,250 13.4 95 30.2 2 24.1 3.2 26.8 2.3 8.5
More than 100,000 lbs 2,943 1.8 25,011 14.3 5,284 21.8 276 26.4 0.5 19.7 2.9 34 4.6 27.3

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 133,824 100 169,571 100 21,717 100 420 6.6 - 6.5 - 12 - 19.8
Less than 50 lbs 18,606 13.9 153 0.1 51 0.2 700 31.6 4.1 14 - 21.8 0.1 21.3
50 - 99 lbs 3,593 2.7 140 0.1 27 0.1 194 21.2 0.4 12.1 - 31.3 - 31.7
100 - 499 lbs 14,341 10.7 1,139 0.7 157 0.7 149 14 1.2 6.1 0.1 13.5 0.2 16.8
500 - 749 lbs 3,126 2.3 610 0.4 97 0.4 158 9.7 0.3 9.5 0.1 20.6 0.2 13.2
750 - 999 lbs 3,166 2.4 606 0.4 72 0.3 119 20 0.6 9.6 - 10.7 - 12.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 28,204 21.1 10,211 6 1,844 8.5 160 9.7 2.3 5.4 0.5 13.8 1.7 8.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 49,196 36.8 101,646 59.9 12,255 56.4 123 9.9 3.1 5.6 3 8.5 3.7 7.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 10,919 8.2 33,143 19.5 3,152 14.5 94 30.4 2.5 24 3.3 26.1 2.4 8.3
More than 100,000 lbs 2,672 2 21,922 12.9 4,063 18.7 228 29.1 0.7 21 3 34.3 4 35.4

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 123,371 100 159,157 100 19,702 100 326 7.4 - 7.9 - 12.6 - 19.8
Less than 50 lbs 14,278 11.6 144 0.1 36 0.2 554 31.5 3.5 14 - 22.7 0.1 23.4
50 - 99 lbs 2,810 2.3 138 0.1 24 0.1 177 26.4 0.4 12.3 - 31.9 - 33
100 - 499 lbs 12,124 9.8 1,133 0.7 148 0.8 141 15.9 1.2 6.1 0.1 14.6 0.2 17.6
500 - 749 lbs 2,943 2.4 608 0.4 95 0.5 155 10.3 0.3 9.6 0.1 21.4 0.2 13.8
750 - 999 lbs 3,048 2.5 605 0.4 70 0.4 116 20.5 0.6 9.6 - 10.8 - 12.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 27,380 22.2 10,184 6.4 1,811 9.2 158 8.9 2.2 5.4 0.5 13.6 1.7 8.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 49,099 39.8 101,575 63.8 12,201 61.9 122 9.8 3.4 5.6 3.3 8.5 4.4 7.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 10,913 8.8 33,140 20.8 3,150 16 94 30.4 2.6 24 3.4 26.2 2.3 8.3
More than 100,000 lbs 776 0.6 11,630 7.3 S S S 31.6 0.2 30.8 2.3 S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 59,880 100 61,391 100 14,339 100 998 12.5 - 15.4 - 14.7 - 16.7
Less than 50 lbs 9,187 15.3 33 0.1 32 0.2 1,282 40.6 4.4 19.1 - 25.4 0.1 18.5
50 - 99 lbs S S 21 - 19 0.1 913 S S 23.8 - 43 - 19.3
100 - 499 lbs 6,059 10.1 128 0.2 96 0.7 811 33 2.5 14.4 0.1 20.9 0.3 14.4
500 - 749 lbs 880 1.5 70 0.1 60 0.4 847 20.1 0.4 23.4 0.1 30.8 0.2 12.3
750 - 999 lbs 1,502 2.5 92 0.1 42 0.3 448 42.4 1.2 26.9 - 14.9 0.1 18.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11,644 19.4 1,959 3.2 1,223 8.5 614 15.8 3.9 8.3 0.8 18 2.7 9.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 22,119 36.9 37,145 60.5 8,789 61.3 253 8.4 4.3 14.1 4.5 9.8 5 9.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6,498 10.9 17,480 28.5 2,231 15.6 125 44.7 4.2 27.5 4.3 27.2 2.3 14.8
More than 100,000 lbs 458 0.8 4,463 7.3 S S S 45.4 0.3 49.5 2.5 S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 63,490 100 97,767 100 5,363 100 50 8.2 - 8 - 11.2 - 3.1
Less than 50 lbs 5,091 8 111 0.1 5 0.1 39 43.8 3.4 17.7 - 19 - 8.3
50 - 99 lbs 1,276 2 117 0.1 6 0.1 47 10.8 0.2 13.7 - 19.9 - 7.7
100 - 499 lbs 6,066 9.6 1,006 1 52 1 51 10.5 1 5.8 0.1 8.2 0.2 4
500 - 749 lbs 2,063 3.2 538 0.6 35 0.7 65 10.7 0.4 10.2 0.1 14.3 0.2 8.9
750 - 999 lbs 1,546 2.4 513 0.5 29 0.5 56 10.5 0.2 10.9 0.1 9 0.1 10.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 15,736 24.8 8,225 8.4 588 11 67 8.5 1.7 5.9 0.4 11.9 1.2 6.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 26,980 42.5 64,429 65.9 3,412 63.6 56 15.2 4.2 8.5 3.3 11.7 4.3 13.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,415 7 15,660 16 919 17.1 59 24.1 1.4 23.4 2.9 27.3 3.2 11.6
More than 100,000 lbs 317 0.5 7,167 7.3 S S 40 22.1 0.1 41.2 2.6 S S 17.1

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,811 100 10,156 100 1,867 100 465 40.9 - 38.6 - 30.5 - 25.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 1,800 99.4 10,146 99.9 1,865 99.9 474 40.7 0.3 38.6 0.1 30.6 0.1 25.1

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,545 100 112 100 116 100 1,401 22.8 - 38.5 - 32.2 - 3.4
Less than 50 lbs 4,328 50.6 9 8.3 14 12.2 1,400 44.1 8.6 37.9 5.3 35.4 6.7 3
50 - 99 lbs 783 9.2 2 1.4 3 2.3 1,724 34.6 3 36.2 1.8 33.8 2.2 9.2
100 - 499 lbs 2,217 25.9 6 5.3 9 7.5 1,357 29.2 8.7 16.1 9.1 22.4 8 15.1
500 - 749 lbs 183 2.1 2 1.7 2 1.9 1,157 43.3 1.3 35.2 1.9 29.4 1.7 19.7
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 1.1 2 1.4 1,349 S S 32.3 0.6 33.1 0.6 20.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 822 9.6 S S S S 1,048 47.1 4.1 S S S S 23.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 62 55.2 S S 1,177 S S 29.8 15.4 S S 32.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 27,542 100 2,600 100 2,126 100 1,352 13 - 50 - 31.7 - 4.2
Less than 50 lbs 16,812 61 118 4.5 145 6.8 1,366 19.9 5.3 10.6 6.4 13 6.1 4.3
50 - 99 lbs 2,714 9.9 45 1.7 48 2.3 1,058 28.8 2.3 18.1 2.1 21 1.7 7.4
100 - 499 lbs 6,187 22.5 114 4.4 147 6.9 1,244 25.1 5.2 19.4 5.7 24 5.6 9.3
500 - 749 lbs S S 38 1.5 27 1.3 697 S S 41.2 0.3 37.8 0.2 23.7
750 - 999 lbs 41 0.1 4 0.1 2 0.1 S 38.5 0.1 28.1 0.5 40 0.3 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 58 0.2 S S S S 3,947 38.4 0.1 S S S S 15.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,584 S S S S S S 13
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 111 0.4 S S 1,193 56.1 736 41.3 0.2 S S 35.8 9 30.1

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26,913 100 317 100 365 100 1,351 13.1 - 12.1 - 13.3 - 4.2
Less than 50 lbs 16,811 62.5 118 37.2 145 39.7 1,366 19.9 5.4 10.6 3.9 13 4.5 4.3
50 - 99 lbs 2,714 10.1 45 14.1 48 13.2 1,059 28.7 2.3 18 2 20.9 2.4 7.4
100 - 499 lbs 6,170 22.9 113 35.6 144 39.5 1,231 25.1 5.2 19.3 3.3 23.9 5.5 9.4
500 - 749 lbs S S 38 11.9 26 7 660 S S 41.8 3.8 39.7 3 24.4
750 - 999 lbs 41 0.2 4 1.1 2 0.6 S 38.5 0.1 28.1 0.4 40 0.5 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 489 100 S S 1,614 100 1,202 47.7 - S S 36.4 - 20.4
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 1 - S S S S S 28.5 0.2 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,146 S S S S S S 14.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 111 22.6 S S 1,193 73.9 736 41.3 11.5 S S 35.8 10.1 30.1

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S 3,698 S S S S S S 14.5
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 3,277 S S S S S S 4.1
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 3,122 S S S S S S 4.3
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 57 41.3 S S S S 4,602 36.3 18 S S S S 12.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,579 S S S S S S 15.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,454 100 3,267 100 364 100 287 29.2 - 36.2 - 36.7 - 39.4
Less than 50 lbs 698 20.2 18 0.6 3 0.9 348 35 2.8 31.4 0.5 45.3 3 36.9
50 - 99 lbs 156 4.5 11 0.3 1 0.1 S 28.7 2.3 33.3 0.2 31.8 0.2 S
100 - 499 lbs 727 21 59 1.8 4 1.2 79 45 2.9 34 1.2 36 1.2 31.7
500 - 749 lbs 40 1.2 11 0.3 S S S 36.4 0.9 36.2 0.4 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S 6 0.2 S S S S S 32.5 0.5 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 802 23.2 268 8.2 74 20.4 246 21.2 6.5 22.1 4.9 45.6 9.8 19.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 779 22.6 1,015 31.1 163 45 S 45.2 4.7 39.1 6.9 39.3 7.9 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 72 2.1 S S S S S 42.9 0.7 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 1,037 31.7 28 7.8 36 S S 40.8 19.8 47 5.5 16.7

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.