Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 101,915 100 137,545 100 40,027 100 368 5.3 - 10.7 - 4 - 6.9
Less than 50 lbs 4,586 4.5 134 0.1 64 0.2 455 16.4 0.7 16.8 - 18.9 - 8.5
50 - 99 lbs 1,762 1.7 101 0.1 38 0.1 364 20 0.3 14.5 - 18.9 - 12
100 - 499 lbs 7,448 7.3 653 0.5 177 0.4 284 15 1 13.4 0.1 13.4 0.1 11.9
500 - 749 lbs 2,299 2.3 388 0.3 85 0.2 217 27.1 0.5 15.3 0.1 13.9 - 16.1
750 - 999 lbs 1,827 1.8 372 0.3 83 0.2 221 17.9 0.3 11.5 - 15.3 - 20
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 17,219 16.9 6,352 4.6 1,794 4.5 265 11.4 1.2 7.7 0.7 14.6 0.5 12
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 52,370 51.4 75,202 54.7 19,706 49.2 265 4.9 2.6 16.5 3.3 5.2 2 10.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6,123 6 29,096 21.2 3,302 8.2 114 12 0.6 22 3.7 21.6 1.8 17.3
More than 100,000 lbs 8,282 8.1 25,246 18.4 14,779 36.9 636 17.9 1.1 13 2.4 8.4 2.3 13.5

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 89,938 100 127,792 100 32,891 100 187 4.6 - 11.7 - 4.4 - 9.4
Less than 50 lbs 1,615 1.8 62 - 8 - 101 24.1 0.5 18 - 24.7 - 23.2
50 - 99 lbs 809 0.9 65 0.1 11 - 157 16.6 0.2 12.7 - 18.6 - 21.6
100 - 499 lbs 6,253 7 585 0.5 142 0.4 245 12.7 1 13.7 0.1 12.6 - 11.6
500 - 749 lbs 1,808 2 369 0.3 76 0.2 204 15.6 0.3 15.8 0.1 11.1 - 17.1
750 - 999 lbs 1,804 2 364 0.3 82 0.2 225 18.2 0.3 11.9 0.1 15.3 - 19.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 16,439 18.3 6,219 4.9 1,735 5.3 263 10.6 1.3 8.2 0.8 15.2 0.7 12.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 50,129 55.7 73,263 57.3 18,040 54.8 248 5 2.3 16.8 3.2 5 2.2 11.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,943 6.6 28,893 22.6 3,217 9.8 112 12.1 0.7 22.2 3.9 22.8 2.1 18.3
More than 100,000 lbs 5,139 5.7 17,972 14.1 9,581 29.1 574 23.1 1 17.6 2.3 10.6 2.4 14.6

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 84,263 100 109,656 100 23,067 100 179 5.4 - 12.1 - 6.4 - 10.1
Less than 50 lbs 1,579 1.9 62 0.1 7 - 92 23.5 0.5 17.8 - 26 - 26.1
50 - 99 lbs 796 0.9 64 0.1 10 - 151 16.8 0.2 12.7 - 19.4 - 22.9
100 - 499 lbs 5,529 6.6 583 0.5 140 0.6 241 13.6 0.9 13.6 0.1 12.6 0.1 11.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,763 2.1 369 0.3 76 0.3 203 15.1 0.3 15.8 0.1 11.1 - 17.2
750 - 999 lbs 1,758 2.1 364 0.3 82 0.4 224 18.6 0.3 11.9 0.1 15.3 0.1 19.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 16,275 19.3 6,214 5.7 1,727 7.5 261 11 1.4 8.2 0.9 15.3 0.8 12.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 49,252 58.5 72,060 65.7 17,017 73.8 238 4.8 2.4 16.8 3.9 4.3 3 12
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,498 6.5 28,093 25.6 2,984 12.9 107 13.7 0.7 22.5 4 24.4 2.6 19.5
More than 100,000 lbs S S 1,847 1.7 1,024 4.4 599 S S 37.4 0.7 49.4 1.7 30.8

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 54,653 100 53,196 100 19,125 100 599 5.2 - 13.1 - 6.6 - 3.9
Less than 50 lbs S S 7 - 5 - 660 S S 35.1 - 38.4 - 8.8
50 - 99 lbs 174 0.3 8 - 7 - 895 28.3 0.1 19 - 27.9 - 9.4
100 - 499 lbs 2,890 5.3 132 0.2 113 0.6 862 20.2 1.1 14.8 - 15.7 0.1 2.6
500 - 749 lbs 877 1.6 79 0.1 54 0.3 677 22.8 0.4 14.4 - 13.9 - 8.5
750 - 999 lbs 882 1.6 77 0.1 61 0.3 795 28.8 0.4 14.8 - 15.7 0.1 4.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,046 18.4 1,946 3.7 1,391 7.3 746 14.9 1.9 14.1 0.6 18.1 0.9 4.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 36,201 66.2 34,286 64.5 14,681 76.8 431 4.5 2.8 5.7 5 4.7 3.1 6.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,464 4.5 15,539 29.2 1,953 10.2 127 19.1 0.8 37.7 5.7 26.7 2.4 26.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S 1,122 2.1 S S 874 S S 49.9 1.3 S S 19

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 29,609 100 56,460 100 3,941 100 53 8.2 - 23 - 14.3 - 10.9
Less than 50 lbs 1,320 4.5 55 0.1 2 0.1 35 26 1 19.2 - 14.2 - 15
50 - 99 lbs 622 2.1 56 0.1 3 0.1 51 20.7 0.5 14.8 - 11.9 - 11.8
100 - 499 lbs 2,639 8.9 451 0.8 27 0.7 59 14.7 1 16.6 0.2 13.5 0.1 7.3
500 - 749 lbs 886 3 290 0.5 22 0.6 76 11.9 0.3 20.7 0.2 18.6 0.2 21.8
750 - 999 lbs 876 3 287 0.5 20 0.5 70 20.5 0.5 15.9 0.1 22 0.2 42.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,229 21 4,268 7.6 336 8.5 78 9.6 2 10.5 1.5 12.2 1.6 8.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 13,051 44.1 37,774 66.9 2,336 59.3 64 10.5 3.4 32.8 4.5 13.9 3.9 15.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,035 10.2 12,554 22.2 1,031 26.2 83 16.1 1.2 12.1 3.2 29.3 3.9 18.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 256 S S S S S S 26.4

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,827 100 14,557 100 8,011 100 663 14.3 - 23.5 - 17.6 - 12.2
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - S S S S S 34.9 - S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 4 - 7 0.1 1,918 S S 24.7 - 35.5 0.1 18.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 807 21.1 1,087 7.5 954 11.9 937 31.9 4.9 34.6 2.5 39.7 3 15.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 434 11.3 768 5.3 224 2.8 S 42.9 3.7 41.1 2.3 47.6 0.9 S
More than 100,000 lbs 2,556 66.8 12,698 87.2 6,826 85.2 572 14.4 6.4 24.6 3.6 16.9 3.3 15.5

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 771 100 3,439 100 1,804 100 531 29.7 - 29.5 - 28 - 11
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 563 S S S S S S 25.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 701 90.8 3,302 96 1,730 95.9 508 31.4 3.4 28.7 1.5 27.2 1.5 12.2

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 771 100 3,439 100 1,804 100 531 29.7 - 29.5 - 28 - 11
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 563 S S S S S S 25.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 701 90.8 3,302 96 1,730 95.9 508 31.4 3.4 28.7 1.5 27.2 1.5 12.2

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,000 100 5 100 7 100 986 49.1 - 21.7 - 33.6 - 14
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 10.5 - 6 956 S S 47 4.2 42 3.9 17.5
50 - 99 lbs 12 1.2 - 8.2 S S 1,043 40 8.3 49.3 3.9 S S 18.7
100 - 499 lbs S S 2 43.3 2 31.1 1,095 S S 40.2 10.1 42.5 9.8 39.4
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,109 S S S S S S 47.6
750 - 999 lbs 46 4.6 - 8.8 S S 1,055 40.1 17.6 33.6 16.8 S S 14.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 135 13.5 1 13.4 1 11.1 S 48 12.5 24.2 10.7 26.2 14.7 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,894 100 8,136 100 6,684 100 852 13.4 - 16.1 - 17.2 - 3.6
Less than 50 lbs 2,809 28.4 65 0.8 56 0.8 848 13.1 2.5 17.6 0.7 19 0.7 3.2
50 - 99 lbs 896 9.1 29 0.4 27 0.4 906 31.1 1.4 23.9 0.6 23.5 0.5 7.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,114 11.3 40 0.5 30 0.5 800 42.9 2.9 24.3 0.8 26.3 0.8 9.3
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - - - - 368 S S 45.7 - 29.5 - 33.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 57 0.6 9 0.1 12 0.2 1,505 42.6 0.4 26.9 0.1 27.6 0.1 26.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,815 18.3 1,338 16.4 1,318 19.7 1,073 13.7 3.1 24.7 4.8 14.8 4 15.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 114 1.1 S S S S 517 42.2 2.1 S S S S 43.6
More than 100,000 lbs 2,608 26.4 6,531 80.3 5,173 77.4 862 22.2 4.1 20.2 6.1 20.9 4.9 9.6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,300 100 143 100 121 100 850 22.8 - 21.1 - 21.6 - 3.5
Less than 50 lbs 2,809 53 65 45.2 56 46.3 848 13.1 5.6 17.6 4.5 19 4 3.2
50 - 99 lbs 896 16.9 29 20 26 21.8 904 31.1 2.3 23.9 1.4 23.8 1.3 7.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,114 21 40 27.8 30 25.1 800 42.9 3.7 24.3 4.8 26.3 3.7 9.3
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 820 S S S S S S 10.3
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,905 100 7,107 100 5,877 100 935 18.4 - 16.9 - 18.8 - 13.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 8 0.1 8 0.1 1,112 S S 29.6 0.1 33.1 0.1 23.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,416 36.3 1,053 14.8 991 16.9 1,034 19.1 5.5 26.7 5.2 19.1 4.1 18
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 34 0.9 S S S S S 42.3 6.7 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 2,410 61.7 5,993 84.3 4,873 82.9 861 21.7 6.1 20.2 6.4 20.8 4.1 9.8

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 516 100 650 100 476 100 2,100 28.5 - 29.6 - 26.8 - 43.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 7,420 S S S S S S 5
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 6,671 S S S S S S 36
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 2 0.3 4 0.8 4,377 S S 35.5 18 37.5 17.9 34.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 230 44.6 S S 123 25.8 1,822 38.7 12.7 S S 49.7 19.2 19.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,296 S S S S S S 37.3
More than 100,000 lbs S S 538 82.8 301 63.3 940 S S 16.6 6.5 20 12.8 23.7

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 174 100 236 100 210 100 919 29.4 - 34.3 - 32.7 - 2.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 168 97 211 89.5 204 97.2 962 28.3 1.9 31.5 6 32.1 1.7 2.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,083 100 1,617 100 452 100 S 32.2 - 42.6 - 21.3 - S
Less than 50 lbs 163 7.8 S S S S 37 46.2 4.1 S S S S 47
50 - 99 lbs 57 2.7 S S S S 40 48.7 1.9 S S S S 36.5
100 - 499 lbs 81 3.9 28 1.7 S S S 36.7 2.1 34 1.3 S S S
500 - 749 lbs 11 0.5 9 0.5 - 0.1 S 32 0.3 41.6 0.7 32.1 - S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 724 34.7 124 7.7 48 10.6 303 47.5 5 41.8 4.7 34.4 4.3 43.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 426 20.4 601 37.2 349 77.2 559 20.1 9.5 25.7 10.8 25.8 10.7 24.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 89 5.5 S S 316 S S 35.9 6.6 S S 33.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.