Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,341,220 100 900,817 100 180,976 100 975 1.3 - 6.8 - 3.6 - 3.2
Single modes 1,017,796 75.9 848,278 94.2 152,625 84.3 408 1.5 0.8 6.9 1.1 4 1.2 9.5
Truck5 893,972 66.7 738,550 82 131,440 72.6 361 1.4 0.9 7.5 1.9 3.9 2.2 11.2
For-hire truck 501,681 37.4 308,940 34.3 106,747 59 962 2.9 1.1 5 2.4 4 2.5 9.1
Private truck 392,291 29.2 429,610 47.7 24,693 13.6 47 3 0.8 12.2 2.6 11.9 1.2 6.1
Rail 15,202 1.1 22,101 2.5 16,641 9.2 832 35 0.4 21.1 0.5 23.6 1.8 18.5
Water 2,787 0.2 S S 673 0.4 1,882 11.3 - S S 14.2 0.1 12.6
Shallow draft 2,574 0.2 S S 475 0.3 S 11 - S S 19.6 0.1 S
Deep draft 214 - S S 198 0.1 2,331 45.3 - S S 14.6 - 8
Air (incl truck and air) 48,014 3.6 906 0.1 1,543 0.9 1,801 11.4 0.4 9.2 - 9.8 0.1 3.1
Pipeline6 57,820 4.3 80,403 8.9 S S S 16.3 0.7 15.9 1.3 S S S
Multiple modes 294,387 21.9 27,161 3 23,132 12.8 1,447 4.1 0.7 34.4 1.1 7 0.7 2.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 268,455 20 5,213 0.6 6,030 3.3 1,447 4.3 0.8 5.9 0.1 6.3 0.2 2.2
Truck and rail 13,039 1 8,854 1 12,179 6.7 1,284 16.2 0.2 24.9 0.3 15 0.9 18.1
Truck and water S S S S 4,605 2.5 1,726 S S S S 23 0.6 16.1
Rail and water S S S S 133 0.1 1,458 S S S S 30.6 0.1 41.5
Other multiple modes S S S S 185 0.1 S S S S S 43.5 0.1 S
Other and unknown modes 29,037 2.2 25,378 2.8 5,219 2.9 106 9.9 0.2 31.7 0.7 28.1 0.7 17.2

SCTG1 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 332 100 23 100 S S S 37.6 - 45.3 - S S S
Single modes 332 100 23 100 S S S 37.6 - 45.3 - S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 13.7
For-hire truck 41 12.2 3 10.9 - 0.2 31 39.3 15 16.3 9.9 41.2 0.2 14
Private truck S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 28
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,507 S S S S S S 30.2

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 646 100 1,935 100 S S 278 31.5 - 48.3 - S S 25.1
Single modes 625 96.8 1,916 99 S S 248 32.6 3.7 48.7 1 S S 26.5
Truck5 479 74.2 1,157 59.8 S S 144 30.1 9.1 32.1 11.8 S S 36.6
For-hire truck 301 46.7 717 37 S S 251 33.2 11 32.4 11.9 S S 40.2
Private truck 178 27.5 S S 23 1.5 88 39.6 12.2 S S 47.2 8.3 26
Rail S S S S S S 1,802 S S S S S S 16
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,462 S S S S S S 43.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 14 0.7 S S S S S 19.7 6.7 S S S

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 26,160 100 17,904 100 10,650 100 309 12.5 - 18.1 - 19 - 37.7
Single modes 23,393 89.4 17,020 95.1 9,708 91.2 S 14.3 2.2 19.2 1.8 22 5.4 S
Truck5 22,648 86.6 16,858 94.2 9,389 88.2 S 14.4 2.5 19.3 1.8 22.4 5.4 S
For-hire truck 13,960 53.4 7,311 40.8 8,278 77.7 1,281 20.8 5.6 18.2 5.2 22.9 6 10.9
Private truck 8,689 33.2 9,546 53.3 1,111 10.4 38 12.1 4.2 31.2 5 36.5 2.5 33.2
Rail 107 0.4 73 0.4 108 1 1,693 36.2 0.2 37.8 0.3 47.1 0.8 25.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,127 S S S S S S 8.8
Multiple modes 1,917 7.3 477 2.7 814 7.6 1,485 24 2 22.6 1.6 29.4 5.1 11.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,023 3.9 22 0.1 32 0.3 1,476 33.8 1.9 44.1 0.1 46.5 0.2 11.4
Truck and rail 758 2.9 388 2.2 670 6.3 1,716 21.5 0.9 21.9 1.5 29.2 4.6 16.5
Truck and water 135 0.5 68 0.4 112 1.1 2,329 43 0.3 35.6 0.4 47.2 1.9 14.1
Other and unknown modes 850 3.2 407 2.3 128 1.2 S 28 1 27.8 1.1 38.3 1 S

SCTG1 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 6,249 100 16,051 100 3,083 100 216 16.4 - 28.9 - 26.3 - 24.6
Single modes 6,072 97.2 15,717 97.9 2,731 88.6 196 16.3 1.2 29.4 1.5 31.2 8.3 29.7
Truck5 6,063 97 15,707 97.9 2,707 87.8 195 16.3 1.2 29.4 1.5 31.4 8.3 29.8
For-hire truck 2,646 42.3 5,966 37.2 1,470 47.7 495 16 8.8 28.1 9.7 28.8 10.7 32.2
Private truck 3,417 54.7 9,741 60.7 1,237 40.1 89 21.4 8.4 31.8 9.1 44.5 8.6 16.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,210 S S S S S S 20.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 - 1 - 1 - 1,271 33.7 0.1 39.3 0.1 46.8 0.2 17.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 60 1 S S S S 2,853 46.3 0.7 S S S S 32.2
Other and unknown modes 45 0.7 S S 8 0.2 S 45 1.3 S S 28.7 0.3 S

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 26,859 100 8,042 100 2,443 100 107 9.7 - 10.2 - 17.8 - 10.5
Single modes 26,158 97.4 7,866 97.8 2,138 87.5 101 9.6 0.6 10 0.5 17.2 2.7 11.6
Truck5 25,841 96.2 7,746 96.3 1,953 80 97 9.5 0.7 9.8 0.9 16.7 4.7 11.1
For-hire truck 6,966 25.9 2,131 26.5 1,567 64.1 747 21.1 4 22 4.3 18.6 4.4 8.7
Private truck 18,875 70.3 5,615 69.8 387 15.8 61 8.6 4.6 9.3 5 10.8 6.4 13.3
Rail 243 0.9 112 1.4 176 7.2 1,129 29.7 0.4 31.8 0.6 37.1 2.8 25.6
Air (incl truck and air) 74 0.3 8 0.1 8 0.3 1,180 30.8 0.1 35.2 0.1 31.8 0.2 25.1
Multiple modes 494 1.8 128 1.6 298 12.2 2,292 24.7 0.5 26.9 0.4 31 2.7 12.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 2,007 S S S S S S 21.9
Truck and rail 380 1.4 86 1.1 202 8.3 1,996 29.1 0.7 26.4 0.5 32.9 2.8 13
Truck and water 109 0.4 41 0.5 S S 2,583 37.6 0.2 46.5 0.2 S S 12.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 16,157 100 13,506 100 3,829 100 S 15 - 17.2 - 17.3 - S
Single modes 15,624 96.7 13,046 96.6 3,320 86.7 93 15.5 1.1 17.8 1.5 19.9 4.6 24.4
Truck5 15,590 96.5 12,975 96.1 3,211 83.9 92 15.5 1.3 18 2.2 21 7.6 24.6
For-hire truck 6,563 40.6 5,416 40.1 2,585 67.5 627 22.6 4.3 24.4 4.9 24.8 8 19.1
Private truck 9,027 55.9 7,559 56 625 16.3 47 15.2 3.7 16.5 4 18.8 2.9 13.8
Rail 32 0.2 70 0.5 105 2.7 1,618 22.7 1.1 31.7 4.4 36.7 20 14.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 340 2.1 326 2.4 381 10 1,660 29.2 0.6 31.2 0.9 32.7 3.6 15.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,666 S S S S S S 18.4
Truck and rail S S 121 0.9 235 6.1 1,838 S S 18.1 0.5 25.4 3.9 16.2
Truck and water 95 0.6 S S 124 3.2 1,383 41.3 0.5 S S 46.9 2.1 31.6
Other multiple modes 36 0.2 52 0.4 5 0.1 98 26.9 1 27.1 2.2 26.8 0.5 -
Other and unknown modes 193 1.2 133 1 S S 458 49 1.1 44.2 1 S S 45.4

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 63,305 100 59,870 100 33,981 100 296 4.2 - 10 - 14.1 - 21.9
Single modes 58,623 92.6 57,266 95.6 29,016 85.4 135 5 1.2 10.1 0.7 14.1 2.4 27.8
Truck5 57,427 90.7 55,169 92.1 23,457 69 131 5.1 1.4 9.8 1.3 12.9 4.5 27.6
For-hire truck 33,677 53.2 32,042 53.5 21,486 63.2 857 7.6 3 12.9 3.1 14 4.3 9.1
Private truck 23,750 37.5 23,126 38.6 1,971 5.8 43 9.7 2.7 10.5 3.1 19 1.1 13.6
Rail 1,161 1.8 2,052 3.4 5,451 16 2,282 26.6 0.6 32.6 0.9 32.7 3.7 10.1
Water 10 - 36 0.1 90 0.3 2,499 22 - 27.9 - 27.6 0.1 1.3
Deep draft 10 - 36 0.1 90 0.3 2,499 22 - 27.9 - 27.6 0.1 1.3
Air (incl truck and air) 17 - 4 - 9 - 2,458 28.3 - 40.7 - 46.7 - 10.2
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,470 5.5 1,819 3 4,384 12.9 1,199 20.6 1.3 24.4 0.6 24.3 2.1 12.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,829 2.9 79 0.1 83 0.2 1,176 34.6 1.2 26.7 0.1 33.2 0.2 12.3
Truck and rail 1,259 2 1,303 2.2 3,140 9.2 2,294 25.7 0.5 29.7 0.6 30.8 2.1 5.7
Truck and water 382 0.6 436 0.7 1,161 3.4 2,663 25.4 0.1 27.8 0.2 29.3 0.9 4.1
Other and unknown modes 1,212 1.9 786 1.3 S S S 36.5 0.8 40.3 0.6 S S S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 33,948 100 19,075 100 8,587 100 244 6.1 - 6.9 - 13.8 - 42.9
Single modes 30,729 90.5 17,832 93.5 5,415 63.1 86 6.4 1.9 6.9 1.2 11.6 5.2 13.3
Truck5 29,842 87.9 17,423 91.3 5,115 59.6 84 7.1 2.8 6.9 1.5 11.8 5.9 13.5
For-hire truck 14,792 43.6 8,842 46.4 4,734 55.1 428 14.3 4.7 14 5.5 12.5 5 44.2
Private truck 15,050 44.3 8,581 45 381 4.4 29 12 5.1 11.6 5.9 11.8 1.8 9.3
Rail 258 0.8 220 1.2 240 2.8 1,473 12.4 0.1 28.9 0.4 20.5 0.5 25.7
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,766 S S S S S S 16
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,531 7.5 1,074 5.6 2,998 34.9 1,445 22.7 1.8 22.4 1.3 23.7 5.5 11.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 514 1.5 27 0.1 42 0.5 1,412 37 0.5 29.2 - 37 0.2 9.2
Truck and rail 1,862 5.5 943 4.9 2,689 31.3 2,821 18.6 1.6 18 1.3 20 4.7 2.7
Truck and water 154 0.5 105 0.5 267 3.1 2,493 39.8 0.2 30 0.2 31.2 1.2 2.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,409 100 S S S S 585 45.2 - S S S S 38.9
Single modes 1,194 84.7 S S S S 31 48.2 7.7 S S S S 43.8
Truck5 1,194 84.7 S S S S 31 48.2 7.7 S S S S 43.8
Private truck 1,194 84.7 S S S S 31 48.2 7.7 S S S S 43.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 526 100 1,267 100 303 100 S 31.8 - 30.2 - 18 - S
Single modes 478 90.8 1,248 98.5 274 90.5 S 31.6 3.8 30.8 2.7 19.7 5.6 S
Truck5 478 90.8 1,248 98.5 274 90.5 S 31.6 3.8 30.8 2.7 19.7 5.6 S
For-hire truck 263 50 350 27.6 225 74.1 602 12.3 11.3 28.6 15.1 26 9.8 28.6
Private truck S S 898 70.9 50 16.4 56 S S 43.3 13.9 39.9 13.4 31.1
Multiple modes 12 2.3 S S S S S 37.6 2.5 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 410 S S S S S S 40.3
Truck and rail 4 0.7 4 0.3 12 4 2,834 42.5 3.7 30.6 4.6 23.9 10.4 7.9
Truck and water 4 0.7 S S S S 2,744 2.6 7.4 S S S S 7.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 677 100 40,915 100 S S 40 19.5 - 22.7 - S S 25.8
Single modes 595 87.9 31,498 77 1,220 42.3 39 23.8 6 25.8 9.2 24.5 14.3 21
Truck5 595 87.9 31,498 77 1,220 42.3 39 23.8 6 25.8 9.2 24.5 14.3 21
For-hire truck 227 33.5 10,893 26.6 525 18.2 45 28.5 7.8 33.6 7.6 26.2 8.8 46.5
Private truck 368 54.4 20,605 50.4 695 24.1 36 31.8 8 33.5 9.2 37.6 10.2 19.7
Multiple modes 21 3.2 211 0.5 150 5.2 738 16.1 4 14.8 0.9 14.8 17 22
Truck and rail 21 3.2 211 0.5 150 5.2 738 16.1 4 14.8 0.9 14.8 17 22
Other and unknown modes 61 9 S S S S S 28 9.8 S S S S S

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,396 100 91,031 100 4,002 100 40 12.6 - 16.7 - 16.7 - 8.9
Single modes 1,246 89.3 81,395 89.4 3,590 89.7 40 14.2 4.1 19.5 5 19.4 5.2 9.3
Truck5 1,204 86.3 78,141 85.8 3,405 85.1 40 14.8 4.8 20.5 5.6 20.4 5.8 9.4
For-hire truck 598 42.8 34,146 37.5 1,958 48.9 54 8.6 4.9 9.7 4.4 11.5 5.1 15.3
Private truck 606 43.4 43,996 48.3 1,447 36.2 28 33.3 7.5 36.8 8.1 45.7 7.4 7.1
Rail 42 3 3,254 3.6 185 4.6 S 33.1 3.5 30.5 3.7 24.2 4.8 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 47 S S S S S S 10.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 47 S S S S S S 10.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S 272 6.8 S S S S S 47.5 7.1 S

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,288 100 14,171 100 1,629 100 319 32.6 - 42.1 - 36.2 - 20.6
Single modes 1,206 93.6 14,011 98.9 1,494 91.8 150 33.5 2 42.3 0.9 36.8 3.1 20.4
Truck5 1,129 87.7 8,538 60.3 1,302 80 147 34.7 4 35.1 13 35.4 5.2 20.1
For-hire truck 797 61.9 5,042 35.6 1,103 67.8 225 33.3 6.8 33.3 11.1 34.7 7.9 31.9
Private truck 332 25.8 3,496 24.7 199 12.2 51 42.2 8.7 41.9 10 43.2 5.4 15.1
Rail 24 1.9 S S S S S 46.6 1.9 S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 71 5.5 S S S S 834 42 2.2 S S S S 19.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 - S S 849 S S 44.7 - S S 23
Truck and rail 28 2.2 S S S S S 36.8 2.8 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 843 S S S S S S 32.9
Single modes S S S S S S 1,051 S S S S S S 39.3
Truck5 S S S S S S 1,051 S S S S S S 39.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,136 S S S S S S 45.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,136 S S S S S S 45.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21 S S S S S S 29.5

SCTG1 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 111,294 100 145,119 100 4,930 100 40 13.4 - 13.9 - 20.7 - 9.9
Single modes 111,254 100 145,062 100 4,926 99.9 40 13.4 - 13.9 - 20.7 - 10
Truck5 62,438 56.1 77,355 53.3 3,044 61.8 40 19.1 6.1 21.1 6.4 18.9 7 10.4
For-hire truck 28,760 25.8 36,481 25.1 1,819 36.9 49 35.1 5.5 38.7 5.4 31.8 8.2 37.6
Private truck 33,678 30.3 40,874 28.2 1,225 24.9 31 22.5 4.9 23.5 5.1 24.2 4.6 9.8
Rail S S S S 6 0.1 S S S S S 17.3 0.3 S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 47,485 42.7 65,853 45.4 S S S 15.5 6.1 15.7 6.5 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S - - S S S S S 39.7 - S
Truck and rail S S S S - - S S S S S 39.7 - S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 22,655 100 31,743 100 1,389 100 41 27 - 25.7 - 26.5 - 23.2
Single modes 17,900 79 25,473 80.2 1,271 91.5 41 23.7 8.9 22.4 8.6 29.7 7.1 23.2
Truck5 8,127 35.9 12,017 37.9 821 59.1 41 16.7 9.2 18.7 8.9 44.1 11 23.9
For-hire truck 4,098 18.1 6,390 20.1 S S 76 22.1 3.3 24.9 4 S S 34.3
Private truck 4,029 17.8 5,627 17.7 196 14.1 30 21 9.5 21 9.1 22.9 9.9 15.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 203 0.9 352 1.1 S S 21 38.7 14.1 47.5 15.2 S S 22.4
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft 146 0.6 264 0.8 S S 27 15.2 8.5 30.2 10.1 S S 36.3
Pipeline6 9,541 42.1 13,055 41.1 S S S 37.2 7.8 34.8 7.5 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 21,493 100 55,669 100 5,187 100 64 19.5 - 11.3 - 15.9 - 20.4
Single modes 18,404 85.6 50,720 91.1 4,814 92.8 47 20.2 5.5 10.2 4.4 16.5 3.2 17.7
Truck5 15,921 74.1 45,381 81.5 2,510 48.4 44 24 7 12.5 6 25.1 8 19.3
For-hire truck 6,706 31.2 29,050 52.2 1,686 32.5 104 33 5.6 14.8 7.7 21 5.6 25.8
Private truck 9,214 42.9 16,331 29.3 824 15.9 30 20.6 4.7 23 4.2 35.8 3.4 14.2
Rail 2,204 10.3 4,124 7.4 2,296 44.3 S 37.4 2.4 26.7 1.6 25.9 8.4 S
Water S S S S 4 0.1 745 S S S S 47.2 - 27.7
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft 6 - 3 - S S 2,361 13.7 - 20.5 - S S 25
Pipeline6 137 0.6 1,154 2.1 S S S 24.3 0.8 17.3 2 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 370 7.1 462 S S S S 42.1 3.2 33.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 67 0.3 6 - 2 - 456 31.2 0.2 25.8 - 40.3 - 34.4
Truck and rail 304 1.4 476 0.9 300 5.8 790 36.8 2.8 46.7 1 40 5.4 35.4
Truck and water 4 - S S S S 2,606 43.4 0.1 S S S S 1.6
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 53 0.2 65 0.1 3 0.1 37 35.4 0.2 42.8 0.1 37.3 - 22.1

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 8,016 100 6,861 100 2,439 100 261 16.5 - 12.8 - 22.4 - 31.8
Single modes 7,115 88.8 6,659 97.1 2,148 88.1 120 18.6 3.1 12.5 0.6 21.5 3.5 48.1
Truck5 6,325 78.9 5,787 84.3 1,018 41.8 100 22.6 6.6 12 2.3 19.6 11.5 46.4
For-hire truck 4,446 55.5 2,343 34.2 847 34.7 611 32.1 8.3 8.4 4.9 21.7 10 17.5
Private truck 1,879 23.4 3,443 50.2 171 7 27 19.6 4.7 18.9 5.3 26 3.7 20.5
Rail 468 5.8 650 9.5 1,027 42.1 1,621 27.3 5.5 32.6 3.1 36.2 11.5 18.7
Air (incl truck and air) 234 2.9 S S S S 1,798 34.3 2.9 S S S S 5.4
Pipeline6 S S 176 2.6 S S S S S 29.8 6.4 S S S
Multiple modes 576 7.2 73 1.1 153 6.3 1,182 26 2.1 33.4 0.3 48.6 3.2 10.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 485 6.1 20 0.3 15 0.6 1,171 31.6 2.2 29 0.1 28.6 0.6 11
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,881 S S S S S S 8.2
Truck and water 25 0.3 15 0.2 29 1.2 2,504 27.7 0.1 28.6 0.1 40 1.6 15.6
Other and unknown modes 325 4.1 129 1.9 S S S 32.5 2 38.1 0.5 S S S

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 66,546 100 2,527 100 876 100 732 15.9 - 32.9 - 26.1 - 11.1
Single modes 35,775 53.8 1,858 73.5 744 84.9 S 24.9 6.9 41.6 7.7 31.3 10 S
Truck5 35,490 53.3 1,813 71.7 639 72.9 S 25.3 7 42.7 8.1 34.4 9.9 S
For-hire truck 30,691 46.1 407 16.1 499 57 375 29.1 7.5 36.2 9.9 42 10.7 49.9
Private truck 4,800 7.2 S S S S S 28.9 2.8 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 282 0.4 S S S S 2,020 26.6 0.2 S S S S 6
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 30,064 45.2 171 6.8 102 11.6 966 12.7 6.8 8.5 7.6 6.3 9.2 7.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 30,063 45.2 171 6.8 102 11.6 966 12.7 6.8 8.5 7.6 6.3 9.2 7.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 708 1.1 S S 31 3.5 S 30.3 0.4 S S 32.3 2.2 S

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,276 100 8,037 100 1,044 100 S 35.8 - 37.5 - 43.1 - S
Single modes 2,238 98.3 7,917 98.5 910 87.2 S 35.6 0.8 37.4 0.4 41.3 3.8 S
Truck5 2,164 95.1 7,653 95.2 712 68.2 S 35.5 2.9 37.5 2.8 39.1 7.6 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 3,992 49.7 S S 41 S S 47.9 11.1 S S 43.4
Rail 74 3.2 S S S S 761 41.9 5.7 S S S S 19.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,509 S S S S S S 21.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 - S S - - 1,250 38.7 0.1 S S 21.2 0.1 28.6
Truck and rail 7 0.3 23 0.3 S S 156 4.4 3.1 23.6 2.8 S S 46.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,634 S S S S S S 5.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 26,454 100 12,237 100 4,639 100 1,079 14.8 - 22.5 - 24.3 - 15.9
Single modes 20,994 79.4 11,207 91.6 4,102 88.4 277 17.9 3.4 25.4 4.9 27.9 4.3 13
Truck5 20,647 78 10,915 89.2 3,897 84 271 18.1 3.5 25.8 4.7 28.9 4.8 13.5
For-hire truck 12,379 46.8 6,020 49.2 3,394 73.2 405 17.3 4.5 27.6 7.5 26.9 4.9 43.8
Private truck 8,268 31.3 4,895 40 S S 64 31.1 5.1 46.9 7 S S 14.5
Rail 140 0.5 S S S S 961 37.2 0.5 S S S S 18.7
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 190 0.7 8 0.1 12 0.3 1,602 31.7 0.3 37.6 - 38.2 0.2 12.5
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,812 18.2 372 3 459 9.9 1,457 15.8 3.1 25 1.3 30.3 3.7 12.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,430 16.7 219 1.8 188 4 1,455 16.2 3 29 0.9 35 2.1 12.8
Truck and rail S S 93 0.8 125 2.7 2,204 S S 30.9 0.8 31.4 2.9 16.5
Truck and water S S 60 0.5 S S 2,816 S S 46.7 0.4 S S 7.8
Other and unknown modes 648 2.5 659 5.4 S S S 30.6 1.1 28.4 4.4 S S S

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 44,893 100 12,138 100 6,894 100 901 7.3 - 12.3 - 16.9 - 15.8
Single modes 38,530 85.8 11,214 92.4 5,578 80.9 336 8.3 1.7 13.4 1.6 19.7 4.3 25.8
Truck5 37,915 84.5 11,035 90.9 5,351 77.6 330 8.3 1.7 13.6 1.9 20.5 4.9 26.3
For-hire truck 21,359 47.6 6,470 53.3 5,094 73.9 900 11 3.2 16.2 3.8 21.2 4.6 19.3
Private truck 16,556 36.9 4,566 37.6 257 3.7 40 10.5 3.4 14.4 4.4 16 1.1 6
Rail 336 0.7 S S 202 2.9 1,059 36.1 0.3 S S 43.7 1.4 25.9
Water S S S S S S 2,487 S S S S S S 0.8
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,487 S S S S S S 0.8
Air (incl truck and air) 278 0.6 13 0.1 23 0.3 1,332 35.2 0.1 39 - 37.2 0.1 13.5
Multiple modes 5,594 12.5 773 6.4 1,284 18.6 1,457 12.2 1.5 24 1.6 24 4.3 11.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,415 9.8 255 2.1 254 3.7 1,456 11.9 1.1 13.9 0.3 19.5 1.1 11.8
Truck and rail 1,036 2.3 451 3.7 895 13 1,985 36.5 1 40.1 1.7 35 4.3 13
Truck and water 91 0.2 S S S S 2,567 26.9 0.1 S S S S 16.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 769 1.7 151 1.2 32 0.5 78 18.6 0.3 24.2 0.3 39.7 0.2 43.5

SCTG1 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 175 100 S S S S S 48.3 - S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 35 44.9 S S 17 29.2 S 44.7 16.5 S S 44.2 19.3 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 15,506 100 21,346 100 5,065 100 434 6.9 - 16.1 - 15.6 - 27.6
Single modes 14,602 94.2 20,618 96.6 4,232 83.6 145 7.4 1.4 16.4 0.9 16.3 2.9 13.3
Truck5 14,366 92.6 19,712 92.3 3,601 71.1 140 7 1.4 16 1.4 16.1 3.4 13
For-hire truck 5,014 32.3 8,556 40.1 2,614 51.6 490 11.2 1.9 19.6 2.8 18.2 3.8 12.7
Private truck 9,352 60.3 11,156 52.3 987 19.5 65 5.6 1.8 15.5 3.4 15 2.2 5
Rail 234 1.5 905 4.2 630 12.4 791 38.5 0.5 49.3 1.5 24.1 2.1 48.1
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 3 - S S S S 2,281 42.9 - S S S S 19.7
Multiple modes 433 2.8 440 2.1 820 16.2 1,716 17.7 0.6 20.7 0.4 21.9 2.8 12.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 172 1.1 S S S S 1,709 43.4 0.6 S S S S 16.2
Truck and rail 246 1.6 411 1.9 766 15.1 1,891 28.3 0.4 22.2 0.4 23.7 2.5 8.2
Truck and water 12 0.1 10 - 17 0.3 2,617 28.6 - 38.8 - 48.9 0.2 5.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 471 3 288 1.3 13 0.3 28 23.5 0.9 28.1 0.6 29.3 0.1 24.5

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 6,174 100 5,813 100 1,180 100 676 14.3 - 17 - 12 - 30.1
Single modes 5,996 97.1 5,732 98.6 1,136 96.3 181 14.8 1.8 16.7 0.5 11.8 1.3 19.3
Truck5 5,931 96.1 5,618 96.6 1,063 90.1 133 14.7 1.9 16.5 0.8 10.9 2.3 10.4
For-hire truck 2,266 36.7 2,432 41.8 836 70.8 259 21.3 4.5 22.5 4.4 11.7 3.7 37.9
Private truck 3,665 59.4 3,185 54.8 227 19.3 89 15.7 4.9 15.7 4.3 14.4 2.4 14.4
Rail 58 0.9 114 2 70 6 899 37.3 0.6 35.9 0.7 36 2.1 35.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 6,032 S S S S S S 39.3
Multiple modes 153 2.5 S S 40 3.4 2,051 46.2 1.8 S S 44.2 1.2 19.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 15 0.3 S S 2,054 S S 47.5 0.2 S S 19.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S 1 - 2 0.2 2,608 S S 11.1 0.1 8.9 0.8 2.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 11,979 100 7,778 100 2,031 100 911 8.3 - 12.9 - 34.8 - 25.5
Single modes 10,810 90.2 7,438 95.6 1,714 84.4 123 9 1.6 13.1 0.9 34.3 3 27.2
Truck5 10,777 90 7,436 95.6 1,709 84.2 121 9.1 1.6 13.1 0.9 34.4 2.9 27.6
For-hire truck 5,561 46.4 3,525 45.3 1,038 51.1 379 15.8 4.4 17.7 5.1 22.4 7.1 11.1
Private truck 5,215 43.5 3,911 50.3 S S 44 12.7 4.6 20.1 5.7 S S 9.2
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,891 S S S S S S 20.4
Multiple modes 880 7.3 226 2.9 289 14.2 1,557 17.6 1.1 33 0.7 46.5 3.3 20.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 792 6.6 127 1.6 109 5.4 1,557 18.1 1.1 24.7 0.6 34.1 3.2 20.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,145 S S S S S S 13.2
Truck and water 72 0.6 43 0.6 S S 1,954 44.9 0.3 47.2 0.3 S S 17.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S 29 1.4 S S S S S 45 1.5 S

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 14,352 100 4,249 100 1,965 100 1,168 16.1 - 21.9 - 25.6 - 10.7
Single modes 9,816 68.4 3,986 93.8 1,715 87.3 344 19.6 3.2 23.4 2 30 3.9 33.7
Truck5 9,746 67.9 3,976 93.6 1,692 86.1 322 19.7 3.3 23.5 2.1 30.5 4.3 35.7
For-hire truck 5,974 41.6 2,499 58.8 1,638 83.3 1,063 28.3 5.2 36.4 6.5 31.4 4.7 18.3
Private truck 3,772 26.3 1,477 34.8 55 2.8 22 9.8 3.9 15.8 6.1 18.1 1.1 16.7
Rail S S S S S S 2,505 S S S S S S 17.1
Air (incl truck and air) 58 0.4 6 0.1 14 0.7 1,937 35.1 0.2 43.9 0.1 49.3 0.4 7.7
Multiple modes 4,177 29.1 218 5.1 223 11.4 1,289 18.1 3 15.2 1.3 15.3 3.2 10.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,130 28.8 207 4.9 195 9.9 1,288 18.1 3 15.5 1.3 17.4 3.2 10.9
Truck and rail 22 0.2 S S S S 2,459 49.1 0.4 S S S S 12.6
Truck and water 24 0.2 5 0.1 14 0.7 2,685 39.6 - 27 0.1 22.2 0.4 1
Other and unknown modes 359 2.5 46 1.1 27 1.4 818 27.9 1 34.2 1 31 0.9 31.8

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 67,978 100 5,549 100 5,375 100 1,555 8.2 - 28 - 30.2 - 4.8
Single modes 44,443 65.4 4,714 85 4,280 79.6 1,074 9.9 4.3 31.3 3.4 34.7 6.2 8.6
Truck5 43,437 63.9 4,648 83.8 4,143 77.1 1,026 9.9 4.3 31.7 3.3 35.9 6.1 8.7
For-hire truck 33,078 48.7 2,965 53.4 4,051 75.4 1,460 12.7 4.5 28 4 36.4 6.3 7.7
Private truck 10,359 15.2 1,683 30.3 92 1.7 59 17 2.5 41.6 3.9 27 0.7 18.8
Rail S S S S S S 2,778 S S S S S S 0.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S 63 1.1 128 2.4 2,221 S S 36.2 0.6 42.7 1.2 12.6
Multiple modes 21,035 30.9 678 12.2 992 18.5 1,684 14.8 3 16.9 2.6 20.9 6.2 4.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 20,721 30.5 645 11.6 918 17.1 1,684 15 3 17.9 2.4 22.3 5.3 4.8
Truck and rail 240 0.4 28 0.5 66 1.2 2,505 38.8 0.4 24.7 0.7 27.4 2.5 8.8
Truck and water 75 0.1 5 0.1 7 0.1 1,798 39.2 - 29.1 - 28.9 0.1 18.9
Other and unknown modes 2,499 3.7 157 2.8 S S 243 46.3 2 42.8 1.3 S S 47.5

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 25,918 100 121,397 100 12,799 100 927 7.2 - 15.2 - 14.1 - 16.8
Single modes 22,483 86.7 119,865 98.7 11,991 93.7 206 5.8 1.9 15.3 0.4 14.8 1.5 16.3
Truck5 21,567 83.2 118,015 97.2 10,645 83.2 195 6.4 2 15.5 0.6 17.8 4.5 18.3
For-hire truck 11,624 44.8 37,439 30.8 8,057 62.9 740 7.8 2.4 9.5 5.1 20.3 3.8 19.8
Private truck 9,943 38.4 80,576 66.4 2,588 20.2 34 8.2 2.1 22.6 5.4 13.9 2.5 16
Rail 309 1.2 1,728 1.4 1,232 9.6 S 29.6 0.5 32.4 0.7 34.8 4.3 S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 606 2.3 S S S S 1,631 47.4 1.2 S S S S 16.5
Multiple modes 2,460 9.5 581 0.5 714 5.6 1,772 22.7 1.7 31.9 0.2 18.6 1.4 8.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,241 8.6 127 0.1 219 1.7 1,771 25.9 1.8 32.9 - 37.8 0.7 8.3
Truck and rail 127 0.5 318 0.3 387 3 1,718 30.6 0.3 46 0.2 21 1.5 28.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,152 S S S S S S 29.6
Other and unknown modes 975 3.8 951 0.8 94 0.7 S 33.5 1.1 31.9 0.2 41.6 0.3 S

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 26,799 100 12,549 100 3,966 100 623 4.1 - 9.8 - 14.3 - 23.6
Single modes 23,154 86.4 11,149 88.8 3,167 79.9 152 4.9 2.2 9.4 2 15.6 4.3 20.4
Truck5 22,124 82.6 10,141 80.8 2,595 65.4 142 5 2.4 7.8 2.8 15.3 4.9 22.7
For-hire truck 11,201 41.8 4,919 39.2 2,301 58 805 11.6 3.9 13.2 2.8 17.6 4.2 7.7
Private truck 10,924 40.8 5,222 41.6 294 7.4 45 8.8 3.8 8.7 3.8 7.2 1.9 13.1
Rail 690 2.6 971 7.7 552 13.9 S 35.6 1.2 33.7 2.6 29.2 4.7 S
Air (incl truck and air) 340 1.3 S S S S 872 42.5 0.6 S S S S 34.6
Multiple modes 2,622 9.8 668 5.3 529 13.3 1,238 13.1 1.3 30.5 1.3 35.6 4 17.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,142 8 163 1.3 62 1.6 1,240 17.7 1.5 42.6 0.7 21 0.7 17.2
Truck and rail 372 1.4 398 3.2 362 9.1 640 43.6 0.8 48 1.7 46.2 5.1 48.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,022 3.8 732 5.8 270 6.8 S 34.1 1.4 38.8 1.9 43.2 2.4 S

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 37,378 100 7,895 100 3,830 100 1,110 7.3 - 11.1 - 16.3 - 15.9
Single modes 27,536 73.7 7,172 90.8 3,185 83.2 557 10.2 2.8 11.3 1.8 13.8 3 20
Truck5 26,633 71.3 7,046 89.2 2,962 77.3 533 10.3 2.8 11.2 2.5 10.7 4.3 21.6
For-hire truck 17,376 46.5 4,723 59.8 2,808 73.3 1,225 13.2 3.3 13.6 3.4 10.6 4.2 19.3
Private truck 9,256 24.8 2,322 29.4 154 4 43 9.4 2 10.6 2.2 19.4 0.6 9.4
Rail S S S S S S 1,784 S S S S S S 26.4
Air (incl truck and air) 791 2.1 S S S S 1,393 18.4 0.3 S S S S 14.7
Multiple modes 8,788 23.5 484 6.1 609 15.9 1,506 8.2 2.8 37.2 1.5 37.4 3.1 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 8,377 22.4 223 2.8 215 5.6 1,505 8.4 2.6 13.3 0.6 14.8 1.7 11.9
Truck and rail 248 0.7 39 0.5 81 2.1 2,315 39.4 0.5 37.8 0.4 48 2 16.8
Truck and water 151 0.4 S S S S 2,278 35.5 0.2 S S S S 12.1
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,053 2.8 239 3 S S 60 16.5 0.5 32.1 0.9 S S 44.3

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 45,884 100 2,825 100 1,947 100 705 8.8 - 10.6 - 14.3 - 10.9
Single modes 33,137 72.2 2,421 85.7 1,649 84.7 355 10.1 2.5 11.7 2 16.4 4.6 17.1
Truck5 30,845 67.2 2,386 84.4 1,590 81.7 326 9.8 2.5 11.6 2 16.4 4.4 18.3
For-hire truck 18,827 41 1,435 50.8 1,457 74.8 596 10.1 2 13.7 3.9 16.9 5.1 19.7
Private truck 12,018 26.2 951 33.7 134 6.9 56 12.7 2.2 13.5 4 46.4 2.2 28.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 2,216 4.8 30 1.1 58 3 1,823 26.1 1.2 37.5 0.3 38.1 1 12.1
Multiple modes 10,973 23.9 246 8.7 263 13.5 1,114 12.7 2.3 9.9 1.3 14.9 4.7 9.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9,966 21.7 194 6.9 167 8.6 1,112 12.3 2.1 9 0.9 15.8 1.6 9.2
Truck and rail 108 0.2 12 0.4 23 1.2 2,204 29.8 0.2 25.9 0.4 36.1 1.1 18.6
Truck and water S S 40 1.4 73 3.8 2,969 S S 37.7 0.5 35.1 3.3 10.3
Other and unknown modes 1,774 3.9 159 5.6 35 1.8 S 22.6 0.9 24.3 1.3 39.1 0.6 S

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 228,412 100 7,282 100 7,887 100 1,276 8.4 - 11.2 - 11.7 - 3.4
Single modes 128,570 56.3 5,210 71.5 5,608 71.1 782 7.5 2.4 11.6 5.8 11.7 3.6 10.5
Truck5 95,702 41.9 4,463 61.3 4,210 53.4 650 6.8 3.1 15.7 7.3 16.6 7 11.4
For-hire truck 71,539 31.3 2,985 41 4,086 51.8 1,242 7.8 3.1 14.9 5.1 16.9 6.7 8.7
Private truck 24,163 10.6 1,477 20.3 123 1.6 33 18.4 1.5 22.3 3.9 31.8 0.6 16.1
Rail S S 620 8.5 1,196 15.2 S S S 44.6 7.2 42.8 8.9 S
Air (incl truck and air) 27,419 12 127 1.8 202 2.6 1,627 21 1.7 29.9 0.4 30.2 1.3 6.8
Multiple modes 94,833 41.5 984 13.5 1,733 22 1,518 11.8 2.4 9.4 2.1 18.7 3.2 3.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 92,033 40.3 807 11.1 1,135 14.4 1,519 12.4 2.7 8.6 2.2 10.5 2.3 3.1
Truck and rail S S 113 1.5 258 3.3 2,402 S S 45.5 1 49.5 2.6 7.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 5,009 2.2 S S S S S 13.7 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 85,545 100 14,338 100 8,885 100 992 14.8 - 24.4 - 24.6 - 11.6
Single modes 66,713 78 12,795 89.2 7,432 83.7 749 16.3 3.2 26.9 3.5 28.8 4.1 17.1
Truck5 65,558 76.6 12,728 88.8 7,332 82.5 716 16.6 3.3 26.9 3.5 29 4.4 18.5
For-hire truck 45,773 53.5 7,219 50.3 7,137 80.3 1,192 18.5 4.4 19.9 8.9 30.2 5.8 18.6
Private truck 19,785 23.1 S S S S 33 32.4 4.6 S S S S 29.7
Rail 80 0.1 15 0.1 32 0.4 2,296 33 0.1 34.1 0.1 33.9 0.3 7.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S 51 0.4 68 0.8 2,148 S S 42.1 0.2 35.2 0.6 15.6
Multiple modes 14,160 16.6 814 5.7 973 11 1,258 15.6 1.9 30 1.2 23.5 2.2 8.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 13,326 15.6 682 4.8 668 7.5 1,262 15.3 2 36.5 1.1 26.5 2.2 8.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,734 S S S S S S 20.2
Other and unknown modes 4,673 5.5 S S 479 5.4 S 28.4 1.9 S S 41.8 3.1 S

SCTG1 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 29,320 100 618 100 609 100 1,048 12.5 - 24.7 - 6.4 - 7.4
Single modes 15,060 51.4 582 94.1 562 92.3 655 10.3 5.1 26.6 2 7 1.7 16.8
Truck5 8,929 30.5 404 65.3 160 26.3 326 13.4 4.1 38 8.9 22.7 4.1 33.7
For-hire truck 5,358 18.3 362 58.5 157 25.8 1,275 18.5 3.7 43.5 10.5 23.3 4.2 14.6
Private truck 3,571 12.2 S S S S 36 14.3 1.8 S S S S 43.2
Water 2,074 7.1 165 26.7 381 62.6 2,311 2.9 0.9 3.1 7 2.7 3.7 -
Shallow draft 2,074 7.1 165 26.7 381 62.6 2,311 2.9 0.9 3.1 7 2.7 3.7 -
Air (incl truck and air) 4,056 13.8 13 2.1 20 3.4 1,607 23.4 3.4 24.5 0.7 24.4 0.7 7
Multiple modes 13,863 47.3 30 4.8 34 5.6 1,199 24.3 5.3 11.2 1.4 10.8 0.6 7.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 12,376 42.2 29 4.6 33 5.4 1,216 17.5 4.1 10.6 1.2 11 0.6 7.5
Truck and rail S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 36.5 0.1 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,087 S S S S S S 29.6

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 58,820 100 S S 995 100 1,431 13.9 - S S 31.2 - 8.2
Single modes 28,582 48.6 S S 643 64.7 772 21.2 4.9 S S 33.1 6.5 23.4
Truck5 22,718 38.6 S S 536 53.9 416 23.5 4.4 S S 40.2 7.7 44.7
For-hire truck 14,154 24.1 705 37 423 42.5 754 13.4 3 46 8.4 30.2 7.2 27.8
Private truck 8,564 14.6 S S S S 53 48.4 3.7 S S S S 31.3
Air (incl truck and air) 5,864 10 54 2.8 107 10.8 1,869 19 1.9 31.7 2.6 33.3 4.9 5.8
Multiple modes 28,964 49.2 250 13.1 338 33.9 1,575 13.7 4.5 36.6 7.8 34.6 6 7.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 28,917 49.2 247 13 333 33.5 1,575 13.7 4.5 36.9 7.8 35 6.1 7.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,378 S S S S S S 28.8
Truck and water S S S S 4 0.4 2,720 S S S S 35.9 0.5 2.6
Other and unknown modes 1,274 2.2 S S S S S 38.9 0.7 S S S S S

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 15,239 100 3,600 100 2,353 100 1,049 11.1 - 24.4 - 19.8 - 10
Single modes 13,313 87.4 3,396 94.3 2,051 87.2 677 13.6 3.4 25.9 1.9 22.2 3.8 13.6
Truck5 13,220 86.7 3,362 93.4 1,949 82.8 666 13.8 3.3 26.2 1.8 24 4 13.9
For-hire truck 8,996 59 2,269 63 1,824 77.5 1,162 20.6 4.9 41.9 7.1 26.1 4.9 7.9
Private truck 4,224 27.7 1,093 30.4 125 5.3 69 14.8 5.1 16.2 6.3 18.9 1.3 9.2
Rail 53 0.3 32 0.9 98 4.1 3,064 18.8 0.5 47.1 1.5 48.3 7.8 6.3
Air (incl truck and air) 40 0.3 2 0.1 4 0.2 1,869 23.7 0.1 34 - 38.5 0.1 11.6
Multiple modes 1,438 9.4 135 3.7 237 10.1 1,521 26.6 2.8 29.5 1.2 33.1 2.8 9.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,379 9.1 116 3.2 196 8.3 1,520 27.1 2.8 30.4 1.1 34.4 2.5 9.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,470 S S S S S S 5
Truck and water 32 0.2 9 0.3 17 0.7 2,311 41.3 0.1 34.7 0.2 40.4 0.5 13.2
Other and unknown modes 489 3.2 S S S S S 33.8 1.1 S S S S S

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 59,425 100 8,730 100 5,242 100 1,496 4.9 - 18.1 - 8.2 - 3.8
Single modes 32,962 55.5 7,563 86.6 3,730 71.2 978 8 3.1 21.8 4.8 12.4 4.5 12.9
Truck5 30,536 51.4 7,350 84.2 3,383 64.5 774 9.3 3.4 22.6 4.8 13.2 4.6 13.3
For-hire truck 19,901 33.5 3,849 44.1 3,177 60.6 1,278 11.9 2.9 29.5 5.4 13.9 4.8 8.6
Private truck 10,636 17.9 3,502 40.1 205 3.9 68 10 1.7 20.2 5.8 19.7 0.8 13.1
Rail S S 105 1.2 149 2.9 1,473 S S 42.9 0.8 37.8 1.9 23.6
Air (incl truck and air) 2,168 3.6 S S S S 1,928 27.4 1 S S S S 3.9
Multiple modes 24,910 41.9 932 10.7 1,259 24 1,631 7.9 3 27.8 4.7 16.2 4.4 3.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 23,654 39.8 537 6.1 811 15.5 1,632 8.7 3.1 14.7 2 15.9 3.3 3.4
Truck and rail S S 176 2 308 5.9 1,784 S S 40.5 1.2 35.4 2.5 12.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,554 2.6 234 2.7 253 4.8 S 13.7 0.4 26.4 0.8 22.4 1.3 S

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 19,165 100 S S 9,800 100 S 31.3 - S S 30.4 - S
Single modes 18,035 94.1 S S 8,591 87.7 88 34.1 6 S S 36.4 11 42.5
Truck5 16,601 86.6 S S 7,830 79.9 86 38.1 7.3 S S 39.9 11.6 41.6
For-hire truck S S 13,718 16.8 3,501 35.7 S S S 34.2 9.7 42.9 9.5 S
Private truck 8,564 44.7 S S S S 57 47.3 8.4 S S S S 32.5
Rail 1,434 7.5 S S 762 7.8 S 44.4 8.8 S S 30.5 10.4 S
Multiple modes S S 710 0.9 S S S S S 27.6 3 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S 354 0.4 397 4 1,098 S S 38.7 1.4 49.4 10.9 31.7
Truck and water S S 356 0.4 S S S S S 39.4 10.1 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 2 - S S S S S 41.9 - S

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 110,303 100 34,669 100 6,557 100 415 11.3 - 13.5 - 13.6 - 14.4
Single modes 103,737 94 34,053 98.2 5,853 89.3 253 12.1 1.3 13.7 0.4 13.8 1.5 13.7
Truck5 103,271 93.6 33,991 98 5,727 87.3 248 12.1 1.4 13.7 0.4 14.3 1.5 14.1
For-hire truck 26,765 24.3 5,557 16 3,088 47.1 1,086 22.6 4.3 18 2.8 21.3 5 14
Private truck 76,507 69.4 28,433 82 2,638 40.2 68 14 4.5 15.1 3 19.5 5.6 7.4
Rail 81 0.1 31 0.1 52 0.8 1,960 47.5 0.2 13.6 0.1 34.7 1.3 29.4
Water S S 14 - 36 0.5 2,562 S S 25.2 0.2 23.1 2.5 3.7
Deep draft S S 14 - 36 0.5 2,562 S S 25.2 0.2 23.1 2.5 3.7
Air (incl truck and air) 354 0.3 17 - 39 0.6 2,253 42.9 0.1 43 - 46.8 0.3 7.1
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,573 5.1 447 1.3 663 10.1 794 17.6 1.3 15 0.2 17.4 1.5 13.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,841 4.4 258 0.7 175 2.7 789 19.7 1.2 19.8 0.2 22 0.8 13.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,094 S S S S S S 20.7
Truck and water 279 0.3 72 0.2 193 3 2,754 35.4 0.1 24.4 0.1 24.9 0.9 1.1
Rail and water 146 0.1 35 0.1 95 1.5 2,708 34.1 0.2 29.6 0.2 27.8 1.7 1.6
Other multiple modes 160 0.1 42 0.1 113 1.7 2,715 23.7 0.2 33.8 0.2 34.3 2.1 0.9
Other and unknown modes 993 0.9 169 0.5 S S S 34 0.5 28.3 0.3 S S S

SCTG1 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 239 100 50 100 11 100 1,187 20.1 - 32.1 - 41.8 - 21.3
Single modes 171 71.6 46 92.1 8 68.6 S 27.2 9.8 32.9 6.4 42.4 11.8 S
Truck5 171 71.6 46 92.1 8 68.6 S 27.2 9.8 32.9 6.4 42.4 11.8 S
For-hire truck 59 24.5 S S S S S 44.6 14.6 S S S S S
Private truck 112 47 37 73.5 S S 103 44.1 11 43 12.9 S S 23.1
Multiple modes 58 24.5 S S 2 16.8 1,665 35.3 13.1 S S 49.6 16.4 17.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 58 24.5 S S 2 16.8 1,665 35.3 13.1 S S 49.6 16.4 17.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.