Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,876 100 4,505 100 57 100 776 20.4 - 26.3 - 18.4 - 25.9
Less than 50 lbs 472 16.4 12 0.3 6 10 931 27.9 3.1 27.7 0.3 48.3 4.2 23.7
50 - 99 lbs 152 5.3 10 0.2 S S 98 21.3 1.1 18.2 0.3 S S 43.2
100 - 499 lbs 523 18.2 84 1.9 2 3.3 29 22.9 2.9 21.6 2.2 15.7 1.6 28.7
500 - 749 lbs 341 11.8 65 1.4 1 1.7 15 39.9 2.8 37.4 1.9 39.8 0.8 19.8
750 - 999 lbs 84 2.9 27 0.6 - 0.8 S 28.7 1.2 20 1 27.2 0.5 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,027 35.7 468 10.4 S S 22 28.1 4.7 33.1 8.1 S S 19.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 249 8.7 3,743 83.1 29 50.7 S 28.2 4.4 32 13.3 29.2 8.3 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 98 2.2 8 13.8 S S S 38.6 5 31 9.9 S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,409 100 4,481 100 50 100 21 21.5 - 26.4 - 19.2 - 8.9
Less than 50 lbs 93 3.9 5 0.1 - 0.3 29 27.2 1.2 31.9 0.1 35.9 0.2 20.3
50 - 99 lbs 100 4.2 9 0.2 - 0.5 27 26.6 0.8 24.9 0.1 32.1 0.4 19.7
100 - 499 lbs 504 20.9 82 1.8 1 2.6 19 24.2 3.4 22.1 2.2 19.7 1.1 14.2
500 - 749 lbs 335 13.9 63 1.4 1 1.9 14 40.9 3.1 38.5 1.9 43.2 1 18.9
750 - 999 lbs 84 3.5 27 0.6 - 0.9 S 28.7 1.5 20 1.1 27.2 0.7 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,019 42.3 467 10.4 S S 22 27.9 5.3 33 8.4 S S 19.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 246 10.2 3,731 83.3 29 57.7 S 28.8 5.1 32.1 13.3 29.4 9.2 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 98 2.2 8 15.8 S S S 38.6 5 31 9.6 S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,407 100 4,481 100 50 100 21 21.5 - 26.4 - 19.3 - 9.3
Less than 50 lbs 93 3.9 5 0.1 - 0.3 29 27.2 1.2 31.9 0.1 35.9 0.2 20.3
50 - 99 lbs 100 4.2 9 0.2 - 0.5 27 26.6 0.8 24.9 0.1 32.1 0.4 19.7
100 - 499 lbs 502 20.8 82 1.8 1 2.4 17 24.3 3.4 22.1 2.2 20.2 1 15.3
500 - 749 lbs 335 13.9 63 1.4 1 1.9 14 40.9 3.1 38.5 1.9 43.2 1 18.9
750 - 999 lbs 84 3.5 27 0.6 - 0.9 S 28.7 1.5 20 1.1 27.2 0.7 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,019 42.3 467 10.4 S S 22 27.9 5.3 33 8.4 S S 19.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 246 10.2 3,731 83.3 29 57.8 S 28.8 5.1 32.1 13.3 29.4 9.2 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 98 2.2 8 15.8 S S S 38.6 5 31 9.7 S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 275 S S S S S S 32.6
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - 1.1 S S S S S 47.7 1.5 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,185 100 3,380 100 35 100 19 20.9 - 24.6 - 22 - 15.8
Less than 50 lbs 92 4.2 5 0.2 - 0.4 22 27.4 1.2 32 - 32.7 0.2 25
50 - 99 lbs 100 4.6 9 0.3 - 0.7 27 26.6 0.8 24.9 0.1 32.1 0.4 19.7
100 - 499 lbs 470 21.5 64 1.9 1 3.2 20 27.3 3.6 22.2 1.9 21.4 1.5 27.1
500 - 749 lbs 289 13.2 38 1.1 1 1.7 S 48 2.8 29.6 0.9 24.9 1.3 S
750 - 999 lbs 69 3.1 20 0.6 - 0.8 15 38 1.4 25.7 1 38.1 0.8 17.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 916 41.9 292 8.7 4 12.2 13 23.9 4.8 22.4 7.8 35.3 8 10.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 223 10.2 2,901 85.8 21 61.6 S 31.7 4.8 29.4 12.4 29.7 8 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S 7 19.5 127 S S S S 33.3 11.9 35.1
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2 100 - 100 - 100 333 2.9 - 4.3 - 4.3 - -
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs 2 100 - 100 - 100 333 2.9 - 4.3 - 4.3 - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 365 100 6 100 S S 969 31 - 39.1 - S S 22
Less than 50 lbs 297 81.4 4 58.5 S S 979 31.8 6.2 44.9 11.1 S S 22
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 561 S S S S S S 26.5
100 - 499 lbs 17 4.6 1 14 1 13.2 542 35.9 3.4 39.1 6.2 44 10.3 41.2
500 - 749 lbs S S - 5.7 S S S S S 35.8 17.5 S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 365 100 6 100 S S 969 31 - 39.1 - S S 22
Less than 50 lbs 297 81.4 4 58.5 S S 979 31.8 6.2 44.9 11.1 S S 22
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 561 S S S S S S 26.5
100 - 499 lbs 17 4.6 1 14 1 13.2 542 35.9 3.4 39.1 6.2 44 10.3 41.2
500 - 749 lbs S S - 5.7 S S S S S 35.8 17.5 S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 102 100 S S S S 987 35.3 - S S S S 29.5
Less than 50 lbs 83 80.9 S S S S 989 43.4 12.4 S S S S 30.7
50 - 99 lbs 3 2.9 - 0.7 S S S 42.4 6 47.7 5.4 S S S
100 - 499 lbs 3 2.9 S S S S S 39.9 7.9 S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs 3 3.3 S S S S S 46.1 8.6 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1 S S S S S S 36.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.