Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 156,920 100 241,008 100 73,213 100 5.7 - 9 - 11.2 -
Less than 50 miles 41,771 26.6 132,146 54.8 3,118 4.3 11.9 2.5 13.1 3.5 17.6 0.8
50 - 99 miles 12,551 8 20,907 8.7 2,101 2.9 8.2 0.7 11.1 0.8 11.3 0.3
100 - 249 miles 27,940 17.8 27,643 11.5 6,384 8.7 8.1 0.6 11.9 0.7 15.1 1.2
250 - 499 miles 23,679 15.1 17,695 7.3 8,809 12 7.6 0.8 9.8 0.7 10.4 0.9
500 - 749 miles 15,852 10.1 13,527 5.6 11,548 15.8 8.3 0.6 15.5 0.9 16.7 2.1
750 - 999 miles 18,377 11.7 18,921 7.9 23,689 32.4 9.2 0.9 27.2 2 29.5 4.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,730 7.5 8,260 3.4 13,645 18.6 6.8 0.6 10.4 0.5 11.7 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,962 3.2 1,893 0.8 3,876 5.3 18.7 0.5 12.8 0.1 13.2 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 58 - 15 - 42 0.1 43.2 - 44 - 45.7 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 139,410 100 229,021 100 61,195 100 5.9 - 9.5 - 7.2 -
Less than 50 miles 39,847 28.6 131,814 57.6 3,110 5.1 12.7 2.7 13.2 3.1 17.7 0.8
50 - 99 miles 11,533 8.3 20,695 9 2,080 3.4 8.5 0.8 11.1 0.8 11.3 0.3
100 - 249 miles 25,329 18.2 26,505 11.6 6,087 9.9 8.6 0.8 12.4 0.8 15.7 1.2
250 - 499 miles 20,460 14.7 14,820 6.5 7,200 11.8 8.4 0.9 6.7 0.6 6.6 0.8
500 - 749 miles 13,846 9.9 12,621 5.5 10,828 17.7 9.3 0.7 15.3 0.9 16.7 2
750 - 999 miles 15,222 10.9 13,795 6 16,876 27.6 7.8 0.8 15.6 1 17.4 3.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9,339 6.7 7,192 3.1 11,801 19.3 6.3 0.5 12.6 0.5 14.2 2.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,811 2.7 1,568 0.7 3,189 5.2 20.6 0.5 15.6 0.1 16.2 1
More than 2,000 miles S S 11 - S S S S 47.8 - S S

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 126,849 100 191,811 100 27,735 100 6.5 - 9.8 - 8.9 -
Less than 50 miles 38,970 30.7 126,545 66 2,933 10.6 12.6 2.8 12.1 2.5 15.2 1.4
50 - 99 miles 11,373 9 19,808 10.3 1,966 7.1 8.4 1 10.8 1.1 10.9 0.7
100 - 249 miles 24,427 19.3 23,868 12.4 5,384 19.4 9.3 0.9 13.6 1 17.3 1.9
250 - 499 miles 18,298 14.4 10,132 5.3 4,602 16.6 9 1 8 0.6 7.7 0.8
500 - 749 miles 11,759 9.3 4,426 2.3 3,566 12.9 11.2 0.7 12.1 0.4 12 0.9
750 - 999 miles 11,047 8.7 3,582 1.9 3,819 13.8 10.1 0.8 11.9 0.2 11.8 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,662 6 2,739 1.4 4,116 14.8 6.1 0.3 15.3 0.2 15.1 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,297 2.6 704 0.4 1,342 4.8 23.5 0.6 20.8 0.1 21.1 0.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 80,169 100 92,133 100 21,123 100 8.2 - 11.3 - 9.5 -
Less than 50 miles 19,180 23.9 48,540 52.7 1,239 5.9 26.3 4.1 16.3 3.9 17.5 0.9
50 - 99 miles 5,164 6.4 10,401 11.3 1,057 5 12.9 1.2 14.1 1.3 14.2 0.7
100 - 249 miles 14,025 17.5 14,475 15.7 3,390 16.1 8.1 0.9 12.2 1.8 14.6 1.5
250 - 499 miles 13,383 16.7 8,390 9.1 3,811 18 7.8 1.4 7.5 0.9 7.5 0.7
500 - 749 miles 9,642 12 3,947 4.3 3,190 15.1 9.1 0.8 12.9 0.6 12.9 0.9
750 - 999 miles 9,047 11.3 3,258 3.5 3,472 16.4 7.9 1 13 0.5 12.9 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,523 8.1 2,445 2.7 3,676 17.4 6.4 0.6 16.8 0.4 16.5 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,188 4 670 0.7 1,277 6 23.4 0.8 20 0.2 20.2 1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 46,680 100 99,678 100 6,613 100 6 - 14.1 - 8.9 -
Less than 50 miles 19,789 42.4 78,005 78.3 1,694 25.6 12.1 5.6 16.3 2.6 17.8 4
50 - 99 miles 6,209 13.3 9,406 9.4 908 13.7 8.3 1.1 12.2 1.2 12.3 1.5
100 - 249 miles 10,402 22.3 9,392 9.4 1,993 30.1 16 2.5 16.8 1.4 23 3.5
250 - 499 miles 4,915 10.5 1,743 1.7 790 12 18.6 1.5 15 0.5 13.3 1.8
500 - 749 miles 2,117 4.5 480 0.5 375 5.7 33.4 1.3 25.4 0.1 23.9 1.3
750 - 999 miles 2,001 4.3 324 0.3 346 5.2 34.2 1 24.3 0.2 23.5 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,139 2.4 295 0.3 440 6.7 20.8 0.4 23.2 0.1 23 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 108 0.2 34 - 65 1 31 0.1 48.8 - 49.6 0.5
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,203 100 31,307 100 26,200 100 10 - 15.9 - 14.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 160 1.6 888 2.8 114 0.4 27.4 0.4 22.9 0.5 22.2 0.1
100 - 249 miles 850 8.3 2,636 8.4 701 2.7 20.4 1.1 19 1.6 20 0.4
250 - 499 miles 1,264 12.4 4,088 13.1 2,264 8.6 13.8 2.2 13.1 2.5 13.2 1.5
500 - 749 miles 1,766 17.3 6,957 22.2 6,083 23.2 24.3 2.8 29.2 4.9 30.8 4.5
750 - 999 miles 3,355 32.9 6,158 19.7 7,337 28 17.9 4.9 21.5 3 20.8 4.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,526 15 4,449 14.2 7,679 29.3 17.6 2.8 22.2 3.4 23.6 5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 405 4 863 2.8 1,845 7 23.8 1.3 30.3 1.1 30.2 2.1
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,130 100 5,888 100 7,230 100 33.7 - 39.1 - 41.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 210 18.5 1,237 21 1,178 16.3 42.6 9.8 33.3 10.9 38 12.7
750 - 999 miles 757 66.9 4,054 68.8 5,720 79.1 33.6 12.4 37.2 11.4 38.3 8.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,130 100 5,888 100 7,230 100 33.7 - 39.1 - 41.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 210 18.5 1,237 21 1,178 16.3 42.6 9.8 33.3 10.9 38 12.7
750 - 999 miles 757 66.9 4,054 68.8 5,720 79.1 33.6 12.4 37.2 11.4 38.3 8.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,227 100 14 100 S S 37.7 - 32.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 62 5.1 1 4.5 1 2 40.1 2.3 31.7 3.9 31 3.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 151 12.3 S S S S 33 8.4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 14,415 100 11,008 100 S S 12.8 - 43.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles 957 6.6 26 0.2 1 - 28.7 1.3 30.9 0.1 31.2 -
50 - 99 miles 733 5.1 112 1 12 0.1 14.2 0.9 41.6 0.6 36.7 0.1
100 - 249 miles 2,123 14.7 901 8.2 S S 14.8 2.4 44.8 4.9 S S
250 - 499 miles 2,990 20.7 2,718 24.7 1,538 13.2 21.4 2.7 34 4.7 34 3.5
500 - 749 miles 1,585 11 851 7.7 674 5.8 10.2 1 30.8 4.7 30.4 4.7
750 - 999 miles 2,917 20.2 S S S S 29.6 3.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,995 13.8 1,023 9.3 1,774 15.2 15.4 2.6 24.4 4.1 24 6.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,081 7.5 290 2.6 621 5.3 30.3 1.2 33.7 2.1 33.5 3.8
More than 2,000 miles 33 0.2 S S S S 35.2 0.1 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,372 100 285 100 192 100 9.8 - 14.6 - 13.4 -
Less than 50 miles 957 9.2 26 9.1 1 0.4 28.7 1.9 30.9 1.8 31.2 0.1
50 - 99 miles 662 6.4 18 6.3 2 0.9 15.4 1.1 15.1 0.8 15.6 0.1
100 - 249 miles 1,875 18.1 53 18.7 12 6.2 15.8 2.7 15.8 1.3 15.7 0.5
250 - 499 miles 1,605 15.5 59 20.6 28 14.5 13.2 2 25.9 3.2 23.2 3
500 - 749 miles 1,301 12.5 40 14 31 16.4 10.7 1.1 14.8 0.9 14.6 1.6
750 - 999 miles 1,762 17 45 15.7 48 24.7 19.2 2.8 17.7 1.5 17.3 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,379 13.3 37 13.1 56 29.1 20.5 2.5 20 1.7 19.7 2.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 812 7.8 7 2.4 13 6.7 43.2 2.3 13.2 0.6 12.9 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 19 0.2 1 0.2 S S 35.9 0.1 38.6 0.1 S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,139 100 6,477 100 5,689 100 16.8 - 20.1 - 17.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S 95 1.5 10 0.2 S S 46.2 0.8 39 0.1
100 - 249 miles 235 7.5 836 12.9 S S 27.4 2.9 48.1 4.7 S S
250 - 499 miles 1,366 43.5 2,570 39.7 1,420 25 38.7 7.8 36.4 7 37.7 4.9
500 - 749 miles 284 9.1 811 12.5 643 11.3 26.8 2.6 32.5 4.6 32 4.5
750 - 999 miles 313 10 902 13.9 1,078 19 22.8 2.3 28.9 4.6 28.8 4.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 601 19.2 980 15.1 1,693 29.8 22.7 5 25.5 3.7 24.7 5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 268 8.5 284 4.4 608 10.7 23.8 4.5 34.5 4.6 34.2 6
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,095 100 978 100 366 100 23.7 - 16.5 - 23.6 -
Less than 50 miles 967 31.2 306 31.3 S S 42.9 7.6 36.8 8.4 S S
50 - 99 miles S S 100 10.2 10 2.7 S S 35 3.6 37.9 1.9
100 - 249 miles 488 15.8 237 24.3 45 12.4 33.6 6 22.6 6.3 20.8 4.1
250 - 499 miles 229 7.4 157 16 72 19.7 36.1 3.9 28.3 5.7 27.3 7.4
500 - 749 miles S S 55 5.6 46 12.5 S S 40.2 2.4 43.8 6
750 - 999 miles S S 44 4.5 49 13.5 S S 44.6 1.3 44.8 3.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 45 4.6 70 19.2 S S 45.4 1.7 48.7 6.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 70 2.3 34 3.5 66 18 41.2 3.6 37.7 1.8 38.3 5.5
More than 2,000 miles 2 0.1 S S S S 37.1 0.8 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.