Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 142,787 100 79,117 100 11,702 100 641 7.7 - 7 - 9.9 - 10.6
Less than 50 lbs 21,693 15.2 320 0.4 195 1.7 853 9.5 0.9 14.6 0.1 22.2 0.3 7.5
50 - 99 lbs 5,543 3.9 269 0.3 100 0.9 379 13.6 0.4 24.1 0.1 24.5 0.2 19.3
100 - 499 lbs 20,314 14.2 1,891 2.4 531 4.5 269 11.4 1.5 13.9 0.4 29.9 1 24.1
500 - 749 lbs 6,891 4.8 971 1.2 284 2.4 289 13.2 0.6 11.6 0.1 36.8 0.7 29.1
750 - 999 lbs 4,659 3.3 909 1.1 151 1.3 169 23.7 0.9 11.8 0.2 29.4 0.3 27.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 40,373 28.3 11,636 14.7 1,769 15.1 141 16.4 2.6 5.9 1.2 16.6 1.7 19.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 36,804 25.8 49,197 62.2 6,128 52.4 122 11 1.8 8.5 1.8 15.3 4.1 20.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,844 3.4 9,089 11.5 762 6.5 83 16.1 0.6 12.5 1 20.3 1.1 26.8
More than 100,000 lbs 1,665 1.2 4,836 6.1 1,782 15.2 447 17.5 0.3 22.1 1.1 19.8 2.6 16.6

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 115,546 100 76,823 100 10,579 100 223 8.2 - 7 - 10.2 - 16.9
Less than 50 lbs 5,605 4.9 106 0.1 24 0.2 315 14.9 0.7 19.2 - 24.5 0.1 14.4
50 - 99 lbs 2,198 1.9 169 0.2 28 0.3 163 20 0.3 35.5 0.1 25.2 0.1 27.9
100 - 499 lbs 14,884 12.9 1,654 2.2 411 3.9 227 12.9 1.6 15.6 0.4 38.1 1.2 29.6
500 - 749 lbs 6,193 5.4 940 1.2 262 2.5 275 14.3 0.8 12.1 0.1 39.5 0.8 30.8
750 - 999 lbs 4,550 3.9 869 1.1 147 1.4 172 24.1 1.1 11.1 0.2 30 0.3 28.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 39,670 34.3 11,426 14.9 1,709 16.2 138 16.6 2.9 5.9 1.2 16.9 1.9 20
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 36,353 31.5 48,438 63.1 6,051 57.2 122 11.2 2.2 8.3 1.8 15.5 4.1 20.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,772 4.1 9,027 11.8 756 7.1 83 16.3 0.7 12.5 1 20.6 1.1 27.2
More than 100,000 lbs 1,322 1.1 4,193 5.5 1,192 11.3 356 21.7 0.4 25.2 1.2 22.4 2.7 34.4

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 103,878 100 75,753 100 9,937 100 194 7.9 - 7.1 - 10 - 19.6
Less than 50 lbs 4,279 4.1 102 0.1 17 0.2 223 13.5 0.6 19.8 - 34.1 0.1 23.7
50 - 99 lbs 1,989 1.9 167 0.2 26 0.3 150 22.1 0.4 36 0.1 27.4 0.1 29.7
100 - 499 lbs 12,584 12.1 1,647 2.2 404 4.1 223 15.1 1.9 15.7 0.4 38.9 1.2 30.3
500 - 749 lbs 5,951 5.7 931 1.2 260 2.6 275 15.4 0.9 12.4 0.1 39.8 0.8 30.8
750 - 999 lbs 4,460 4.3 840 1.1 145 1.5 176 24.8 1.1 11.5 0.2 30.6 0.3 28.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 35,640 34.3 11,253 14.9 1,679 16.9 139 19.5 3.3 6 1.2 17.2 2.1 19.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 33,283 32 48,332 63.8 5,959 60 120 9.9 2.6 8.4 1.7 14.4 4.4 19.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,769 4.6 9,022 11.9 754 7.6 83 16.3 0.9 12.5 1 20.8 1.2 27.3
More than 100,000 lbs 924 0.9 3,459 4.6 695 7 241 36.3 0.4 27.9 1.1 42.4 2.9 25

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 45,002 100 21,237 100 7,092 100 762 7.6 - 12.5 - 9.4 - 10.8
Less than 50 lbs 1,218 2.7 15 0.1 14 0.2 938 22.2 0.5 29.5 - 38.9 0.1 12.7
50 - 99 lbs 607 1.3 16 0.1 19 0.3 1,120 21.3 0.3 21.6 - 28.2 0.1 11.3
100 - 499 lbs 6,896 15.3 391 1.8 343 4.8 854 20.4 2.4 31.9 0.8 46.7 1.6 11.7
500 - 749 lbs 3,798 8.4 311 1.5 229 3.2 701 20.4 1.3 37.9 0.5 46 1.1 14.6
750 - 999 lbs 2,967 6.6 162 0.8 116 1.6 725 36.1 2 23.2 0.3 38.4 0.4 11.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11,603 25.8 2,282 10.7 1,138 16 574 13.7 3.8 12.6 1.5 21.8 2.6 12
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 15,293 34 13,215 62.2 4,014 56.6 286 10 3.6 13.1 3 11.7 5.4 18
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,999 4.4 3,548 16.7 567 8 161 17.5 0.8 15.5 2.1 27 1.6 40.3
More than 100,000 lbs 621 1.4 1,296 6.1 653 9.2 668 42.5 0.6 34.5 1.7 43.5 4.1 23.2

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 58,876 100 54,516 100 2,845 100 46 13.6 - 8.5 - 18 - 7.2
Less than 50 lbs 3,061 5.2 86 0.2 3 0.1 40 15.2 1 20.9 - 22.3 - 13.3
50 - 99 lbs 1,382 2.3 151 0.3 7 0.2 45 25.5 0.9 38.3 0.1 40.2 0.1 20.9
100 - 499 lbs 5,688 9.7 1,256 2.3 62 2.2 49 13.5 2.4 22.1 0.6 20.4 0.7 16.3
500 - 749 lbs 2,153 3.7 620 1.1 31 1.1 50 12.1 0.7 15 0.2 21.2 0.4 8.4
750 - 999 lbs 1,493 2.5 678 1.2 28 1 42 14.5 0.6 14.6 0.3 19.7 0.4 10.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 24,037 40.8 8,970 16.5 541 19 49 23.5 3.7 8.4 1.7 9.8 3.2 9.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 17,990 30.6 35,117 64.4 1,945 68.4 56 21.1 3.5 9.5 2.7 27 5 25.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,770 4.7 5,474 10 187 6.6 35 26.2 1.3 22.8 1.6 28.6 1.7 32.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S 2,163 4 41 1.5 S S S 33.2 1.3 27.6 0.7 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 600 100 990 100 501 100 S 35.4 - 44.5 - 38.4 - S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S - - S S S S S 14.3 - S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 44.9 0.5 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 5 0.5 2 0.5 S S S 36.7 2.2 47.9 1.9 S
More than 100,000 lbs 398 66.3 S S 497 99.3 838 29.7 12.2 S S 38.6 0.5 16.1

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,067 100 S S S S 1,398 45.4 - S S S S 9.2
Less than 50 lbs 1,325 12 4 5.5 7 5 1,422 42.1 11.4 31.2 8.3 31.8 11.2 9.9
50 - 99 lbs 209 1.9 2 2.1 2 1.6 1,368 36.4 1.7 32 2.7 30.2 3.2 15.5
100 - 499 lbs S S 7 8.4 7 4.8 1,031 S S 21.9 8.2 24.2 7.2 15.4
500 - 749 lbs 237 2.1 2 2.4 2 1.2 951 38.3 2.8 41 2.2 44.7 3.9 31.3
750 - 999 lbs 70 0.6 2 2.7 2 1.5 958 32.5 0.7 39.4 2.6 44.9 4.1 14.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 21 26.5 S S 1,488 S S 49.7 7.3 S S 15.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,990 S S S S S S 22.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 25,678 100 1,043 100 1,006 100 980 8.8 - 23.8 - 28.4 - 6.7
Less than 50 lbs 15,777 61.4 200 19.2 168 16.7 1,006 10.1 3.5 22.5 5.7 25.4 6.4 6.2
50 - 99 lbs 3,281 12.8 92 8.9 71 7.1 751 16 1.3 22.9 2.3 29.1 3 10.4
100 - 499 lbs 5,233 20.4 202 19.3 119 11.8 567 19 3 29 5.3 20.4 5.6 13
500 - 749 lbs 669 2.6 21 2 22 2.1 1,042 25.2 0.6 14.8 0.9 38.1 1.4 23.3
750 - 999 lbs 68 0.3 S S S S S 38.1 0.1 S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 83 0.3 S S 8 0.8 S 39.3 0.2 S S 47.9 1.1 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 188 0.7 31 3 28 2.8 1,033 36.7 0.4 43.3 1.3 47.4 1.5 23.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 312 1.2 S S 584 58.1 1,468 46.6 1.6 S S 42 12.9 29.7

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,963 100 537 100 383 100 980 9.5 - 20.3 - 20.3 - 6.7
Less than 50 lbs 15,772 63.2 200 37.2 168 43.9 1,005 10.2 3.6 22.5 5.6 25.4 6.1 6.2
50 - 99 lbs 3,281 13.1 92 17.2 71 18.6 751 16 1.3 22.9 1.3 29.1 2 10.4
100 - 499 lbs 5,198 20.8 201 37.5 119 31 566 19.3 3.1 29.1 3.8 20.7 4.3 13
500 - 749 lbs 646 2.6 21 3.9 21 5.5 1,049 26.5 0.5 15.2 1 38.6 1.4 22.9
750 - 999 lbs 67 0.3 S S S S S 38.3 0.1 S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 341 100 S S 610 100 1,486 45.2 - S S 45.4 - 20.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - S S - - S 47.8 0.4 S S 27.7 0.1 S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 21 6.2 S S S S 1,793 20.6 14 S S S S 29.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 312 91.5 S S 584 95.7 1,468 46.6 5.6 S S 42 5 29.7

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 373 100 26 100 13 100 1,732 40.5 - 25.6 - 40.4 - 27.5
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5,125 S S S S S S 32.7
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S - 0.9 S S 1,860 S S 39.8 2.4 S S 30.6
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs 1 0.3 - 0.4 S S S 44.1 0.4 39.2 0.3 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 75 20.1 6 24.3 S S S 35.9 18.4 39.7 17.8 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 167 44.7 15 59.5 5 40.9 365 39.6 10.8 24 8.7 40.5 12.8 19.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,563 100 1,251 100 117 100 S 13.5 - 30.2 - 23.5 - S
Less than 50 lbs 312 19.9 14 1.1 S S S 26.6 5.8 30.3 1 S S S
50 - 99 lbs 64 4.1 8 0.6 S S S 26.9 1.3 26.7 0.7 S S S
100 - 499 lbs 198 12.7 35 2.8 1 1.1 S 41 3.2 35.3 2.2 44.6 0.6 S
500 - 749 lbs 29 1.8 10 0.8 S S 36 28.7 0.7 22.8 1.2 S S 25.4
750 - 999 lbs S S 17 1.4 - 0.3 S S S 38.3 1.3 41.8 0.2 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 620 39.7 201 16.1 52 44.3 298 19.9 5.7 31.3 8 31.1 10.5 31.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 263 16.8 727 58.1 49 42.1 S 25.7 4.7 48.1 10.1 35.6 9 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 59 4.7 S S S S S 28.8 12.5 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.