Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 149,210 100 178,327 100 41,690 100 10.5 - 10.4 - 12 -
Less than 50 miles 39,387 26.4 92,470 51.9 2,299 5.5 12.1 2.3 12.3 2.3 15 0.7
50 - 99 miles 12,130 8.1 23,484 13.2 2,139 5.1 9.1 0.4 14.7 1.5 14.1 0.8
100 - 249 miles 22,915 15.4 24,170 13.6 5,289 12.7 24.3 1.6 13.4 1.3 12.8 1.3
250 - 499 miles 24,418 16.4 13,887 7.8 6,556 15.7 13.8 1.2 11.7 1.1 11.6 1.7
500 - 749 miles 18,865 12.6 14,602 8.2 12,031 28.9 10 0.9 34.9 2 34.3 5.1
750 - 999 miles 9,897 6.6 4,533 2.5 5,067 12.2 9.2 0.6 14 0.3 13.9 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 20,819 14 5,019 2.8 7,977 19.1 15.5 1.6 14.5 0.5 15.8 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 630 0.4 153 0.1 292 0.7 26.4 0.1 32 - 32.4 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 149 0.1 10 - 39 0.1 37.1 - 38.7 - 42.1 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 126,851 100 173,009 100 37,471 100 12.2 - 10.4 - 12.8 -
Less than 50 miles 36,546 28.8 91,813 53.1 2,280 6.1 13 2.3 12.3 2.2 15.1 0.7
50 - 99 miles 11,102 8.8 23,170 13.4 2,092 5.6 9.9 0.4 15.3 1.6 14.8 1
100 - 249 miles 20,395 16.1 23,660 13.7 5,135 13.7 27.4 1.8 13.9 1.4 13.4 1.5
250 - 499 miles 19,877 15.7 12,383 7.2 5,868 15.7 16.1 1.1 9.6 1 10 2.2
500 - 749 miles 15,777 12.4 13,882 8 11,391 30.4 11.4 1.2 37.3 2.1 36.8 5.6
750 - 999 miles 7,944 6.3 4,304 2.5 4,774 12.7 9.8 0.6 13.8 0.3 13.5 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14,609 11.5 3,659 2.1 5,672 15.1 21.4 1.8 9.7 0.3 9.9 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 510 0.4 132 0.1 251 0.7 29.6 0.1 32.8 - 33.1 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 90 0.1 S S 8 - 38.4 - S S 42.5 -

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 105,121 100 148,320 100 22,681 100 11.4 - 10 - 8.1 -
Less than 50 miles 33,798 32.2 86,791 58.5 2,177 9.6 11.9 2.5 13 3.4 15.4 1.1
50 - 99 miles 11,015 10.5 22,492 15.2 2,015 8.9 10.3 0.6 16.3 1.8 16 1.2
100 - 249 miles 19,949 19 21,285 14.4 4,499 19.8 28.1 2.1 11.7 1.4 11.5 1.5
250 - 499 miles 14,055 13.4 8,208 5.5 3,834 16.9 17.8 0.8 9.8 0.7 11.2 1.4
500 - 749 miles 10,482 10 4,246 2.9 3,201 14.1 8.2 0.8 13.4 0.4 13.4 1.2
750 - 999 miles 6,213 5.9 2,401 1.6 2,564 11.3 9.5 0.7 16.9 0.2 16.7 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9,072 8.6 2,777 1.9 4,167 18.4 8.2 1 12.6 0.3 13.1 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 499 0.5 114 0.1 217 1 30.3 0.2 33.5 - 33.8 0.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 67,710 100 95,135 100 18,175 100 14.8 - 13.5 - 8.7 -
Less than 50 miles 15,288 22.6 49,524 52.1 1,420 7.8 17.2 2.4 19 5.2 20.9 1.3
50 - 99 miles 5,965 8.8 16,367 17.2 1,463 8 18.7 0.8 21.5 2.3 21.4 1.3
100 - 249 miles 11,960 17.7 14,448 15.2 3,074 16.9 35.3 2.3 14.8 2.2 15 1.2
250 - 499 miles 10,998 16.2 6,069 6.4 2,846 15.7 20.2 1.1 9.9 1 11.6 1.5
500 - 749 miles 8,905 13.2 3,767 4 2,850 15.7 6.3 1.5 12.7 0.5 12.8 1.3
750 - 999 miles 5,598 8.3 2,253 2.4 2,406 13.2 11.1 1.1 17.6 0.3 17.4 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8,459 12.5 2,588 2.7 3,892 21.4 8.5 1.5 13.2 0.6 13.7 2.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 499 0.7 114 0.1 217 1.2 30.3 0.3 33.5 - 33.8 0.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 37,411 100 53,186 100 4,506 100 11.1 - 7.7 - 10.9 -
Less than 50 miles 18,509 49.5 37,267 70.1 757 16.8 14.2 3.2 9.5 1.7 9.9 1.2
50 - 99 miles 5,049 13.5 6,125 11.5 553 12.3 13.8 1.7 14.4 1.8 15.5 2.7
100 - 249 miles 7,989 21.4 6,837 12.9 1,425 31.6 20 2.4 12.3 1.4 14.1 3.8
250 - 499 miles 3,057 8.2 2,139 4 988 21.9 19 1.5 16.3 0.7 17.6 2.2
500 - 749 miles 1,578 4.2 479 0.9 351 7.8 29.9 0.9 31 0.3 32.4 1.6
750 - 999 miles 616 1.6 148 0.3 157 3.5 23.4 0.7 32.5 0.1 32.2 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 613 1.6 S S S S 40.8 0.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,362 100 20,229 100 14,628 100 24.4 - 25.9 - 29.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 434 5.9 2,374 11.7 636 4.3 48.2 3.8 45.1 4.4 41.8 1.9
250 - 499 miles 1,174 15.9 4,151 20.5 2,021 13.8 27.5 4.5 24.8 5.8 24.1 5.6
500 - 749 miles 3,176 43.1 S S 8,176 55.9 32.5 7 S S 49.6 9.8
750 - 999 miles 832 11.3 1,896 9.4 2,203 15.1 26.4 2.4 22.6 3.8 21.7 5.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 851 4.2 1,456 10 S S 27.1 1.5 26.9 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5 0.1 S S S S 19.7 0.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,722 100 S S 85 100 35.5 - S S 47.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 4,648 39.7 23 29.6 12 14.6 33.6 4.8 45.6 7 46 7
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 898 7.7 S S S S 38.6 5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 52 0.4 - 0.6 2 2.6 28.4 0.3 21 1 22.1 3.7

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,646 100 4,381 100 S S 29.2 - 20.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles 2,646 100 4,381 100 S S 29.2 - 20.7 - S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 18,114 100 4,320 100 4,028 100 10.9 - 22.5 - 26 -
Less than 50 miles 647 3.6 72 1.7 S S 14.1 0.7 44.9 0.8 S S
50 - 99 miles 789 4.4 S S S S 21.2 1.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,406 13.3 472 10.9 146 3.6 23.5 2.2 41.5 5.3 45.3 2.3
250 - 499 miles 3,387 18.7 1,427 33 649 16.1 17.2 2 47.9 7.1 39 5.2
500 - 749 miles 2,970 16.4 694 16.1 619 15.4 16.3 1.9 40 6.5 40.7 5.8
750 - 999 miles 1,882 10.4 218 5.1 S S 18.3 1.9 49.1 1.8 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,875 32.4 1,314 30.4 2,237 55.5 13 1.8 39.5 5.9 41.3 6.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 98 0.5 S S S S 29.6 0.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 60 0.3 4 0.1 S S 42.5 0.2 45.2 0.2 S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 15,158 100 466 100 314 100 12.8 - 25.3 - 22 -
Less than 50 miles 621 4.1 21 4.6 1 0.2 14.3 0.9 16.5 1.8 15.4 0.1
50 - 99 miles 786 5.2 20 4.3 2 0.6 21.3 1.6 29.4 1.4 31.2 0.3
100 - 249 miles 2,295 15.1 107 23.1 S S 21.4 2.4 49.3 3.5 S S
250 - 499 miles 3,057 20.2 115 24.7 56 17.9 16.8 2.2 46.5 3.4 44.5 4.2
500 - 749 miles 2,480 16.4 79 17 58 18.6 15.1 1.7 27.6 2.6 26.1 1.8
750 - 999 miles 1,564 10.3 34 7.3 37 11.7 16.6 1.4 21.9 1.2 22.3 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,247 28 86 18.4 124 39.6 19.8 2.6 29.8 3.2 30.4 4.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 72 0.5 3 0.6 5 1.7 26.4 0.1 37.3 0.6 37.8 1.5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,779 100 3,840 100 3,670 100 16.4 - 24 - 29.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S 51 1.3 S S S S 47.4 3.4 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 364 9.5 119 3.2 S S 35.6 8.6 39.8 3.9
250 - 499 miles S S 1,313 34.2 593 16.2 S S 47.4 8.7 37.9 8
500 - 749 miles 376 13.5 607 15.8 550 15 34.3 5.9 44.3 7.8 44.3 7.3
750 - 999 miles 318 11.4 S S S S 49.5 6.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,590 57.2 1,226 31.9 2,108 57.4 21.3 7.9 43 6.9 44.3 8.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S 26 100 S S S S 31.3 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 998 100 191 100 S S 39.3 - 27.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S 585 58.6 S S S S 37 6.6 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 76 7.7 39 20.6 S S 43.2 4.4 43.8 7.7
500 - 749 miles 118 2.8 25 2.5 20 10.5 43.6 1.6 41.8 2.6 44.5 3.1
750 - 999 miles 71 1.7 11 1.1 11 6 34.8 2.1 33.6 1.2 33.8 2.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 334 7.9 47 4.7 68 35.8 33.6 7.5 39.5 3.2 36.8 6.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 22 0.5 2 0.3 5 2.7 31.3 1.5 46.2 0.2 45.8 2.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.