Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,876 100 4,505 100 57 100 20.4 - 26.3 - 18.4 -
Less than 50 miles 2,406 83.6 4,399 97.6 33 57 22.4 3.7 27 2.5 26.8 8.9
50 - 99 miles 65 2.2 26 0.6 2 4 40.5 0.6 40.8 0.4 38.6 1.9
100 - 249 miles 218 7.6 69 1.5 14 24.4 30.2 2.7 32.8 1.9 31.7 6.9
250 - 499 miles 74 2.6 7 0.2 3 5.4 47.1 1 35.2 0.3 34.2 2.5
500 - 749 miles 40 1.4 1 - 1 1.9 41.8 0.6 28.1 0.1 29.5 1.1
750 - 999 miles 15 0.5 - - - 0.8 32.3 0.2 38.4 - 40 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 1 - 1 1.5 S S 40 - 39.2 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7 0.3 - - - 0.8 50 0.2 39.6 - 39.9 1.2
More than 2,000 miles S S 1 - 2 4.2 S S 40.5 0.1 40.3 3.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,409 100 4,481 100 50 100 21.5 - 26.4 - 19.2 -
Less than 50 miles 2,282 94.7 4,383 97.8 32 64.6 22.5 1.2 27.1 2.5 27.1 8.7
50 - 99 miles 50 2.1 26 0.6 2 4.5 40.8 0.7 40.8 0.4 38.6 2.4
100 - 249 miles 66 2.7 66 1.5 13 25.5 20 1 34.7 1.9 35.6 7.2
250 - 499 miles S S 6 0.1 2 4.8 S S 36.8 0.6 36.5 4.8
500 - 749 miles 1 0.1 S S - 0.4 21.5 0.1 S S 48.5 1.6
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,407 100 4,481 100 50 100 21.5 - 26.4 - 19.3 -
Less than 50 miles 2,282 94.8 4,383 97.8 32 64.7 22.5 1.2 27.1 2.5 27.1 8.8
50 - 99 miles 50 2.1 26 0.6 2 4.5 40.8 0.7 40.8 0.4 38.6 2.4
100 - 249 miles 66 2.7 66 1.5 13 25.6 20 1 34.7 1.9 35.6 7.2
250 - 499 miles S S 6 0.1 2 4.6 S S 43.1 0.6 38 4.8
500 - 749 miles 1 0.1 S S - 0.4 21.5 0.1 S S 48.5 1.6
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,185 100 3,380 100 35 100 20.9 - 24.6 - 22 -
Less than 50 miles 2,082 95.3 3,303 97.7 21 61.1 22 1.8 25.3 3.8 28.4 9.8
50 - 99 miles 43 2 21 0.6 2 5.2 46.7 0.7 48.6 0.6 45.2 2.4
100 - 249 miles 58 2.6 53 1.6 10 29 26.2 1.4 45.5 3 46.7 8.3
250 - 499 miles S S 4 0.1 2 4.7 S S 24.6 1.2 32.6 7.9
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2 100 - 100 - 100 2.9 - 4.3 - 4.3 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 2 100 - 100 - 100 2.9 - 4.3 - 4.3 -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 365 100 6 100 S S 31 - 39.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles 73 20.1 1 21 S S 28.2 10.5 27.3 10.6 S S
50 - 99 miles S S - 0.8 - 0.1 S S 21.4 1.4 22.6 0.7
100 - 249 miles 140 38.5 2 36 1 17.8 36.8 8.3 32.4 4.9 43 6.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 23 6.3 1 9.4 - 10.9 25.4 1.7 38.8 3.3 38.3 8
750 - 999 miles 13 3.5 - 3.6 - 6 29.5 1.2 39.3 4.4 38.2 15.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13 3.4 S S S S 45.1 1.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6 1.6 S S S S 46.9 0.8 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 24 6.7 1 8.4 1 37.2 44.4 3.3 47.9 2.9 47.4 6.7

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 365 100 6 100 S S 31 - 39.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles 73 20.1 1 21 S S 28.2 10.5 27.3 10.6 S S
50 - 99 miles S S - 0.8 - 0.1 S S 21.4 1.4 22.6 0.7
100 - 249 miles 140 38.5 2 36 1 17.8 36.8 8.3 32.4 4.9 43 6.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 23 6.3 1 9.4 - 10.9 25.4 1.7 38.8 3.3 38.3 8
750 - 999 miles 13 3.5 - 3.6 - 6 29.5 1.2 39.3 4.4 38.2 15.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13 3.4 S S S S 45.1 1.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6 1.6 S S S S 46.9 0.8 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 24 6.7 1 8.4 1 37.2 44.4 3.3 47.9 2.9 47.4 6.7

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 102 100 S S S S 35.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 50 49.2 S S S S 18.6 14.7 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 6 6.2 S S S S 34.1 2.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 1 3.4 S S S S 32.7 9 S S
750 - 999 miles 2 1.9 - 1.2 S S 1.9 1.7 48.6 4.8 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S - 2.1 1 15.7 S S 49 5.1 46.8 10.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2 1.5 - 0.6 S S 37.3 0.9 48.6 2.4 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.