Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 30,893 100 42,786 100 9,826 100 430 3.3 - 18 - 12.6 - 16.7
Less than 50 lbs 3,343 10.8 72 0.2 36 0.4 641 24.5 2.4 10 0.1 22.9 0.2 14.1
50 - 99 lbs 796 2.6 58 0.1 21 0.2 377 12.1 0.3 12.7 0.1 29.1 0.1 18
100 - 499 lbs 2,662 8.6 371 0.9 48 0.5 145 6.7 0.6 7 0.3 9.2 0.1 13.3
500 - 749 lbs 1,623 5.3 459 1.1 30 0.3 68 15.1 0.7 23.3 0.4 14.8 0.1 21.2
750 - 999 lbs 1,296 4.2 407 1 27 0.3 66 13.1 0.6 20.7 0.3 11.4 - 23.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,980 22.6 3,849 9 412 4.2 91 7.2 1.3 11.6 1.9 9.5 0.7 19.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9,832 31.8 23,330 54.5 5,323 54.2 206 9.2 2.5 25.4 4.7 14.4 3.3 25.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,471 8 9,800 22.9 961 9.8 92 14.4 1.2 19.6 3 20.1 1.2 22.2
More than 100,000 lbs 1,889 6.1 4,439 10.4 2,967 30.2 717 12.5 0.8 17.7 1.7 15.2 2.5 13.5

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 26,533 100 41,245 100 8,312 100 150 4.5 - 18.8 - 14.6 - 30.6
Less than 50 lbs 776 2.9 39 0.1 S S 214 10.7 0.3 12.8 - S S 39.8
50 - 99 lbs 448 1.7 42 0.1 S S 220 16 0.2 17.9 0.1 S S 25.5
100 - 499 lbs 2,334 8.8 353 0.9 38 0.5 115 6.9 0.8 7.6 0.3 10.6 0.2 13.6
500 - 749 lbs 1,530 5.8 455 1.1 27 0.3 62 16.8 0.9 23.5 0.4 12.8 0.1 21.7
750 - 999 lbs 1,289 4.9 406 1 27 0.3 66 13.2 0.8 20.8 0.3 11.7 - 22.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,832 25.7 3,824 9.3 401 4.8 90 7.2 1.6 11.6 2.1 9.4 1 19.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9,658 36.4 23,164 56.2 5,073 61 199 9.4 2.3 25.7 4.6 15.6 3.6 24.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,436 9.2 9,721 23.6 920 11.1 90 15 1.4 19.8 3.5 20.4 1.7 22.5
More than 100,000 lbs 1,230 4.6 3,241 7.9 1,809 21.8 617 21.4 0.9 21.7 1.6 23.1 3.6 14.3

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 24,982 100 38,853 100 6,488 100 136 4.1 - 18.9 - 13.3 - 35.2
Less than 50 lbs 665 2.7 39 0.1 S S S 13.5 0.3 12.9 - S S S
50 - 99 lbs 411 1.6 42 0.1 S S 205 19.8 0.3 17.9 0.1 S S 28
100 - 499 lbs 2,275 9.1 352 0.9 37 0.6 113 7 0.8 7.6 0.3 11.2 0.2 13.7
500 - 749 lbs 1,496 6 454 1.2 27 0.4 62 16.6 0.9 23.5 0.5 12.9 0.1 21.7
750 - 999 lbs 1,272 5.1 406 1 27 0.4 65 13.2 0.8 20.8 0.3 11.8 0.1 22.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,754 27 3,818 9.8 396 6.1 89 7.3 1.5 11.6 2.1 9.3 1.1 19.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9,639 38.6 23,157 59.6 5,065 78.1 198 9.5 2.7 25.7 5 15.6 3.2 24.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,381 9.5 9,624 24.8 817 12.6 83 15.7 1.5 20.1 3.5 21.1 2.1 18
More than 100,000 lbs 88 0.4 961 2.5 102 1.6 129 41.8 0.1 26.9 0.8 34.4 0.7 36.6

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 11,339 100 12,942 100 5,109 100 521 7 - 13.4 - 12.2 - 34.5
Less than 50 lbs 154 1.4 7 0.1 S S S 34.3 0.4 30.6 - S S S
50 - 99 lbs 107 0.9 5 - S S 1,110 29.6 0.2 38 - S S 23.1
100 - 499 lbs 679 6 23 0.2 17 0.3 833 22.2 1.2 19.6 - 22.5 0.2 14.7
500 - 749 lbs 595 5.2 15 0.1 9 0.2 624 42.7 1.5 12.3 - 10 0.1 9
750 - 999 lbs 444 3.9 24 0.2 10 0.2 410 38.4 1.5 30.9 0.1 14.2 - 40.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,319 20.4 449 3.5 216 4.2 510 13.4 2.5 10.8 0.8 12.4 1 16.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,036 53.2 8,935 69 4,367 85.5 486 11.8 3.8 16.1 4 13.5 2 13.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 973 8.6 3,089 23.9 409 8 130 22.1 2.4 16.5 3.6 18.2 1.1 15.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S 394 3 67 1.3 200 S S 44.7 3.2 35 1.5 47.2

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 13,642 100 25,910 100 1,378 100 50 8.4 - 23.2 - 23.9 - 7.4
Less than 50 lbs 511 3.7 32 0.1 1 0.1 49 11.7 0.6 15.6 0.1 12.3 - 11.7
50 - 99 lbs 304 2.2 36 0.1 2 0.1 56 20.2 0.5 17.5 0.1 16.8 0.1 7.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,595 11.7 329 1.3 20 1.5 60 10.2 1.3 8 0.5 7 0.3 6.8
500 - 749 lbs 901 6.6 439 1.7 17 1.2 40 16.5 0.8 24.3 0.6 17.9 0.3 25.1
750 - 999 lbs 828 6.1 382 1.5 17 1.2 44 16 0.6 21.4 0.5 21.1 0.3 17.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,435 32.5 3,369 13 179 13 46 8.6 2.6 12.9 3.6 12.9 2.5 13.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,603 26.4 14,222 54.9 698 50.7 51 19.2 2.8 33.9 6.9 40.6 6.3 26.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,408 10.3 6,535 25.2 408 29.6 61 20 1.7 26.2 4.4 30.8 6.3 21.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S 567 2.2 S S 87 S S 24.9 1.2 S S 43.8

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,168 100 2,310 100 1,810 100 829 20.8 - 28.2 - 24.6 - 32.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S - - S S 2,240 S S 39.9 1.4 S S 37.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 19 1.6 7 0.3 8 0.4 S 26.8 16.1 25.9 1.4 36.2 2.2 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 55 4.7 98 4.2 104 5.7 1,025 19.9 2.3 13.8 3.3 29.6 4.7 24.2
More than 100,000 lbs 1,093 93.6 2,205 95.5 1,698 93.8 806 21.6 13.5 28.5 1.9 25.1 2.7 23.4

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 329 100 4 100 6 100 1,607 28.7 - 40.8 - 35.9 - 12.8
Less than 50 lbs 111 33.7 - 5.9 - 7.2 1,568 26.2 9.1 25.9 10.6 31.9 8.7 14.2
50 - 99 lbs S S - 4.6 S S 2,774 S S 43.4 1.9 S S 20.5
100 - 499 lbs 59 18.1 - 9.3 1 8.9 1,298 39.8 4.7 33 4.5 34.5 8.3 14.2
500 - 749 lbs 33 10.1 - 4.3 - 2.3 714 37.1 2.9 24.2 4.9 23.6 3.2 22.2
750 - 999 lbs S S - 2.3 - 2.7 1,607 S S 21.8 4.1 30.5 5.6 15.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 71 21.7 S S 4 70.4 1,290 24.4 9.5 S S 47 14.7 19.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,996 100 1,099 100 1,435 100 920 22.1 - 17 - 20.7 - 9.9
Less than 50 lbs 2,483 62.2 30 2.7 27 1.9 925 33 5.9 19 1.2 22.7 1 9.8
50 - 99 lbs 334 8.4 15 1.3 12 0.9 835 19.8 1.5 27.9 0.7 32.9 0.5 16.5
100 - 499 lbs 284 7.1 13 1.1 10 0.7 787 15.1 1.8 13.7 0.4 19.3 0.3 17.3
500 - 749 lbs 75 1.9 2 0.2 2 0.2 1,170 44.8 2 29.6 0.1 41.2 0.2 20.8
750 - 999 lbs 5 0.1 - - S S 686 48.9 0.3 39.7 0.1 S S 49.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 1 0.1 S S 1,951 S S 32.2 - S S 41.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 120 3 118 10.8 S S 1,920 34.1 1.2 45.5 2.9 S S 15
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,460 S S S S S S 4.8
More than 100,000 lbs 650 16.3 906 82.5 1,118 77.9 1,236 21.5 4.1 16.8 3.5 19.2 4.6 5.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,181 100 60 100 52 100 919 26.8 - 15.6 - 16.7 - 9.9
Less than 50 lbs 2,483 78.1 30 50.2 27 52.7 925 33 4.7 19 3.4 22.7 4.5 9.8
50 - 99 lbs 334 10.5 15 24.7 12 23.6 835 19.8 2 27.9 3.3 32.9 4.6 16.5
100 - 499 lbs 284 8.9 13 21.1 10 18.8 787 15.1 2.2 13.7 3.5 19.4 3.5 17.3
500 - 749 lbs 74 2.3 2 3.4 2 4.5 1,141 45 2.5 29.8 1.2 42.5 2.7 20.9
750 - 999 lbs 5 0.2 - 0.6 S S 686 48.9 0.3 39.7 0.4 S S 49.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 770 100 1,019 100 1,348 100 1,515 25.3 - 19.5 - 23.2 - 6.6
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3 0.3 - - 1 0.1 3,141 39.6 0.8 15.9 0.1 12.9 0.1 3.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 91 11.7 108 10.6 S S 2,038 47.4 3 49.8 3.6 S S 33.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 648 84.1 900 88.3 1,102 81.8 1,229 21.7 4.5 17.2 3.6 19.9 5.3 5.3

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 43 100 S S S S 1,327 39.9 - S S S S 27
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 926 S S S S S S 25.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 364 100 S S 79 100 S 12.1 - S S 34.7 - S
Less than 50 lbs 84 23.1 3 0.6 S S 30 38.7 6.1 37.3 0.9 S S 24.4
50 - 99 lbs 14 3.8 1 0.2 - - 22 42.8 2.2 29.5 0.7 33.1 - 35.5
100 - 499 lbs 44 12.2 5 1.2 - 0.2 26 49.3 3.9 39.2 2.2 47.2 0.1 40.7
500 - 749 lbs S S 3 0.6 S S 188 S S 46 1.1 S S 49.1
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 134 36.8 24 5.5 10 12.4 337 29.6 10.4 23.2 10 34.6 7.2 40.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 55 15.1 48 10.9 19 24.1 S 36.6 4.7 25.1 9.7 33.2 9 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4 1.1 S S 8 10.5 S 46.8 1.6 S S 39.5 19.7 S
More than 100,000 lbs 9 2.5 S S S S S 42.1 5.5 S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.