Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 156,920 100 241,008 100 73,213 100 337 5.7 - 9 - 11.2 - 11.6
Less than 50 lbs 10,882 6.9 248 0.1 95 0.1 413 7.5 0.6 13.6 - 14.7 - 13.8
50 - 99 lbs 2,376 1.5 175 0.1 48 0.1 265 10.9 0.2 13.7 - 13.4 - 14.2
100 - 499 lbs 8,753 5.6 1,038 0.4 246 0.3 233 5.8 0.5 11.7 0.1 7.9 - 13.5
500 - 749 lbs 2,476 1.6 536 0.2 113 0.2 210 8 0.2 17.8 0.1 11 - 11.1
750 - 999 lbs 2,044 1.3 455 0.2 105 0.1 232 7 0.1 15 - 9.4 - 17.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 24,458 15.6 9,920 4.1 2,286 3.1 221 7.4 1 11.4 0.4 7.4 0.4 11
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 78,223 49.8 104,932 43.5 20,398 27.9 200 9.8 2.5 8 2.8 9.2 3.5 7.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 12,132 7.7 64,024 26.6 5,183 7.1 81 12.7 1 16.3 2.7 12.6 1 15.3
More than 100,000 lbs 15,576 9.9 59,679 24.8 44,739 61.1 752 12.9 1.3 17.6 3.1 18 4.5 9.7

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 139,410 100 229,021 100 61,195 100 151 5.9 - 9.5 - 7.2 - 13.9
Less than 50 lbs 3,299 2.4 101 - 10 - 99 16.5 0.5 19.9 - 16.3 - 32.1
50 - 99 lbs 1,131 0.8 120 0.1 16 - 125 12.1 0.1 16.7 - 14.7 - 19.2
100 - 499 lbs 6,682 4.8 905 0.4 178 0.3 184 7 0.6 13.1 0.1 8.2 - 15.9
500 - 749 lbs 2,297 1.6 514 0.2 101 0.2 195 8.7 0.2 18.6 0.1 11.3 - 12.6
750 - 999 lbs 2,002 1.4 450 0.2 103 0.2 230 8 0.1 15.2 - 9.5 - 17.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 23,754 17 9,725 4.2 2,236 3.7 220 7.8 1.1 11.8 0.4 7.7 0.4 11
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 75,727 54.3 103,831 45.3 19,252 31.5 192 9.7 2.5 8.1 3 9.7 3.2 7.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 12,044 8.6 63,888 27.9 5,122 8.4 80 12.9 1.1 16.4 2.6 12.9 1 15.3
More than 100,000 lbs 12,474 8.9 49,486 21.6 34,177 55.8 728 12.9 1.3 19.3 2.7 12.4 4.1 10.4

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 126,849 100 191,811 100 27,735 100 141 6.5 - 9.8 - 8.9 - 14.4
Less than 50 lbs 2,347 1.8 100 0.1 9 - 87 18.1 0.5 20.1 - 15 - 34.7
50 - 99 lbs 1,101 0.9 120 0.1 15 0.1 119 12.5 0.1 16.7 - 15.8 - 20.1
100 - 499 lbs 6,545 5.2 904 0.5 176 0.6 182 6.8 0.6 13.2 0.1 8.3 0.1 15.9
500 - 749 lbs 2,278 1.8 514 0.3 100 0.4 194 9.4 0.2 18.6 0.1 11.4 0.1 12.5
750 - 999 lbs 1,999 1.6 447 0.2 99 0.4 222 8 0.2 15.3 0.1 9.3 0.1 18.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 23,662 18.7 9,704 5.1 2,204 7.9 218 7.8 1.2 11.8 0.6 8 0.8 11.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 74,614 58.8 103,263 53.8 18,880 68.1 189 9.7 2.3 8.2 3.2 9.7 1.4 7.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 11,858 9.3 63,731 33.2 5,071 18.3 79 13.4 1.3 16.4 2.8 13.3 1.6 15.5
More than 100,000 lbs 2,446 1.9 13,028 6.8 1,182 4.3 83 25.5 0.5 30.4 1.5 27.2 1.1 33.5

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 80,169 100 92,133 100 21,123 100 364 8.2 - 11.3 - 9.5 - 11
Less than 50 lbs 414 0.5 22 - 6 - 276 15.2 0.1 42.9 - 22.6 - 27
50 - 99 lbs 336 0.4 20 - 8 - 410 25.9 0.1 39.4 - 22.9 - 16.5
100 - 499 lbs 2,642 3.3 186 0.2 113 0.5 604 10.5 0.6 7.6 - 9.1 0.1 4.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,091 1.4 104 0.1 69 0.3 669 9.1 0.2 11.2 - 13 0.1 6.6
750 - 999 lbs 1,001 1.2 108 0.1 71 0.3 655 14.7 0.2 10.1 - 10.1 0.1 9.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11,477 14.3 2,942 3.2 1,512 7.2 512 9.4 1.7 14 0.5 8.5 0.9 9.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 54,656 68.2 50,795 55.1 14,994 71 322 12 2.9 12.8 2.7 10.8 1.4 10.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6,596 8.2 32,334 35.1 3,359 15.9 103 13.8 1.3 15.1 3 11.8 1.1 13.6
More than 100,000 lbs 1,956 2.4 5,624 6.1 991 4.7 S 29.1 0.7 25.4 1.5 23.8 1.1 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 46,680 100 99,678 100 6,613 100 62 6 - 14.1 - 8.9 - 21.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,933 4.1 78 0.1 3 0.1 35 21.3 1.3 21.2 - 7.3 - 41.5
50 - 99 lbs 765 1.6 100 0.1 7 0.1 65 17.2 0.3 17.9 - 19.2 - 24.8
100 - 499 lbs 3,903 8.4 718 0.7 63 1 85 8 0.8 16.3 0.2 10.8 0.1 24.1
500 - 749 lbs 1,187 2.5 410 0.4 31 0.5 76 14.3 0.4 23.1 0.1 15.3 0.1 21.2
750 - 999 lbs 998 2.1 339 0.3 28 0.4 82 17.2 0.4 20.5 0.1 24.1 0.1 29.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 12,184 26.1 6,763 6.8 692 10.5 99 11.2 2.2 12.8 1.2 13 1.4 15.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 19,958 42.8 52,468 52.6 3,886 58.8 77 11.8 2.8 14.3 4.3 8.7 3.3 16.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,262 11.3 31,398 31.5 1,712 25.9 55 14.4 1.7 21 3.2 20.6 3.5 16.3
More than 100,000 lbs 490 1 7,404 7.4 S S S 34.4 0.4 45.9 2.4 S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,203 100 31,307 100 26,200 100 860 10 - 15.9 - 14.2 - 10
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - S S - - 843 14.5 - S S 49.8 - 38.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9 0.1 15 - S S 644 47.1 0.1 43.9 0.1 S S 34.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,084 10.6 563 1.8 368 1.4 671 35.2 5 30.7 0.4 24.9 0.6 22.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 157 0.5 52 0.2 299 S S 30.8 0.1 43.2 0.1 44.1
More than 100,000 lbs 8,924 87.5 30,572 97.7 25,769 98.4 913 14.8 5.9 15.8 0.4 14.5 0.6 8.4

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,130 100 5,888 100 7,230 100 1,227 33.7 - 39.1 - 41.1 - 7.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 1,105 97.7 5,885 99.9 7,226 99.9 1,225 33.3 0.9 37.4 - 39.5 - 8.4

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,130 100 5,888 100 7,230 100 1,227 33.7 - 39.1 - 41.1 - 7.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 1,105 97.7 5,885 99.9 7,226 99.9 1,225 33.3 0.9 37.4 - 39.5 - 8.4

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,227 100 14 100 S S 1,124 37.7 - 32.3 - S S 6.1
Less than 50 lbs 952 77.6 1 9.7 1 4.5 1,056 48.7 13.9 40.5 4.3 40.3 4.6 7.7
50 - 99 lbs 30 2.5 1 4.5 S S 1,411 36.4 4.2 48 5.9 S S 11.8
100 - 499 lbs 137 11.1 2 12.4 2 7.3 1,125 40.2 10.4 19.6 11.3 24.1 12.2 12.5
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,437 S S S S S S 24.9
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 83 6.8 S S S S 2,564 39.1 16.2 S S S S 23.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 14,415 100 11,008 100 S S 693 12.8 - 43.4 - S S 6.1
Less than 50 lbs 7,224 50.1 132 1.2 84 0.7 691 9.9 2.8 17.2 0.5 15.5 0.4 6.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,176 8.2 45 0.4 31 0.3 695 19.5 1.1 19.4 0.2 16.9 0.1 6.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,828 12.7 92 0.8 67 0.6 707 21.3 1.7 23.5 0.4 25.6 0.3 7.3
500 - 749 lbs 168 1.2 17 0.2 12 0.1 719 29.5 0.4 39.2 0.1 36.9 0.1 20.6
750 - 999 lbs S S 2 - 2 - 745 S S 30.5 - 48.5 - 24.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 105 0.7 16 0.1 23 0.2 1,358 36.6 0.2 30.6 0.2 34.1 0.3 28.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 829 5.7 552 5 877 7.5 1,577 18.8 1.5 22.9 3.4 24.4 5 5.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 31 0.2 60 0.5 42 0.4 730 38.9 0.1 26 0.4 35 0.3 37.8
More than 100,000 lbs 3,018 20.9 10,092 91.7 S S 877 34.3 3.7 47.6 4.3 S S 9.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 10,372 100 285 100 192 100 691 9.8 - 14.6 - 13.4 - 6.2
Less than 50 lbs 7,213 69.5 131 46 84 43.6 691 10 2.1 17.2 4.5 15.5 4.9 6.8
50 - 99 lbs 1,167 11.2 44 15.5 31 16.2 699 19.4 1.3 18.9 1.5 16.3 1.6 6.6
100 - 499 lbs 1,788 17.2 91 31.8 64 33 697 21.7 2.6 22.7 3.4 23 3.6 7.5
500 - 749 lbs 168 1.6 17 6.1 12 6.4 720 29.5 0.7 39.5 2.5 36.3 2.5 20.9
750 - 999 lbs S S 2 0.7 1 0.7 653 S S 29.8 0.4 40.7 0.7 25.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,139 100 6,477 100 5,689 100 817 16.8 - 20.1 - 17.6 - 12.2
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 638 S S S S S S 24
50 - 99 lbs 10 0.3 S S S S 462 47.3 1.4 S S S S 14.2
100 - 499 lbs 28 0.9 S S - - 440 15 1.3 S S 40.3 - 46.7
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 100 3.2 15 0.2 18 0.3 935 39.1 0.8 32.9 0.2 44.5 0.2 23.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 705 22.5 534 8.2 827 14.5 1,529 15.7 7.6 22.9 5.3 24.7 6 5.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 29 0.9 53 0.8 41 0.7 799 41.3 0.6 27.9 0.5 36.4 0.5 33.8
More than 100,000 lbs 2,256 71.9 5,874 90.7 4,802 84.4 853 24.6 8.5 23.1 5.7 22.1 6.4 9.5

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S 2,473 S S S S S S 23.3
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,408 S S S S S S 2.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,684 S S S S S S 21.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 1,343 S S S S S S 19.1

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,394 S S S S S S 26
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 1,344 S S S S S S 17.2

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S 2,883 S S S S S S 44.6
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,875 S S S S S S 34.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 1,452 S S S S S S 8.7

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,095 100 978 100 366 100 32 23.7 - 16.5 - 23.6 - 39.4
Less than 50 lbs 360 11.6 15 1.5 - 0.1 23 33.8 3.9 30.3 0.5 46.4 0.2 37.1
50 - 99 lbs 68 2.2 10 1 - - S 34.7 0.7 27.8 0.2 38.4 - S
100 - 499 lbs 244 7.9 40 4.1 1 0.4 S 34.3 2.7 30.5 0.9 22.6 0.3 S
500 - 749 lbs S S 5 0.5 - - S S S 44.1 0.3 49.6 - S
750 - 999 lbs 5 0.2 S S S S S 38 0.2 S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 599 19.3 S S 27 7.3 180 42.9 6.9 S S 28.3 8 47.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,668 53.9 549 56.1 269 73.4 479 41.1 10.8 26 9.5 28.3 9.7 12.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S 19 5.2 S S S S S 36.8 2.3 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 101 10.3 49 13.5 S S S 43 10.7 21 10.8 S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.