Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 34,757 100 25,679 100 4,422 100 15.2 - 18.3 - 18.9 -
Less than 50 miles 10,833 31.2 14,928 58.1 257 5.8 13.4 4 18.2 2.9 23.2 1.3
50 - 99 miles 2,492 7.2 4,182 16.3 413 9.3 13.1 2.1 42.2 3.7 39.7 3.7
100 - 249 miles 6,727 19.4 2,804 10.9 577 13.1 16.4 2 22.3 2.3 24.7 3.7
250 - 499 miles S S 1,881 7.3 879 19.9 S S 40.1 1.7 45.8 4.1
500 - 749 miles 2,431 7 S S S S 27.1 1.6 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1,297 3.7 262 1 274 6.2 32.1 0.9 20.4 0.3 20.7 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,350 3.9 208 0.8 308 7 39.1 1 23 0.4 24.8 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,986 5.7 246 1 718 16.2 38.9 1.7 25.2 0.8 26.2 3.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 29,235 100 23,453 100 3,688 100 18.1 - 18.8 - 19.8 -
Less than 50 miles 10,094 34.5 14,442 61.6 240 6.5 14.2 5.1 18.7 4.1 24.6 1.6
50 - 99 miles 1,901 6.5 3,797 16.2 323 8.8 10.2 1.5 46.8 4 46.3 3.1
100 - 249 miles 4,904 16.8 1,697 7.2 337 9.2 23 2.1 18.9 1.3 17.6 2.6
250 - 499 miles S S 1,849 7.9 861 23.4 S S 40.7 1.7 46.7 4.9
500 - 749 miles 2,084 7.1 S S S S 29.6 2.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 886 3 219 0.9 229 6.2 30.4 0.6 20.4 0.3 21.1 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 984 3.4 166 0.7 234 6.3 49.3 1.1 19.2 0.4 20 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,495 5.1 186 0.8 538 14.6 42.3 1.7 26.5 0.7 27.5 4.2

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 23,000 100 17,283 100 2,331 100 21 - 20.5 - 12.5 -
Less than 50 miles 7,423 32.3 10,205 59 219 9.4 12 4.2 18.5 4.8 27.7 1.2
50 - 99 miles 1,891 8.2 3,773 21.8 321 13.8 10.4 2.1 47.2 5.4 46.7 3.6
100 - 249 miles 4,740 20.6 1,317 7.6 255 10.9 24.2 2.4 14 1.3 13.8 1.3
250 - 499 miles S S 1,123 6.5 467 20.1 S S 23.7 1 18.8 1.9
500 - 749 miles 1,422 6.2 388 2.2 292 12.5 34.2 1.4 15.1 0.5 14.9 2.2
750 - 999 miles 524 2.3 195 1.1 199 8.5 33 0.7 24.9 0.3 26.5 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 534 2.3 135 0.8 182 7.8 26.5 0.6 18.6 0.2 17.5 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 89 0.4 20 0.1 40 1.7 39 0.3 47.3 0.1 48.7 1
More than 2,000 miles 758 3.3 127 0.7 355 15.2 29.7 1.2 18.4 0.3 18.6 3.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 16,642 100 7,771 100 1,916 100 30.1 - 39.7 - 14.4 -
Less than 50 miles 3,040 18.3 3,124 40.2 S S 24.3 4 47.8 3.8 S S
50 - 99 miles 976 5.9 S S S S 27.6 1.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,979 23.9 892 11.5 171 8.9 29 2.8 14.3 3.2 13.5 1
250 - 499 miles S S 963 12.4 403 21 S S 28.3 2.1 22.3 2.1
500 - 749 miles 1,422 8.5 388 5 292 15.3 34.2 2.6 15.1 1.6 14.9 3.1
750 - 999 miles 523 3.1 195 2.5 199 10.4 33 1.8 24.9 1.1 26.5 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 534 3.2 135 1.7 182 9.5 26.5 1 18.6 0.6 17.5 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 89 0.5 20 0.3 40 2.1 39 0.8 47.3 0.3 48.7 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 758 4.6 127 1.6 355 18.5 29.7 1.8 18.4 0.6 18.6 3.6

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,358 100 9,512 100 415 100 13.6 - 11.3 - 18.2 -
Less than 50 miles 4,383 68.9 7,080 74.4 118 28.6 16.4 4.9 13.5 6.6 10.9 5.2
50 - 99 miles 916 14.4 1,846 19.4 147 35.5 23.2 3 46.2 6.1 40.6 6.6
100 - 249 miles 760 12 425 4.5 84 20.3 18.9 2.4 27.6 0.9 28.7 3.2
250 - 499 miles 299 4.7 160 1.7 65 15.6 19 1.2 15.3 0.4 15.3 3.3
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 501 100 468 100 S S 27 - 48.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S 97 19.3 3 0.7 S S 36.4 16.1 39 5.9
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 39 7.8 19 4.1 S S 37.2 3.2 31.9 3.8
500 - 749 miles 141 8.6 77 15.3 70 15 47.3 19.6 23.5 16.1 23.8 15.5
750 - 999 miles S S 24 4.8 S S S S 33.6 17.6 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 845 100 1,269 100 834 100 10.2 - 10.4 - 12.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,014 100 3 100 4 100 29 - 27 - 32.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 2 0.2 S S S S 32 0.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 52 5.2 - 7.8 - 2.1 38.5 9.6 30.5 5.7 31.4 4
250 - 499 miles 216 21.3 - 15.4 - 4.8 34.5 4.7 33.2 7.8 32.9 7.7
500 - 749 miles 69 6.8 - 8.5 - 4.9 42.9 4.7 34.9 4.7 35.9 2.5
750 - 999 miles 280 27.6 1 23.1 1 17.1 43.1 8.4 45.3 6.4 46.2 5.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 131 12.9 - 13.6 1 13.4 42.4 3.8 40.1 6 40.6 6.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S - 6.3 S S S S 48.6 5
More than 2,000 miles 153 15.1 1 23.3 2 50.7 43.4 6.6 47.6 6 48.1 9

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,727 100 4,395 100 S S 44.6 - 45.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles 2,633 96.6 4,139 94.2 S S 45.2 1.7 46.4 2.5 S S
50 - 99 miles - - 21 0.5 S S 9.7 - 12.2 0.7 S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,031 100 2,118 100 681 100 16.3 - 45.8 - 35 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 582 11.6 S S S S 41.1 4.8 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,535 30.5 1,070 50.5 229 33.7 25.8 6 46.7 10.3 47.7 11
250 - 499 miles 496 9.9 30 1.4 17 2.4 19.7 3.3 34.2 2.9 40 2.8
500 - 749 miles 313 6.2 S S S S 30.6 2.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 362 7.2 S S S S 45.4 2.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 364 7.2 S S S S 29.9 1.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 487 9.7 S S S S 33.3 2.2 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,218 100 129 100 75 100 22.5 - 29.6 - 46.3 -
Less than 50 miles 238 7.4 16 12.1 1 0.7 14.2 2.8 27.9 6.4 23.7 0.4
50 - 99 miles 323 10 17 13.1 2 2.3 25.5 2.5 35.9 2.6 38.5 0.7
100 - 249 miles 795 24.7 41 31.9 9 12.1 26 4.6 34.4 6 36.4 5.7
250 - 499 miles 477 14.8 20 15.4 8 10.2 20.2 2.7 32.7 2.2 31.9 3.3
500 - 749 miles 224 7 S S S S 31.9 1.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 286 8.9 S S S S 35 1.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 288 9 S S S S 32.5 1.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 342 10.6 S S S S 37.2 2.1 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 391 100 192 100 S S 45.2 - 45.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 55 28.6 50 17.2 S S 47.1 16.2 44 16.2
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 143 36.5 S S S S 47.2 15.6 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 1,478 100 S S S S 48 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S 154 60 S S S S 47.3 19.2
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 491 100 S S 53 100 44.8 - S S 46.8 -
Less than 50 miles 91 18.5 S S S S 42.6 7.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 34 6.9 S S S S 32.5 14.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1 0.1 - 0.2 - 0.8 1.1 10.9 20.8 1.4 4.6 2
More than 2,000 miles 5 1 3 2.3 S S 27.2 7.7 41.2 11.5 S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.