Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 30,893 100 42,786 100 9,826 100 3.3 - 18 - 12.6 -
Less than 50 miles 10,130 32.8 23,303 54.5 467 4.7 7.1 2.6 26.2 5.8 19.7 0.8
50 - 99 miles 3,630 11.7 5,036 11.8 475 4.8 13.1 1.4 35.8 2.1 33 0.8
100 - 249 miles 6,591 21.3 5,981 14 1,172 11.9 10.8 1.8 19.4 2.2 18.2 1.4
250 - 499 miles 3,180 10.3 4,406 10.3 2,037 20.7 13.3 1.2 25.6 2.3 25.5 3.4
500 - 749 miles 1,339 4.3 1,033 2.4 850 8.7 14.4 0.7 19.7 1 18.2 1.4
750 - 999 miles 1,709 5.5 1,129 2.6 1,370 13.9 9.5 0.6 12.2 0.6 12.9 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,385 7.7 1,468 3.4 2,307 23.5 10.4 0.7 13 0.6 13 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 477 1.5 199 0.5 425 4.3 14.9 0.3 28.7 0.2 27.8 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,452 4.7 230 0.5 722 7.4 43.4 1.9 21.9 0.3 21.7 1.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26,533 100 41,245 100 8,312 100 4.5 - 18.8 - 14.6 -
Less than 50 miles 9,538 35.9 23,082 56 458 5.5 7.4 2.7 26.6 5.8 20.4 1
50 - 99 miles 3,325 12.5 5,025 12.2 474 5.7 14.3 1.5 35.9 2.2 33.1 0.9
100 - 249 miles 6,076 22.9 5,792 14 1,140 13.7 11.3 2.1 18.7 2.3 17.7 1.6
250 - 499 miles 2,529 9.5 4,073 9.9 1,823 21.9 16.8 1.3 27.3 2.3 28.3 3.5
500 - 749 miles 1,122 4.2 826 2 646 7.8 15.5 0.7 22.3 1 20.5 1.5
750 - 999 miles 1,306 4.9 949 2.3 1,132 13.6 12.6 0.6 14.9 0.4 15.9 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,863 7 1,211 2.9 1,860 22.4 11.4 0.7 15.9 0.5 16.4 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 272 1 114 0.3 239 2.9 12.6 0.1 18 0.1 18.3 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 501 1.9 172 0.4 540 6.5 15.9 0.4 16.7 0.2 17.3 1.7

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,982 100 38,853 100 6,488 100 4.1 - 18.9 - 13.3 -
Less than 50 miles 9,486 38 22,483 57.9 455 7 7.5 2.8 27.1 6 20.5 1.2
50 - 99 miles 3,276 13.1 4,901 12.6 459 7.1 14.4 1.6 37 2.5 34.5 1.2
100 - 249 miles 5,885 23.6 5,461 14.1 1,075 16.6 11.7 2.3 19.5 2.5 18 2
250 - 499 miles 2,279 9.1 3,787 9.7 1,637 25.2 17 1.3 26.9 2.5 27.6 4.3
500 - 749 miles 1,021 4.1 663 1.7 504 7.8 16.7 0.7 24.6 1 22.4 1.5
750 - 999 miles 1,103 4.4 727 1.9 839 12.9 11.4 0.4 11.2 0.5 11.1 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,252 5 590 1.5 860 13.3 13.3 0.8 10.7 0.4 11.9 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 240 1 82 0.2 162 2.5 13.3 0.1 18.5 0.1 17.3 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 439 1.8 159 0.4 496 7.6 16.6 0.3 17.7 0.2 18.4 1.9

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,339 100 12,942 100 5,109 100 7 - 13.4 - 12.2 -
Less than 50 miles 2,097 18.5 3,625 28 89 1.7 14.3 2.5 19.9 4.7 21.7 0.5
50 - 99 miles 722 6.4 1,052 8.1 107 2.1 17.9 1.6 20.7 2.1 19 0.6
100 - 249 miles 2,576 22.7 2,587 20 542 10.6 18.9 3.5 21.3 2.8 21.1 1.9
250 - 499 miles 1,890 16.7 3,460 26.7 1,513 29.6 18 2.4 29.1 5.4 29.1 5.6
500 - 749 miles 1,021 9 663 5.1 504 9.9 16.7 1 24.6 1.6 22.4 1.8
750 - 999 miles 1,101 9.7 725 5.6 836 16.4 11.4 0.9 11.4 0.8 11.3 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,252 11 590 4.6 860 16.8 13.3 1.5 10.7 1.1 11.9 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 240 2.1 82 0.6 162 3.2 13.3 0.3 18.5 0.2 17.3 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 439 3.9 159 1.2 496 9.7 16.6 0.7 17.7 0.6 18.4 2.4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 13,642 100 25,910 100 1,378 100 8.4 - 23.2 - 23.9 -
Less than 50 miles 7,389 54.2 18,858 72.8 366 26.6 8.2 4.4 30.7 6.3 23.8 7.5
50 - 99 miles 2,554 18.7 3,849 14.9 352 25.5 14.8 1.7 45.6 3.7 43.2 3.6
100 - 249 miles 3,309 24.3 2,874 11.1 534 38.7 20.1 2.8 26.5 3.2 25.2 5.1
250 - 499 miles 388 2.8 327 1.3 123 9 19.6 0.5 28.1 1 27.2 3.4
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,168 100 2,310 100 1,810 100 20.8 - 28.2 - 24.6 -
Less than 50 miles 45 3.9 597 25.9 3 0.2 40.7 3.2 29 6.4 47.3 0.1
50 - 99 miles 49 4.2 124 5.4 15 0.8 47.2 5.3 32.1 4.1 33.6 1
100 - 249 miles 133 11.4 256 11.1 56 3.1 29 6.2 24.4 5.1 25.3 2.1
250 - 499 miles 169 14.5 284 12.3 186 10.3 40.2 5.6 46.9 5.7 46.5 4.1
500 - 749 miles 95 8.1 163 7.1 142 7.9 33.8 3.4 29.3 4.2 29.6 3.2
750 - 999 miles 182 15.6 222 9.6 293 16.2 23 5 23.6 6.3 23.5 5.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 455 38.9 619 26.8 996 55.1 27.5 6.4 29.1 10.3 28.5 7.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 20 1.7 32 1.4 76 4.2 37.3 1.5 30 1.9 29.5 4.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 329 100 4 100 6 100 28.7 - 40.8 - 35.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 81 24.6 1 23.1 1 11.5 27.3 5.3 37.9 7.1 37.9 3.6
500 - 749 miles 7 2.1 S S S S 46.7 5.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - 3.5 - 2.6 S S 38.3 2.7 34.2 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11 3.4 S S S S 46.6 2.8 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 43 12.9 - 9.7 S S 40.3 6.6 39.3 7.6 S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,996 100 1,099 100 1,435 100 22.1 - 17 - 20.7 -
Less than 50 miles 385 9.6 7 0.7 - - 38.5 2.2 34.6 0.3 31.3 -
50 - 99 miles 275 6.9 6 0.6 1 0.1 22.9 1.3 29.3 0.3 36.5 -
100 - 249 miles 482 12.1 40 3.6 7 0.5 15 1.9 37.5 1.3 31.5 0.2
250 - 499 miles 627 15.7 270 24.6 192 13.4 20 1.9 19.9 6.8 20 5.5
500 - 749 miles 214 5.4 206 18.8 203 14.2 19.4 1.2 33 4.9 36.1 4
750 - 999 miles 374 9.4 178 16.2 236 16.4 13.5 1.5 37.9 4.5 37.5 5.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 494 12.4 252 22.9 439 30.6 11.8 2.6 21.7 4.6 21.4 5.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 202 5 S S S S 23.8 1.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 174 12.2 S S S S 48.3 3.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,181 100 60 100 52 100 26.8 - 15.6 - 16.7 -
Less than 50 miles 384 12.1 7 11.6 - 0.4 38.4 2.7 33.6 2.6 27.9 0.2
50 - 99 miles 257 8.1 5 8.5 1 1 19.7 1.6 18.7 2 19.5 0.4
100 - 249 miles 465 14.6 12 19.5 2 4.6 15.7 2.6 18.5 3.6 18.7 1.9
250 - 499 miles 440 13.8 9 15.1 4 8 26.7 1.3 27.2 2 29.3 1.4
500 - 749 miles 83 2.6 2 3.4 2 3.1 8.3 0.5 10.7 0.6 11.6 0.8
750 - 999 miles 227 7.1 8 13 9 16.9 16 1.8 24 1.5 24.1 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 314 9.9 10 16.9 15 28.9 16.4 2.9 31.2 3.7 30.1 3.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 134 4.2 3 4.7 6 10.9 21.9 2 27.5 1.4 26.4 2.2
More than 2,000 miles S S 4 7.1 14 26.1 S S 15.2 1.3 15.7 3.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 770 100 1,019 100 1,348 100 25.3 - 19.5 - 23.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 28 2.8 5 0.3 S S 25.3 4.8 26.4 0.8
250 - 499 miles 174 22.6 260 25.5 187 13.9 16.5 13.9 17.7 9.7 17.4 8.1
500 - 749 miles 131 17 204 20 202 15 26.8 4.1 29.2 5.3 32.9 4.5
750 - 999 miles 147 19 171 16.7 227 16.8 31.9 5.8 30.9 6.1 29.6 7.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 173 22.5 233 22.9 414 30.7 33.2 5.8 25 5 24.2 5.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 43 100 S S S S 39.9 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 1 1.5 - 0.2 - 0.2 38.7 1.9 35.3 0.7 35.4 6.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 364 100 S S 79 100 12.1 - S S 34.7 -
Less than 50 miles 208 57.1 S S S S 25.2 9.7 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 29 8 5 1.2 1 0.7 31.7 4.2 36.1 4.5 40.2 1.4
100 - 249 miles 34 9.3 S S S S 25.5 4.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 24 6.5 S S 23 28.8 27.2 2.9 S S 49 14.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 5 1.1 7 9.4 S S 30.3 2.7 34.2 7.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4 1 S S S S 32.4 0.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 7 1.8 S S 8 10.6 37.1 1.4 S S 47.2 15.5

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.