Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 34,757 100 25,679 100 4,422 100 281 15.2 - 18.3 - 18.9 - 24.5
Less than 50 lbs 3,083 8.9 92 0.4 S S 320 20.7 2 23.5 0.1 S S 28.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,294 3.7 64 0.3 15 0.3 236 26.7 0.6 16.2 0.1 22.9 0.1 12.4
100 - 499 lbs 3,889 11.2 291 1.1 55 1.2 194 16 1.6 15.9 0.6 17.2 0.4 32.5
500 - 749 lbs 1,577 4.5 272 1.1 18 0.4 S 24.4 0.8 36.9 0.3 24.1 0.2 S
750 - 999 lbs 668 1.9 202 0.8 12 0.3 S 24.2 0.3 32.8 0.2 15 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,097 20.4 2,099 8.2 S S S 35.4 4.6 24 3.3 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 11,491 33.1 11,124 43.3 2,053 46.4 189 32.2 5.3 12.4 5 15.8 6.1 16.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 759 2.2 S S S S 96 42.6 1.4 S S S S 25.1
More than 100,000 lbs 4,899 14.1 7,975 31.1 1,451 32.8 S 42 6.7 39.5 8.2 45.2 8 S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 29,235 100 23,453 100 3,688 100 126 18.1 - 18.8 - 19.8 - 15.4
Less than 50 lbs 1,276 4.4 28 0.1 3 0.1 156 26.8 0.8 15.8 - 11.6 - 18.5
50 - 99 lbs 708 2.4 32 0.1 3 0.1 108 36.8 0.6 13.9 0.1 23.2 - 16
100 - 499 lbs 3,150 10.8 257 1.1 30 0.8 S 16.4 1.7 16.7 0.5 16.2 0.3 S
500 - 749 lbs 1,439 4.9 268 1.1 12 0.3 S 27.8 1.1 37 0.3 15.6 0.1 S
750 - 999 lbs 657 2.2 202 0.9 12 0.3 S 25.1 0.4 32.8 0.2 15 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,678 22.8 2,081 8.9 S S S 32.4 4.8 24.2 3.2 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 11,167 38.2 10,932 46.6 1,804 48.9 171 33.2 5.4 12.3 5.2 10.1 7.2 15.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 417 1.4 S S S S 96 29.2 0.6 S S S S 25.2
More than 100,000 lbs 3,744 12.8 6,110 26.1 S S S 45.2 6.1 44.9 7.5 S S S

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 23,000 100 17,283 100 2,331 100 82 21 - 20.5 - 12.5 - 19
Less than 50 lbs 706 3.1 27 0.2 2 0.1 56 28.3 0.8 17.2 - 22.7 - 15.3
50 - 99 lbs 566 2.5 32 0.2 3 0.1 95 46.2 0.9 14.6 0.1 29.7 - 21.9
100 - 499 lbs 2,891 12.6 256 1.5 29 1.3 S 16.2 1.4 16.8 0.6 16.4 0.3 S
500 - 749 lbs 1,420 6.2 268 1.6 12 0.5 S 28.7 1.1 37 0.5 16.2 0.1 S
750 - 999 lbs 652 2.8 202 1.2 12 0.5 S 25.1 0.5 32.8 0.4 16 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,182 22.5 1,974 11.4 171 7.3 76 16.1 3.3 26.1 2.9 12.9 1.3 21.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 11,087 48.2 10,862 62.8 1,738 74.6 167 33.5 4.7 12.4 4.6 9.1 4.9 14.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 389 1.7 S S S S 96 31.3 0.6 S S S S 28.7
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 21 0.9 S S S S S 37.9 1 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 16,642 100 7,771 100 1,916 100 243 30.1 - 39.7 - 14.4 - 38.8
Less than 50 lbs S S 9 0.1 1 0.1 S S S 35.9 0.1 31.4 - S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S 2 0.1 287 S S S S 40.2 - 49.9
100 - 499 lbs 1,930 11.6 39 0.5 22 1.2 550 24 1.8 15 0.1 22.1 0.3 24.9
500 - 749 lbs 1,015 6.1 12 0.1 7 0.4 583 40.4 1.7 19.5 0.1 19.3 0.1 22.1
750 - 999 lbs 322 1.9 8 0.1 8 0.4 990 42.5 0.6 15.4 - 20.3 0.1 12.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,055 18.4 255 3.3 118 6.2 566 31 3.9 24.8 2.4 16 1.2 12.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9,282 55.8 4,539 58.4 1,424 74.3 351 40.4 5.7 15 8.9 9.9 5.9 10.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 242 1.5 S S S S S 43.9 0.8 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 17 0.9 S S S S S 49.1 1.5 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,358 100 9,512 100 415 100 31 13.6 - 11.3 - 18.2 - 17.8
Less than 50 lbs 313 4.9 17 0.2 1 0.2 37 26.4 0.9 24.5 0.1 22.8 0.1 15.2
50 - 99 lbs 199 3.1 24 0.3 1 0.2 33 32.9 1.1 19.7 0.1 23.2 0.1 14
100 - 499 lbs 961 15.1 217 2.3 7 1.7 31 16.7 2.4 18.8 0.9 14.9 0.6 25.8
500 - 749 lbs 406 6.4 257 2.7 5 1.2 19 24.5 1.3 38.9 0.8 24.4 0.3 49.8
750 - 999 lbs 330 5.2 193 2 4 0.9 19 30.2 1.3 34.1 0.6 20.9 0.2 48.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,126 33.4 1,720 18.1 53 12.9 28 20.3 3.2 30.1 3.7 22.6 2.9 32.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,804 28.4 6,322 66.5 314 75.7 48 17.9 3.1 15 4.7 24.9 4.1 11.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 147 2.3 673 7.1 27 6.4 40 21.4 0.9 24.4 2.9 11.9 1.2 23.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 501 100 468 100 1,983 S S 27 - 48.2 - 21.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 56 11.1 S S S S S 42.4 8.3 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S 339 67.6 S S 555 S S 30.9 10.9 S S 22.6

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S 519 S S S S S S 43.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 845 99.7 1,269 99.9 834 100 667 10.2 0.3 10.4 0.1 12.7 - 18.4

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 845 100 1,269 100 834 100 667 10.2 - 10.4 - 12.7 - 18.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 845 100 1,269 100 834 100 667 10.2 - 10.4 - 12.7 - 18.4

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,014 100 3 100 4 100 1,295 29 - 27 - 32.7 - 8.5
Less than 50 lbs 570 56.2 1 48.3 2 44.5 1,308 30.2 11.1 23.8 8 24.9 8.7 9.6
50 - 99 lbs 142 14 - 11.9 - 10.5 1,141 45.5 4.1 30.4 4.8 33.9 6.1 19.1
100 - 499 lbs 259 25.5 1 22.1 1 13.7 896 37.8 10.1 36.3 6.3 38.2 5.6 49.6
500 - 749 lbs S S - 2.2 S S 2,025 S S 41.1 13.8 S S 39.5
750 - 999 lbs S S - 7.1 S S 1,795 S S 41.6 12.7 S S 39.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S - 8.3 S S 2,697 S S 38.3 13.4 S S 25.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,727 100 4,395 100 S S S 44.6 - 45.4 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9 0.3 13 0.3 S S S 46.4 0.2 44.5 0.1 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 28 1 38 0.9 S S S 37.2 0.6 34.4 0.5 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 2,689 98.6 4,344 98.8 S S S 44.7 0.4 45.4 0.3 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,031 100 2,118 100 681 100 366 16.3 - 45.8 - 35 - 27.5
Less than 50 lbs 1,769 35.2 62 2.9 S S 361 25.3 7.1 31.4 10.4 S S 28.8
50 - 99 lbs 580 11.5 32 1.5 11 1.7 351 28 2.6 32.8 3.5 30.2 4 36.1
100 - 499 lbs 724 14.4 31 1.5 22 3.3 528 32.3 3.3 28.8 3.9 38.4 5.6 22.2
500 - 749 lbs S S 4 0.2 S S 1,556 S S 44.4 0.9 S S 19.8
750 - 999 lbs S S - - S S 203 S S 46 - S S 36.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,917 S S S S S S 16.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 1,842 87 S S 457 S S 44.2 16.4 S S 39.7

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,218 100 129 100 75 100 365 22.5 - 29.6 - 46.3 - 27.4
Less than 50 lbs 1,769 55 62 48.2 S S 361 25.3 5.6 31.4 6.6 S S 28.8
50 - 99 lbs 580 18 32 24.7 11 15.2 351 28 2.6 32.8 3.9 30.2 4.9 36.1
100 - 499 lbs 724 22.5 31 24.1 22 29.5 528 32.3 5.7 28.8 4.8 38.4 4.5 22.2
500 - 749 lbs S S 4 2.9 S S 1,530 S S 44.7 5.5 S S 23.5
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 391 100 192 100 S S 1,817 45.2 - 45.8 - S S 23.6
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,918 S S S S S S 44.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 674 S S S S S S 36.4

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs 3 0.8 - 0.3 S S S 23.7 15.3 28.5 1.4 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 191 S S S S S S 41.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,879 S S S S S S 22
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 1,478 100 S S 172 S S 48 - S S 15.6
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S 1,478 100 S S 172 S S 48 - S S 15.6

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 491 100 S S 53 100 S 44.8 - S S 46.8 - S
Less than 50 lbs 38 7.7 2 1.8 - 0.1 13 25.5 5.6 29.5 1.9 32.6 0.1 35.9
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 16 3.2 3 3.1 S S 1,088 25.4 5.5 33.4 4.8 S S 40.7
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 49.2
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 7 6 6 11.3 1,024 S S 31.5 17.7 36.6 19.1 22.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 20 38.1 S S S S S 37.4 19.8 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.