Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 101,915 100 137,545 100 40,027 100 5.3 - 10.7 - 4 -
Less than 50 miles 22,772 22.3 61,252 44.5 1,401 3.5 7.4 1.7 21.2 3.7 17.9 0.6
50 - 99 miles 8,234 8.1 13,956 10.1 1,324 3.3 14.4 1 14.7 1.2 14.1 0.4
100 - 249 miles 16,407 16.1 25,217 18.3 5,927 14.8 10 1.2 9.9 1.6 11 1.7
250 - 499 miles 19,826 19.5 16,785 12.2 8,449 21.1 4.9 1.2 8.9 2 9.1 1.9
500 - 749 miles 14,573 14.3 10,874 7.9 8,921 22.3 10 1 10.5 1 11.9 2.8
750 - 999 miles 7,995 7.8 4,277 3.1 4,793 12 8 0.5 10.9 0.5 11.1 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9,186 9 3,533 2.6 5,671 14.2 15.4 0.8 9.2 0.3 9.2 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,897 2.8 1,646 1.2 3,501 8.7 20.3 0.5 23.2 0.3 23 1.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 89,938 100 127,792 100 32,891 100 4.6 - 11.7 - 4.4 -
Less than 50 miles 21,351 23.7 59,808 46.8 1,378 4.2 6.7 1.7 21.8 3.7 18.3 0.7
50 - 99 miles 7,958 8.8 13,534 10.6 1,275 3.9 14.8 1.1 13.9 1.3 13.4 0.4
100 - 249 miles 15,212 16.9 22,943 18 5,433 16.5 9.6 1.3 10 1.5 11.4 1.7
250 - 499 miles 17,937 19.9 15,117 11.8 7,550 23 5.9 1.3 9.5 2 9.7 2.4
500 - 749 miles 12,486 13.9 9,490 7.4 7,702 23.4 10.7 1.1 12.5 1.1 14.4 3.1
750 - 999 miles 6,393 7.1 3,514 2.7 3,850 11.7 9.5 0.6 11.4 0.4 11.5 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,866 7.6 2,519 2 3,863 11.7 15.8 0.9 12 0.3 12.8 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,729 1.9 866 0.7 1,837 5.6 20.2 0.3 18.2 0.2 17.8 0.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 84,263 100 109,656 100 23,067 100 5.4 - 12.1 - 6.4 -
Less than 50 miles 20,807 24.7 57,884 52.8 1,355 5.9 7.2 1.8 21.8 4.1 18.4 1.2
50 - 99 miles 7,942 9.4 13,242 12.1 1,247 5.4 14.9 1.2 13 1.3 12.6 0.6
100 - 249 miles 14,623 17.4 16,947 15.5 3,868 16.8 9.7 1.3 13.5 1.8 14.5 1.8
250 - 499 miles 16,376 19.4 10,208 9.3 5,000 21.7 6 1.3 6.5 1.6 7.1 1.5
500 - 749 miles 11,165 13.2 6,479 5.9 5,134 22.3 12.4 1.1 12.8 1.1 13.8 1.9
750 - 999 miles 5,826 6.9 2,529 2.3 2,697 11.7 10.2 0.7 10.8 0.4 10.8 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,170 7.3 1,832 1.7 2,693 11.7 18.9 1 8.5 0.2 8.7 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,351 1.6 532 0.5 1,072 4.6 22.5 0.3 21 0.1 20.5 0.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 54,653 100 53,196 100 19,125 100 5.2 - 13.1 - 6.6 -
Less than 50 miles 5,801 10.6 18,167 34.2 501 2.6 10.8 1.1 27.1 4.3 38.2 0.8
50 - 99 miles 2,902 5.3 5,440 10.2 512 2.7 11.2 0.6 20.8 1.3 16.1 0.3
100 - 249 miles 7,561 13.8 9,296 17.5 2,097 11 6.9 1.1 18.7 1.7 14.1 1.6
250 - 499 miles 14,189 26 8,999 16.9 4,498 23.5 4.7 1.4 6.5 2.5 7.1 1.6
500 - 749 miles 11,034 20.2 6,429 12.1 5,095 26.6 12.4 1.7 12.9 1.9 13.9 2
750 - 999 miles 5,748 10.5 2,517 4.7 2,684 14 10.6 0.9 10.9 0.7 10.9 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,067 11.1 1,821 3.4 2,676 14 19.7 1.6 8.8 0.4 8.9 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,347 2.5 526 1 1,059 5.5 22.6 0.4 21.5 0.2 20.9 0.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 29,609 100 56,460 100 3,941 100 8.2 - 23 - 14.3 -
Less than 50 miles 15,006 50.7 39,717 70.3 854 21.7 8.6 3 31.1 4.4 25.1 4.2
50 - 99 miles 5,039 17 7,802 13.8 734 18.6 19.1 2.2 12.7 1.6 12.7 1.9
100 - 249 miles 7,062 23.8 7,652 13.6 1,771 44.9 19.5 3.5 22.7 3.3 27 5.5
250 - 499 miles 2,187 7.4 1,209 2.1 502 12.7 23.5 1.5 11.4 0.5 11.6 2.2
500 - 749 miles 131 0.4 50 0.1 38 1 34.6 0.1 16.3 - 17 0.2
750 - 999 miles S S 12 - 13 0.3 S S 33.8 - 32.2 0.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 11 - 16 0.4 S S 43.8 - 46.2 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4 - S S S S 46 - S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,827 100 14,557 100 8,011 100 14.3 - 23.5 - 17.6 -
Less than 50 miles 471 12.3 1,790 12.3 22 0.3 40.9 3.8 30.1 2.9 31 0.1
50 - 99 miles 14 0.4 S S S S 44.6 0.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 407 10.6 5,116 35.1 1,170 14.6 39.9 3.6 42.2 6.7 41.5 4.3
250 - 499 miles 672 17.6 2,366 16.3 1,143 14.3 26.2 4.2 34 2.9 32.9 2.7
500 - 749 miles 1,113 29.1 3,010 20.7 2,568 32.1 22.2 4.3 33.9 6.5 38.7 7.1
750 - 999 miles 374 9.8 983 6.8 1,151 14.4 24.2 1.5 23.8 2.8 23.7 3.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 404 10.5 685 4.7 1,166 14.6 34.6 2.3 30.6 1.9 30.7 2.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 372 9.7 334 2.3 765 9.5 22.1 1.8 19.7 1.2 19.8 3.1
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 771 100 3,439 100 1,804 100 29.7 - 29.5 - 28 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 615 79.7 2,542 73.9 1,407 78 33.5 11.1 30.7 11.5 30 11.1
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 771 100 3,439 100 1,804 100 29.7 - 29.5 - 28 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 615 79.7 2,542 73.9 1,407 78 33.5 11.1 30.7 11.5 30 11.1
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,000 100 5 100 7 100 49.1 - 21.7 - 33.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S - 4.9 - 1.4 S S 32.9 3.9 28.5 1.1
250 - 499 miles S S 1 18.9 1 9.2 S S 32 4.5 37.2 3.7
500 - 749 miles S S 1 23.1 1 14.4 S S 34.7 10.4 38.4 12
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 2 43.8 S S S S 47.2 12.6 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,894 100 8,136 100 6,684 100 13.4 - 16.1 - 17.2 -
Less than 50 miles 484 4.9 488 6 9 0.1 31.9 2.6 49.8 3.7 47.1 0.1
50 - 99 miles 201 2 S S S S 27.1 0.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,022 10.3 2,045 25.1 442 6.6 22.9 1.2 33.4 6 27.5 2.1
250 - 499 miles 1,619 16.4 1,500 18.4 823 12.3 13.2 2 37.9 5.1 40.3 3.3
500 - 749 miles 1,999 20.2 1,290 15.9 1,140 17.1 15.4 1.4 18.8 2.8 19.2 2.5
750 - 999 miles 1,534 15.5 731 9 906 13.6 27.5 2.4 34.6 2.6 34.5 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,878 19 931 11.4 1,672 25 18.5 2.8 15.1 4.2 14.8 6.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,137 11.5 754 9.3 1,609 24.1 28.8 2 33.7 2.2 33.7 5.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,300 100 143 100 121 100 22.8 - 21.1 - 21.6 -
Less than 50 miles 176 3.3 8 5.6 - 0.1 24.5 0.9 20.4 2 16.8 -
50 - 99 miles 171 3.2 8 5.4 1 0.6 29.3 1.4 30.5 1.9 31.7 0.2
100 - 249 miles 721 13.6 15 10.7 4 3.2 29.1 1.3 29 1.2 27.5 0.4
250 - 499 miles 1,043 19.7 28 19.8 15 12.5 20.5 2.7 23.2 1.5 21.5 1.2
500 - 749 miles 1,050 19.8 30 20.7 24 20.1 27.5 1.3 23.6 2 24.2 1.8
750 - 999 miles 970 18.3 24 16.6 26 21.7 41.4 2.5 30.9 1.6 30.5 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 786 14.8 21 15 31 25.9 19.5 2.8 17.8 1.4 18.3 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 378 7.1 9 6 19 15.3 38 2.3 30.5 1.3 32.3 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 4 0.1 S S S S 50 0.1 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,905 100 7,107 100 5,877 100 18.4 - 16.9 - 18.8 -
Less than 50 miles 308 7.9 480 6.7 9 0.1 40.6 10.8 40.3 9.1 36.5 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 157 4 1,784 25.1 343 5.8 29.5 2.5 35.3 6.6 29.5 2.3
250 - 499 miles 318 8.1 1,184 16.7 658 11.2 28.3 1.6 46.4 5 50 3.2
500 - 749 miles 720 18.4 967 13.6 821 14 26.4 4.2 24.2 3.5 24.2 3.1
750 - 999 miles 543 13.9 664 9.3 815 13.9 38 3.6 35.8 3.4 36.1 3.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,070 27.4 899 12.6 1,610 27.4 20.5 4.6 15.8 4.6 15.5 7.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 758 19.4 743 10.5 1,578 26.8 29.5 3.3 32.3 2.5 32.2 5.6
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 516 100 650 100 476 100 28.5 - 29.6 - 26.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 250 48.4 S S S S 46.8 14.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 19 3.6 S S S S 44.2 5.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 174 100 236 100 210 100 29.4 - 34.3 - 32.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 139 79.9 202 85.7 191 91.1 22.1 12.3 21.7 9.2 21.9 5.9
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,083 100 1,617 100 452 100 32.2 - 42.6 - 21.3 -
Less than 50 miles 937 45 S S S S 37.4 8.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 74 3.6 29 1.8 S S 38.1 1.7 45.1 0.7 S S
100 - 249 miles 173 8.3 229 14.2 51 11.4 26.6 5 29.4 4.8 31.6 3.1
250 - 499 miles 270 12.9 168 10.4 76 16.8 27.5 4.1 37.4 4.7 34.3 6.6
500 - 749 miles 88 4.2 94 5.8 78 17.4 46.5 4.8 34.5 1.9 34.5 5.2
750 - 999 miles 69 3.3 32 2 37 8.2 43.9 2.4 38 1.6 41.2 3.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 83 5.1 135 29.9 S S 32.5 5.3 32.8 9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 31 1.5 S S S S 28.3 0.8 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.