Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 34,757 100 25,679 100 4,422 100 281 15.2 - 18.3 - 18.9 - 24.5
Single modes 29,235 84.1 23,453 91.3 3,688 83.4 126 18.1 3.3 18.8 2.9 19.8 5.1 15.4
Truck5 23,000 66.2 17,283 67.3 2,331 52.7 82 21 6.8 20.5 7.9 12.5 9.4 19
For-hire truck 16,642 47.9 7,771 30.3 1,916 43.3 243 30.1 7 39.7 6.2 14.4 8.7 38.8
Private truck 6,358 18.3 9,512 37 415 9.4 31 13.6 4.8 11.3 4.9 18.2 1.4 17.8
Rail S S 501 2 468 10.6 1,983 S S 27 1.8 48.2 6.6 21.7
Water S S S S S S 519 S S S S S S 43.5
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft 845 2.4 1,269 4.9 S S 667 10.2 9.9 10.4 10.1 S S 18.4
Air (incl truck and air) 1,014 2.9 3 - 4 0.1 1,295 29 0.7 27 - 32.7 - 8.5
Pipeline6 2,727 7.8 4,395 17.1 S S S 44.6 3.5 45.4 5.5 S S S
Multiple modes 5,031 14.5 2,118 8.2 681 15.4 366 16.3 3.1 45.8 2.9 35 5.1 27.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,218 9.3 129 0.5 75 1.7 365 22.5 2.3 29.6 0.1 46.3 1.1 27.4
Truck and rail 391 1.1 192 0.7 S S 1,817 45.2 0.6 45.8 0.4 S S 23.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S 1,478 5.8 S S 172 S S 48 9.2 S S 15.6
Other and unknown modes 491 1.4 S S 53 1.2 S 44.8 0.5 S S 46.8 0.8 S

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 150 S S S S S S 26.8
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 33.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 178 S S S S S S -
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 178 S S S S S S -

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 66 100 S S S S S 40.4 - S S S S S
Single modes 66 100 S S S S S 40.4 - S S S S S
Truck5 66 100 S S S S S 40.4 - S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 146 100 666 100 27 100 S 35.5 - 38.5 - 33.1 - S
Single modes 146 100 666 100 27 100 S 35.5 - 38.5 - 33.1 - S
Truck5 146 100 666 100 27 100 S 35.5 - 38.5 - 33.1 - S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 156 S S S S S S 36
Private truck 121 82.9 573 86.2 S S 23 8.8 8 6.7 5.9 S S 9.3

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,482 100 805 100 317 100 225 19.6 - 16.7 - 17.5 - 33.1
Single modes 1,361 91.8 737 91.6 299 94.1 223 20.4 5.3 16.4 4.8 18.4 4.6 33.5
Truck5 1,358 91.6 736 91.4 295 92.9 222 20.4 5.3 16.4 4.8 18.7 4.8 33.8
For-hire truck 818 55.2 480 59.6 240 75.6 520 22.3 7.2 20.6 7.8 21.6 7.3 12.7
Private truck 540 36.5 256 31.8 55 17.3 S 23.2 4 18.7 4.1 15.6 3.7 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 15 4.6 S S S S S 43.5 12.4 S

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 726 100 454 100 176 100 S 34.4 - 42.1 - 30.5 - S
Single modes 679 93.4 431 94.8 152 86.2 S 37.7 7.5 45 7.1 32.9 7.4 S
Truck5 679 93.4 431 94.8 152 86.2 S 37.7 7.5 45 7.1 32.9 7.4 S
For-hire truck 289 39.7 173 38.1 141 79.8 766 27.4 14.2 30.5 15.5 32.3 8.5 19.4
Private truck 390 53.7 S S 11 6.4 S 43.5 13.4 S S 40.8 18.1 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 307 100 S S S S 47 41.5 - S S S S 25.2
Single modes 307 100 S S S S 47 41.5 - S S S S 25.2
Truck5 307 100 S S S S 47 41.5 - S S S S 25.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 221 72 144 69.6 S S 23 31.7 12.8 45.3 13.5 S S 22.1

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 7 100 1,186 100 51 100 42 38 - 39.8 - 33.4 - 21.6
Single modes 7 100 1,186 100 51 100 42 38 - 39.8 - 33.4 - 21.6
Truck5 7 100 1,186 100 51 100 42 38 - 39.8 - 33.4 - 21.6
For-hire truck 2 28.1 312 26.4 S S 65 31.9 7.1 36.6 10.9 S S 21.3
Private truck 5 71.9 873 73.6 30 59.2 33 34.6 7.7 39.9 10.1 28.2 12 29.9

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 18 100 1,178 100 22 100 18 35.1 - 28.7 - 29.6 - 10.7
Single modes 18 100 1,178 100 22 100 18 35.1 - 28.7 - 29.6 - 10.7
Truck5 18 100 1,178 100 22 100 18 35.1 - 28.7 - 29.6 - 10.7
For-hire truck 4 23.4 383 32.5 9 41 24 30.7 13.3 43.2 12.4 40.3 13.2 12.4
Private truck 14 76.6 796 67.5 13 59 16 38.5 9.9 23.4 9.8 31.8 12.2 16

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 7.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 34 100 108 100 65 100 614 26.4 - 26.2 - 27.8 - 19.1
Single modes 34 99.8 108 99.9 65 100 618 26.5 0.2 26.2 0.1 27.8 - 19
Truck5 33 98.4 101 93.2 65 99.2 626 26.4 0.6 25.7 3.1 28 0.3 19.1
For-hire truck 25 73.7 72 66.8 57 86.9 764 29.3 10.6 28.6 10.9 27.4 5.2 25.5
Private truck S S 28 26.3 S S 283 S S 40.6 11.3 S S 23.9
Rail - 1.4 7 6.7 - 0.8 68 0.8 1.2 0.8 5.5 0.8 0.7 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,400 100 3,193 100 S S 14 42.9 - 43 - S S 28.8
Single modes 1,849 77 2,559 80.1 S S 14 48.8 9.5 49.5 8.9 S S 21.6
Truck5 S S S S S S 14 S S S S S S 24.4
Private truck S S S S S S 14 S S S S S S 24.4
Pipeline6 1,637 68.2 2,321 72.7 S S S 48 10.6 48.9 9.7 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,519 100 4,130 100 S S S 35.7 - 35.1 - S S S
Single modes 2,389 94.9 3,791 91.8 S S S 37.2 3.5 37.5 5.2 S S S
Truck5 1,106 43.9 1,671 40.5 S S S 39.6 16.8 42.4 17.7 S S S
Private truck 1,106 43.9 1,671 40.5 S S S 39.6 16.8 42.4 17.7 S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,353 100 2,281 100 S S S 45 - 33.9 - S S S
Single modes S S 1,825 80 S S S S S 37.7 9.8 S S S
Truck5 366 27 748 32.8 S S S 42 18.2 32.4 17.3 S S S
For-hire truck S S 95 4.2 2 0.2 149 S S 36.8 14.2 46.5 13.8 44.3
Private truck 352 26 653 28.6 S S S 44 16.9 35.8 14.7 S S S
Rail S S 69 3 S S S S S 44.4 7.7 S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 501 S S S S S S 29.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 244 S S S S S S -

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 547 100 513 100 156 100 S 25.3 - 32.2 - 25.1 - S
Single modes 480 87.7 491 95.7 133 85.3 S 27.8 7.1 34.5 7.2 27.3 7.8 S
Truck5 401 73.2 185 36 59 37.8 S 25.1 9.1 33.5 14.1 31.8 14.6 S
For-hire truck 273 49.9 47 9.2 36 23.3 405 33.7 12 41.4 17.3 42.5 17.3 30
Private truck 127 23.3 138 26.9 23 14.5 S 36.5 18.6 43.2 12.4 45.5 14 S
Rail S S 88 17.2 S S 755 S S 29.5 14.6 S S 34.6
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,467 S S S S S S 41
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 10,088 100 74 100 42 100 1,077 47 - 29.7 - 42.2 - 17.5
Single modes S S 64 86.5 29 70.2 1,188 S S 30.4 6 45.3 8.8 18.5
Truck5 S S 62 84.3 28 66 504 S S 30.7 6.4 47.2 9.2 21
For-hire truck S S 58 79.3 28 65.9 589 S S 32.5 7.4 46.1 9.5 15.5
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 667 6.6 2 2.1 2 4.2 1,299 29.2 2.6 26.4 1.1 32.6 5.2 16.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 983 S S S S S S 14.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 983 S S S S S S 14.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 817 S S S S S S 17.6

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 18 100 98 100 S S 184 22.6 - 35.7 - S S 32.1
Single modes 18 99.6 97 98.9 S S 184 22.5 0.2 35.1 0.5 S S 32.6
Truck5 17 94.9 86 87.5 S S 161 22.7 2.2 35 4.3 S S 33.8
For-hire truck 5 30.5 S S S S 366 48.9 16.9 S S S S 22.9
Private truck 11 64.4 36 37 S S 46 33.1 14.4 37.1 18.2 S S 21.2
Rail 1 4.7 11 11.3 16 36.8 1,452 24.7 3.7 29.5 6.2 36.6 17.4 14.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 135 S S S S S S 21.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 771 100 S S 258 100 195 28.7 - S S 29.1 - 40.8
Single modes 739 95.8 S S 248 96.4 194 30.1 3.1 S S 31.3 10 42.6
Truck5 739 95.8 S S 248 96.4 194 30.1 3.1 S S 31.3 10 42.6
For-hire truck 596 77.2 S S 230 89.3 288 31.6 7.6 S S 25.9 4.9 43.5
Private truck 143 18.6 S S S S 111 41.6 14.3 S S S S 30.6
Multiple modes 32 4.2 S S S S S 49.7 6.3 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S - - - - 7 S S 20.3 - 22.6 - 9.8

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,215 100 529 100 346 100 474 16.3 - 14.9 - 14.4 - 25.2
Single modes 1,837 82.9 516 97.7 337 97.4 409 18.2 4.6 15 0.8 14.6 0.8 23.6
Truck5 1,698 76.6 509 96.2 319 92.1 397 15.6 5 15.2 1.4 14.5 2.8 24.5
For-hire truck 1,322 59.7 481 90.9 316 91.4 843 16 6 16 3 14.6 2.8 8.7
Private truck 377 17 28 5.3 3 0.8 67 27.7 4.3 19.2 2.1 21 0.4 18.1
Rail 16 0.7 S S 17 5 1,925 42.5 1.5 S S 46 5 37.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.1 1 0.2 1,222 S S 42.3 0.1 45 0.1 41.4
Multiple modes 364 16.4 10 1.9 8 2.2 543 33.7 4.7 21.1 0.9 39.3 0.8 23.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 357 16.1 9 1.6 4 1.3 543 34.3 4.8 26.6 0.9 29 0.6 23
Truck and water 7 0.3 S S S S S 44.8 2.6 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 377 100 550 100 49 100 70 33.7 - 37.6 - 46.6 - 12.1
Single modes 377 99.9 550 100 49 100 69 33.7 0.1 37.6 - 46.6 - 11
Truck5 377 99.9 550 100 49 100 69 33.7 0.1 37.6 - 46.6 - 11
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 366 97 451 81.9 S S 68 34.7 2.2 32.3 6.5 S S 11.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 329 100 153 100 131 100 337 29.1 - 38.6 - 44.9 - 22.2
Single modes 306 93.1 141 92.1 S S 318 30.2 9.2 40 10.8 S S 18.7
Truck5 306 93.1 141 92.1 S S 318 30.2 9.2 40 10.8 S S 18.7
For-hire truck 223 67.7 96 62.8 S S 562 34 11.9 49.4 13.1 S S 18.4
Private truck 84 25.4 45 29.4 12 8.8 145 42.1 9.2 44 10.8 41.9 3.4 33.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 181 S S S S S S 44.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 5 1.5 2 1.3 4 3.1 2,130 36.2 1.3 41 1.1 48.9 3 22.6

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 43 100 S S S S S 35.3 - S S S
Single modes 94 33.6 25 58.1 S S S 27.3 15.9 25.3 15 S S S
Truck5 93 33.3 25 58 S S 20 27.3 15.7 25.2 15 S S 22.4
For-hire truck 24 8.7 20 47.3 S S S 20.5 17 23 19.8 S S S
Private truck 69 24.6 5 10.7 S S 15 40 12 49.1 15.6 S S 20
Air (incl truck and air) 1 0.3 - 0.1 - 0.4 2,375 15.3 3.1 22.4 0.4 15.6 1 40.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 661 100 79 100 46 100 744 30.8 - 44.3 - 47.6 - 17.3
Single modes 564 85.4 75 95.7 44 96.7 393 33.4 9.2 47.1 10.1 49.6 10.3 48.2
Truck5 521 78.8 75 95.6 44 96.4 S 35.2 9.6 47.2 10.5 49.8 11.2 S
For-hire truck 442 66.9 69 87.6 43 94.7 549 42.1 13.7 49.8 15.3 49.2 14.6 45.7
Private truck S S 6 8 S S 89 S S 31.2 16.8 S S 22.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 93 14.1 3 3.3 S S 770 40.9 10.2 49.1 8.6 S S 23.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 89 13.5 S S S S 770 42.3 11.4 S S S S 24.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 45.3

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 318 100 1,648 100 126 100 371 35 - 32.1 - 34.7 - 30.1
Single modes 254 80 1,608 97.6 115 90.8 S 39.8 9.5 31.9 1.1 35.8 6.7 S
Truck5 238 74.9 1,523 92.4 89 70.2 S 41.3 9.2 33.2 5.5 34 8 S
For-hire truck S S 324 19.7 51 40.1 S S S 32.8 12.5 35.6 9.1 S
Private truck 101 31.9 1,199 72.8 38 30.1 26 30.3 8.3 34 13.1 41.3 9 41.5
Rail 16 5.2 85 5.2 S S S 28.5 10.5 28.7 12 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 63 19.8 S S 12 9.2 612 33.6 11.6 S S 45.9 8.4 16.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 56 17.5 2 0.1 2 1.4 613 34.3 16.1 42.1 1.4 47.7 12.6 17.6
Truck and rail 7 2.3 37 2.3 10 7.8 267 30.9 4.2 31.4 3.6 31.3 5.1 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - S S S S S 39 0.2 S

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 307 100 S S S S S 37.5 - S S S S S
Single modes 303 98.8 S S S S S 33.8 0.4 S S S S S
Truck5 302 98.3 S S S S S 34 0.9 S S S S S
For-hire truck 180 58.6 S S S S S 29.9 11.6 S S S S S
Private truck 122 39.7 S S S S 41 44.1 13 S S S S 23.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 679 S S S S S S 23.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 679 S S S S S S 23.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 735 100 397 100 116 100 273 20.9 - 37.2 - 41 - 36.3
Single modes 681 92.6 396 99.6 116 99.3 S 22.4 3 37.4 0.5 41.3 1.4 S
Truck5 680 92.4 396 99.6 116 99.3 S 22.4 3 37.4 0.5 41.3 1.4 S
For-hire truck 438 59.5 306 76.9 110 94.3 798 19.1 6.8 40.1 7.4 42 2.1 18.1
Private truck 242 32.9 90 22.7 6 5 53 43.9 7 33.3 7.5 41.5 1.4 29.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,687 S S S S S S 46
Multiple modes 50 6.8 1 0.3 1 0.6 627 35.2 3 44.6 0.4 38.4 1.4 19
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 50 6.8 1 0.3 1 0.6 627 35.2 3 44.6 0.4 38.4 1.4 19
Other and unknown modes 5 0.7 - - S S S 38.2 0.6 37.8 0.1 S S S

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S 13 100 S S S S S 44.9 - S
Single modes 221 37.5 S S 9 73.4 S 32.6 17.6 S S 49.9 10.5 S
Truck5 214 36.5 S S 9 73.2 S 33.2 17.2 S S 49.9 10.5 S
For-hire truck 56 9.6 S S S S 809 48.6 16.8 S S S S 24.6
Private truck 158 26.9 S S S S 21 47.6 16.5 S S S S 19.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,189 S S S S S S 21.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 24 4.1 S S - 0.2 S 35.1 7.1 S S 30.7 0.4 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 30.1

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 576 100 S S 8 100 S 25 - S S 46.5 - S
Single modes 364 63.2 S S S S S 35.5 7.5 S S S S S
Truck5 285 49.4 S S S S S 45.6 9.4 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 608 S S S S S S 31.2
Private truck S S S S S S 23 S S S S S S 30.3
Air (incl truck and air) 79 13.8 - 0.9 S S 1,113 38.4 4.9 43.6 7.6 S S 20.3
Multiple modes 188 32.6 1 2.2 1 7.9 298 33.1 7.7 35.5 6.3 48.3 9.7 42.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 186 32.3 1 2.2 1 6.4 294 33.1 7.7 35 6.3 41.3 9.7 43.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 24 4.2 S S S S S 16.6 8.6 S S S S S

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 68 S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 5 0.2 - - - - 724 28 13 48.5 2.1 3.8 14.3 7.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 25 0.8 - 0.1 - - S 31.9 7.1 36.6 1.5 34.4 7.7 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S - 100 - 100 1,119 S S 44.8 - 45.3 - 20.9
Single modes S S S S S S 902 S S S S S S 32.2
Truck5 S S S S S S 902 S S S S S S 32.2
For-hire truck S S - 62.6 - 61.8 979 S S 7.8 19.8 6.1 19.7 14
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,134 S S S S S S 20.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,134 S S S S S S 20.3

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,019 100 3 100 1 100 429 44.9 - 38.6 - 31.1 - 24.2
Single modes 929 91.2 3 92.2 1 75.7 400 49.9 7.7 42.6 6.8 42.9 12.2 32.2
Truck5 S S 3 85.9 1 47.4 S S S 44.9 8.4 48.2 12.3 S
For-hire truck S S S S 1 46.9 236 S S S S 47.7 12.8 40.2
Private truck 78 7.6 S S - 0.5 S 47.1 15.1 S S 43.7 1.7 S
Air (incl truck and air) 84 8.3 - 6.3 - 28.3 1,281 35 6.4 26.8 12.6 31.4 16.1 8.5
Multiple modes 89 8.8 - 7.8 S S 507 35.8 8.6 33.6 7.7 S S 43
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 89 8.8 - 7.8 S S 507 35.8 8.6 33.6 7.7 S S 43
Other and unknown modes - - - - - - 7 31.1 - 4.4 0.1 49.8 - 43.5

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 86 100 S S 264 S S 31.8 - S S 40.3
Single modes S S 85 98.9 S S 219 S S 31.8 1 S S 36.7
Truck5 S S 85 98.9 S S 219 S S 31.8 1 S S 36.7
For-hire truck S S 55 64.6 26 95.7 S S S 24 11.9 47.6 4.7 S
Private truck 185 22.3 29 34.4 S S 28 28.7 18 37.2 15.8 S S 23.1
Multiple modes S S - 0.5 S S 1,162 S S 44.8 0.2 S S 39.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.5 S S 1,162 S S 44.8 0.2 S S 39.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - 8 S S S S 49.8 0.5 26.2

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 752 100 50 100 S S 987 46.6 - 36 - S S 15.4
Single modes S S 31 62.9 9 33.2 S S S 38 11.5 45.9 16.3 S
Truck5 S S 31 62.9 9 33.2 S S S 38 11.5 45.9 16.3 S
For-hire truck 134 17.8 21 43.1 7 26.7 S 39.7 16.5 39.2 13.9 41.1 16.9 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 755 S S 27.8 0.2 21.1 0.1 39.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,015 S S S S S S 13.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,015 S S S S S S 13.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 649 S S S S S S 26.6

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,447 100 184 100 72 100 548 24.9 - 26.1 - 30.4 - 29.4
Single modes 543 37.5 117 63.4 49 68.8 244 27.3 12.1 36.4 10.7 37.1 13.5 30.5
Truck5 543 37.5 117 63.4 49 68.8 244 27.3 12.1 36.4 10.7 37.1 13.5 30.5
For-hire truck 285 19.7 39 21.1 42 58.7 1,143 35.6 11.5 41.1 12.2 41.7 14 11.3
Private truck S S S S S S 52 S S S S S S 24.8
Multiple modes 889 61.4 65 35.3 22 31.1 571 37.2 12.3 38.9 12.5 44.1 14.5 35.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 889 61.4 65 35.3 22 31.1 571 37.2 12.3 38.9 12.5 44.1 14.5 35.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16 S S S S S S 7.6

SCTG1 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.