Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 142,787 100 79,117 100 11,702 100 7.7 - 7 - 9.9 -
Less than 50 miles 47,705 33.4 55,976 70.8 1,140 9.7 7.8 1.4 9.1 2 10.7 1
50 - 99 miles 27,190 19 8,273 10.5 812 6.9 16.4 1.8 10.9 1 10.3 0.9
100 - 249 miles 22,620 15.8 6,940 8.8 1,367 11.7 11.1 1 10 0.9 7.9 1.6
250 - 499 miles 9,756 6.8 2,188 2.8 964 8.2 11.9 0.8 9.4 0.4 10.3 1.1
500 - 749 miles 8,915 6.2 2,284 2.9 1,782 15.2 10.6 0.7 19.5 0.7 19.3 2.3
750 - 999 miles 7,479 5.2 1,520 1.9 1,508 12.9 14.3 0.5 17.8 0.4 17.3 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8,763 6.1 896 1.1 1,277 10.9 15 0.5 17.8 0.3 17.9 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,220 1.6 174 0.2 355 3 12.7 0.2 16.8 - 17.4 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 8,139 5.7 866 1.1 2,498 21.3 12.9 0.7 24.3 0.3 23.9 2.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 115,546 100 76,823 100 10,579 100 8.2 - 7 - 10.2 -
Less than 50 miles 43,590 37.7 54,858 71.4 1,118 10.6 8.7 2 9.2 2.1 10.9 1.2
50 - 99 miles 23,320 20.2 7,991 10.4 782 7.4 18.5 2.2 11.2 1 10.7 1
100 - 249 miles 18,986 16.4 6,770 8.8 1,328 12.6 11.8 1.1 10.2 0.9 8.2 1.7
250 - 499 miles 7,442 6.4 2,023 2.6 879 8.3 16.3 1 8.5 0.4 9.5 1.1
500 - 749 miles 5,804 5 2,067 2.7 1,585 15 12.4 0.7 22 0.7 22.1 2.5
750 - 999 miles 5,279 4.6 1,447 1.9 1,431 13.5 19.1 0.6 18.5 0.4 18.1 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,887 4.2 816 1.1 1,163 11 21.9 0.6 19.9 0.3 19.9 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,441 1.2 147 0.2 299 2.8 12.8 0.2 17.1 - 17.6 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 4,796 4.2 705 0.9 1,994 18.9 23.5 0.9 29.5 0.3 29.3 3.2

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 103,878 100 75,753 100 9,937 100 7.9 - 7.1 - 10 -
Less than 50 miles 41,893 40.3 54,606 72.1 1,115 11.2 6.8 2.1 9.3 2.1 10.8 1.3
50 - 99 miles 22,613 21.8 7,984 10.5 779 7.8 19.3 2.2 11.2 1 10.8 1
100 - 249 miles 15,744 15.2 6,490 8.6 1,264 12.7 8.7 1.1 10.4 1 8 1.7
250 - 499 miles 5,661 5.4 1,925 2.5 828 8.3 8.5 0.6 8.8 0.4 9.6 1.3
500 - 749 miles 5,209 5 1,847 2.4 1,385 13.9 14.5 0.7 23.8 0.7 23.5 2.3
750 - 999 miles 4,819 4.6 1,343 1.8 1,313 13.2 20.2 0.6 18.8 0.4 18.3 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,198 3.1 753 1 1,072 10.8 12.7 0.4 20.2 0.3 20.3 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,300 1.3 141 0.2 290 2.9 13.8 0.2 17.7 - 18.2 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 3,442 3.3 665 0.9 1,890 19 26.6 0.8 27.9 0.3 28 3.2

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 45,002 100 21,237 100 7,092 100 7.6 - 12.5 - 9.4 -
Less than 50 miles 8,777 19.5 8,901 41.9 256 3.6 12.7 1.8 20 4.5 20.3 0.7
50 - 99 miles 6,616 14.7 2,590 12.2 257 3.6 21.9 2.2 19.5 1.8 19.3 0.7
100 - 249 miles 8,718 19.4 4,127 19.4 834 11.8 12.7 1.4 18 2.8 14.7 2
250 - 499 miles 4,285 9.5 1,551 7.3 670 9.4 10.4 1.1 12.8 0.8 13.8 1.6
500 - 749 miles 4,748 10.6 1,570 7.4 1,180 16.6 15.4 1.4 24.1 2.3 23.4 2.8
750 - 999 miles 4,451 9.9 1,203 5.7 1,173 16.5 21.9 2.5 17.9 1.1 17 2.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,831 6.3 601 2.8 858 12.1 13.9 0.7 21.6 1 21.9 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,250 2.8 136 0.6 281 4 14.7 0.7 17.6 0.2 18 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 3,327 7.4 556 2.6 1,584 22.3 28.1 1.6 21.2 0.8 21.4 3.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 58,876 100 54,516 100 2,845 100 13.6 - 8.5 - 18 -
Less than 50 miles 33,116 56.2 45,704 83.8 860 30.2 8.6 3.6 10.2 2.4 10.3 5.6
50 - 99 miles 15,997 27.2 5,393 9.9 522 18.3 27.5 3 9.7 1.4 9.2 2.9
100 - 249 miles 7,026 11.9 2,363 4.3 431 15.1 20.9 1.6 27.3 1.3 25.5 3.4
250 - 499 miles 1,376 2.3 373 0.7 159 5.6 22.5 0.3 13.4 0.2 13.7 1
500 - 749 miles 461 0.8 S S S S 19.7 0.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 368 0.6 141 0.3 140 4.9 19.3 0.2 36.4 0.1 37.5 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 367 0.6 S S S S 26.1 0.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 50 0.1 5 - 9 0.3 42.3 0.1 37.9 - 36.1 0.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 600 100 990 100 501 100 35.4 - 44.5 - 38.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 87 14.6 96 9.7 49 9.8 31.8 16.8 28.5 18.7 28.2 17
500 - 749 miles 111 18.5 S S S S 43.6 12.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 120 19.9 S S 115 23 16.9 20 S S 20.4 18.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 76 12.7 57 5.8 83 16.6 19.8 6.1 11 8.2 8.9 8.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,067 100 S S S S 45.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 707 6.4 7 8.9 2 1.7 31.8 10 49 9.2 35 4.7
100 - 249 miles S S 7 8.2 S S S S 47.6 3.4 S S
250 - 499 miles S S 2 2.9 1 0.8 S S 37.4 4.6 36.8 2
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 341 3.1 3 3.8 3 2 46 1.5 36.9 6 36.4 6.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 6 7.4 8 5.6 S S 27.2 2.9 28.7 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 141 1.3 S S S S 39.3 1.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,348 12.2 S S S S 48.1 5.3 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 25,678 100 1,043 100 1,006 100 8.8 - 23.8 - 28.4 -
Less than 50 miles 3,257 12.7 170 16.3 S S 21 2.5 43 3.1 S S
50 - 99 miles 3,685 14.3 100 9.6 11 1.1 16.3 1.6 37.3 2.6 34.9 0.9
100 - 249 miles 3,469 13.5 108 10.4 26 2.6 11.7 1.2 18.9 1.8 28.6 0.5
250 - 499 miles 2,257 8.8 152 14.6 79 7.8 14.6 0.7 40.8 2.8 45.2 1.1
500 - 749 miles 3,032 11.8 S S S S 16.6 1.7 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 2,155 8.4 69 6.6 73 7.3 11.5 0.8 19.9 2.8 21.7 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,784 14.7 67 6.4 94 9.4 16.3 1.8 18.7 1.2 18.3 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 773 3 27 2.6 54 5.4 14.8 0.5 26.3 0.8 27.1 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 3,266 12.7 153 14.6 478 47.5 15.3 1.4 44.3 3.4 45.6 6.7

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,963 100 537 100 383 100 9.5 - 20.3 - 20.3 -
Less than 50 miles 3,197 12.8 93 17.3 4 1 21.8 2.6 41 2.6 47.9 0.5
50 - 99 miles 3,557 14.3 88 16.5 10 2.7 16.3 1.6 37.1 2.2 34.5 0.9
100 - 249 miles 3,407 13.6 82 15.3 17 4.4 12.4 1.2 18.8 1.6 16.8 0.6
250 - 499 miles 2,214 8.9 64 11.8 29 7.6 15.1 0.8 22.6 1.2 24.5 0.9
500 - 749 miles 2,808 11.3 48 8.9 36 9.3 19.3 1.7 21.7 1.1 20.9 1.5
750 - 999 miles 2,093 8.4 40 7.5 40 10.5 10.5 0.8 16.3 1.1 15.9 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,750 15 59 10.9 79 20.8 16.7 1.8 21 1.5 20.7 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 758 3 15 2.9 30 7.9 14.5 0.5 24.1 0.8 24.3 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 3,178 12.7 48 9 138 35.9 15.6 1.4 31.2 1.5 31.1 3.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 341 100 S S 610 100 45.2 - S S 45.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 34 10.1 S S S S 48.9 6.6 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 37 10.9 28 5.9 33 5.4 26.2 13.9 33.7 15.8 35.2 13.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 12 3.5 11 2.3 23 3.8 41.1 5.1 44.8 5.7 44.4 6.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 373 100 26 100 13 100 40.5 - 25.6 - 40.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 11 43.1 1 9.7 S S 41.9 11.9 37.2 11.6
100 - 249 miles 58 15.5 6 21.9 1 7.7 45.3 16.3 42.9 16.2 48.3 19.3
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,563 100 1,251 100 117 100 13.5 - 30.2 - 23.5 -
Less than 50 miles 857 54.9 948 75.7 12 10.4 24.6 8.3 30.8 5.2 34.5 9.1
50 - 99 miles 186 11.9 S S S S 25.1 4.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 165 10.5 61 4.9 13 11.4 29.3 2.9 38.1 3.1 44.8 2.7
250 - 499 miles 57 3.6 S S S S 36.6 2.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 79 5 S S S S 36.3 3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 45 2.9 4 0.3 4 3.4 48.4 1.5 34.8 0.5 34.1 2.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 92 5.9 13 1.1 20 16.9 26.3 1.2 39 1.1 40.2 6.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6 0.4 S S S S 40.2 0.3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 77 4.9 9 0.7 25 21.8 32.7 1.5 48.3 1.1 49.5 8.4

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.