Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 241,879 100 408,434 100 111,257 100 16.3 - 10.5 - 12.8 -
Less than 50 miles 66,600 27.5 173,396 42.5 3,683 3.3 20.5 2.8 13.2 4.2 13.3 1
50 - 99 miles 20,234 8.4 35,713 8.7 3,986 3.6 9.2 1.1 18.4 1.1 18.6 0.5
100 - 249 miles 40,008 16.5 77,339 18.9 20,948 18.8 9.4 1.4 19.3 2.4 19.7 2.3
250 - 499 miles 53,783 22.2 90,040 22 49,803 44.8 13.4 1.1 17.1 2.8 17.6 4.3
500 - 749 miles 33,085 13.7 26,227 6.4 22,935 20.6 38.3 1.8 17.6 1 18.3 2.5
750 - 999 miles 8,002 3.3 1,942 0.5 2,095 1.9 11.1 0.5 8.5 0.1 9.3 0.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,807 2 1,227 0.3 1,697 1.5 18.7 0.2 15.3 - 15.4 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 12,157 5 2,163 0.5 5,056 4.5 24.5 0.4 13.9 0.2 15.1 1.2
More than 2,000 miles S S 387 0.1 1,054 0.9 S S 45.9 - 45 0.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 206,704 100 385,685 100 96,765 100 16 - 11.3 - 14.2 -
Less than 50 miles 50,775 24.6 167,795 43.5 3,536 3.7 20.5 3.2 13.8 4.3 13.6 1.1
50 - 99 miles 19,609 9.5 35,528 9.2 3,946 4.1 9.4 1.3 18.6 1.1 19 0.5
100 - 249 miles 37,426 18.1 75,229 19.5 20,368 21 10.6 1.5 20.5 2.7 20.9 2.8
250 - 499 miles 47,521 23 85,573 22.2 46,852 48.4 14.2 1.1 18.4 3 19 4.4
500 - 749 miles 28,365 13.7 16,569 4.3 13,895 14.4 45.5 2.4 21.1 0.7 22 2.1
750 - 999 miles 6,267 3 1,884 0.5 2,032 2.1 13.6 0.4 9 0.1 9.7 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,115 2 1,119 0.3 1,554 1.6 21.6 0.2 15.6 - 15.9 0.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,893 4.8 1,648 0.4 3,702 3.8 29.6 0.6 14.2 0.1 14.8 1.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 164,037 100 207,000 100 25,016 100 7.9 - 10.2 - 5.8 -
Less than 50 miles 40,847 24.9 142,776 69 2,911 11.6 10.2 2.2 14.5 2.7 16.9 1.7
50 - 99 miles 18,870 11.5 20,884 10.1 2,045 8.2 9.9 1.2 12.5 1.5 11.4 1.2
100 - 249 miles 32,535 19.8 19,972 9.6 4,272 17.1 10.9 1.2 11.5 1.2 13.1 1.7
250 - 499 miles 41,104 25.1 14,934 7.2 6,588 26.3 14.4 1.8 13.7 1 14.7 2.2
500 - 749 miles 15,584 9.5 4,645 2.2 3,398 13.6 11.9 0.5 6.7 0.3 6.5 0.7
750 - 999 miles 4,975 3 1,486 0.7 1,531 6.1 5.6 0.3 9.1 0.1 9.2 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,208 2 984 0.5 1,356 5.4 11.3 0.2 15.9 0.1 16.1 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,240 3.8 1,167 0.6 2,539 10.1 10.3 0.5 13.1 0.1 13.2 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 673 0.4 152 0.1 376 1.5 26.8 0.1 23.3 - 23.3 0.4

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 104,092 100 120,524 100 19,329 100 8.1 - 17.9 - 7 -
Less than 50 miles 18,619 17.9 77,057 63.9 1,604 8.3 20 2.5 27.1 4.5 30.6 2
50 - 99 miles 8,589 8.3 10,407 8.6 1,050 5.4 10.7 0.9 14.7 2 14.7 1
100 - 249 miles 20,082 19.3 13,284 11 2,930 15.2 12.4 1.5 12.9 1.4 14 1.6
250 - 499 miles 30,148 29 12,308 10.2 5,468 28.3 9.4 1.5 14.7 1.5 16.1 2.4
500 - 749 miles 13,332 12.8 4,093 3.4 3,002 15.5 10.3 0.9 6.3 0.6 6.3 1
750 - 999 miles 4,110 3.9 1,255 1 1,289 6.7 4.2 0.5 10.7 0.3 11.1 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,847 2.7 859 0.7 1,190 6.2 11.9 0.3 16.5 0.1 16.7 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,696 5.5 1,109 0.9 2,421 12.5 11.1 0.7 14.5 0.3 14.5 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 670 0.6 152 0.1 375 1.9 26.9 0.2 23.4 0.1 23.4 0.6

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 59,945 100 86,476 100 5,687 100 14.8 - 9.1 - 8 -
Less than 50 miles 22,228 37.1 65,719 76 1,307 23 11.2 3.9 10.5 2.1 12.6 2.8
50 - 99 miles 10,282 17.2 10,478 12.1 995 17.5 13.6 1.9 13.5 1.2 11.5 1.7
100 - 249 miles 12,453 20.8 6,688 7.7 1,342 23.6 15.4 1.8 14.9 1.3 15.5 2.8
250 - 499 miles 10,956 18.3 2,626 3 1,119 19.7 43.7 3.7 16.7 0.6 15.7 2
500 - 749 miles 2,252 3.8 551 0.6 397 7 27.7 0.4 15.8 0.1 14.8 0.8
750 - 999 miles 865 1.4 231 0.3 241 4.2 27.5 0.5 18.4 0.1 19.1 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 361 0.6 125 0.1 167 2.9 21.7 0.2 27.1 0.1 27.3 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 58 0.1 118 2.1 S S 48.5 - 49.4 1
More than 2,000 miles 3 - S S S S 9.6 - S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 126,808 100 64,033 100 S S 18.6 - 19.5 -
Less than 50 miles 426 1.4 3,905 3.1 176 0.3 18.1 1.6 24 1.6 27.3 0.1
50 - 99 miles 217 0.7 S S S S 37 1.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 4,143 13.7 40,017 31.6 12,539 19.6 21.7 7.9 26.2 5.7 24.9 4
250 - 499 miles 5,542 18.3 67,108 52.9 37,960 59.3 22.6 8.2 24.4 6.7 24.1 7.1
500 - 749 miles S S 11,787 9.3 10,361 16.2 S S 29.9 2 29.9 3.7
750 - 999 miles S S 365 0.3 451 0.7 S S 31.7 0.4 32.8 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 476 0.4 1,152 1.8 S S 46.3 0.2 46.5 0.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,210 100 36,754 100 7,567 100 32.3 - 33.7 - 29.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S 6,028 16.4 347 4.6 S S 39.7 14.1 48.8 14.8
50 - 99 miles 478 21.6 11,809 32.1 1,192 15.7 40.2 6 41 5.4 40.3 3.7
100 - 249 miles 700 31.7 15,237 41.5 3,555 47 46.1 11.5 38.6 7.9 37.4 9.3
250 - 499 miles 591 26.8 3,518 9.6 2,293 30.3 42.3 13.8 25.7 14 24 13.5
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,210 100 36,754 100 7,567 100 32.3 - 33.7 - 29.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S 6,028 16.4 347 4.6 S S 39.7 14.1 48.8 14.8
50 - 99 miles 478 21.6 11,809 32.1 1,192 15.7 40.2 6 41 5.4 40.3 3.7
100 - 249 miles 700 31.7 15,237 41.5 3,555 47 46.1 11.5 38.6 7.9 37.4 9.3
250 - 499 miles 591 26.8 3,518 9.6 2,293 30.3 42.3 13.8 25.7 14 24 13.5
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,082 100 37 100 46 100 31.1 - 30.2 - 33.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S - 0.2 - 0.1 S S 44.6 1.5 38.6 0.6
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 47 4.4 3 8.8 1 1.9 47.8 2.9 43.2 6 39.8 2.7
250 - 499 miles 285 26.3 S S S S 41.6 7.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 148 13.7 4 11.7 3 6.4 36 2.8 43.9 6.3 46.3 5.6
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 44 4 1 2.3 1 2.3 40.3 2.2 36.3 1.2 35.7 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 175 16.1 6 14.8 11 23.4 34.1 4.5 45.6 4.2 40.7 5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 17,714 100 19,309 100 14,278 100 6.4 - 18.1 - 16.2 -
Less than 50 miles 1,305 7.4 S S S S 28.4 2.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 594 3.4 S S S S 17.8 0.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,675 9.5 S S S S 17 1.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 5,054 28.5 4,346 22.5 2,895 20.3 16 4.1 41.7 6.2 41.8 6.2
500 - 749 miles 4,315 24.4 9,617 49.8 9,009 63.1 15.6 3.7 19.4 8.2 19.2 7.1
750 - 999 miles 1,703 9.6 34 0.2 39 0.3 23.7 1.9 16 0.1 16.6 0.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 618 3.5 S S S S 23.9 1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,061 11.6 503 2.6 1,328 9.3 16.5 1.6 24.2 0.6 27.5 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 389 2.2 44 0.2 163 1.1 36.4 0.7 32.5 0.1 39.4 0.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,188 100 314 100 214 100 9.6 - 12.4 - 13.9 -
Less than 50 miles 1,124 10.1 25 8.1 1 0.4 33 3.5 13.6 1.5 28.1 0.2
50 - 99 miles 563 5 19 6.2 2 0.9 17.2 0.5 22.7 1 26.4 0.2
100 - 249 miles 1,468 13.1 44 14.1 10 4.5 18.3 1.9 13.7 1.3 12.9 0.6
250 - 499 miles 3,221 28.8 101 32.1 49 23 10.5 1.8 18.3 2.1 20.4 2.4
500 - 749 miles 2,045 18.3 59 18.7 44 20.7 12.7 2 13.6 1 13.7 1.3
750 - 999 miles 1,372 12.3 26 8.4 27 12.6 24.3 2 19.7 1.2 19.4 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 384 3.4 11 3.6 16 7.5 18.6 0.5 19.7 0.6 19.3 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 808 7.2 22 7.1 50 23.2 22.7 1.6 21.9 1.3 22.1 3.4
More than 2,000 miles 202 1.8 5 1.7 15 7.1 29.1 0.6 20.2 0.3 24 1.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,834 100 3,539 100 2,992 100 21.3 - 40.9 - 23.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 145 3 494 14 156 5.2 23 2.2 43.1 5.2 45.7 1.4
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,321 27.3 597 16.9 525 17.6 36.9 7.3 28.6 7.2 27.4 5.4
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,177 24.4 455 12.9 1,118 37.4 20.2 6.7 23.4 5.8 24 9
More than 2,000 miles 54 1.1 30 0.8 83 2.8 34.4 2.3 36.6 1 36.6 2.3

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 7,695 100 5,965 100 S S 33.1 - 33.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S 717 9.3 16 0.3 S S 41.4 5.6 39 0.2
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 2,540 33 1,865 31.3 S S 48 10.5 46.6 9.6
500 - 749 miles 64 11.6 4,159 54 3,860 64.7 34.9 14.6 34.3 8 33.9 12.2
750 - 999 miles S S 4 0.1 8 0.1 S S 42 14.4 38.6 8.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S - - S S S S 31.3 7.6 S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 860 100 4,486 100 4,255 100 49.2 - 45.4 - 45.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 716 83.4 4,356 97.1 4,125 96.9 45.8 9.4 46 5.2 44.8 5.8
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 17,461 100 3,440 100 214 100 47.7 - 35.6 - 27 -
Less than 50 miles S S 3,069 89.2 27 12.5 S S 39.8 10.9 42.9 5.8
50 - 99 miles 32 0.2 S S S S 36.4 1.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S 26 12.2 S S S S 47.8 4.9
250 - 499 miles S S 121 3.5 56 26.3 S S 48.3 5.8 47.8 7
500 - 749 miles S S 41 1.2 30 14.2 S S 27.4 2.1 27.4 4.4
750 - 999 miles 32 0.2 24 0.7 24 11.3 35.5 0.7 38.6 1.9 39 7.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 8 0.2 11 5 S S 36.7 0.5 33.8 4.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.