Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 149,210 100 178,327 100 41,690 100 570 10.5 - 10.4 - 12 - 13.2
Less than 50 lbs 13,544 9.1 306 0.2 158 0.4 691 9.9 0.9 21.1 - 23.3 0.1 11
50 - 99 lbs 2,613 1.8 171 0.1 64 0.2 378 9.9 0.2 19.2 - 21.5 - 16.5
100 - 499 lbs 7,625 5.1 915 0.5 257 0.6 309 10.3 0.5 17.2 0.1 15 0.1 20.7
500 - 749 lbs 2,249 1.5 451 0.3 92 0.2 206 8.8 0.1 20.8 - 7.6 - 18.2
750 - 999 lbs 1,997 1.3 502 0.3 75 0.2 147 18.9 0.4 24.7 0.1 9.9 - 31.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 33,939 22.7 10,200 5.7 2,036 4.9 184 29.2 3.1 22.2 0.7 10.4 0.6 17.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 61,550 41.3 69,769 39.1 16,906 40.6 241 6 2.2 8 2.3 8.7 4 9.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 14,248 9.5 67,061 37.6 6,763 16.2 103 20.3 1.6 16.8 3.6 16 2.3 7.3
More than 100,000 lbs 11,445 7.7 28,951 16.2 15,339 36.8 535 27.9 1.7 24.7 2.5 28 5.1 9.8

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 126,851 100 173,009 100 37,471 100 233 12.2 - 10.4 - 12.8 - 14.8
Less than 50 lbs 2,577 2 80 - 18 - 304 18.1 0.4 18.4 - 38.4 - 18.6
50 - 99 lbs 927 0.7 73 - 12 - 159 13 0.1 18.1 - 20.5 - 33.9
100 - 499 lbs 4,722 3.7 726 0.4 147 0.4 212 12.3 0.5 20.4 0.1 14.6 - 19.7
500 - 749 lbs 1,988 1.6 419 0.2 79 0.2 190 9.8 0.1 20.1 - 10.1 - 18.2
750 - 999 lbs 1,948 1.5 489 0.3 69 0.2 140 19.7 0.4 25.1 0.1 12.7 - 27
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 32,215 25.4 9,661 5.6 1,894 5.1 181 31.1 3.4 22.3 0.6 10.8 0.5 17.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 57,692 45.5 68,231 39.4 14,841 39.6 221 7.4 2.6 8.2 2.3 8.3 4 10.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 14,105 11.1 66,489 38.4 6,340 16.9 97 20 1.9 16.5 3.6 14.1 2.2 7.7
More than 100,000 lbs 10,678 8.4 26,839 15.5 14,072 37.6 519 30 1.8 24.5 2.5 29.6 5.3 10

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 105,121 100 148,320 100 22,681 100 218 11.4 - 10 - 8.1 - 15.2
Less than 50 lbs 2,200 2.1 78 0.1 16 0.1 278 19.7 0.5 18.7 - 41.8 - 21.2
50 - 99 lbs 894 0.9 72 - 11 - 147 13.7 0.1 18.4 - 21.4 - 27.8
100 - 499 lbs 4,520 4.3 725 0.5 145 0.6 209 12.7 0.7 20.5 0.1 14.6 0.1 19.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,926 1.8 419 0.3 77 0.3 187 11 0.2 20.2 - 11 0.1 18.7
750 - 999 lbs 1,744 1.7 485 0.3 66 0.3 135 23.6 0.4 25.4 0.1 13 - 26.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 29,766 28.3 9,648 6.5 1,876 8.3 179 32.3 4 22.3 0.7 10.8 1 16.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 51,251 48.8 67,285 45.4 13,959 61.5 212 5.4 2.9 8 3 9.2 2.3 11
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 12,331 11.7 65,623 44.2 6,099 26.9 95 15 1.7 16.6 3.4 14 2.4 6.9
More than 100,000 lbs 489 0.5 S S 431 1.9 S 40.4 0.2 S S 21.7 0.4 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 67,710 100 95,135 100 18,175 100 398 14.8 - 13.5 - 8.7 - 12
Less than 50 lbs S S 20 - 9 0.1 495 S S 45 - 44.2 - 17.7
50 - 99 lbs 272 0.4 17 - 7 - 438 30.5 0.1 27.9 - 31.8 - 19.3
100 - 499 lbs 2,257 3.3 218 0.2 97 0.5 475 24 0.7 25.2 0.1 12.6 0.1 16.3
500 - 749 lbs 903 1.3 132 0.1 59 0.3 449 23.1 0.2 23.6 - 12.8 0.1 20.6
750 - 999 lbs 648 1 77 0.1 37 0.2 477 34.3 0.3 19.1 - 16.7 - 20.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 17,125 25.3 3,309 3.5 1,352 7.4 384 44.2 4.5 22 0.6 13.1 1.3 22.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 36,351 53.7 40,278 42.3 11,512 63.3 319 7.5 4.1 11.4 3.9 8.9 2.3 12.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 9,126 13.5 50,312 52.9 4,926 27.1 99 21.5 2.9 22 4 18 2.8 9.1
More than 100,000 lbs 302 0.4 773 0.8 176 1 S 29.1 0.1 46 0.3 25.3 0.3 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 37,411 100 53,186 100 4,506 100 103 11.1 - 7.7 - 10.9 - 19.7
Less than 50 lbs 1,474 3.9 58 0.1 S S 129 22.5 1 16.2 - S S 25.6
50 - 99 lbs 622 1.7 56 0.1 4 0.1 65 17.6 0.2 18.1 - 17 - 20.5
100 - 499 lbs 2,262 6 507 1 47 1.1 109 15.6 0.9 20.9 0.2 30 0.2 16.6
500 - 749 lbs 1,023 2.7 287 0.5 19 0.4 65 13.4 0.4 21.3 0.1 19.7 0.1 12.9
750 - 999 lbs 1,095 2.9 408 0.8 29 0.7 71 23.1 0.8 28 0.2 28 0.2 15.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 12,641 33.8 6,339 11.9 524 11.6 82 20.3 3.4 23.8 2.4 15.6 1.6 9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 14,900 39.8 27,008 50.8 2,447 54.3 84 12.9 2.6 8.4 3.1 16.6 4.4 20.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,205 8.6 15,311 28.8 1,173 26 79 16.7 1.6 14.6 3.7 12.4 4.6 15.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 256 5.7 S S S S S 33.8 1.4 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,362 100 20,229 100 14,628 100 678 24.4 - 25.9 - 29.5 - 10.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 995 S S S S S S 18.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 906 4.5 842 5.8 944 S S 33.5 2.2 38 3.6 11.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S 230 1.6 265 S S S S 45.2 0.9 44.2
More than 100,000 lbs 4,034 54.8 18,459 91.2 13,548 92.6 665 24.8 12.5 27.9 3.4 30.5 3.6 5.3

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,722 100 S S 85 100 984 35.5 - S S 47.2 - 6.3
Less than 50 lbs 376 3.2 2 2.7 2 2.5 953 35.7 10.3 23.8 4.6 23.5 4.8 7.4
50 - 99 lbs 32 0.3 1 0.8 S S 1,506 37.8 1.8 39.3 2.5 S S 24.2
100 - 499 lbs S S 2 2.2 2 2.8 1,193 S S 26 3.3 30.2 3.2 15.4
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S 3 3.9 3 3.2 896 S S 40.1 11.4 26.5 10.5 22.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,410 20.6 7 9.3 11 13 1,723 38.4 7.4 29.8 10.7 41 11 15.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,277 28 S S S S 954 29.1 9.6 S S S S 19.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,654 14.1 9 11.3 10 11.9 1,092 23.8 16.5 12.8 6.2 11.8 6.2 22.5
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,646 100 4,381 100 S S S 29.2 - 20.7 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 2,646 100 4,381 100 S S S 29.2 - 20.7 - S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 18,114 100 4,320 100 4,028 100 819 10.9 - 22.5 - 26 - 7.9
Less than 50 lbs 10,728 59.2 211 4.9 140 3.5 830 14.5 3.6 28.7 2.4 25 2.7 8
50 - 99 lbs 1,619 8.9 88 2 52 1.3 614 14.3 1.2 31 1 22.7 1.1 9.1
100 - 499 lbs 2,603 14.4 151 3.5 107 2.7 707 21.5 2.3 21.6 1.6 22.4 2.1 7.9
500 - 749 lbs 191 1.1 11 0.3 11 0.3 1,030 33.3 0.4 14.3 0.1 20.1 0.1 14.3
750 - 999 lbs 19 0.1 6 0.1 S S 774 38.3 0.1 44.4 0.3 S S 22
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 122 0.7 16 0.4 34 0.9 2,010 39.8 0.2 41.3 0.2 35.9 0.9 42
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,951 10.8 1,333 30.8 1,991 49.4 1,484 17.8 2.5 39.6 6.9 46 8.5 7.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 113 0.6 394 9.1 421 10.4 1,070 47.9 0.6 37.9 7.8 43.7 8.2 13.4
More than 100,000 lbs 767 4.2 2,112 48.9 1,267 31.5 652 27.9 1 34.6 6.9 25.7 5.8 11.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 15,158 100 466 100 314 100 818 12.8 - 25.3 - 22 - 8
Less than 50 lbs 10,728 70.8 211 45.2 140 44.5 830 14.5 3.5 28.7 3.3 25 2.8 8
50 - 99 lbs 1,619 10.7 88 18.9 52 16.6 614 14.3 1.6 31 1.5 22.7 1.5 9.1
100 - 499 lbs 2,603 17.2 151 32.3 107 34 707 21.5 2.8 21.6 2.7 22.4 2.2 7.9
500 - 749 lbs 190 1.3 11 2.3 11 3.6 1,032 33.3 0.5 14.2 0.8 19.7 1.1 14.6
750 - 999 lbs 17 0.1 6 1.3 S S 732 38.9 0.1 47.3 1.2 S S 20.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,779 100 3,840 100 3,670 100 1,272 16.4 - 24 - 29.1 - 7.6
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,715 S S S S S S 11
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 110 3.9 14 0.4 23 0.6 1,572 34.6 11.3 38.5 0.5 37.1 1.6 3.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,787 64.3 1,320 34.4 1,959 53.4 1,469 20.3 10 40 7 46.9 8.3 6.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 113 4.1 394 10.2 421 11.5 1,070 47.9 4 37.9 8.2 43.7 8.6 13.4
More than 100,000 lbs 767 27.6 2,112 55 1,267 34.5 652 27.9 6 34.6 9.3 25.7 8.7 11.5

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S 26 100 3,261 S S S S 31.3 - 38.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S - 0.3 1,280 S S S S 17.6 13 10.6
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 11 44.2 6,728 S S S S 37.9 19.6 12.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 9 83.9 S S 1,746 S S 47.6 8.1 S S 9.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 998 100 191 100 S S S 39.3 - 27.7 - S
Less than 50 lbs 239 5.6 15 1.5 - 0.2 19 46.1 3.5 44.3 2.8 37.3 0.4 40.5
50 - 99 lbs 67 1.6 S S S S S 48.9 0.8 S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 300 7.1 38 3.9 3 1.6 S 37.6 5.5 46.4 2.3 34.9 2.5 S
500 - 749 lbs 70 1.7 S S S S S 42.3 2.7 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,601 37.7 S S 108 56.7 217 37.6 7.6 S S 36.6 10.2 48.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 205 20.5 74 38.9 329 S S 32 9.6 44 8.4 18.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 30 0.7 S S S S S 29.8 8.3 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.