Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 22,043 100 35,270 100 1,547 100 92 16.6 - 23.6 - 20 - 39.7
Less than 50 lbs 2,227 10.1 71 0.2 11 0.7 S 9.3 1.5 10.4 0.1 12.6 0.3 S
50 - 99 lbs 1,009 4.6 63 0.2 6 0.4 85 13.8 0.6 11.3 0.1 17.2 0.1 20
100 - 499 lbs 2,494 11.3 359 1 27 1.7 78 9.8 2.3 11.7 0.8 30.6 1.6 42.5
500 - 749 lbs 614 2.8 149 0.4 6 0.4 42 11.6 0.6 14.2 0.3 13.2 0.1 16.2
750 - 999 lbs 443 2 125 0.4 4 0.3 34 10.3 0.7 13 0.3 21.4 0.2 21.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,483 15.8 1,709 4.8 117 7.6 66 12.1 3.6 12 3.3 36.4 5.1 22.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,040 13.8 11,114 31.5 644 41.6 56 17.8 2.6 18.8 8.8 17.9 8.3 29.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 718 3.3 3,202 9.1 S S S 21.8 0.9 30.5 3.2 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 8,014 36.4 18,477 52.4 592 38.3 S 39.1 9.7 39.1 12.5 40.1 10.1 S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 19,373 100 34,452 100 1,096 100 42 18.5 - 23.9 - 21.6 - 31.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,356 7 57 0.2 5 0.4 S 9.3 1.2 12.6 0.1 17.4 0.2 S
50 - 99 lbs 800 4.1 54 0.2 3 0.3 56 13.5 0.7 11.7 0.1 20.1 0.1 35.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,920 9.9 308 0.9 21 1.9 70 6.9 2.2 10.4 0.6 39.6 1.7 47.7
500 - 749 lbs 507 2.6 132 0.4 4 0.3 27 12.4 0.7 14.2 0.3 13.8 0.1 25.7
750 - 999 lbs 386 2 111 0.3 3 0.3 24 13.7 0.8 12.7 0.3 28.3 0.2 28.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,031 15.6 1,557 4.5 54 4.9 40 12 3.8 12.3 3.1 17.5 2.3 26.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,679 13.8 10,764 31.2 343 31.3 32 17.7 2.9 19.3 9.1 16.1 10.2 48.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 688 3.6 3,113 9 83 7.5 27 23.2 1 31.5 3.5 33.6 2.2 46.1
More than 100,000 lbs 8,005 41.3 18,355 53.3 581 53 S 37.8 10.8 38 13 38.8 13 S

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,381 100 18,576 100 242 100 16 8.9 - 21.3 - 23.1 - 5.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,113 10.7 54 0.3 1 0.3 16 9.4 1.1 13.8 0.1 15.9 0.1 7.2
50 - 99 lbs 671 6.5 51 0.3 1 0.3 14 12.1 0.7 11.5 0.1 10.5 0.1 3.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,665 16 289 1.6 4 1.7 14 7.7 1.4 11 0.6 9.8 0.6 3.2
500 - 749 lbs 473 4.6 129 0.7 2 0.8 14 12.7 0.4 14.2 0.2 13.6 0.3 5.9
750 - 999 lbs 377 3.6 110 0.6 2 0.7 15 13.8 0.7 13 0.3 12.9 0.3 8.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,770 26.7 1,488 8 20 8.5 14 12.3 2.5 12 2.7 15.2 2.3 3.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,520 24.3 10,272 55.3 133 55 13 19.2 2.7 19.5 5.4 16.1 6.1 7.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 649 6.3 2,995 16.1 34 14.2 11 24.9 1.5 32.7 4.8 36.8 4.3 17.1
More than 100,000 lbs 143 1.4 S S S S 15 40.1 0.7 S S S S 19.5

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,465 100 6,893 100 90 100 13 24.2 - 37.2 - 44.9 - 9.6
Less than 50 lbs 32 2.2 1 - - - 12 33.4 2.6 45.3 - 40.3 - 45.3
50 - 99 lbs 65 4.4 1 - S S 16 49.8 2.2 42.5 - S S 19.4
100 - 499 lbs 95 6.5 10 0.1 - 0.2 16 41.7 4.7 27.4 0.4 30.3 0.7 13.1
500 - 749 lbs 9 0.6 S S S S 20 35.2 1.4 S S S S 20.3
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 18 S S S S S S 49.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 163 11.1 87 1.3 S S 15 39.9 2.9 44.2 0.5 S S 13.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 873 59.6 2,629 38.1 34 37.9 12 23.9 6.5 21.2 11.3 26.2 13.8 13.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 148 10.1 1,075 15.6 11 12.2 10 28.5 1.7 22.7 9.1 29.2 9.1 25
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 15 S S S S S S 30.7

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,916 100 11,683 100 152 100 16 7.8 - 15.6 - 14.3 - 5.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,081 12.1 53 0.5 1 0.5 16 10.3 1.2 14.3 0.1 16.2 0.1 7
50 - 99 lbs 606 6.8 49 0.4 1 0.5 14 9.2 0.6 11.6 0.1 10.1 0.1 3.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,569 17.6 279 2.4 4 2.5 14 7.8 1.3 11.4 0.6 10.1 0.6 3.3
500 - 749 lbs 464 5.2 126 1.1 2 1.2 14 12.9 0.5 14.8 0.3 14.9 0.3 7.1
750 - 999 lbs 374 4.2 106 0.9 2 1 15 14.2 0.7 14.3 0.3 14.5 0.3 8.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,606 29.2 1,401 12 19 12.7 14 13 2.5 13.4 3.2 17.2 2.3 4.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,647 18.5 7,643 65.4 99 65.2 14 18.4 2.3 22.4 6.9 17.1 5.8 11.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 501 5.6 1,920 16.4 23 15.4 12 25.1 1.5 47.3 5 41.5 4 25.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S 106 0.9 2 1 14 S S 23.4 0.9 31.6 1.6 31

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 469 100 785 100 247 100 237 15.7 - 27.5 - 14.5 - 13.7
Less than 50 lbs 4 0.9 - - - - 189 37.8 0.3 26.6 - 32.5 - 15.5
50 - 99 lbs S S - - - - 165 S S 37.3 - 32.4 - 17
100 - 499 lbs 34 7.3 6 0.7 1 0.5 219 27.7 2.7 38.9 0.6 35.7 0.8 7.8
500 - 749 lbs 9 1.9 2 0.2 - 0.2 250 26.5 0.6 35.5 0.2 41.4 0.2 9.1
750 - 999 lbs 5 1 1 0.2 - 0.2 S 20.1 0.8 38.1 0.5 44.1 0.3 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 153 32.6 45 5.7 10 4 196 25.9 5.2 32.4 3.3 39.3 1.7 10
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 156 33.2 474 60.4 168 68.1 S 24.1 5.8 37.8 8.5 21.8 10.2 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 35 7.4 S S S S S 30.4 3.6 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 62 13.3 142 18.1 19 7.5 S 31.9 3.8 30.7 8.3 36.3 6.9 S

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 469 100 785 100 247 100 237 15.7 - 27.5 - 14.5 - 13.7
Less than 50 lbs 4 0.9 - - - - 189 37.8 0.3 26.6 - 32.5 - 15.5
50 - 99 lbs S S - - - - 165 S S 37.3 - 32.4 - 17
100 - 499 lbs 34 7.3 6 0.7 1 0.5 219 27.7 2.7 38.9 0.6 35.7 0.8 7.8
500 - 749 lbs 9 1.9 2 0.2 - 0.2 250 26.5 0.6 35.5 0.2 41.4 0.2 9.1
750 - 999 lbs 5 1 1 0.2 - 0.2 S 20.1 0.8 38.1 0.5 44.1 0.3 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 153 32.6 45 5.7 10 4 196 25.9 5.2 32.4 3.3 39.3 1.7 10
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 156 33.2 474 60.4 168 68.1 S 24.1 5.8 37.8 8.5 21.8 10.2 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 35 7.4 S S S S S 30.4 3.6 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 62 13.3 142 18.1 19 7.5 S 31.9 3.8 30.7 8.3 36.3 6.9 S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 721 100 S S 118 100 1,248 16.6 - S S 38.4 - 12.2
Less than 50 lbs 239 33.1 3 1.6 4 3.5 1,326 34.7 6.7 14 4.3 21.8 3.1 11.6
50 - 99 lbs 117 16.3 3 1.3 2 1.8 873 33 3.6 29.2 2.3 28 1.4 36
100 - 499 lbs 221 30.7 13 6.5 S S 1,213 26.3 5.5 38.7 7.8 S S 13.4
500 - 749 lbs 25 3.5 2 0.8 1 1.1 S 47.7 2.2 19.3 2.1 41 3.6 S
750 - 999 lbs 5 0.6 - 0.2 S S S 50 1.4 41.4 0.8 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 109 15.1 24 11.9 24 20 1,029 33.7 5.6 27.1 13.4 30.2 11.8 35.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3 0.4 S S S S 2,772 40.2 1.8 S S S S 45.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,801 100 14,889 100 S S S 30.4 - 30.7 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 7,799 100 14,885 100 S S S 30.4 - 30.7 - S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,098 100 522 100 444 100 1,080 14.3 - 22 - 28.6 - 17.5
Less than 50 lbs 670 31.9 7 1.3 6 1.4 1,293 20.1 4.1 18.6 0.5 16.4 2 17
50 - 99 lbs 139 6.6 4 0.7 2 0.6 614 29.2 1.3 26.4 0.2 47 0.4 23.1
100 - 499 lbs 458 21.8 21 4 6 1.2 277 35.3 4.6 25.9 1.4 22 1.2 30.7
500 - 749 lbs 82 3.9 10 1.9 2 0.5 237 18.4 0.7 21 0.5 21.4 0.3 24.4
750 - 999 lbs 40 1.9 7 1.3 1 0.3 219 28.1 0.7 40.9 0.7 43.5 0.4 12.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 327 15.6 82 15.6 S S 476 26.2 6.8 22 6.9 S S 48.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 355 16.9 297 57 300 67.7 S 33.6 5.2 26.7 6.8 33.8 7.4 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 53 10.2 S S S S S 46.9 9.1 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 5 0.2 S S S S 254 43.5 0.4 S S S S -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,076 100 16 100 10 100 1,284 27.2 - 19.4 - 20.4 - 17.5
Less than 50 lbs 586 54.4 6 37.7 6 55.3 1,369 21 5.6 21.7 5.2 16.6 7.2 17.8
50 - 99 lbs 129 12 3 18 2 21.7 718 31.8 3.2 32.5 2.8 35.8 4.7 31
100 - 499 lbs S S 6 35.4 2 18.3 364 S S 27.7 6.3 27.4 3.6 32.9
500 - 749 lbs 24 2.3 1 7.6 S S 426 38.9 2 17.9 3.3 S S 39.8
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,015 100 500 100 382 100 302 14.3 - 23.4 - 33.8 - 9.5
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 0.2 - 0.1 218 S S 17 0.1 16.8 0.1 7.2
50 - 99 lbs 10 1 1 0.2 - 0.1 243 18.7 0.5 15.2 0.1 18.3 0.1 25.3
100 - 499 lbs 129 12.7 15 3.1 4 0.9 235 23.3 2.4 27.3 1.1 23.2 1.4 46.3
500 - 749 lbs 58 5.7 9 1.8 2 0.5 210 23.7 1.4 23.5 0.5 24.1 0.3 5.9
750 - 999 lbs 32 3.2 7 1.3 1 0.4 226 32.9 1.6 45.8 0.7 43.6 0.4 10.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 327 32.2 82 16.3 S S 476 26.2 8.6 22 7.7 S S 48.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 349 34.4 291 58.2 249 65.2 685 34.6 7.4 27.8 6.8 39.3 6.6 30.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 53 10.6 S S S S S 46.9 9 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 5 0.5 S S S S 254 43.5 0.7 S S S S -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 572 100 297 100 8 100 S 18.9 - 23.7 - 42.4 - S
Less than 50 lbs 201 35.2 7 2.3 - 2.6 S 38.6 6.7 25.2 2.6 42.2 8.7 S
50 - 99 lbs 70 12.2 6 2.1 - 1.8 20 27.3 1.9 24.3 1.7 43.1 0.9 20.2
100 - 499 lbs 116 20.2 S S S S S 19.7 5 S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs 25 4.3 7 2.4 - 2.8 28 26.9 1.8 30.6 2.1 49.4 1.8 39
750 - 999 lbs 17 2.9 7 2.5 - 0.9 9 43.5 1.6 38.4 1.8 22.4 0.8 39
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 125 21.9 71 23.8 S S S 29.9 4.9 37.8 6.9 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6 1.1 S S S S 7 36.7 1.4 S S S S 29.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 9 1.6 35 11.9 - 3.7 8 41.7 6.5 37.3 15.2 37.3 19.5 9.3
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 3.9

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.