Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 241,879 100 408,434 100 111,257 100 488 16.3 - 10.5 - 12.8 - 9.1
Less than 50 lbs 11,964 4.9 240 0.1 128 0.1 630 6.8 0.8 18.4 - 19.3 - 8.7
50 - 99 lbs 3,245 1.3 138 - 43 - 315 13.2 0.3 10.1 - 17.1 - 9.8
100 - 499 lbs 9,512 3.9 1,023 0.3 271 0.2 256 9.6 0.5 10.2 0.1 13.9 0.1 10.2
500 - 749 lbs 3,319 1.4 468 0.1 131 0.1 283 13.9 0.2 8.4 - 13.6 - 14.1
750 - 999 lbs 2,345 1 464 0.1 110 0.1 232 15.4 0.2 11.1 - 15.8 - 11.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 47,343 19.6 10,536 2.6 2,538 2.3 256 21.8 2.1 13.7 0.5 8.6 0.5 10.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 123,115 50.9 102,497 25.1 21,011 18.9 208 21.3 2.1 8.5 1.6 10.7 2.9 11
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 16,153 6.7 69,033 16.9 3,767 3.4 51 13.2 0.8 11.4 2.2 10.2 0.6 12.2
More than 100,000 lbs 24,885 10.3 224,036 54.9 83,258 74.8 382 29.8 2.2 14.9 3.4 17.5 3.8 6.4

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 206,704 100 385,685 100 96,765 100 224 16 - 11.3 - 14.2 - 8.3
Less than 50 lbs 3,594 1.7 70 - 14 - 265 13.9 0.2 17.2 - 15.8 - 21.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,889 0.9 84 - 15 - 177 16.7 0.2 10.1 - 18.2 - 11.8
100 - 499 lbs 7,476 3.6 806 0.2 188 0.2 234 9.6 0.4 11.9 - 10.9 - 8.7
500 - 749 lbs 3,028 1.5 434 0.1 106 0.1 245 14.7 0.3 9 - 12.8 - 12.7
750 - 999 lbs 2,201 1.1 448 0.1 100 0.1 221 16.3 0.3 10.6 - 17 - 12.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 32,367 15.7 8,744 2.3 2,234 2.3 247 8.4 1.8 6.8 0.4 6.4 0.5 6.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 116,991 56.6 100,048 25.9 19,074 19.7 194 21.9 2.5 8.6 2 11.6 3.5 11.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 15,953 7.7 68,502 17.8 3,668 3.8 50 13.7 0.8 11.4 2.5 11.1 0.7 12.8
More than 100,000 lbs 23,205 11.2 206,550 53.6 71,366 73.8 347 32.7 2.3 16.5 4.1 19.3 4.3 6.9

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 164,037 100 207,000 100 25,016 100 184 7.9 - 10.2 - 5.8 - 5.1
Less than 50 lbs 3,317 2 66 - 10 - 159 16.2 0.2 17.2 - 14.3 - 13.6
50 - 99 lbs 1,781 1.1 82 - 14 0.1 163 18.3 0.2 10 - 18.2 - 11.7
100 - 499 lbs 7,319 4.5 800 0.4 181 0.7 224 9.9 0.4 11.8 0.1 11 0.1 10.3
500 - 749 lbs 3,006 1.8 433 0.2 105 0.4 244 14.7 0.2 9 - 12.9 0.1 12.8
750 - 999 lbs 1,927 1.2 440 0.2 84 0.3 189 10.3 0.1 10.7 - 9.1 - 7.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 32,267 19.7 8,732 4.2 2,220 8.9 246 8.4 1.4 6.8 0.5 6.3 0.6 6.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 97,192 59.2 97,929 47.3 16,889 67.5 181 9.3 2.1 9.1 4.2 4.8 2.9 8.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 15,375 9.4 67,730 32.7 3,505 14 48 13.7 0.9 11.4 3.2 10.7 1.2 12.9
More than 100,000 lbs 1,854 1.1 S S 2,008 8 104 22.3 0.2 S S 46.8 2.9 34.3

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 104,092 100 120,524 100 19,329 100 335 8.1 - 17.9 - 7 - 8.6
Less than 50 lbs 2,124 2 27 - 7 - 279 26.6 0.5 39.7 - 23.4 - 17.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,058 1 27 - 9 - 334 32.3 0.3 33.8 - 31.4 - 14.9
100 - 499 lbs 4,345 4.2 272 0.2 138 0.7 503 16.1 0.6 11.5 - 12.9 0.1 9.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,819 1.7 153 0.1 79 0.4 524 23.5 0.3 14.1 - 15.6 0.1 11
750 - 999 lbs 1,034 1 121 0.1 56 0.3 460 14 0.2 14.2 - 14.4 - 9.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 18,469 17.7 3,305 2.7 1,509 7.8 475 6.9 1.5 5.2 0.5 7.9 0.6 4.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 66,043 63.4 49,284 40.9 13,249 68.5 284 11.6 2.7 10.6 4.7 5.2 3.2 9.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 7,808 7.5 39,370 32.7 2,444 12.6 58 13.5 1 13.2 3.8 11.4 1.3 11.5
More than 100,000 lbs 1,392 1.3 S S S S 118 22.9 0.3 S S S S 35.1

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 59,945 100 86,476 100 5,687 100 88 14.8 - 9.1 - 8 - 12.8
Less than 50 lbs 1,193 2 39 - 3 0.1 84 12 0.4 12.6 - 14.6 - 24.7
50 - 99 lbs 723 1.2 55 0.1 5 0.1 81 21.9 0.3 12 - 13.9 - 12.8
100 - 499 lbs 2,973 5 528 0.6 43 0.8 83 7.4 0.7 16.6 0.1 11 0.1 15.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,187 2 280 0.3 26 0.5 93 11 0.3 12.1 - 8.9 - 14.9
750 - 999 lbs 893 1.5 319 0.4 28 0.5 87 12.7 0.2 12.8 0.1 16.3 0.1 21.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 13,798 23 5,428 6.3 711 12.5 127 16.5 2.1 10.2 0.8 13.5 1.3 10.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 31,149 52 48,645 56.3 3,640 64 83 17.7 2.9 10 4.1 9.4 2.5 14
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 7,567 12.6 28,360 32.8 1,062 18.7 36 21.3 1.9 22.1 4.5 11.8 2.1 23.2
More than 100,000 lbs 462 0.8 2,823 3.3 169 3 S 47.8 0.2 39.6 1.5 26.5 0.8 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 126,808 100 64,033 100 685 S S 18.6 - 19.5 - 12.3
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,019 S S S S S S 20.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 562 1.9 718 0.6 162 0.3 230 41.4 1.4 33 0.4 36.1 0.2 28.2
More than 100,000 lbs 10,080 33.3 123,978 97.8 61,691 96.3 487 12.1 17.7 19.2 1.3 20.1 2.1 6.4

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,210 100 36,754 100 7,567 100 251 32.3 - 33.7 - 29.7 - 18.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8 0.4 1 - S S 916 48.5 1.2 36 - S S 42
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,038 S S S S S S 42
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 2,197 99.4 36,747 100 7,565 100 231 32.4 0.3 33.7 - 29.7 - 24.3

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,210 100 36,754 100 7,567 100 251 32.3 - 33.7 - 29.7 - 18.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8 0.4 1 - S S 916 48.5 1.2 36 - S S 42
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,038 S S S S S S 42
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 2,197 99.4 36,747 100 7,565 100 231 32.4 0.3 33.7 - 29.7 - 24.3

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,082 100 37 100 46 100 1,159 31.1 - 30.2 - 33.8 - 11.5
Less than 50 lbs 277 25.6 4 11.2 4 8.3 1,165 37.4 11.3 40.6 7.5 40.5 8.9 11
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 767 S S S S S S 9
100 - 499 lbs 158 14.6 6 15.2 7 15.3 1,137 39.3 6.5 42.4 8.1 39 7.6 22.8
500 - 749 lbs 21 2 - 1.1 1 1.4 1,609 41.4 1.9 27 1.1 33 1.4 16.6
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,019 S S S S S S 32.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 68 6.3 6 15.8 8 17.4 1,547 44.8 10.9 39.1 12.7 46.4 11.9 18.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 750 S S S S S S 13.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 17,714 100 19,309 100 14,278 100 758 6.4 - 18.1 - 16.2 - 6.2
Less than 50 lbs 8,201 46.3 163 0.8 114 0.8 758 13.5 6.1 19.6 0.3 20.4 0.2 6.2
50 - 99 lbs 1,315 7.4 49 0.3 28 0.2 577 20 1.2 16.2 0.2 22.5 0.1 7
100 - 499 lbs 1,415 8 86 0.4 77 0.5 837 17.5 1.6 21 0.4 37.5 0.3 14.1
500 - 749 lbs 255 1.4 23 0.1 25 0.2 1,117 34 0.4 24.7 0.1 38.4 0.1 17.7
750 - 999 lbs S S 9 - S S 965 S S 42.2 0.1 S S 18.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,580 S S S S S S 13.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,085 23.1 1,242 6.4 1,828 12.8 1,554 25.4 5.5 18.7 6.2 15.5 6.2 15.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S 82 0.6 341 S S S S 44.2 0.3 35.4
More than 100,000 lbs 1,653 9.3 17,433 90.3 11,886 83.2 599 24.2 1.8 19.6 7.1 18.1 6.8 7.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,188 100 314 100 214 100 750 9.6 - 12.4 - 13.9 - 6
Less than 50 lbs 8,201 73.3 163 52 114 53.2 758 13.5 5 19.6 5 20.4 6.6 6.2
50 - 99 lbs 1,315 11.8 49 15.6 28 12.9 577 20 1.7 16.2 1.3 22.5 1.5 7
100 - 499 lbs 1,363 12.2 76 24.1 50 23.3 638 18.7 3.4 19.7 3.8 20.5 4.2 9.2
500 - 749 lbs 234 2.1 19 6.2 19 8.9 976 36.7 0.7 23.1 1.1 32.1 2 17.7
750 - 999 lbs S S 7 2.1 S S 551 S S 43 0.9 S S 17.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,834 100 3,539 100 2,992 100 2,004 21.3 - 40.9 - 23.5 - 11.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,554 S S S S S S 37.5
500 - 749 lbs 22 0.5 3 0.1 S S 1,974 30.5 0.9 44.3 0.1 S S 30.5
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,547 S S S S S S 43.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,536 S S S S S S 16.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,779 78.2 1,168 33 1,585 53 1,373 27 6.6 19.2 10.7 16.6 9.4 11
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 639 13.2 S S S S 548 25 4.5 S S S S 8.8

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S 7,695 100 5,965 100 2,708 S S 33.1 - 33.1 - 20.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S - - S S 4,866 S S 36.4 0.4 S S 45.5
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,884 S S S S S S 23.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,399 S S S S S S 24
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 84 15.4 S S S S 4,891 33.3 15 S S S S 23.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 7,655 99.5 5,788 97 735 S S 20.1 1.1 22.3 5.3 8

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 3,258 99.5 S S S S S 39.5 0.3 S S S

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 860 100 4,486 100 4,255 100 1,624 49.2 - 45.4 - 45.1 - 19.8
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,010 S S S S S S 10.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,406 S S S S S S 45.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 675 78.5 4,440 99 4,119 96.8 938 40.7 9 33.5 0.9 33.6 1.3 3.9

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 17,461 100 3,440 100 214 100 S 47.7 - 35.6 - 27 - S
Less than 50 lbs 170 1 7 0.2 - 0.1 S 37.5 4.9 37.5 0.3 33.2 0.2 S
50 - 99 lbs 41 0.2 5 0.1 S S S 32 1.1 46 0.2 S S S
100 - 499 lbs 620 3.5 131 3.8 S S S 36.3 8 39.8 6.1 S S S
500 - 749 lbs 36 0.2 12 0.4 - 0.2 S 38.2 1.2 41.6 0.8 36.6 0.2 S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - 0.2 S S S S S 29.9 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 75 35.1 S S S S S 43.3 6.1 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 108 50.8 S S S S S 29.6 7.3 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 312 9.1 S S 47 S S 33.8 1.1 S S 42.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S 53 1.5 S S S S S 43.4 10.7 S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.