Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 355,503 100 379,374 100 75,389 100 4.8 - 7 - 4.5 -
Less than 50 miles 81,923 23 217,334 57.3 5,143 6.8 7.1 1.3 10 2.4 11.9 0.7
50 - 99 miles 27,923 7.9 35,068 9.2 3,468 4.6 4.6 0.3 10.5 0.8 11.2 0.5
100 - 249 miles 80,741 22.7 55,780 14.7 11,897 15.8 5 0.9 5 1 4.9 0.4
250 - 499 miles 66,431 18.7 38,215 10.1 19,571 26 6.8 0.8 6.6 0.7 9.4 1.7
500 - 749 miles 45,046 12.7 19,971 5.3 15,940 21.1 10 0.7 7.2 0.5 7.9 1.5
750 - 999 miles 21,793 6.1 6,151 1.6 6,474 8.6 8.4 0.4 8.2 0.2 9.1 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13,816 3.9 2,958 0.8 4,300 5.7 14.9 0.4 10.2 0.1 10.6 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 17,612 5 3,867 1 8,518 11.3 9.6 0.4 17.5 0.1 17.6 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 218 0.1 30 - 78 0.1 32.4 - 39.4 - 34.1 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 303,707 100 355,473 100 65,706 100 4.8 - 7.4 - 5.2 -
Less than 50 miles 76,358 25.1 206,171 58 4,933 7.5 7.1 1.4 10.2 2.2 11.5 0.7
50 - 99 miles 26,185 8.6 34,110 9.6 3,347 5.1 4.8 0.3 10.1 0.8 10.6 0.6
100 - 249 miles 70,367 23.2 52,725 14.8 11,066 16.8 5.9 1 5.7 1.1 5.6 0.6
250 - 499 miles 58,378 19.2 34,841 9.8 17,472 26.6 7.6 1 7.6 0.7 10.6 2.1
500 - 749 miles 34,331 11.3 16,208 4.6 12,384 18.8 9.8 0.7 8.5 0.4 9.6 1.4
750 - 999 miles 16,516 5.4 5,726 1.6 6,006 9.1 10.7 0.5 10 0.2 10.9 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10,215 3.4 2,561 0.7 3,720 5.7 12.3 0.3 9.8 0.1 10.5 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11,232 3.7 3,107 0.9 6,737 10.3 10 0.3 21 0.2 21.5 2
More than 2,000 miles 126 - 24 - 40 0.1 40.9 - 43.3 - 35.4 -

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 281,871 100 295,034 100 44,600 100 4.7 - 7.4 - 2.9 -
Less than 50 miles 73,773 26.2 181,872 61.6 4,029 9 7.3 1.6 10.4 2.1 10.9 0.9
50 - 99 miles 25,448 9 29,906 10.1 2,848 6.4 4.2 0.3 10.4 0.7 10.3 0.6
100 - 249 miles 66,333 23.5 43,181 14.6 8,978 20.1 6.5 1 6.3 0.9 5.7 0.8
250 - 499 miles 53,836 19.1 22,377 7.6 9,952 22.3 8 1 5.4 0.7 5.4 1.3
500 - 749 miles 29,780 10.6 9,511 3.2 6,875 15.4 10 0.8 6.4 0.3 6.5 1.1
750 - 999 miles 13,866 4.9 3,842 1.3 4,005 9 11.9 0.5 9.8 0.2 10.5 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8,631 3.1 1,795 0.6 2,529 5.7 10.4 0.3 7.6 0.1 7.1 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 10,099 3.6 2,527 0.9 5,347 12 10.9 0.4 15.7 0.1 15.5 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 106 - 23 - 36 0.1 49 - 44.8 - 37.7 -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 193,929 100 169,588 100 36,864 100 6.4 - 6.3 - 3.6 -
Less than 50 miles 29,238 15.1 90,930 53.6 2,061 5.6 11.7 1.3 11.5 3 11.1 0.6
50 - 99 miles 13,557 7 14,846 8.8 1,440 3.9 6.6 0.3 10.8 1 11.1 0.4
100 - 249 miles 41,584 21.4 26,602 15.7 5,751 15.6 7.3 0.9 5.6 1.1 5.7 0.6
250 - 499 miles 47,157 24.3 19,536 11.5 8,841 24 9.1 1.1 6.3 0.9 6.1 1.3
500 - 749 miles 29,717 15.3 9,491 5.6 6,860 18.6 10 0.9 6.4 0.4 6.6 0.9
750 - 999 miles 13,853 7.1 3,840 2.3 4,003 10.9 11.9 0.7 9.8 0.3 10.5 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8,626 4.4 1,795 1.1 2,528 6.9 10.4 0.4 7.6 0.1 7.1 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 10,090 5.2 2,525 1.5 5,343 14.5 10.9 0.6 15.7 0.3 15.5 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 106 0.1 23 - 36 0.1 49 - 44.8 - 37.7 -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 87,943 100 125,446 100 7,736 100 5.7 - 14.7 - 14 -
Less than 50 miles 44,534 50.6 90,942 72.5 1,968 25.4 7.2 1.9 14.4 1.9 18.3 1.7
50 - 99 miles 11,890 13.5 15,060 12 1,408 18.2 7 0.7 23.3 1.4 24 1.8
100 - 249 miles 24,749 28.1 16,579 13.2 3,227 41.7 10.6 2.1 16.2 0.9 14.3 1.9
250 - 499 miles 6,680 7.6 2,841 2.3 1,111 14.4 11.9 0.7 11 0.4 11.6 1.8
500 - 749 miles 63 0.1 S S S S 44.8 - S S S S
750 - 999 miles 13 - 2 - S S 35.5 - 46.6 - S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 19,276 100 56,048 100 20,442 100 15.3 - 16.5 - 14.3 -
Less than 50 miles 2,309 12 22,302 39.8 832 4.1 24.7 2.3 35 9.1 38 1.7
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,789 19.7 8,657 15.4 1,764 8.6 23 5.1 22.9 5.4 21.7 1.8
250 - 499 miles 4,377 22.7 12,305 22 7,434 36.4 20.8 3.5 23.4 4.2 26.9 5
500 - 749 miles 3,931 20.4 6,673 11.9 5,493 26.9 29.2 3.1 16.8 2.8 17.8 3.3
750 - 999 miles 2,223 11.5 1,882 3.4 2,000 9.8 24.9 2 22.7 1.1 23.9 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,393 7.2 761 1.4 1,185 5.8 41.9 2.3 21.2 0.5 24.5 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 727 3.8 572 1 1,373 6.7 46.7 1.3 49.5 0.9 50 3.4
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 3,586 100 S S S S 48 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S 1,557 43.4 S S S S 31 17.2 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 840 23.4 316 53.6 S S 24.3 19.6 25.6 16.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 3,586 100 S S S S 48 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S 1,557 43.4 S S S S 31 17.2 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 840 23.4 316 53.6 S S 24.3 19.6 25.6 16.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,046 100 37 100 41 100 38.8 - 31.2 - 37.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S - 0.1 S S S S 44.3 0.2 S S
50 - 99 miles S S - 0.9 - 0.4 S S 32.9 1.1 33.9 0.5
100 - 249 miles 202 9.9 S S 4 9.7 13.2 4.7 S S 39.5 6.2
250 - 499 miles 163 8 3 9.4 2 5.2 24.7 2.7 39.3 5.5 33.3 3.5
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 1 3.8 2 3.8 S S 23.1 2.2 22.8 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 191 9.3 S S S S 46.9 5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 407 19.9 S S S S 45.3 2.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 20 1 1 2.4 4 9.7 32.5 0.5 43.8 0.9 44.3 4.1

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 463 100 768 100 S S 34 - 34.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles 239 51.6 439 57.2 S S 43.6 13.3 38.2 11.8 S S
50 - 99 miles 182 39.3 275 35.8 S S 4.9 15.8 7.7 11.9 S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 43,337 100 13,455 100 8,805 100 6.9 - 10.7 - 8.4 -
Less than 50 miles 2,102 4.8 2,118 15.7 164 1.9 13 0.7 43.3 5 40.2 0.8
50 - 99 miles 1,449 3.3 725 5.4 98 1.1 11.8 0.5 47.5 2 49.5 0.7
100 - 249 miles 9,445 21.8 2,722 20.2 758 8.6 14.4 3.2 20.7 4 22.1 2.3
250 - 499 miles 7,189 16.6 2,969 22.1 1,880 21.4 13.8 1.6 25.8 4.7 25.5 3.8
500 - 749 miles 9,594 22.1 3,553 26.4 3,397 38.6 15.9 2.6 17.7 5.9 18.1 5.5
750 - 999 miles 4,702 10.9 344 2.6 381 4.3 14.7 2 29.4 1.2 28.6 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,279 7.6 365 2.7 536 6.1 26.2 1.3 31.2 0.8 29.5 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,490 12.7 653 4.9 1,553 17.6 19.2 2.1 20.7 1.2 20.1 3.3
More than 2,000 miles 88 0.2 6 - 37 0.4 35.4 0.1 37.2 - 42.7 0.1

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 32,886 100 841 100 558 100 6.1 - 13.2 - 11.5 -
Less than 50 miles 2,008 6.1 69 8.2 2 0.4 12.5 1.1 22.1 1.9 21.1 0.1
50 - 99 miles 1,321 4 43 5.1 4 0.8 12 0.5 20.4 0.6 21.1 0.1
100 - 249 miles 8,295 25.2 232 27.6 55 9.9 16.6 3.6 27 3.4 26.1 1.8
250 - 499 miles 5,286 16.1 132 15.7 61 11 8.7 1.3 11.6 1.1 11 0.8
500 - 749 miles 6,514 19.8 151 18 109 19.6 17.3 2.3 14.8 1.8 14.6 1.1
750 - 999 miles 4,443 13.5 93 11 97 17.3 14.8 2 14.7 1.3 14.4 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,956 5.9 44 5.2 61 11 20.2 0.9 17.6 0.7 17.1 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,996 9.1 75 9 161 28.9 11.9 0.9 14.1 1.2 14.3 2.8
More than 2,000 miles 67 0.2 2 0.2 6 1.1 41.6 0.1 37.2 0.1 33.3 0.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,542 100 8,014 100 4,938 100 22.9 - 16.7 - 13.1 -
Less than 50 miles 82 0.9 1,836 22.9 152 3.1 40.7 0.3 35.1 8.6 32.1 1.8
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,082 11.3 1,382 17.2 290 5.9 33.1 5.7 24.7 5.2 22.6 1.6
250 - 499 miles 1,789 18.7 1,435 17.9 835 16.9 39.5 3.4 21.8 5.4 21.1 4.3
500 - 749 miles 2,444 25.6 2,039 25.4 1,628 33 31.9 6 36.4 7.7 36.5 8.2
750 - 999 miles 242 2.5 232 2.9 254 5.1 46.5 1.2 42.3 1.4 40.2 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 320 4 471 9.5 S S 34.8 1.3 32.7 3.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,467 25.9 560 7 1,280 25.9 39.1 6.7 23.1 2 21.3 5
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 279 100 3,223 100 1,693 100 21.4 - 29 - 33.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 473 14.7 67 4 S S 42.7 17.7 43.1 16
100 - 249 miles 42 15 1,065 33 407 24 46.7 15.7 39.8 11.5 34.6 16
250 - 499 miles 56 20.2 1,305 40.5 895 52.9 29.6 8.3 41.7 16.1 40.6 15.7
500 - 749 miles 108 38.8 S S 252 14.9 32 13.7 S S 47.1 17.3
750 - 999 miles 12 4.4 S S S S 5.1 15.9 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3 1 S S 3 0.2 46.1 4.1 S S 5.4 4.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 4 0.1 31 1.8 S S 31.2 2.6 31.2 8.7

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 300 100 1,308 100 1,474 100 35.1 - 42.3 - 41.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 207 68.9 1,145 87.5 1,314 89.2 42.1 13.3 47.6 14.2 46.4 15.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 8,458 100 S S 878 100 22.9 - S S 15 -
Less than 50 miles 3,464 41 S S S S 47.3 7.7 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 290 3.4 S S S S 21.9 1.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 929 11 334 3.2 73 8.3 18.5 2.5 30.8 4.7 33 1.3
250 - 499 miles 864 10.2 406 3.9 219 24.9 25.1 1.7 36.3 7.1 40.6 7.5
500 - 749 miles 1,121 13.3 210 2 159 18.1 26.8 1.7 23.8 3.5 26.1 3.9
750 - 999 miles 574 6.8 81 0.8 87 9.9 29.1 1.4 23.6 1.4 23.5 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 322 3.8 31 0.3 44 5 28.9 1.2 24.1 0.5 24.5 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 889 10.5 107 1 227 25.9 22.6 2.7 25.1 2.3 24.9 6.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.