Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 22,043 100 35,270 100 1,547 100 16.6 - 23.6 - 20 -
Less than 50 miles 17,890 81.2 31,339 88.9 375 24.2 16.3 1.8 22.9 1.7 24 3.5
50 - 99 miles 946 4.3 966 2.7 120 7.8 22.3 0.5 28.4 0.6 26.6 3.6
100 - 249 miles 2,442 11.1 2,777 7.9 469 30.3 26 1.4 40 1.6 37.4 6.8
250 - 499 miles 16 0.1 S S S S 42.6 - S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 749 3.4 180 0.5 580 37.5 22.8 0.8 28.2 0.4 24.8 9.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 19,373 100 34,452 100 1,096 100 18.5 - 23.9 - 21.6 -
Less than 50 miles 16,801 86.7 31,047 90.1 373 34 17.3 2 23.2 1.9 24.2 4
50 - 99 miles 552 2.9 876 2.5 107 9.7 35.9 0.5 32.1 0.7 31 4.5
100 - 249 miles 1,725 8.9 2,463 7.1 398 36.4 34.4 1.6 42.1 1.8 40.3 8.3
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 290 1.5 66 0.2 218 19.9 32.5 0.5 29.7 0.3 31.3 10.7

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,381 100 18,576 100 242 100 8.9 - 21.3 - 23.1 -
Less than 50 miles 10,316 99.4 18,516 99.7 236 97.7 8.6 0.4 21.3 0.2 23 1.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,465 100 6,893 100 90 100 24.2 - 37.2 - 44.9 -
Less than 50 miles 1,465 100 6,893 100 90 100 24.2 - 37.2 - 44.9 -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,916 100 11,683 100 152 100 7.8 - 15.6 - 14.3 -
Less than 50 miles 8,851 99.3 11,622 99.5 146 96.4 7.4 0.4 15.4 0.3 12.6 1.8
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 469 100 785 100 247 100 15.7 - 27.5 - 14.5 -
Less than 50 miles 52 11 82 10.4 S S 37.9 3.7 38.3 7 S S
50 - 99 miles 122 26.1 469 59.8 68 27.4 26.9 5.5 45.3 14 45.8 11
100 - 249 miles 252 53.7 189 24 42 17 22.2 6.9 28.3 10.2 26.6 11
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 43 9.1 46 5.8 137 55.4 37.7 7 28.4 13.3 27 14.5

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 469 100 785 100 247 100 15.7 - 27.5 - 14.5 -
Less than 50 miles 52 11 82 10.4 S S 37.9 3.7 38.3 7 S S
50 - 99 miles 122 26.1 469 59.8 68 27.4 26.9 5.5 45.3 14 45.8 11
100 - 249 miles 252 53.7 189 24 42 17 22.2 6.9 28.3 10.2 26.6 11
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 43 9.1 46 5.8 137 55.4 37.7 7 28.4 13.3 27 14.5

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 721 100 S S 118 100 16.6 - S S 38.4 -
Less than 50 miles 5 0.7 S S S S 40.3 1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 131 18.1 5 2.3 1 0.5 21.5 4.1 14.2 4.6 15.8 0.6
100 - 249 miles 335 46.4 S S S S 21.8 6.9 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 248 34.3 20 10.1 81 68.2 34.5 7.7 37.7 12.5 46.8 9.5

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,801 100 14,889 100 S S 30.4 - 30.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles 6,429 82.4 12,449 83.6 S S 29.2 4.8 30.3 4.8 S S
50 - 99 miles 234 3 341 2.3 S S 49.7 2.9 49.1 2.1 S S
100 - 249 miles 1,138 14.6 2,099 14.1 S S 37.9 3.6 32.5 4.4 S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,098 100 522 100 444 100 14.3 - 22 - 28.6 -
Less than 50 miles 546 26 7 1.4 - - 46.7 6.9 23.8 0.4 42.3 -
50 - 99 miles 382 18.2 89 17 13 3 12.9 4.7 46.1 5.6 48 3.8
100 - 249 miles 705 33.6 311 59.7 70 15.7 17.3 6 33.4 8.1 32.4 12.1
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 457 21.8 114 21.8 360 81.2 27.9 5.1 43.4 8.4 37.3 14.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,076 100 16 100 10 100 27.2 - 19.4 - 20.4 -
Less than 50 miles 545 50.6 6 40.7 - 0.9 46.8 8.9 19.9 6.7 24.9 0.4
50 - 99 miles 115 10.7 2 13.2 - 2.5 27.4 4.7 25.1 2.2 24.8 0.5
100 - 249 miles 166 15.5 5 30.2 1 8.3 25.5 3.1 39 5.6 40.4 2
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 249 23.1 2 15.4 9 88.1 34.9 5.4 17.6 2.1 18 2.2

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,015 100 500 100 382 100 14.3 - 23.4 - 33.8 -
Less than 50 miles 1 0.1 S S S S 47.5 0.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 267 26.3 87 17.3 13 3.4 21.8 6 47.1 5.7 48.9 4.2
100 - 249 miles 539 53.1 306 61.3 69 18 20 7.4 34 8 32.9 12.7
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 202 19.9 105 21 300 78.5 42.9 7.2 46.6 8.7 43.6 14.2

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 572 100 297 100 8 100 18.9 - 23.7 - 42.4 -
Less than 50 miles 542 94.7 285 96.1 2 28 19.6 2.6 24.9 7.2 24.9 17.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 3 1.1 1 8 S S 43.9 0.5 44 5.8
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 2 0.3 S S S S 43 0.4 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.