Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 399,941 100 540,450 100 73,811 100 3.7 - 7.9 - 5.7 -
Less than 50 miles 172,721 43.2 393,774 72.9 8,210 11.1 5 1.4 11.3 2.6 8.1 0.9
50 - 99 miles 36,970 9.2 53,104 9.8 4,816 6.5 4.2 0.3 8.1 1.3 8 0.6
100 - 249 miles 56,564 14.1 39,204 7.3 7,937 10.8 8.6 0.8 6.1 0.8 5.9 1
250 - 499 miles 29,484 7.4 19,785 3.7 9,150 12.4 7.1 0.6 6.6 0.4 6 0.7
500 - 749 miles 19,087 4.8 11,295 2.1 8,716 11.8 8.4 0.4 15.5 0.4 15.1 1.9
750 - 999 miles 32,439 8.1 10,288 1.9 11,714 15.9 7.2 0.5 11.2 0.2 12.1 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 34,124 8.5 9,389 1.7 13,558 18.4 7.6 0.6 16.9 0.4 17.3 3.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,886 1.5 822 0.2 1,733 2.3 19.4 0.3 21.5 - 20.9 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 12,665 3.2 2,789 0.5 7,977 10.8 9.8 0.2 22.3 0.1 21.3 1.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 318,458 100 512,329 100 56,970 100 4.5 - 8.1 - 6.6 -
Less than 50 miles 157,231 49.4 385,230 75.2 7,989 14 5.9 1.2 11.2 2.5 7.8 0.7
50 - 99 miles 33,821 10.6 52,063 10.2 4,701 8.3 4.4 0.4 8.2 1.4 8.1 0.9
100 - 249 miles 48,362 15.2 35,878 7 7,066 12.4 9.3 1.1 6.6 0.8 6.5 1.1
250 - 499 miles 23,051 7.2 16,012 3.1 7,237 12.7 9.1 0.8 6.9 0.4 6.3 1.2
500 - 749 miles 10,495 3.3 6,173 1.2 4,839 8.5 6 0.3 8.6 0.1 8.9 0.6
750 - 999 miles 17,572 5.5 7,687 1.5 8,500 14.9 9 0.4 10.8 0.1 11.4 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 18,214 5.7 6,435 1.3 9,398 16.5 12.9 0.6 16.2 0.2 18.2 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,155 1 788 0.2 1,658 2.9 40.1 0.4 22.8 - 22.3 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 6,556 2.1 2,062 0.4 5,582 9.8 11.2 0.2 32.1 0.1 31.8 2.2

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 306,131 100 487,983 100 48,420 100 4.5 - 7.9 - 7 -
Less than 50 miles 154,978 50.6 369,830 75.8 7,546 15.6 5.8 1.2 10.9 2.5 7.8 0.8
50 - 99 miles 33,669 11 51,931 10.6 4,683 9.7 4.3 0.4 8.2 1.4 8.2 1.2
100 - 249 miles 47,403 15.5 34,338 7 6,724 13.9 9.5 1.1 6.5 0.9 6.6 1.3
250 - 499 miles 21,978 7.2 13,944 2.9 6,130 12.7 10 0.8 7.6 0.4 7 1.4
500 - 749 miles 9,187 3 4,524 0.9 3,459 7.1 6.2 0.2 7.8 0.1 8.2 0.8
750 - 999 miles 14,676 4.8 6,064 1.2 6,594 13.6 9.4 0.3 13.3 0.1 13.9 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16,269 5.3 4,900 1 6,945 14.3 13.7 0.6 18.6 0.2 21.3 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,665 0.9 447 0.1 930 1.9 41.4 0.4 19.7 - 20.3 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 5,306 1.7 2,004 0.4 5,408 11.2 13.2 0.2 33.3 0.1 33.1 2.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 138,241 100 203,179 100 35,673 100 6.2 - 10.1 - 8.4 -
Less than 50 miles 41,715 30.2 130,357 64.2 3,001 8.4 12.2 2.3 15.2 4.4 13 0.7
50 - 99 miles 11,170 8.1 29,164 14.4 2,657 7.4 9.2 0.6 14.8 2.7 14.3 1.4
100 - 249 miles 21,418 15.5 16,814 8.3 3,363 9.4 19.1 2.1 7.8 1.1 6.3 1.2
250 - 499 miles 18,021 13 9,952 4.9 4,580 12.8 12.4 1.4 10.1 0.8 10.3 1.8
500 - 749 miles 8,499 6.1 4,118 2 3,137 8.8 6.4 0.5 8.9 0.2 9.4 0.9
750 - 999 miles 14,025 10.1 5,766 2.8 6,264 17.6 10.1 1.2 12.8 0.4 13.3 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15,611 11.3 4,690 2.3 6,646 18.6 13.5 1.2 19.6 0.5 22.6 3.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,539 1.8 415 0.2 870 2.4 39.8 0.9 21.8 - 22.4 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 5,242 3.8 1,903 0.9 5,155 14.5 12.9 0.5 32.3 0.2 32.1 3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 167,890 100 284,805 100 12,747 100 7.6 - 10.7 - 7.8 -
Less than 50 miles 113,263 67.5 239,474 84.1 4,545 35.7 8 1.4 13.2 2.3 9.8 3.7
50 - 99 miles 22,499 13.4 22,767 8 2,026 15.9 8.5 0.6 7.6 1 7.2 1.1
100 - 249 miles 25,984 15.5 17,524 6.2 3,361 26.4 11.1 0.9 10.3 1 11.5 1.8
250 - 499 miles 3,956 2.4 3,992 1.4 1,550 12.2 11.6 0.4 19.3 0.4 18.6 1.7
500 - 749 miles 688 0.4 S S S S 33.5 0.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 651 0.4 299 0.1 330 2.6 41.1 0.2 47.5 0.1 47.8 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 658 0.4 210 0.1 299 2.3 40.5 0.1 30.5 - 33 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,870 100 23,910 100 8,346 100 15.9 - 25.9 - 14.2 -
Less than 50 miles 1,367 28.1 15,170 63.4 434 5.2 26.1 7 39.2 9.8 33.7 4.6
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 474 9.7 1,471 6.2 327 3.9 31.9 2.5 38 2.9 32 1.1
250 - 499 miles 679 13.9 2,009 8.4 1,043 12.5 27.9 2.5 19.8 2.4 20.5 2
500 - 749 miles 625 12.8 1,641 6.9 1,373 16.5 15.7 2.2 26.3 2.4 24.7 3.5
750 - 999 miles 917 18.8 1,595 6.7 1,876 22.5 24.2 3.6 24 3.9 23.7 4.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 557 11.4 1,506 6.3 2,415 28.9 20.3 2.4 21.2 1.5 21.9 5.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 128 2.6 339 1.4 723 8.7 48.5 2.1 47.6 1.6 44.7 4.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 186 100 151 100 S S 19.8 - 31.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 3 1.7 2 1.2 S S 8.1 5.9 0.7 3.6 S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 19 100 7 100 - 100 9.5 - 9.9 - 20.9 -
Less than 50 miles 19 100 7 100 - 100 9.5 - 9.9 - 20.9 -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 167 100 144 100 S S 20.2 - 34.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 3 1.9 2 1.3 S S 8.1 7.6 0.7 4.4 S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,249 100 119 100 121 100 16.3 - 24.7 - 29 -
Less than 50 miles 785 10.8 19 16.4 1 0.6 39.5 3.9 35.9 6.5 49 0.6
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 444 6.1 S S S S 46.7 2.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 337 4.7 S S 7 5.5 27.3 3.3 S S 41.7 3.1
500 - 749 miles 679 9.4 S S S S 31.1 2.7 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1,979 27.3 28 23.5 30 24.5 23 3.6 43.9 4.2 41.2 5.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,387 19.1 29 24.4 38 31 26.6 2.8 47.2 5.4 46 5.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 362 5 2 1.8 4 3.6 32.1 1.2 37.8 2 42.3 3.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,166 16.1 12 10.3 34 28.3 23.6 2.1 28.4 3.4 30.4 5.6

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 70,344 100 21,326 100 16,202 100 10.4 - 15.9 - 21.7 -
Less than 50 miles 7,383 10.5 2,802 13.1 76 0.5 10.7 1 46.2 4.6 38.4 0.3
50 - 99 miles 2,808 4 S S S S 16.2 0.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 7,500 10.7 2,877 13.5 768 4.7 10.5 0.8 28.2 5.3 28.6 3.6
250 - 499 miles 6,144 8.7 3,697 17.3 1,880 11.6 15.5 0.9 23.3 2.6 19.2 2.6
500 - 749 miles 8,057 11.5 5,091 23.9 3,853 23.8 13 0.5 31.4 7.4 30 8.3
750 - 999 miles 14,251 20.3 2,544 11.9 3,152 19.5 12 1.5 21.6 4.5 22.4 6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15,613 22.2 S S S S 14.6 2.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,719 3.9 31 0.1 68 0.4 17 0.5 24.4 - 25.3 0.1
More than 2,000 miles 5,868 8.3 S S S S 15.8 1 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 63,066 100 955 100 765 100 11.8 - 12.2 - 14.1 -
Less than 50 miles 6,434 10.2 140 14.7 4 0.5 11.1 1.1 13.8 2 16.7 0.1
50 - 99 miles 2,505 4 58 6 5 0.7 15.9 0.6 14.6 1 14.3 0.2
100 - 249 miles 6,271 9.9 152 16 34 4.4 12.2 1.3 15.2 1.6 16.3 0.7
250 - 499 miles 5,217 8.3 132 13.8 56 7.4 18.7 1 23.5 2.3 22.7 1.4
500 - 749 miles 6,956 11 74 7.8 57 7.5 15.4 0.6 14.4 0.8 14.6 0.7
750 - 999 miles 13,227 21 161 16.9 173 22.6 14.3 1.7 17.9 1.7 18.2 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14,333 22.7 149 15.6 203 26.6 14.7 1.9 14.3 1.4 14.4 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,707 4.3 27 2.8 57 7.5 17 0.6 21.9 0.3 22.1 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 5,415 8.6 61 6.4 174 22.8 18 1 16.3 0.8 16.6 1.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,150 100 16,588 100 12,661 100 21.7 - 18.8 - 27.9 -
Less than 50 miles 418 8.1 2,561 15.4 69 0.5 41.8 8.6 47.7 8.4 38.3 0.8
50 - 99 miles 191 3.7 S S S S 38.5 4.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 718 13.9 2,412 14.5 629 5 32.4 4 34.4 5.6 35.5 4.2
250 - 499 miles 717 13.9 3,255 19.6 1,547 12.2 23.7 1.2 27.9 2.5 25.2 2.9
500 - 749 miles 741 14.4 2,315 14 1,973 15.6 32.4 3.3 35 4.5 35.7 8
750 - 999 miles 789 15.3 2,183 13.2 2,746 21.7 33.4 6.4 21.4 5.6 22.4 8.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 12 0.2 4 - 11 0.1 35.8 0.3 42.7 - 43.9 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 296 5.7 S S S S 43.6 3.2 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,976 100 2,963 100 2,298 100 18.7 - 42.7 - 38.6 -
Less than 50 miles 515 26 99 3.3 3 0.1 45.2 8.8 36.2 8.7 37.6 1.4
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 460 23.3 188 6.3 70 3.1 29.8 5.2 48.5 3.8 49.2 1.7
250 - 499 miles 195 9.9 S S S S 40.6 4.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 316 16 S S S S 48.1 5.6 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 221 11.2 S S S S 46.6 7.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 12 0.6 S S S S 19.8 1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 137 100 S S S S 41.1 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,138 100 6,796 100 640 100 16.6 - 33.9 - 38.7 -
Less than 50 miles 8,107 72.8 5,742 84.5 S S 19.6 4.3 37.5 4.3 S S
50 - 99 miles 341 3.1 S S S S 41.9 1.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 702 6.3 449 6.6 103 16.1 24.3 0.9 44.3 2.4 43.4 3.9
250 - 499 miles 288 2.6 S S S S 42.6 1.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 615 5.5 S S S S 26.9 1.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 297 2.7 S S S S 42.4 1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 4 0.1 7 1.2 S S 46.8 0.1 49.7 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 240 2.2 S S S S 46.8 0.9 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.