Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 125,093 100 153,635 100 76,804 100 4.8 - 14.4 - 19.6 -
Less than 50 miles 43,786 35 77,841 50.7 1,814 2.4 6.5 1.3 13.8 3.4 16.4 0.9
50 - 99 miles 10,557 8.4 9,733 6.3 904 1.2 9.1 0.5 11 1.2 11.1 0.7
100 - 249 miles 9,264 7.4 16,058 10.5 3,316 4.3 5.6 0.4 29.9 1.7 29.3 0.8
250 - 499 miles 9,407 7.5 5,810 3.8 3,231 4.2 8.5 0.7 24.1 0.4 27.8 1.1
500 - 749 miles 9,266 7.4 7,900 5.1 9,464 12.3 6.1 0.6 28.9 0.9 36.1 3.6
750 - 999 miles 21,179 16.9 10,899 7.1 14,296 18.6 8.7 0.9 27.1 1.5 28.5 3.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 12,723 10.2 24,138 15.7 40,986 53.4 13.7 1.4 23.4 2.9 25 6.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7,967 6.4 1,209 0.8 2,425 3.2 11.9 0.6 24.1 0.3 25.5 1.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 96,465 100 148,350 100 72,224 100 6.7 - 14.3 - 19.7 -
Less than 50 miles 39,060 40.5 76,570 51.6 1,790 2.5 7.5 1.4 14 3.3 16.5 0.9
50 - 99 miles 9,300 9.6 9,481 6.4 884 1.2 11.6 0.9 11.7 1.2 11.6 0.7
100 - 249 miles 7,690 8 15,103 10.2 3,089 4.3 7.3 0.5 30.7 1.7 30.4 0.8
250 - 499 miles 7,628 7.9 5,597 3.8 3,110 4.3 8.4 0.7 25.3 0.4 29.2 1
500 - 749 miles 5,900 6.1 7,685 5.2 9,225 12.8 9.5 0.6 28.7 0.9 36.1 3.7
750 - 999 miles 13,288 13.8 9,179 6.2 12,229 16.9 12.9 1 22.5 1.5 24.9 3.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8,628 8.9 23,638 15.9 39,690 55 16.2 1.5 24 3 26 6.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,475 4.6 1,093 0.7 2,198 3 19.8 0.7 26.6 0.3 28.2 1.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 85,521 100 96,570 100 16,219 100 5.7 - 9 - 9.9 -
Less than 50 miles 37,428 43.8 67,151 69.5 1,501 9.3 6.7 1.4 11 1.8 11.9 1.2
50 - 99 miles 9,300 10.9 9,481 9.8 884 5.5 11.6 1 11.7 1.2 11.6 0.7
100 - 249 miles 7,345 8.6 6,842 7.1 1,417 8.7 8.4 0.5 11.9 0.6 11.7 1
250 - 499 miles 7,491 8.8 4,094 4.2 2,074 12.8 8.6 0.8 12.2 0.3 10.9 1.3
500 - 749 miles 5,094 6 3,019 3.1 2,539 15.7 10.2 0.5 13.1 0.4 13.7 1.3
750 - 999 miles 8,951 10.5 3,352 3.5 3,820 23.6 7.6 0.6 12.6 0.6 13 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,846 8 2,177 2.3 3,139 19.4 12.2 0.8 21 0.4 21.8 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,034 3.5 448 0.5 836 5.2 12 0.4 24.8 0.1 25.3 0.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 40,254 100 43,069 100 12,013 100 7.9 - 10.4 - 10.7 -
Less than 50 miles 9,239 23 23,623 54.8 579 4.8 14.9 1.7 16.5 4.8 17.6 0.9
50 - 99 miles 2,819 7 4,977 11.6 463 3.9 12 0.7 25.6 3.6 23.2 1.2
100 - 249 miles 2,569 6.4 4,129 9.6 836 7 11.9 0.7 17.6 1.3 16.8 1.1
250 - 499 miles 4,323 10.7 2,811 6.5 1,441 12 11.2 1.3 13.2 0.9 12.2 1.7
500 - 749 miles 4,167 10.4 2,351 5.5 1,998 16.6 11.1 1 17.4 0.7 17.6 1.8
750 - 999 miles 8,188 20.3 2,953 6.9 3,362 28 8.1 1.1 13.7 1.3 13.9 2.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,388 15.9 1,838 4.3 2,607 21.7 12.2 2 21.4 0.9 21.3 3.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,529 6.3 382 0.9 719 6 12.9 0.6 29.1 0.1 29.6 1.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 45,267 100 53,500 100 4,205 100 7.7 - 12 - 13.2 -
Less than 50 miles 28,189 62.3 43,529 81.4 922 21.9 7.4 2 14.6 3.3 14.4 4.3
50 - 99 miles 6,481 14.3 4,503 8.4 422 10 15.8 1.6 13 1.1 16 1.9
100 - 249 miles 4,776 10.6 2,714 5.1 581 13.8 14.6 0.9 9.5 1 9.9 1.4
250 - 499 miles 3,167 7 1,282 2.4 633 15.1 14.1 0.9 18.8 0.5 17.9 1.9
500 - 749 miles 927 2 667 1.2 541 12.9 19.8 0.5 25.6 0.5 25.9 2.2
750 - 999 miles 763 1.7 399 0.7 458 10.9 18.1 0.3 23.5 0.3 23.1 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 458 1 S S S S 27.5 0.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 504 1.1 66 0.1 117 2.8 47.1 0.7 48.4 0.1 48.3 1.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,472 100 50,375 100 55,964 100 15.7 - 29.6 - 25.8 -
Less than 50 miles 512 14.7 8,032 15.9 S S 39 8.1 50 14.3 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 8,261 16.4 1,672 3 S S 49.7 5 48.8 1.1
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 556 16 4,664 9.3 6,684 11.9 24.4 3.4 46.5 2.6 48.9 5.2
750 - 999 miles 782 22.5 5,818 11.6 8,399 15 35.9 7.5 30.2 4.3 31.5 7.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 704 20.3 21,457 42.6 36,547 65.3 19.6 5.4 26.7 8.9 28.6 6.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 639 1.3 1,352 2.4 S S 38.7 1.3 39.8 1.7
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,469 100 21 100 27 100 30.7 - 21.4 - 21.3 -
Less than 50 miles 117 1.8 S S S S 38.2 5.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 25 0.4 - 1.7 - 0.7 43.4 0.4 44 0.5 42.8 0.3
500 - 749 miles 251 3.9 2 11.6 2 7.4 42 4.2 43 4.1 39.4 3.1
750 - 999 miles 3,555 55 9 41.9 10 38.1 40.9 9.3 26.2 8.1 28.4 8.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 3 12.7 4 13.7 S S 34.8 5.8 33.8 5.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 5 26 9 33.1 S S 48.1 6 47.3 7.3
More than 2,000 miles S S - 1.4 1 3.2 S S 39.4 2.5 38.3 3.8

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,003 100 1,385 100 S S 13 - 11.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles 1,003 100 1,385 100 S S 13 - 11.9 - S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26,222 100 3,678 100 4,348 100 8.2 - 33.7 - 35.6 -
Less than 50 miles 3,414 13 95 2.6 2 - 17.6 1.8 33.5 0.9 22.8 -
50 - 99 miles 1,039 4 S S S S 20.8 0.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,488 5.7 876 23.8 213 4.9 26.8 1.2 31 9.3 31.8 6.2
250 - 499 miles 1,615 6.2 101 2.7 64 1.5 17.7 1.1 25.3 3.2 30 2.4
500 - 749 miles 3,007 11.5 S S S S 16.1 1.6 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 7,760 29.6 S S S S 12.6 2.9 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,017 15.3 S S S S 15.4 1.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,433 13.1 94 2.6 189 4.3 9 0.7 44.2 1.6 46.2 3.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 23,635 100 459 100 331 100 9.5 - 12.8 - 8.4 -
Less than 50 miles 3,400 14.4 90 19.6 2 0.6 17.7 2 35.7 3.1 23.8 0.2
50 - 99 miles 1,020 4.3 S S 4 1.3 21.6 1.3 S S 48.2 1
100 - 249 miles 1,168 4.9 31 6.7 6 1.9 28 1.1 18.5 1 21.9 0.3
250 - 499 miles 1,579 6.7 68 14.7 37 11 18.1 1.1 26 3.2 27.2 2.4
500 - 749 miles 2,932 12.4 51 11.2 43 12.8 17.2 1.7 8.6 1.4 8.8 1.1
750 - 999 miles 6,143 26 69 15 77 23.4 14.1 2.4 10.3 2.5 10.1 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,798 16.1 56 12.3 81 24.4 16.7 1.8 10.9 1.7 10.6 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,199 13.5 40 8.7 75 22.7 10.4 1.3 13.7 1.1 13.8 1.6
More than 2,000 miles S S 2 0.5 6 1.8 S S 42.4 0.2 47.5 0.7

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,333 100 2,806 100 S S 38.1 - 42.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 320 13.7 845 30.1 206 8.1 39.8 8.6 32.2 13.2 32.8 13.6
250 - 499 miles 36 1.5 33 1.2 S S 40.3 1.3 48.2 9.3 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 42 1.8 S S S S 28.7 2.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 16 100 S S S S 2.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,406 100 1,607 100 231 100 11.5 - 33.5 - 18.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,312 54.5 1,177 73.3 S S 17 6.1 45.5 9.5 S S
50 - 99 miles 218 9.1 132 8.2 9 4 22.7 2.8 39.2 3.9 36.4 1.1
100 - 249 miles 86 3.6 S S 14 6 36.4 1.4 S S 46 2.1
250 - 499 miles 164 6.8 113 7 57 24.7 32.5 2.5 28.1 2.5 25 5.5
500 - 749 miles S S 28 1.7 26 11.2 S S 45.9 1.6 45.8 3.6
750 - 999 miles 131 5.5 25 1.6 27 11.8 33 1.4 35.6 1.7 37.7 5.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 77 3.2 31 1.9 38 16.6 30.2 1.2 45.6 1.6 43.8 7.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 59 2.4 S S 37 16.2 43.7 1.2 S S 49.7 8.5
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.