Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 639,177 100 626,898 100 180,924 100 3.9 - 3.6 - 8.8 -
Less than 50 miles 198,726 31.1 314,004 50.1 6,762 3.7 6.8 1.4 3.9 2.1 5.6 0.4
50 - 99 miles 51,172 8 65,116 10.4 7,747 4.3 8.8 0.6 12.9 1.2 18.2 0.6
100 - 249 miles 108,365 17 81,566 13 18,719 10.3 6.7 0.8 9.6 1.2 7.7 1.4
250 - 499 miles 95,961 15 63,459 10.1 30,570 16.9 6.7 0.5 12.7 1.1 14.4 2
500 - 749 miles 77,691 12.2 48,151 7.7 41,209 22.8 5.3 0.9 12.2 0.8 13.1 2.6
750 - 999 miles 49,164 7.7 39,445 6.3 47,214 26.1 6.4 0.4 23 1.5 24.4 4.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 27,442 4.3 6,354 1 9,445 5.2 10.2 0.5 17.7 0.1 18.4 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 30,262 4.7 8,767 1.4 19,069 10.5 4.4 0.3 14.8 0.2 14.7 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 393 0.1 36 - 188 0.1 17.2 - 22.1 - 26 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 503,711 100 568,218 100 147,295 100 4.5 - 3.8 - 10.2 -
Less than 50 miles 172,568 34.3 308,198 54.2 6,542 4.4 7.7 1.5 3.9 1.8 4.9 0.5
50 - 99 miles 40,543 8 46,944 8.3 4,528 3.1 8.8 0.7 11.9 1 12.4 0.5
100 - 249 miles 87,745 17.4 74,143 13 16,434 11.2 6.7 1 11.4 1.3 9.8 1.8
250 - 499 miles 78,038 15.5 53,413 9.4 24,554 16.7 8.2 0.7 12.8 1 12.1 1.7
500 - 749 miles 54,390 10.8 39,046 6.9 31,814 21.6 5.4 0.8 12.4 0.7 12.3 1.8
750 - 999 miles 32,538 6.5 33,949 6 40,377 27.4 6.7 0.4 24.5 1.5 25.9 4.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 19,033 3.8 5,385 0.9 7,943 5.4 12.1 0.5 21.5 0.1 22.4 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 18,737 3.7 7,127 1.3 15,081 10.2 7.2 0.3 18.8 0.2 19.3 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 118 - S S 21 - 28.8 - S S 46.7 -

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 435,723 100 405,266 100 64,408 100 4.8 - 5.1 - 8.3 -
Less than 50 miles 154,794 35.5 269,567 66.5 5,624 8.7 9 1.7 4.9 1.3 6.5 0.8
50 - 99 miles 38,938 8.9 33,079 8.2 3,185 4.9 9.2 0.8 6.1 0.4 5.9 0.3
100 - 249 miles 70,984 16.3 40,275 9.9 8,641 13.4 6.4 0.6 7.9 0.5 7.5 0.8
250 - 499 miles 66,985 15.4 30,292 7.5 13,252 20.6 6.6 0.5 11.1 0.5 11.8 0.9
500 - 749 miles 46,955 10.8 16,843 4.2 12,851 20 6.3 0.7 10.4 0.3 10.9 0.8
750 - 999 miles 24,936 5.7 8,056 2 8,391 13 5.4 0.4 19.5 0.4 21.5 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16,839 3.9 3,327 0.8 4,701 7.3 12.7 0.5 9.9 0.1 9.8 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 15,268 3.5 3,815 0.9 7,752 12 7 0.3 11.9 0.1 11.9 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 24 - S S S S 30.3 - S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 277,890 100 200,949 100 50,721 100 5.9 - 6.9 - 9.1 -
Less than 50 miles 61,545 22.1 106,383 52.9 2,497 4.9 15.9 2 8.5 2.2 6.7 0.5
50 - 99 miles 19,643 7.1 17,688 8.8 1,705 3.4 6.7 0.6 11.6 0.9 10.1 0.3
100 - 249 miles 46,349 16.7 24,519 12.2 5,384 10.6 7.1 0.8 6.3 0.6 6.9 0.8
250 - 499 miles 54,559 19.6 23,614 11.8 10,204 20.1 8.3 0.9 11.9 0.8 11.8 0.9
500 - 749 miles 40,000 14.4 14,015 7 10,741 21.2 7.5 0.9 12.6 0.7 13.2 0.8
750 - 999 miles 24,034 8.6 7,802 3.9 8,158 16.1 5.7 0.7 20.4 0.7 22.3 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16,570 6 3,313 1.6 4,680 9.2 13.1 0.9 10.1 0.2 10 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 15,166 5.5 3,604 1.8 7,341 14.5 7 0.5 9.7 0.2 9.8 1
More than 2,000 miles 23 - S S S S 31.5 - S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 157,833 100 204,317 100 13,687 100 6.8 - 8.2 - 15 -
Less than 50 miles 93,249 59.1 163,185 79.9 3,127 22.8 8.3 2.2 8.7 1.7 10.4 2.8
50 - 99 miles 19,294 12.2 15,391 7.5 1,480 10.8 12.8 1.2 8 0.8 8.9 1.2
100 - 249 miles 24,635 15.6 15,756 7.7 3,257 23.8 9.7 0.7 15.9 0.8 14.7 1.6
250 - 499 miles 12,426 7.9 6,678 3.3 3,048 22.3 12.6 1 24.6 0.6 29.3 2.4
500 - 749 miles 6,954 4.4 2,828 1.4 2,110 15.4 9.9 0.5 14.8 0.2 14.6 1.8
750 - 999 miles 902 0.6 254 0.1 233 1.7 27.7 0.2 18.3 - 18.2 0.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 270 0.2 S S S S 38 0.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 21,298 100 64,461 100 38,773 100 14.1 - 13.6 - 17.5 -
Less than 50 miles 1,230 5.8 9,218 14.3 410 1.1 31 2.4 32.8 4.7 34 0.6
50 - 99 miles 1,069 5 7,333 11.4 716 1.8 33.2 2.7 41.2 3.6 46.3 0.8
100 - 249 miles 1,956 9.2 7,072 11 1,780 4.6 28.2 1.4 31.9 2 33 1.1
250 - 499 miles 5,564 26.1 13,590 21.1 6,440 16.6 26.1 3.7 21.6 3.3 23.6 3.6
500 - 749 miles 5,156 24.2 16,615 25.8 13,375 34.5 10.4 2.4 17.1 4.4 15.9 3.9
750 - 999 miles 2,898 13.6 5,296 8.2 5,535 14.3 24.1 2.5 24.3 1.7 23.6 3.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,115 5.2 2,047 3.2 3,226 8.3 41.1 1.5 47.7 0.9 47.2 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,310 10.8 3,290 5.1 7,291 18.8 28 2.3 34.6 1.3 34.4 4.7
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,559 100 46,047 100 35,515 100 18.1 - 30.8 - 27.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 666 12 6,663 14.5 1,828 5.1 37.3 5.8 44.6 6 43.6 5.4
250 - 499 miles 1,299 23.4 4,312 9.4 3,383 9.5 17.1 4.3 19.8 5.5 17 4.2
500 - 749 miles 848 15.3 5,136 11.2 5,335 15 35.1 7.7 31.4 8.2 30.1 8.4
750 - 999 miles 2,651 47.7 18,343 39.8 24,273 68.3 27.7 6.8 38.9 9.6 37.7 9
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,559 100 46,047 100 35,515 100 18.1 - 30.8 - 27.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 666 12 6,663 14.5 1,828 5.1 37.3 5.8 44.6 6 43.6 5.4
250 - 499 miles 1,299 23.4 4,312 9.4 3,383 9.5 17.1 4.3 19.8 5.5 17 4.2
500 - 749 miles 848 15.3 5,136 11.2 5,335 15 35.1 7.7 31.4 8.2 30.1 8.4
750 - 999 miles 2,651 47.7 18,343 39.8 24,273 68.3 27.7 6.8 38.9 9.6 37.7 9
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,866 100 93 100 104 100 23.1 - 16.4 - 16 -
Less than 50 miles 1,463 18.6 8 9 4 3.6 38 4.1 33.5 4.8 30.5 2.1
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 305 3.9 7 7.9 3 3.1 39.3 1.3 40.3 3.5 38.8 1.5
250 - 499 miles 1,225 15.6 10 10.3 4 4.3 46.6 6 28.3 2.9 28.9 1.4
500 - 749 miles 1,216 15.5 10 11 7 7.1 21 3.5 24.4 2.6 24 1.5
750 - 999 miles 1,278 16.3 21 23 21 19.9 33.2 4 44.3 5.6 43.9 5.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 11 11.7 16 15 S S 36.4 2.2 37 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,159 14.7 21 22.8 38 36.9 32.5 5.9 22.4 4.8 22.4 6.3
More than 2,000 miles 94 1.2 2 2.3 S S 35.5 0.7 49.7 1.6 S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 33,265 100 52,351 100 S S 36 - 35.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles 15,011 45.1 23,422 44.7 S S 25.2 8.9 25.7 8.7 S S
50 - 99 miles 465 1.4 920 1.8 S S 41.7 1.1 44.9 1.4 S S
100 - 249 miles 13,834 41.6 20,126 38.4 S S 40.8 8 41.5 7.7 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 216 0.6 441 0.8 S S 38.3 2.2 26.4 3.8 S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 122,640 100 52,530 100 32,214 100 7.6 - 32.7 - 28.7 -
Less than 50 miles 18,326 14.9 2,346 4.5 S S 10.1 1.1 42.4 2.1 S S
50 - 99 miles 9,895 8.1 17,344 33 3,124 9.7 35.8 2.1 39.3 6.1 42.5 2.3
100 - 249 miles 19,758 16.1 6,596 12.6 2,084 6.5 15.1 1.6 30.4 4.3 30.8 2.6
250 - 499 miles 16,846 13.7 S S S S 5.2 0.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 22,571 18.4 8,937 17 9,269 28.8 10 1.7 32 6.2 34.9 6.7
750 - 999 miles 15,957 13 5,188 9.9 6,480 20.1 15.7 1.9 41.3 2.1 41.2 5.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,876 6.4 854 1.6 1,343 4.2 11 0.5 36.4 1.3 38.4 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11,143 9.1 1,496 2.8 3,695 11.5 7.1 0.9 16.5 2.2 16.9 4.5
More than 2,000 miles 268 0.2 22 - 166 0.5 18 - 25.7 0.1 30.9 0.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 104,717 100 2,070 100 1,409 100 6.9 - 11.5 - 10.4 -
Less than 50 miles 17,823 17 360 17.4 16 1.1 10.3 1.5 32.6 2.8 29 0.2
50 - 99 miles 9,074 8.7 101 4.9 10 0.7 38.8 2.4 11.6 0.4 12.4 0.1
100 - 249 miles 17,474 16.7 294 14.2 66 4.7 18.4 2 12.1 1.1 11.7 0.4
250 - 499 miles 14,566 13.9 351 17 151 10.7 5.9 0.8 10.7 0.9 10.4 0.4
500 - 749 miles 17,509 16.7 390 18.9 300 21.3 10.5 1.9 9.6 0.7 9.8 0.7
750 - 999 miles 12,221 11.7 211 10.2 213 15.1 11.1 1.8 9.5 0.5 9.7 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,172 6.8 165 8 237 16.8 11.9 0.6 11.3 0.6 11.5 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,696 8.3 193 9.3 394 28 8.1 0.8 14.6 0.9 14.5 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 182 0.2 5 0.3 21 1.5 23.6 - 34 0.1 37.4 0.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 14,462 100 14,406 100 11,528 100 30.2 - 24.3 - 23.7 -
Less than 50 miles 340 2.3 S S S S 36.1 1.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 273 1.9 1,188 8.2 S S 44.1 1.2 47.6 5 S S
100 - 249 miles 2,134 14.8 2,749 19.1 790 6.9 48.1 4.5 49 8.2 47.5 6.1
250 - 499 miles 1,680 11.6 1,899 13.2 922 8 29.8 2.9 31 2.2 30.5 1.7
500 - 749 miles 4,106 28.4 4,612 32 4,391 38.1 37.8 3.8 44.4 5.9 47 7
750 - 999 miles 2,896 20 1,264 8.8 S S 40.8 2.8 49.8 1.8 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 692 4.8 683 4.7 1,095 9.5 40.3 1.9 45.4 3.2 47 4.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,341 16.2 1,217 8.5 2,740 23.8 19.7 4.9 19.4 3.1 19.4 5.9
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,922 100 32,087 100 14,656 100 31.5 - 42.4 - 46.5 -
Less than 50 miles 141 4.8 S S S S 47 8.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 531 18.2 15,478 48.2 2,845 19.4 28 9.1 37.8 8.9 41.2 6.9
100 - 249 miles 150 5.1 3,552 11.1 1,228 8.4 29.6 2.5 32.3 3.7 34.3 5
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9 0.3 1 - 3 - 36.2 0.7 12.9 - 12 0.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 55 1.9 10 - 63 0.4 36.6 8.2 48.7 2.1 48.7 8.3
More than 2,000 miles 69 2.4 10 - 80 0.5 41.3 3.1 34.3 0.2 35.1 2.6

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 80 100 329 100 371 100 25.3 - 26.4 - 20.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S 179 48.1 S S S S 10.2 16.6
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 460 100 3,637 100 4,250 100 38.7 - 34.4 - 30.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 61 13.3 S S S S 37.4 16.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 310 67.4 2,036 56 2,769 65.1 48.8 13.8 36.7 15.1 36.1 14.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 38 8.2 S S S S 50 14.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 12,826 100 6,150 100 1,415 100 30.8 - 27.8 - 25.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 64 4.5 S S S S 49 5.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 862 6.7 827 13.4 200 14.2 32.7 1.7 34 7.3 38.7 4.8
250 - 499 miles 1,078 8.4 299 4.9 120 8.5 35 4.2 29.3 1.8 28.2 1.1
500 - 749 miles 730 5.7 168 2.7 126 8.9 20.9 1.8 27.1 1.9 27.6 3.2
750 - 999 miles 669 5.2 S S S S 31.2 2.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 532 4.1 115 1.9 159 11.2 42.4 2.1 28.2 1.4 27.4 4.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 382 3 144 2.3 293 20.7 37.7 1.3 37.3 1.2 37.1 5.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.