Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 377,718 100 372,777 100 70,173 100 4.9 - 11.1 - 4.4 -
Less than 50 miles 114,978 30.4 218,005 58.5 4,738 6.8 10.1 2.1 16.6 3.8 18.6 1
50 - 99 miles 30,968 8.2 29,883 8 2,789 4 5.3 0.4 11.1 0.8 11.1 0.3
100 - 249 miles 75,989 20.1 61,336 16.5 13,481 19.2 8.7 1.2 8.9 1.6 9.3 1.4
250 - 499 miles 65,695 17.4 32,314 8.7 14,582 20.8 5.9 0.5 5.5 1.4 4.7 1.4
500 - 749 miles 48,623 12.9 17,340 4.7 13,627 19.4 5.7 0.6 5.9 0.3 5.9 0.5
750 - 999 miles 21,684 5.7 7,635 2 8,186 11.7 10.8 0.7 7.1 0.2 7.2 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,899 1.3 2,381 0.6 3,425 4.9 9.1 0.1 14.7 0.1 14.2 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,543 2.5 2,222 0.6 4,901 7 10.9 0.3 19.6 0.2 19.4 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 5,338 1.4 1,660 0.4 4,445 6.3 7.4 0.1 19.2 0.1 19 1.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 331,477 100 360,975 100 64,624 100 5.2 - 11.2 - 4.5 -
Less than 50 miles 105,795 31.9 214,417 59.4 4,650 7.2 10.9 2.5 16.5 3.8 18.6 1
50 - 99 miles 28,024 8.5 29,180 8.1 2,708 4.2 6.2 0.5 11.4 0.8 11.4 0.4
100 - 249 miles 68,318 20.6 58,892 16.3 12,905 20 9.8 1.3 9.3 1.6 9.6 1.4
250 - 499 miles 57,401 17.3 30,255 8.4 13,506 20.9 7 0.6 5.7 1.3 4.9 1.4
500 - 749 miles 38,833 11.7 15,767 4.4 12,223 18.9 6.4 0.7 6.1 0.3 6.2 0.6
750 - 999 miles 18,880 5.7 6,959 1.9 7,431 11.5 12.5 0.8 7.7 0.2 7.9 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,789 1.1 2,031 0.6 2,926 4.5 11 0.1 12.9 0.1 12.4 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7,096 2.1 1,993 0.6 4,353 6.7 13.6 0.3 20.8 0.2 20.8 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 3,341 1 1,481 0.4 3,923 6.1 12.6 0.1 21.6 0.1 21.6 1.3

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 317,143 100 337,979 100 54,402 100 5.7 - 11.8 - 5.6 -
Less than 50 miles 103,876 32.8 208,705 61.8 4,603 8.5 11.1 2.5 16.9 4.1 18.8 1.3
50 - 99 miles 27,936 8.8 28,750 8.5 2,653 4.9 6.2 0.5 11.5 1 11.5 0.6
100 - 249 miles 66,218 20.9 51,620 15.3 11,199 20.6 10.3 1.3 11.4 1.8 12.2 1.7
250 - 499 miles 55,597 17.5 26,022 7.7 11,444 21 7.1 0.6 4.7 1.2 4.5 1.1
500 - 749 miles 36,604 11.5 13,383 4 10,190 18.7 7 0.8 4.6 0.4 4.7 0.9
750 - 999 miles 14,550 4.6 5,393 1.6 5,544 10.2 10.1 0.5 7.6 0.2 7.8 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,434 1.1 940 0.3 1,294 2.4 12.9 0.1 14.7 0.1 14.7 0.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,860 1.8 1,799 0.5 3,884 7.1 15 0.2 23.9 0.2 24.3 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 3,068 1 1,367 0.4 3,590 6.6 12.4 0.1 22.6 0.1 22.8 1.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 190,646 100 152,060 100 40,064 100 7 - 13.4 - 6 -
Less than 50 miles 36,363 19.1 69,723 45.9 1,542 3.8 12.5 2.6 28.1 5.6 26 1.1
50 - 99 miles 12,164 6.4 15,844 10.4 1,398 3.5 8.5 0.3 17.9 1.5 16.2 0.8
100 - 249 miles 42,326 22.2 25,812 17 5,653 14.1 16.4 1.7 10.1 2.7 10.6 1.5
250 - 499 miles 43,698 22.9 20,216 13.3 8,972 22.4 8.7 1 5.8 1.7 5.6 1.1
500 - 749 miles 30,280 15.9 11,277 7.4 8,616 21.5 8.2 1.2 4.9 0.9 5 1.4
750 - 999 miles 13,766 7.2 5,222 3.4 5,365 13.4 9.7 1 7.7 0.6 7.9 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,219 1.7 857 0.6 1,177 2.9 12.9 0.2 13.1 0.1 13 0.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,782 3 1,784 1.2 3,855 9.6 15.2 0.3 24.2 0.3 24.5 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 3,048 1.6 1,326 0.9 3,486 8.7 12.6 0.2 21.8 0.2 21.9 1.4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 126,498 100 185,918 100 14,338 100 9.4 - 18.9 - 17.2 -
Less than 50 miles 67,513 53.4 138,982 74.8 3,061 21.4 14.9 2.9 20 3.8 23.8 2.2
50 - 99 miles 15,771 12.5 12,906 6.9 1,255 8.8 8.6 1.2 22.6 1.2 24.2 0.7
100 - 249 miles 23,893 18.9 25,808 13.9 5,546 38.7 8.5 1.5 24.2 1.7 26 3
250 - 499 miles 11,899 9.4 5,807 3.1 2,472 17.2 9.9 0.7 12.7 1 11.4 2.6
500 - 749 miles 6,324 5 2,106 1.1 1,575 11 17.3 0.8 12.6 0.2 13.1 1.6
750 - 999 miles 784 0.6 171 0.1 179 1.2 31.6 0.1 22.4 - 23.1 0.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 83 - 118 0.8 S S 49.9 0.1 49.7 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 78 0.1 14 - 29 0.2 44.3 - 36.9 - 36.7 0.1
More than 2,000 miles 20 - S S S S 40 - S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,066 100 21,288 100 10,145 100 12.6 - 20.4 - 14 -
Less than 50 miles 468 9.2 S S 35 0.3 23.3 1.8 S S 47.8 0.2
50 - 99 miles 79 1.6 431 2 55 0.5 36.1 0.6 28.2 0.8 28.1 0.2
100 - 249 miles 1,585 31.3 7,252 34.1 1,700 16.8 20.8 5.2 37.3 6 33.3 3.4
250 - 499 miles 1,110 21.9 4,226 19.9 2,059 20.3 18.7 3.1 19.6 4.1 15.4 4
500 - 749 miles 950 18.8 2,353 11.1 2,011 19.8 24.3 2.8 18.3 2.9 17.7 2.7
750 - 999 miles 434 8.6 1,556 7.3 1,878 18.5 15 1.2 20.6 1.6 21.5 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 250 4.9 1,089 5.1 1,629 16.1 26.5 1.7 23.3 1.7 21.8 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 90 1.8 188 0.9 457 4.5 22.6 0.5 36.3 0.5 36.7 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 100 2 111 0.5 321 3.2 31.4 0.9 21.1 0.3 20.7 1.1

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,303 100 83 100 67 100 27.6 - 22.1 - 24.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 514 6.2 20 24.5 6 8.3 31.2 7.9 40.6 9.3 43.5 6.5
250 - 499 miles 695 8.4 7 8.1 3 4.7 33.7 4.3 36.1 2.8 34.7 3.6
500 - 749 miles 1,278 15.4 31 37 23 33.5 31.1 4.6 50 9.2 46.6 7.3
750 - 999 miles S S S S 9 12.9 S S S S 49.4 5.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 105 1.3 2 2.3 S S 36.9 1.2 49.5 2.2 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 6 6.8 11 16.5 S S 37.8 3.9 39.2 5.9
More than 2,000 miles 168 2 3 3.8 10 14.6 38.1 1.1 37.5 1.9 35 5.1

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 39,711 100 6,351 100 4,541 100 7.1 - 14.5 - 12.5 -
Less than 50 miles 5,059 12.7 463 7.3 18 0.4 15.8 1.4 26.2 1.4 34.3 0.1
50 - 99 miles 2,581 6.5 391 6.2 53 1.2 17.3 0.7 32.9 1.6 38.2 0.5
100 - 249 miles 7,049 17.8 1,375 21.6 348 7.7 11.4 1.1 28.3 3.3 29.4 2
250 - 499 miles 7,905 19.9 1,547 24.4 848 18.7 7.6 1.4 23.6 3.5 22.6 3.9
500 - 749 miles 9,317 23.5 1,390 21.9 1,264 27.8 6 1.3 19 4.2 19 4.4
750 - 999 miles 2,598 6.5 492 7.8 577 12.7 8.6 0.6 24 1.5 25.1 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,023 2.6 S S S S 11.6 0.4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,263 5.7 195 3.1 482 10.6 20.1 0.8 17.1 0.8 17.3 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,915 4.8 160 2.5 472 10.4 21.2 0.8 14.3 0.9 14.5 2.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 36,086 100 1,391 100 796 100 6.9 - 9.7 - 9.8 -
Less than 50 miles 4,822 13.4 165 11.8 6 0.8 16.4 1.6 16.7 1.4 13.4 0.1
50 - 99 miles 2,392 6.6 108 7.7 10 1.3 18.5 0.8 17.6 1.1 18.3 0.2
100 - 249 miles 6,685 18.5 281 20.2 64 8 11.7 1.3 11.8 1.5 12.6 0.8
250 - 499 miles 7,059 19.6 322 23.2 146 18.3 8.5 1.5 11.5 1.4 11.4 1.6
500 - 749 miles 8,242 22.8 306 22 233 29.3 7.6 1.6 13 1.6 13.3 2
750 - 999 miles 2,387 6.6 88 6.3 89 11.2 9.7 0.6 10.7 0.6 10.6 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 993 2.8 42 3 56 7.1 11.5 0.4 30.3 0.6 28.7 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,972 5.5 40 2.9 87 10.9 21.9 0.9 13.8 0.5 14.3 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 1,534 4.3 40 2.8 104 13.1 18 0.7 22.3 0.5 22.6 2.1

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,558 100 4,681 100 3,408 100 21.6 - 20.7 - 18.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S 299 6.4 12 0.4 S S 35 2.4 47.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 187 7.3 283 6.1 43 1.3 47.5 2.4 36.2 2.3 41 0.8
100 - 249 miles 353 13.8 1,064 22.7 277 8.1 40.4 3.2 36.1 4 36.4 2.3
250 - 499 miles 508 19.9 1,142 24.4 636 18.7 24.4 6.7 32.7 6 31.3 5.6
500 - 749 miles 559 21.9 927 19.8 804 23.6 35.4 4.1 28.9 4.9 29.6 4.4
750 - 999 miles 206 8 400 8.5 478 14 41.6 1.9 28 2.3 28.5 3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 31 1.2 S S S S 42.6 0.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 281 11 153 3.3 382 11.2 26.8 4.2 22.4 2.1 22.7 3.9
More than 2,000 miles 196 7.7 119 2.5 352 10.3 30.8 3.8 19.5 2.2 19.5 5.2

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 970 100 260 100 S S 28 - 45.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 11 1.1 S S S S 45.6 14.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 303 31.2 78 29.9 63 20.5 45.1 13.3 28.2 9.1 29.8 9.3
500 - 749 miles 461 47.5 S S S S 44.2 16.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 91 100 17 100 S S 20.5 - 35.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,530 100 5,451 100 1,008 100 8 - 30.8 - 31 -
Less than 50 miles 4,124 63.2 3,125 57.3 S S 11.1 3.1 35.9 5.4 S S
50 - 99 miles 363 5.6 312 5.7 28 2.8 37.8 2.1 38.9 2.5 36.8 2.1
100 - 249 miles 622 9.5 1,069 19.6 228 22.6 25 2.9 36.7 3.6 33.3 6.4
250 - 499 miles 388 5.9 S S S S 23.3 1.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 473 7.2 183 3.4 140 13.9 23.6 1.5 31.7 1.1 31.5 3.8
750 - 999 miles 206 3.2 S S S S 27.2 1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 87 1.3 13 0.2 18 1.8 39.7 0.4 36.8 0.2 36.5 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 82 1.3 S S S S 47.3 0.5 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.