Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 38,452 100 46,584 100 20,153 100 539 8.5 - 6.6 - 10.6 - 13.8
Less than 50 lbs 5,610 14.6 99 0.2 55 0.3 685 12.6 1.9 14 - 18.2 0.1 16.1
50 - 99 lbs 2,223 5.8 68 0.1 27 0.1 402 20.8 0.9 11.4 - 15.6 - 17.2
100 - 499 lbs 4,605 12 388 0.8 98 0.5 252 16.3 1.5 15 0.1 20.7 0.1 13.4
500 - 749 lbs 1,204 3.1 216 0.5 35 0.2 168 17 0.4 14.2 0.1 11.7 - 36.1
750 - 999 lbs 607 1.6 220 0.5 29 0.1 138 17.4 0.3 15.6 0.1 24.3 0.1 16.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,148 16 2,893 6.2 499 2.5 154 19.1 1.8 10.9 0.5 12 0.4 7.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 11,333 29.5 16,388 35.2 6,354 31.5 353 7.4 2.1 12.5 2.4 9.6 3.4 17.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,296 8.6 14,298 30.7 2,444 12.1 171 12.4 0.9 10.9 3.2 13.6 1 17.8
More than 100,000 lbs 3,426 8.9 12,014 25.8 10,610 52.6 1,242 9.3 0.9 15.4 3.9 16.5 3.5 5.1

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 30,515 100 43,196 100 17,390 100 220 10.5 - 6.7 - 11.3 - 23
Less than 50 lbs 2,082 6.8 42 0.1 6 - 240 22.6 0.9 21.4 - 29 - 49.4
50 - 99 lbs 1,123 3.7 39 0.1 5 - 136 36.3 0.8 16.3 - 20 - 21.6
100 - 499 lbs 3,336 10.9 337 0.8 67 0.4 186 23 1.8 17.5 0.1 27.6 0.1 17.2
500 - 749 lbs 1,003 3.3 196 0.5 28 0.2 148 17.3 0.5 15.6 0.1 15.6 - 32.9
750 - 999 lbs 568 1.9 174 0.4 28 0.2 166 18.4 0.5 21.4 0.1 25.2 0.1 22.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,821 19.1 2,556 5.9 473 2.7 186 20.1 1.9 10.8 0.5 13.1 0.4 6.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 10,684 35 15,880 36.8 5,928 34.1 340 7.9 2.6 12.5 2.5 10.6 3.7 18.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,209 10.5 14,175 32.8 2,369 13.6 167 13.5 1.4 10.8 3.2 14 1.2 18.2
More than 100,000 lbs 2,687 8.8 9,796 22.7 8,486 48.8 1,242 9.1 0.8 16.1 3.8 17.8 3.5 5.7

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 25,373 100 34,863 100 9,365 100 180 9.1 - 9.1 - 9.2 - 23
Less than 50 lbs 1,275 5 41 0.1 5 0.1 S 22.9 0.9 21.9 - 31.9 - S
50 - 99 lbs 618 2.4 39 0.1 5 0.1 123 13.4 0.3 16.4 - 22.7 - 20.5
100 - 499 lbs 2,053 8.1 336 1 64 0.7 174 14 1.1 17.6 0.2 29.9 0.2 17.4
500 - 749 lbs 871 3.4 196 0.6 27 0.3 143 16.9 0.6 15.6 0.1 16.2 0.1 34.5
750 - 999 lbs 500 2 173 0.5 27 0.3 159 15.4 0.4 21.5 0.1 27.2 0.2 23.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,760 22.7 2,553 7.3 468 5 183 20.2 2.4 10.8 0.9 13.1 0.8 6.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 10,622 41.9 15,807 45.3 5,817 62.1 333 8 2.2 12.6 2.7 11 3.5 18.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,193 12.6 14,154 40.6 2,346 25.1 166 13.9 1.7 10.8 2.6 14.6 2.9 18.6
More than 100,000 lbs 482 1.9 1,564 4.5 606 6.5 327 32.3 0.7 13.5 0.7 33.2 1.7 19.4

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,901 100 14,513 100 8,135 100 835 6.2 - 10.9 - 10.3 - 10
Less than 50 lbs 250 1.9 5 - 4 - 1,045 48.4 0.8 32.5 - 45.7 - 17.4
50 - 99 lbs 212 1.6 4 - 3 - 765 28.6 0.5 22.7 - 33 - 22.1
100 - 499 lbs 733 5.7 65 0.4 49 0.6 669 22.5 1.4 40.2 0.1 39 0.2 17.8
500 - 749 lbs 358 2.8 20 0.1 17 0.2 863 31.9 1 27.7 0.1 24.8 0.1 20.8
750 - 999 lbs 173 1.3 19 0.1 18 0.2 1,000 21.8 0.3 20.2 - 28.8 0.1 18.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,263 17.5 407 2.8 343 4.2 866 15 2.1 10.2 0.5 12.2 0.8 8.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,519 50.5 5,453 37.6 5,263 64.7 951 8.7 2.9 8.2 4.4 12.4 3.7 5.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,097 16.3 7,839 54 1,868 23 241 15.8 2.2 18.6 4.6 18.8 3.3 12.7
More than 100,000 lbs 296 2.3 700 4.8 570 7 1,015 44.9 0.9 35.6 1.5 35.9 2.1 24

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,472 100 20,350 100 1,230 100 49 13.8 - 16.5 - 16.4 - 16.7
Less than 50 lbs 1,025 8.2 36 0.2 1 0.1 40 28 2.2 25.6 0.1 16.7 0.1 29.6
50 - 99 lbs 407 3.3 35 0.2 2 0.1 45 17.6 0.6 17.2 0.1 19.8 0.1 12.6
100 - 499 lbs 1,320 10.6 271 1.3 15 1.2 56 20.5 1.6 20.5 0.6 23.3 0.4 9.2
500 - 749 lbs 512 4.1 175 0.9 10 0.8 58 28.1 0.8 17.6 0.3 19.7 0.4 13.2
750 - 999 lbs 327 2.6 155 0.8 9 0.7 55 16.2 0.7 22.9 0.2 29.1 0.4 10.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,497 28 2,146 10.5 125 10.2 60 24.2 2.8 11.9 2.7 20.4 2.9 10.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,102 32.9 10,353 50.9 555 45.1 75 19.2 3.5 19 3 25.6 4.6 31.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,096 8.8 6,314 31 478 38.9 75 27.3 2.6 26.4 5.1 26 6.8 17.1
More than 100,000 lbs 186 1.5 864 4.2 36 2.9 S 30.2 0.7 22.8 1.7 21.2 1.5 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,199 100 5,841 100 7,888 100 1,473 12.8 - 18.3 - 19.5 - 5.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2 0.1 2 - 3 - 1,541 13.8 0.5 18.8 0.2 31.1 0.1 25.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 57 2.6 62 1.1 101 1.3 1,619 25.3 1 33.7 0.8 28.1 0.7 13.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,741 S S S S S S 14.3
More than 100,000 lbs 2,130 96.9 5,766 98.7 7,766 98.5 1,459 13.5 1.7 18.7 1.3 19.9 1.1 5.6

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,836 S S S S S S 6.1
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 10 1 7 1,796 S S 35.2 7.8 34.1 8.8 6.2
50 - 99 lbs S S - 4.2 1 3 1,793 S S 27.4 9.6 33 8.3 17
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,557 S S S S S S 7.4
500 - 749 lbs S S - 4.2 S S 3,288 S S 47.4 17.4 S S 19.1
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,892 S S S S S S 26.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 75 100 S S S S S 49.4 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 74 98.8 2,466 100 S S S 12.6 1.2 10.7 - S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,860 100 2,270 100 2,578 100 1,105 11.3 - 11 - 11.2 - 8.5
Less than 50 lbs 3,350 48.8 51 2.2 48 1.9 1,136 14.9 4.6 20.1 0.6 19.3 0.6 8.7
50 - 99 lbs 1,031 15 24 1 22 0.8 903 21.1 2.5 18.3 0.3 18.7 0.2 13.3
100 - 499 lbs 1,211 17.7 36 1.6 29 1.1 749 28.2 3.1 13.8 0.5 11.3 0.2 18.6
500 - 749 lbs 181 2.6 12 0.6 7 0.3 526 47.9 1.5 44.5 0.2 26.5 0.1 44.9
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - - S S S S S 44 - S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 1 - 3 0.1 4,160 S S 31.1 - 45 0.1 38.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 355 5.2 S S 285 11.1 810 45.3 2.3 S S 47.5 6.9 47.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 84 1.2 S S 74 2.9 S 49 0.8 S S 30.7 0.9 S
More than 100,000 lbs 632 9.2 1,660 73.1 2,109 81.8 1,330 17 2.9 16.6 7.7 16 6.7 5.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,780 100 123 100 106 100 1,105 13.6 - 13.2 - 11.9 - 8.5
Less than 50 lbs 3,350 58 51 41 48 45.8 1,136 14.9 5.2 20.1 4.5 19.3 4.1 8.7
50 - 99 lbs 1,031 17.8 24 19.1 22 20.5 903 21.1 2.7 18.3 2.4 18.7 3.4 13.3
100 - 499 lbs 1,211 21 36 29.4 28 26.9 747 28.2 3.5 13.8 4.6 10.8 2.4 18.8
500 - 749 lbs 181 3.1 12 10.1 7 6.5 520 47.8 1.8 44.4 2.9 26.1 2 45.6
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - 0.2 S S S S S 44 0.5 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 907 100 1,741 100 2,223 100 1,351 22.2 - 16.1 - 15.4 - 4.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 45 2.6 72 3.2 1,509 S S 35.7 1.2 34.1 1.5 10.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 36 2 41 1.9 1,163 S S 36 1.4 21.4 2 39.8
More than 100,000 lbs 632 69.7 1,660 95.3 2,109 94.9 1,330 17 7.9 16.6 1.5 16 1.7 5.5

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 163 100 S S S S S 40.1 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 3,367 S S S S S S 5.3
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,910 S S S S S S 45
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 123 75.7 S S S S S 47.9 17.3 S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total - 100 2 100 3 100 1,676 26.9 - 0.7 - 0.7 - -
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - 100 2 100 3 100 1,676 26.9 - 0.7 - 0.7 - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S 21 100 S S S S S 25.3 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 19 89 S S S S S 35.4 14.3 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,223 S S S S S S -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,077 100 1,117 100 185 100 64 20.7 - 30 - 43.4 - 20.8
Less than 50 lbs 178 16.6 7 0.6 1 0.3 63 31.9 3.8 26.2 0.4 36.8 0.4 26.6
50 - 99 lbs S S 5 0.4 S S 66 S S 17.1 0.5 S S 26.8
100 - 499 lbs 57 5.3 14 1.2 S S S 26.4 1.9 15.4 1.5 S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S 7 0.6 - 0.1 S S S 43.6 1.7 36.2 0.4 S
750 - 999 lbs 31 2.9 45 4 1 0.5 S 30.3 1.4 42.5 1.9 33.7 1.6 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 318 29.6 336 30.1 23 12.5 S 25.4 9.6 39.7 12.4 28.3 16.4 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 294 27.3 116 10.4 141 76.4 1,114 43.8 12.9 24.3 10.4 39.5 15.9 28.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 107 9.9 559 50 16 8.4 28 47.9 6.9 45.9 15.5 45.8 6.2 -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.