Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 125,093 100 153,635 100 76,804 100 496 4.8 - 14.4 - 19.6 - 3.6
Less than 50 lbs 20,448 16.3 295 0.2 154 0.2 652 10.3 1.7 6.3 - 6.1 0.1 4.2
50 - 99 lbs 6,281 5 250 0.2 82 0.1 336 11.2 0.6 7.8 - 10.7 - 7.3
100 - 499 lbs 16,735 13.4 1,656 1.1 405 0.5 257 7.7 1 7.4 0.2 12.3 0.2 8.4
500 - 749 lbs 4,590 3.7 799 0.5 169 0.2 210 6.8 0.3 9.7 0.1 8.1 0.1 11.2
750 - 999 lbs 2,382 1.9 644 0.4 144 0.2 223 7.5 0.1 9.6 0.1 14.3 0.1 13
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 29,468 23.6 9,905 6.4 1,712 2.2 173 9.2 1.6 8.1 1.2 8.3 1.1 10.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 31,362 25.1 48,850 31.8 11,734 15.3 212 10.3 1.2 8.3 3.1 11.9 6.7 7.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6,311 5 28,815 18.8 2,345 3.1 81 12.5 0.6 16.3 2.7 17.9 1.6 19.2
More than 100,000 lbs 7,515 6 62,421 40.6 60,060 78.2 817 19.2 1.2 29.7 5.9 25.8 9.4 13.4

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 96,465 100 148,350 100 72,224 100 223 6.7 - 14.3 - 19.7 - 10.8
Less than 50 lbs 5,545 5.7 120 0.1 29 - 283 14.6 0.8 6.4 - 18 - 13.5
50 - 99 lbs 2,177 2.3 133 0.1 23 - 172 11.7 0.3 6.4 - 18.9 - 19.3
100 - 499 lbs 11,459 11.9 1,355 0.9 266 0.4 197 7.7 0.9 8.1 0.2 16 0.1 12
500 - 749 lbs 4,321 4.5 753 0.5 152 0.2 201 7.4 0.4 10.5 0.1 8.6 0.1 11.8
750 - 999 lbs 2,296 2.4 630 0.4 137 0.2 216 7.3 0.2 9.5 0.1 14.2 0.1 13.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 28,444 29.5 9,568 6.4 1,624 2.2 169 9.5 1.7 8.6 1.2 8.9 1.1 11.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 30,653 31.8 48,065 32.4 11,031 15.3 204 10.6 1.2 8.3 3.1 12.7 6.8 7.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6,192 6.4 28,189 19 2,184 3 77 13 0.8 16.2 2.6 17.3 1.6 16.6
More than 100,000 lbs 5,377 5.6 59,536 40.1 56,778 78.6 736 17.2 0.9 29.5 5.8 25.8 9.5 16.9

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 85,521 100 96,570 100 16,219 100 204 5.7 - 9 - 9.9 - 10.8
Less than 50 lbs 4,504 5.3 117 0.1 26 0.2 243 15.2 0.7 6.4 - 20.3 0.1 15.1
50 - 99 lbs 1,835 2.1 132 0.1 22 0.1 163 13.6 0.3 6.5 - 18.7 - 18.7
100 - 499 lbs 10,744 12.6 1,350 1.4 258 1.6 191 8.7 0.9 8.1 0.2 15.9 0.5 11.9
500 - 749 lbs 4,189 4.9 752 0.8 151 0.9 199 7.2 0.4 10.5 0.1 8.6 0.1 11.7
750 - 999 lbs 2,225 2.6 627 0.6 134 0.8 213 7.4 0.2 9.5 0.1 14.7 0.2 13.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 24,260 28.4 9,562 9.9 1,615 10 168 7.6 2.1 8.6 1.1 9 1.1 11.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 30,533 35.7 47,969 49.7 10,912 67.3 202 10.7 1.7 8.3 3 12.9 2.6 8.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6,156 7.2 28,140 29.1 2,121 13.1 75 13.1 0.8 16.2 2.7 16.3 1.7 14.5
More than 100,000 lbs 1,075 1.3 7,919 8.2 980 6 235 39.4 0.5 38.5 2.5 28.6 1.9 47.6

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 40,254 100 43,069 100 12,013 100 554 7.9 - 10.4 - 10.7 - 6.7
Less than 50 lbs 1,665 4.1 18 - 11 0.1 530 23.2 0.7 10.6 - 17.8 - 16.7
50 - 99 lbs 720 1.8 21 - 10 0.1 483 26.4 0.4 16.3 - 16.4 - 17.4
100 - 499 lbs 4,544 11.3 205 0.5 154 1.3 757 15.3 1.2 15 0.1 13.3 0.5 7.2
500 - 749 lbs 1,795 4.5 131 0.3 104 0.9 796 16.3 0.8 14.9 0.1 13 0.2 7.1
750 - 999 lbs 917 2.3 127 0.3 100 0.8 783 19.2 0.5 17 0.1 18.4 0.3 10.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,463 21 1,603 3.7 890 7.4 638 7.5 1.7 9.2 0.5 12.4 1.1 7.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,131 45 20,722 48.1 8,377 69.7 390 10.7 2.5 7.2 4 13.1 2.9 8.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,105 7.7 16,740 38.9 1,647 13.7 98 18.6 0.9 17.3 3.9 19.2 1.7 19.9
More than 100,000 lbs 916 2.3 3,504 8.1 719 6 576 42.2 1 48.8 3 35.1 2.3 22.8

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 45,267 100 53,500 100 4,205 100 123 7.7 - 12 - 13.2 - 18.8
Less than 50 lbs 2,840 6.3 99 0.2 15 0.3 184 14.5 1.3 8 - 36.3 0.3 27.1
50 - 99 lbs 1,115 2.5 112 0.2 12 0.3 104 9.5 0.3 7.6 - 32.8 0.2 29.4
100 - 499 lbs 6,201 13.7 1,145 2.1 104 2.5 88 11.4 1.7 8.7 0.4 23.4 0.6 17.7
500 - 749 lbs 2,393 5.3 622 1.2 46 1.1 74 11.4 0.6 13.3 0.2 11.5 0.3 22.7
750 - 999 lbs 1,308 2.9 501 0.9 33 0.8 67 9.9 0.2 11.9 0.1 15.7 0.3 24.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 15,797 34.9 7,959 14.9 726 17.3 86 8.3 2.5 10.4 1.9 8.2 1.9 13
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,402 27.4 27,247 50.9 2,535 60.3 83 19.7 2.5 10.8 3.4 20.5 4.6 25.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,051 6.7 11,401 21.3 474 11.3 41 24 1.5 33.4 3.9 23.1 3.3 13.4
More than 100,000 lbs 159 0.4 4,415 8.3 261 6.2 S 23.1 0.1 40.5 2.9 30.4 2.3 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,472 100 50,375 100 55,964 100 1,118 15.7 - 29.6 - 25.8 - 13.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S - - S S 989 S S 46.5 - S S 41.2
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - S S S 12.5 - 28.9 - S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 1 - 1 - 1,637 S S 14.4 - 21.7 - 8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,288 S S S S S S 20.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,308 S S S S S S 9.1
More than 100,000 lbs 3,299 95 50,232 99.7 55,784 99.7 1,099 16.1 2.2 29.7 0.5 25.9 0.5 13.9

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,469 100 21 100 27 100 1,129 30.7 - 21.4 - 21.3 - 5.7
Less than 50 lbs 1,041 16.1 3 15.2 4 13.4 1,114 17.8 8.9 20.5 4.6 19.2 3.7 6
50 - 99 lbs 342 5.3 S S S S 1,024 41 3.5 S S S S 10.1
100 - 499 lbs 694 10.7 6 27.1 8 28.3 1,351 49.5 7.1 33.8 6.2 29.6 6.2 10.1
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 3.2 1 4 1,593 S S 29.1 3 29.6 3.8 11.2
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,157 S S S S S S 8.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 5 22.9 8 27.8 1,583 S S 36.5 5 40 6.5 8.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,269 S S S S S S 17.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,003 100 1,385 100 S S S 13 - 11.9 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 1,003 100 1,385 100 S S S 13 - 11.9 - S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26,222 100 3,678 100 4,348 100 898 8.2 - 33.7 - 35.6 - 2.8
Less than 50 lbs 14,493 55.3 143 3.9 123 2.8 924 10.5 3 8.7 3.7 8.4 4.5 3.8
50 - 99 lbs 3,975 15.2 77 2.1 59 1.3 759 16.2 2 13.7 1.8 12.7 2.2 9.8
100 - 499 lbs 4,978 19 209 5.7 135 3.1 640 12.6 1.7 19.6 3.3 9.7 3.9 15.2
500 - 749 lbs 209 0.8 30 0.8 16 0.4 496 17 0.1 34 0.6 26.5 0.8 42.1
750 - 999 lbs S S 5 0.1 S S S S S 47 0.5 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 64 0.2 7 0.2 13 0.3 1,663 28.3 0.1 22.6 0.6 25 1.2 17.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 328 1.2 244 6.6 590 13.6 2,386 21.7 0.3 22.9 2.1 37.8 4.7 39
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 90 2.4 130 3 S S S 9 3.9 45.5 3.9 S
More than 100,000 lbs 2,105 8 2,874 78.1 3,274 75.3 1,047 40.7 3.1 41.5 9.2 44.5 11.1 18.1

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 23,635 100 459 100 331 100 897 9.5 - 12.8 - 8.4 - 2.8
Less than 50 lbs 14,477 61.3 142 31.1 123 37.1 923 10.5 2.3 8.7 3.2 8.5 1.9 3.8
50 - 99 lbs 3,974 16.8 76 16.7 58 17.6 757 16.2 2.1 13.8 1.4 12.7 1 9.8
100 - 499 lbs 4,962 21 207 45.1 133 40.1 637 12.7 1.7 19.9 2.9 9.8 1.7 15.2
500 - 749 lbs 209 0.9 30 6.6 16 4.8 496 17 0.2 34 1.1 26.5 1.1 42.1
750 - 999 lbs 13 0.1 2 0.5 1 0.4 536 44.4 - 32.4 0.4 47.8 0.4 32.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,333 100 2,806 100 S S 1,143 38.1 - 42.8 - S S 11.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,354 S S S S S S 25.5
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,034 S S S S S S 24.3
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 44 1.9 5 0.2 9 0.4 1,519 37 5.6 17.5 0.9 23.9 1.9 21.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 292 12.5 206 7.3 240 9.5 1,144 27.5 8.6 28 4 27 8.1 8.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 13 0.6 73 2.6 S S S 31.9 6.1 34.5 7 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 1,948 83.5 2,518 89.7 S S 884 45.1 10.6 48.3 4.5 S S 16.5

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S 5,824 S S S S S S 20.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 3,270 S S S S S S 16.9
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,269 S S S S S S 4.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 9,264 S S S S S S 0.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 16 100 S S S S 1,925 2.3 - S S S S 27.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,406 100 1,607 100 231 100 38 11.5 - 33.5 - 18.1 - 17.9
Less than 50 lbs 410 17 32 2 1 0.4 30 19.3 3.2 20.4 1.4 26.2 0.2 18.8
50 - 99 lbs 129 5.4 40 2.5 1 0.3 16 18.6 1.3 33.6 2 41.9 0.4 14.4
100 - 499 lbs 298 12.4 92 5.8 4 1.6 S 24.6 2.3 31.5 3.4 32.6 1.7 S
500 - 749 lbs 60 2.5 15 0.9 1 0.3 54 48.4 1.3 28 0.3 42.7 0.4 35.2
750 - 999 lbs S S 9 0.6 - 0.1 35 S S 36.5 0.7 44.8 0.2 34.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 960 39.9 330 20.5 75 32.6 236 23.5 6.5 35 8.9 31.5 9.7 44
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 382 15.9 541 33.7 112 48.6 201 12.1 3 38.4 7.5 21 9.9 47.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 89 3.7 S S 30 13.1 S 45.8 4.9 S S 48.1 6.5 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.