Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,876 100 4,505 100 57 100 776 20.4 - 26.3 - 18.4 - 25.9
Single modes 2,409 83.8 4,481 99.5 50 87.6 21 21.5 3.7 26.4 0.7 19.2 7.3 8.9
Truck5 2,407 83.7 4,481 99.5 50 87.4 21 21.5 3.7 26.4 0.7 19.3 7.2 9.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 2,185 76 3,380 75 35 60.7 19 20.9 5.7 24.6 8.4 22 11.4 15.8
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.1 - - - 0.2 333 2.9 0.4 4.3 0.1 4.3 1.7 -
Multiple modes 365 12.7 6 0.1 S S 969 31 3.3 39.1 0.5 S S 22
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 365 12.7 6 0.1 S S 969 31 3.3 39.1 0.5 S S 22
Other and unknown modes 102 3.6 S S S S 987 35.3 1.1 S S S S 29.5

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 116 100 S S S S 10 35.6 - S S S S 9.4
Single modes 116 100 S S S S 10 35.6 - S S S S 9.4
Truck5 116 100 S S S S 10 35.6 - S S S S 9.4
Private truck 116 100 S S S S 10 35.6 - S S S S 9.4

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 175 100 29 100 1 100 42 32.7 - 19.2 - 24.4 - 22.7
Single modes 175 100 29 100 1 100 42 32.7 - 19.2 - 24.4 - 22.7
Truck5 175 100 29 100 1 100 42 32.7 - 19.2 - 24.4 - 22.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 292 S S S S S S 35.2
Private truck 174 99.4 29 99.8 1 96.5 35 32.7 0.3 19.2 0.2 22.4 1.9 20.7

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 32.8
Single modes S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 32.8
Truck5 S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 32.8
Private truck S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 32.8

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 32.2
Single modes S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 33.8
Truck5 S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 33.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 33.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 398 100 203 100 1 100 5 45.7 - 23.4 - 26.5 - 14.4
Single modes 398 100 203 100 1 100 5 45.7 - 23.4 - 26.5 - 14.4
Truck5 398 100 203 100 1 100 5 45.7 - 23.4 - 26.5 - 14.4
Private truck 398 100 203 100 1 100 5 45.7 - 23.4 - 26.5 - 14.4

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4 100 - 100 - 100 13 41.6 - 33.2 - 44.7 - 12.4
Single modes 4 100 - 100 - 100 13 41.6 - 33.2 - 44.7 - 12.4
Truck5 4 100 - 100 - 100 13 41.6 - 33.2 - 44.7 - 12.4
Private truck 4 100 - 100 - 100 13 41.6 - 33.2 - 44.7 - 12.4

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3 100 S S - 100 706 30.7 - S S 39.8 - 22.1
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2 75.5 S S - 94.9 774 38.6 16.3 S S 44.5 14.5 17.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 75.5 S S - 94.9 774 38.6 16.3 S S 44.5 14.5 17.6

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2 100 - 100 - 100 5 2.9 - - - 7.2 - 7.2
Single modes 2 100 - 100 - 100 5 2.9 - - - 7.2 - 7.2
Truck5 2 100 - 100 - 100 5 2.9 - - - 7.2 - 7.2
Private truck 2 100 - 100 - 100 5 2.9 - - - 7.2 - 7.2

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 62 100 12 100 1 100 59 40.3 - 21.9 - 37.9 - 24
Single modes 62 100 12 100 1 100 59 40.3 - 21.9 - 37.9 - 24
Truck5 62 100 12 100 1 100 59 40.3 - 21.9 - 37.9 - 24
Private truck 62 100 12 100 1 100 59 40.3 - 21.9 - 37.9 - 24

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 13 S S S S S S 24.6
Single modes S S S S S S 10 S S S S S S 24
Truck5 S S S S S S 10 S S S S S S 24
Private truck S S S S S S 10 S S S S S S 24
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 337 100 S S S S 1,006 49.5 - S S S S 25.2
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,097 S S S S S S 26.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,097 S S S S S S 26.9
Other and unknown modes 89 26.3 S S S S 996 40 12.8 S S S S 30.6

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 174 100 1 100 - 100 235 27.8 - 37.2 - 22.8 - 23.3
Single modes S S S S S S 10 S S S S S S 9.5
Truck5 S S S S S S 10 S S S S S S 9.5
Private truck S S S S S S 10 S S S S S S 9.5
Multiple modes 159 91 1 60.2 - 97.5 S 35.1 15.3 28.1 15.8 22.3 1.5 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 159 91 1 60.2 - 97.5 S 35.1 15.3 28.1 15.8 22.3 1.5 S

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 132 100 3,678 100 22 100 6 22.5 - 29.7 - 36.1 - 9.5
Single modes 131 99.5 3,667 99.7 22 99.4 6 22.8 0.6 29.8 0.5 36.5 1.3 9.6
Truck5 131 99.5 3,667 99.7 22 99.4 6 22.8 0.6 29.8 0.5 36.5 1.3 9.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 125 94.5 2,818 76.6 16 71.5 6 23.3 3.7 25.8 10.2 35.6 11.8 9.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1 100 S S S S 6 31.2 - S S S S 10
Single modes S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 15.4
Truck5 S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 15.4
Private truck S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 15.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 45 100 S S - 100 99 28.4 - S S 48.6 - 31.5
Single modes 31 69.7 S S - 27.9 15 37 10.4 S S 45 19.9 19.7
Truck5 31 69.7 S S - 27.9 15 37 10.4 S S 45 19.9 19.7
Private truck 31 69.7 S S - 27.9 15 37 10.4 S S 45 19.9 19.7
Multiple modes 14 30.3 S S S S 219 39.8 12.6 S S S S 41.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 14 30.3 S S S S 219 39.8 12.6 S S S S 41.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S - 100 38 S S S S 41.7 - 42.2
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 58 S S S S S S 29.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 58 S S S S S S 29.1

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 328 100 S S - 100 43 47 - S S 49.2 - 35.4
Single modes 311 94.9 S S - 86.1 12 42.3 18.6 S S 41.6 13.4 33.4
Truck5 311 94.9 S S - 86.1 12 42.3 18.6 S S 41.6 13.4 33.4
Private truck 311 94.9 S S - 86.1 12 42.3 18.6 S S 41.6 13.4 33.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 649 S S S S S S 42.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 649 S S S S S S 42.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2 S S S S S S -

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 620 S S S S S S 49.4
Single modes S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 13.9
Truck5 S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 13.9
Private truck S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 13.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 38 100 95 100 13 100 100 8.2 - 22.8 - 18.6 - 33.4
Single modes 38 100 95 100 13 100 100 8.2 - 22.8 - 18.6 - 33.4
Truck5 38 100 95 100 13 100 100 8.2 - 22.8 - 18.6 - 33.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 81 85 11 86.8 100 S S 34.9 17.3 30.7 16.9 34.5

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 36 S S S S S S 43.9
Single modes S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 21.6
Truck5 S S S S S S 23 S S S S S S 21.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 20.3
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.5 - 0.2 - 2.5 333 2.9 2.5 4.3 1.1 4.3 8.5 -
Multiple modes S S - 0.1 S S 411 S S 33.3 0.6 S S 40.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.1 S S 411 S S 33.3 0.6 S S 40.1

SCTG1 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.