Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 38,452 100 46,584 100 20,153 100 8.5 - 6.6 - 10.6 -
Less than 50 miles 10,493 27.3 25,402 54.5 787 3.9 12.2 2.2 11.8 4.2 14.8 0.9
50 - 99 miles 1,836 4.8 2,689 5.8 270 1.3 9.9 0.7 29.7 1.8 29.4 0.4
100 - 249 miles 3,782 9.8 3,928 8.4 804 4 11.2 0.9 13 0.9 11.3 0.5
250 - 499 miles 4,909 12.8 4,156 8.9 2,321 11.5 8.4 1.4 15.2 1 15.6 1.5
500 - 749 miles 4,017 10.4 3,983 8.6 3,937 19.5 22.4 1.6 17.9 1.3 18.8 2.7
750 - 999 miles 1,194 3.1 1,491 3.2 1,982 9.8 10.8 0.5 19.6 0.9 19.1 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,424 11.5 2,500 5.4 4,258 21.1 15 1.1 11.8 0.7 11.9 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,081 13.2 1,881 4 4,327 21.5 21.6 2 31.2 1.2 32 3.8
More than 2,000 miles 2,716 7.1 556 1.2 1,467 7.3 19.9 1.4 24.8 0.4 24.6 1.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 30,515 100 43,196 100 17,390 100 10.5 - 6.7 - 11.3 -
Less than 50 miles 9,587 31.4 24,400 56.5 764 4.4 13.3 2.9 11.9 4.2 14.6 1.2
50 - 99 miles 1,658 5.4 2,653 6.1 266 1.5 12 0.8 29.7 1.9 29.5 0.4
100 - 249 miles 2,764 9.1 3,844 8.9 781 4.5 12.2 1.3 13.6 1 12.2 0.6
250 - 499 miles 3,611 11.8 3,472 8 1,973 11.3 8.8 1.4 14.3 1 16.4 1.5
500 - 749 miles 3,045 10 3,232 7.5 3,136 18 26.9 1.6 21.1 1.3 21.7 2.8
750 - 999 miles 856 2.8 1,203 2.8 1,572 9 16.5 0.5 23.1 0.9 23.4 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,559 11.7 2,183 5.1 3,663 21.1 21.2 1.5 12.4 0.8 12.3 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,696 12.1 1,695 3.9 3,883 22.3 27.7 2.1 33.6 1.2 34.7 4.2
More than 2,000 miles 1,739 5.7 514 1.2 1,353 7.8 29.1 1.7 27.7 0.4 27.6 2

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 25,373 100 34,863 100 9,365 100 9.1 - 9.1 - 9.2 -
Less than 50 miles 9,483 37.4 21,877 62.8 648 6.9 13.2 2.7 13.2 3.2 15.9 1.2
50 - 99 miles 1,654 6.5 2,641 7.6 266 2.8 12 0.9 29.7 2.1 29.5 0.7
100 - 249 miles 2,687 10.6 3,459 9.9 701 7.5 12.7 1.7 10.6 0.8 10.3 0.8
250 - 499 miles 3,202 12.6 2,830 8.1 1,466 15.7 10.3 1.5 15.8 1.1 17.7 2.5
500 - 749 miles 1,593 6.3 1,127 3.2 1,018 10.9 7.7 0.5 13.4 0.5 13.4 1.6
750 - 999 miles 577 2.3 617 1.8 745 8 16.4 0.5 29.7 0.7 29.6 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,702 10.7 1,185 3.4 1,930 20.6 27.3 1.9 17.1 0.6 17.1 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,336 9.2 764 2.2 1,657 17.7 28.1 1.7 16.9 0.4 17 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,140 4.5 362 1 936 10 30.8 1.2 32.8 0.4 32.9 2.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,901 100 14,513 100 8,135 100 6.2 - 10.9 - 10.3 -
Less than 50 miles 1,621 12.6 4,612 31.8 156 1.9 22.8 2.1 22.6 4.5 24.5 0.4
50 - 99 miles 590 4.6 1,441 9.9 146 1.8 26.7 1 49.2 3.6 47.1 0.6
100 - 249 miles 1,249 9.7 2,001 13.8 407 5 16 1.9 12.4 1.5 10.4 0.7
250 - 499 miles 2,635 20.4 2,497 17.2 1,316 16.2 11.4 2.1 17.3 3 19.2 3.1
500 - 749 miles 1,577 12.2 1,109 7.6 1,003 12.3 8 0.8 14.1 1.4 14 1.9
750 - 999 miles 546 4.2 615 4.2 743 9.1 14.3 0.7 29.7 1 29.5 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,888 14.6 1,173 8.1 1,911 23.5 16.2 2.5 17.4 1 17.3 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,658 12.8 703 4.8 1,522 18.7 11.5 1.8 15.5 0.7 15.5 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 1,138 8.8 362 2.5 931 11.4 30.8 2.1 32.9 0.9 33 2.8

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,472 100 20,350 100 1,230 100 13.8 - 16.5 - 16.4 -
Less than 50 miles 7,862 63 17,265 84.8 493 40.1 13.2 4.7 18.6 2.4 22.4 5.2
50 - 99 miles 1,064 8.5 1,200 5.9 119 9.7 19.7 2.3 23.8 1.2 23 1.7
100 - 249 miles 1,438 11.5 1,458 7.2 293 23.8 20.1 2.2 20.2 1.4 20.3 4.1
250 - 499 miles 567 4.5 333 1.6 150 12.2 16.3 0.9 24.1 0.4 25.8 2
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,199 100 5,841 100 7,888 100 12.8 - 18.3 - 19.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 70 3.2 S S 80 1 48.4 1.8 S S 47.8 0.7
250 - 499 miles 241 11 625 10.7 501 6.3 24 2.3 34.4 2.5 38.5 2
500 - 749 miles 581 26.4 2,105 36 2,117 26.8 24.3 4.4 31.7 7 31.1 6.6
750 - 999 miles 202 9.2 586 10 827 10.5 24.3 1.7 28.2 2.7 28.7 2.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 624 28.4 997 17.1 1,732 22 15.6 4.6 17.9 6.3 16.3 6.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 378 17.2 S S S S 40.9 4.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 70 3.2 149 2.5 407 5.2 21.2 0.8 27.3 0.7 26.9 1.4

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 7 0.2 S S S S 37.7 1.7 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S - 1 - 0.1 S S 47 3.8 39.5 1.3
500 - 749 miles S S - 6.9 S S S S 49.5 7.7 S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 2 31.8 S S S S 46.5 8.4 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 75 100 S S S S 49.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 75 100 S S S S 49.4 - S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,860 100 2,270 100 2,578 100 11.3 - 11 - 11.2 -
Less than 50 miles 339 4.9 9 0.4 - - 34.7 2.1 33.4 0.1 25.7 -
50 - 99 miles 160 2.3 S S S S 27.1 0.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 959 14 70 3.1 20 0.8 23 3.1 43.4 1.3 45.5 0.3
250 - 499 miles 1,244 18.1 680 29.9 346 13.4 23.7 3.9 31.8 6.9 25.3 4
500 - 749 miles 912 13.3 735 32.4 789 30.6 21.1 2.4 21.5 6.5 24.3 6
750 - 999 miles 236 3.4 282 12.4 403 15.6 19.3 1.5 44 3.9 42.6 4.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 770 11.2 278 12.2 533 20.7 16.4 1.8 29.9 4.7 29.4 6.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,337 19.5 160 7.1 385 14.9 28.3 3.7 29 1.9 24.3 2.9
More than 2,000 miles 902 13.2 36 1.6 101 3.9 33.2 2.8 37.8 0.7 38.3 1.6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,780 100 123 100 106 100 13.6 - 13.2 - 11.9 -
Less than 50 miles 339 5.9 9 7.6 - 0.2 34.7 3.1 33.4 3.3 25.7 0.1
50 - 99 miles 157 2.7 7 5.4 1 0.6 27.4 1 38.5 1.4 35.9 0.2
100 - 249 miles 945 16.4 38 30.5 8 7.7 22.6 3.8 25.7 4.8 20.8 1.4
250 - 499 miles 953 16.5 22 17.6 11 10.5 23.6 3.2 19 3.1 19.6 2.8
500 - 749 miles 674 11.7 12 9.7 11 10.4 24.2 2.2 17.2 0.9 16 0.7
750 - 999 miles 128 2.2 4 3.1 5 4.6 14.9 0.7 18 0.9 19.2 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 600 10.4 10 8.1 17 15.8 18.7 1.5 11.9 1.6 11.7 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,129 19.5 11 9 24 22.4 32.2 3.7 16.8 1.9 16.5 2.8
More than 2,000 miles 853 14.8 11 9 29 27.7 34.5 2.9 21.2 1.6 21.2 2.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 907 100 1,741 100 2,223 100 22.2 - 16.1 - 15.4 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 174 19.2 296 17 192 8.6 43.7 9.2 26.8 4.8 25.6 2.6
500 - 749 miles 232 25.6 693 39.8 740 33.3 38.4 6 21.7 7 25.2 6.6
750 - 999 miles 107 11.8 279 16 398 17.9 41 4.5 43.5 4.5 42 5.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 164 18.1 267 15.3 508 22.9 38.4 8.8 29.2 8 28.8 8.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 137 7.9 303 13.6 S S 31.5 2.1 28.7 3.3
More than 2,000 miles S S 24 1.4 69 3.1 S S 39.6 1.4 39.2 2.8

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 163 100 S S S S 40.1 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 109 67.1 347 90.9 137 61 45.7 17.3 49.3 4.6 49.7 19.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total - 100 2 100 3 100 26.9 - 0.7 - 0.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - 100 2 100 3 100 26.9 - 0.7 - 0.7 -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S 21 100 S S S S 25.3 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,077 100 1,117 100 185 100 20.7 - 30 - 43.4 -
Less than 50 miles 567 52.6 993 88.9 23 12.4 17.7 8.5 30.4 5.1 38.2 13.7
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 60 5.6 16 1.4 13 7.2 27.6 3.2 26 1.9 22.4 10.2
750 - 999 miles S S 6 0.6 8 4.1 S S 37.2 1.4 41.8 3.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 95 8.8 S S S S 41.7 3.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 48 4.4 26 2.3 59 31.7 41.7 1.4 44.5 1.9 44.5 7.2
More than 2,000 miles S S 5 0.5 13 7.3 S S 48.7 0.2 48.9 7.6

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.