Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities4

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 30,893 100 42,786 100 9,826 100 430 3.3 - 18 - 12.6 - 16.7
Single modes 26,533 85.9 41,245 96.4 8,312 84.6 150 4.5 2.6 18.8 1.3 14.6 3.8 30.6
Truck5 24,982 80.9 38,853 90.8 6,488 66 136 4.1 2.1 18.9 1.5 13.3 3 35.2
For-hire truck 11,339 36.7 12,942 30.2 5,109 52 521 7 2.6 13.4 3.9 12.2 3.6 34.5
Private truck 13,642 44.2 25,910 60.6 1,378 14 50 8.4 3.2 23.2 4.3 23.9 1.3 7.4
Rail 1,168 3.8 2,310 5.4 1,810 18.4 829 20.8 0.7 28.2 1.5 24.6 3.8 32.2
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 329 1.1 4 - 6 0.1 1,607 28.7 0.3 40.8 - 35.9 - 12.8
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,996 12.9 1,099 2.6 1,435 14.6 920 22.1 2.6 17 1 20.7 3.7 9.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,181 10.3 60 0.1 52 0.5 919 26.8 2.5 15.6 - 16.7 0.1 9.9
Truck and rail 770 2.5 1,019 2.4 1,348 13.7 1,515 25.3 0.7 19.5 1 23.2 3.8 6.6
Truck and water 43 0.1 S S S S 1,327 39.9 0.1 S S S S 27
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 364 1.2 S S 79 0.8 S 12.1 0.1 S S 34.7 0.3 S

SCTG1 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 266 100 S S S S 1,260 49.6 - S S S S 30.6
Single modes S S S S S S 449 S S S S S S 30.9
Truck5 S S S S S S 449 S S S S S S 30.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 706 S S S S S S 32.2
Private truck S S S S S S 57 S S S S S S 23
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,278 S S S S S S 4.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,278 S S S S S S 4.4

SCTG1 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 16 100 S S S S S 40.1 - S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 41.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 853 100 162 100 48 100 179 16.9 - 16.6 - 19.7 - 21.1
Single modes 824 96.6 158 97.5 48 98.8 181 14.9 1.7 16.8 1.6 20.1 1.5 21.9
Truck5 793 93 155 95.7 44 90.8 139 15.2 2.3 17.3 2.4 23.2 6.4 31.8
For-hire truck 219 25.7 53 33.1 33 68 543 25.6 9.5 34.3 11.4 34.3 12.8 34.7
Private truck 574 67.2 101 62.6 11 22.8 54 23.8 8.1 30.9 10.1 33.4 11.9 24.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 4 8 1,227 S S S S 45 16.9 23.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 237 S S S S S S 16.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 250 S S 38.1 - 40.7 - 18
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 91 S S S S S S 43.8

SCTG1 6, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 277 100 84 100 S S S 42.5 - 26.2 - S
Single modes S S 273 98.5 76 91.4 S S S 43.2 2.1 29 5.2 S
Truck5 S S 273 98.5 76 91.4 S S S 43.2 2.1 29 5.2 S
For-hire truck 186 21.7 134 48.5 59 70.9 S 42.5 19.8 37.3 14.2 23.5 9.5 S
Private truck S S S S S S 80 S S S S S S 38.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 4 1.4 S S 1,776 S S 13 12.4 S S 33.1

SCTG1 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,088 100 4,851 100 1,676 100 195 26.2 - 31 - 32.2 - 39.7
Single modes 2,076 99.4 4,849 100 1,675 99.9 94 26.4 1.4 31 0.2 32.2 2 23.5
Truck5 2,076 99.4 4,849 100 1,675 99.9 94 26.4 1.4 31 0.2 32.2 2 23.5
For-hire truck 1,307 62.6 4,274 88.1 1,615 96.3 342 28.2 8.4 29.7 14.6 28.7 12 21.2
Private truck 769 36.8 575 11.9 60 3.6 51 23.2 10.9 24.3 17.4 35 16.4 17.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,315 S S S S S S 26
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,315 S S S S S S 26
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 629 100 367 100 S S 57 38.3 - 40.2 - S S 49
Single modes 629 100 367 100 S S 57 38.3 - 40.3 - S S 48.9
Truck5 629 100 367 100 S S 57 38.3 - 40.3 - S S 48.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,137 S S S S S S 49.4
Private truck 404 64.2 310 84.4 S S 50 31.4 12.2 47.4 8.1 S S 16.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 7 100 S S S S S 49.9 - S S S
Single modes S S 7 100 S S S S S 49.9 - S S S
Truck5 S S 7 100 S S S S S 49.9 - S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 14 S S S S S S 19.1

SCTG1 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 14 100 795 100 S S S 36.4 - 28.2 - S S S
Single modes 14 97.6 760 95.5 S S S 36.3 1.1 29.4 3.6 S S S
Truck5 14 97.6 760 95.5 S S S 36.3 1.1 29.4 3.6 S S S
For-hire truck - 2.4 88 11.1 1 1.2 9 12.5 12.3 32.5 14.4 38 11.7 15.1
Private truck 13 95.2 672 84.5 S S S 35.7 3.2 30.7 5.4 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 12 S S S S S S 44
Truck5 S S S S S S 12 S S S S S S 44
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 12 S S S S S S 32.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 16 100 85 100 4 100 S 48.4 - 41 - 34.4 - S
Single modes S S 84 98.9 4 100 S S S 41.8 4.1 34.4 0.6 S
Truck5 S S 84 98.9 4 100 S S S 41.8 4.1 34.4 0.6 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 14 87.9 76 89.3 3 76 S 47.2 8.9 38 4.6 41.8 12.6 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 63 100 - 100 - 100 1,179 8.5 - 14.4 - 17.6 - 13.2
Single modes 18 28.6 - 62.2 - 68 1,806 21.9 4.5 29.3 9.5 30.8 11.4 14.3
Truck5 15 24 - 56.8 - 59.7 1,714 10.2 0.2 22.7 6.1 22.5 8.9 12.7
For-hire truck 15 24 - 56.8 - 59.7 1,714 10.2 0.2 22.7 6.1 22.5 8.9 12.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 45 71.4 - 37.8 - 32 1,085 7.6 4.5 16.4 9.5 23.6 11.4 15.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 45 71.4 - 37.8 - 32 1,085 7.6 4.5 16.4 9.5 23.6 11.4 15.8

SCTG1 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,759 100 2,479 100 97 100 41 19.5 - 19.4 - 27.9 - 16
Single modes 1,759 100 2,479 100 97 100 41 19.5 - 19.4 - 27.9 - 16
Truck5 1,759 100 2,479 100 97 100 41 19.5 - 19.4 - 27.9 - 16
For-hire truck 579 32.9 797 32.2 S S 28 36.4 11.5 35.3 11.3 S S 26.5
Private truck 1,179 67.1 1,682 67.8 62 64 45 15.7 9.6 15.6 9.4 27.3 11.6 17.4

SCTG1 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,554 100 4,037 100 154 100 18 27.4 - 25.9 - 34.6 - 13.7
Single modes 2,554 100 4,037 100 154 100 18 27.4 - 25.9 - 34.6 - 13.7
Truck5 2,457 96.2 3,856 95.5 131 84.9 18 28.6 2.7 26.9 2.6 36 8 13.5
For-hire truck 485 19 854 21.2 S S 52 45.9 12.6 50 12.5 S S 28.2
Private truck 1,972 77.2 3,002 74.4 85 55.4 17 35.4 10.4 33.9 10.7 40 13.5 17.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 646 100 1,434 100 34 100 26 42.3 - 48.8 - 36.1 - 30
Single modes 644 99.7 1,434 100 34 99.1 24 42.4 0.5 48.8 - 36.3 0.5 25.9
Truck5 641 99.2 S S 34 98.1 24 42.8 2.3 S S 36.8 1.4 25.9
For-hire truck 75 11.6 S S S S S 29.3 4.5 S S S S S
Private truck 566 87.6 694 48.4 18 51.4 22 44.6 3.7 35.9 11.6 31.9 11.6 25.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1 0.1 S S - 0.2 730 49.9 0.4 S S 49.1 1 42.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.1 S S - 0.2 730 49.9 0.4 S S 49.1 1 42.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 77 S S S S S S 46.4
Single modes S S S S S S 77 S S S S S S 46.4
Truck5 S S S S S S 77 S S S S S S 46.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 69 S S S S S S 17.2
Other and unknown modes - 0.1 S S S S S 26.3 1.6 S S S S S

SCTG1 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 226 100 3 100 2 100 S 22.5 - 20.6 - 30.2 - S
Single modes 121 53.5 1 53.1 1 45.9 S 30.3 12.3 24 13.1 27.5 14.1 S
Truck5 S S 1 29.1 S S S S S 41.6 17.8 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 16 7 - 16.2 - 1.3 48 7.4 4.2 6.3 12.5 3.8 8 3.8
Air (incl truck and air) 56 24.8 1 24 1 43.5 1,512 25.1 13.1 30.4 13.4 26.4 14.4 7.6
Multiple modes 103 45.3 1 45.7 S S 439 34.9 12 40.8 13 S S 44.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 103 45.3 1 45.7 S S 439 34.9 12 40.8 13 S S 44.1
Other and unknown modes 3 1.2 S S S S S 38.9 2.8 S S S S S

SCTG1 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 31 100 103 100 10 100 S 24.9 - 31.4 - 29.3 - S
Single modes 27 85.7 92 89.3 8 79.3 S 24.7 6.2 33.2 5.3 32.1 7.4 S
Truck5 27 85.7 92 89.3 8 79.3 S 24.7 6.2 33.2 5.3 32.1 7.4 S
For-hire truck 18 58.8 65 63.3 6 61 S 27.9 10.2 40.3 10.1 30.7 11.2 S
Private truck 8 26.9 27 26 2 18.3 71 36.3 12.7 36.6 13.5 25.1 15 26
Multiple modes S S S S S S 532 S S S S S S 44.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - S S S 50 0.1 41.4 0.2 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 145 100 29 100 18 100 662 41.2 - 23.8 - 47.3 - 25.6
Single modes 124 85.6 26 89.3 17 94.8 311 40.4 3.5 23.4 3.6 47.2 2.7 27.3
Truck5 124 85.6 26 89.3 17 94.8 311 40.4 3.5 23.4 3.6 47.2 2.7 27.3
For-hire truck S S 15 53.4 S S 1,039 S S 44 12.5 S S 23.2
Private truck 46 31.5 10 35.9 1 4.7 50 36 13.5 33.3 13.4 33.2 20 31.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 936 S S S S S S 25.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 936 S S S S S S 25.7
Other and unknown modes 4 2.6 S S S S S 35 3.1 S S S S S

SCTG1 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,007 100 283 100 119 100 279 18.7 - 22.7 - 22.4 - 26.1
Single modes 883 87.7 267 94.3 114 95.9 192 18.8 3.3 21.3 1.5 23.3 2.5 26.8
Truck5 883 87.6 253 89.4 87 73.4 189 18.9 3.4 22.9 4.8 20.4 9.2 26.7
For-hire truck 474 47 109 38.4 73 61.2 771 20.6 7 14.2 7 24.3 9.2 10.3
Private truck 409 40.6 144 51 15 12.2 74 32.3 6.5 37.3 7.2 37.7 7.4 17.4
Rail - - S S S S 1,955 24.3 0.4 S S S S -
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 64 6.3 2 0.8 2 1.4 551 32.1 2.6 17.9 0.3 36.5 0.8 19.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 64 6.3 2 0.8 2 1.4 551 32.1 2.6 17.9 0.3 36.5 0.8 19.5
Other and unknown modes 61 6 S S S S S 46.7 3.1 S S S S S

SCTG1 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 90 100 977 100 191 100 S 25.3 - 21.6 - 44.4 - S
Single modes 90 100 977 100 191 100 S 25.3 - 21.6 - 44.4 - S
Truck5 90 100 977 100 191 100 S 25.3 - 21.6 - 44.4 - S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 65 73 679 69.5 64 33.7 S 29.3 14.6 23.5 16.2 29.1 18.5 S

SCTG1 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,662 100 4,827 100 1,320 100 999 17.5 - 34.6 - 20.9 - 19.8
Single modes 1,534 92.3 4,433 91.8 1,123 85 246 17.2 2.2 32.4 1.9 22.1 4.1 14.6
Truck5 1,501 90.3 4,332 89.7 1,022 77.4 210 16.9 2.4 33.4 2.9 24 6.5 12.1
For-hire truck 717 43.1 2,039 42.2 705 53.4 533 14.9 7.3 19.9 7.9 19.3 6.8 12.2
Private truck 785 47.2 2,293 47.5 317 24 115 24.2 6.2 46.2 6.5 42.6 4.9 15.2
Rail 32 1.9 101 2.1 100 7.6 989 26.9 0.9 27.9 3.7 29.4 7.5 45.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 113 6.8 118 2.4 159 12 1,328 37.6 2.2 36.9 1.6 36.3 4.6 19
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 73 4.4 S S S S 1,327 46.8 2 S S S S 16
Truck and rail 40 2.4 107 2.2 145 11 1,821 24.9 0.9 27.8 2 27.9 5.3 21.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 14 0.9 S S S S S 26.5 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG1 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 3,264 100 3,846 100 4,004 100 723 11.6 - 11.9 - 14.2 - 12.9
Single modes 2,568 78.7 2,988 77.7 2,891 72.2 765 15.8 7.3 16.5 7.3 18.4 7.2 11.2
Truck5 1,546 47.4 1,636 42.5 1,294 32.3 692 13.3 3.4 11.7 2.9 15.5 2.1 14.6
For-hire truck 1,540 47.2 1,634 42.5 1,293 32.3 825 13.3 3.5 11.7 2.9 15.5 2.1 10.2
Private truck S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 34
Rail 1,022 31.3 1,352 35.2 1,597 39.9 1,166 15.3 3.8 17.2 4.3 19.2 6.2 4.7
Multiple modes 696 21.3 858 22.3 1,113 27.8 643 25.5 7.3 23 7.3 25.5 7.2 33.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 684 20.9 849 22.1 1,102 27.5 1,403 26.1 7.2 23.6 7.3 26.2 7.3 6.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,331 S S S S S S -
Other and unknown modes S S - - S S S S S 20.9 - S S S

SCTG1 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 880 100 379 100 232 100 662 30.1 - 23.3 - 35.2 - 25.9
Single modes 840 95.5 370 97.6 213 91.9 S 28.3 1.7 20.5 0.7 32.8 2.4 S
Truck5 840 95.5 370 97.6 213 91.9 S 28.3 1.7 20.5 0.7 32.8 2.4 S
For-hire truck 620 70.5 215 56.8 190 82.1 752 33 13.3 26.2 11 33.6 12.2 21.1
Private truck 219 24.9 155 40.8 23 9.8 S 26.3 16.6 26.6 12.9 29.4 18.2 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 9 2.3 S S 1,055 S S 41 11.5 S S 29.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,051 S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and rail 7 0.8 5 1.4 18 7.6 3,228 26.1 0.5 24.3 1.4 25 3.2 -
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S 279 100 244 100 559 S S 41.9 - 46.3 - 21.9
Single modes 311 24.7 270 97.1 240 98.2 S 38.9 16.3 42.6 14 47 15.6 S
Truck5 309 24.5 270 97.1 240 98.2 S 39.4 16.3 42.6 14.1 47 15.6 S
For-hire truck 243 19.3 197 70.8 218 89.1 S 47.4 14.1 46.9 12.5 47.8 13.1 S
Private truck 65 5.2 73 26.2 S S 29 41.2 8.4 48.6 9.1 S S 31
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 6 2.1 4 1.6 924 S S 38 14.1 30.5 15.6 15.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 6 2.1 4 1.6 924 S S 38 14.1 30.5 15.6 15.2
Other and unknown modes 12 1 S S S S S 14.3 2.9 S S S S S

SCTG1 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,216 100 110 100 85 100 1,064 14 - 13.9 - 22.3 - 11.6
Single modes 955 78.5 100 90.9 73 86.2 609 18.9 5.9 16 3.8 23.6 3 15.6
Truck5 936 77 97 88.1 65 76.9 606 19.2 6 16.9 5 24 4.7 15.7
For-hire truck 536 44 54 49.3 59 70.2 1,274 24.1 6.9 32 9.9 28.3 8.6 11.7
Private truck 401 32.9 43 38.8 6 6.7 124 30.9 8.5 32.9 11.4 33.7 10.6 20.1
Rail 17 1.4 3 2.7 8 9.2 3,152 26.6 3 40.8 9 28.9 10.1 4.9
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.2 - - - 0.1 1,687 7.4 1.2 11.8 0.2 28.5 3.1 47.8
Multiple modes 187 15.4 7 6.6 10 11.8 1,205 28.5 4.8 30.9 3.5 30.7 2.7 11
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 181 14.9 7 6.3 9 10.2 1,204 29.5 4.9 30.4 3.5 35.5 2.9 11
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,274 S S S S S S -
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 74 6.1 3 2.5 S S S 30.2 5.7 38.3 2 S S S

SCTG1 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 433 100 3,224 100 208 100 354 23.9 - 22.3 - 22.8 - 24.5
Single modes 393 90.8 3,211 99.6 184 88.7 90 23.7 3.2 22.4 0.3 22.4 5.8 17.1
Truck5 362 83.5 2,603 80.7 162 77.8 91 23.2 4.9 19.9 5.6 20.4 7.1 17.4
For-hire truck 72 16.5 350 10.8 50 23.9 393 26.9 5.1 35.5 3.1 31.7 5.9 47.1
Private truck 290 67 2,254 69.9 112 53.8 72 23.3 7.8 20 8.4 17.9 11.5 23
Rail 31 7.3 608 18.9 S S S 30.4 3.7 29.4 7.9 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 882 S S S S S S 28.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 881 S S S S S S 26.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 458 100 70 100 12 100 223 40.5 - 34.7 - 36.2 - 29.3
Single modes 344 75 68 96.3 11 91.9 163 34.3 6.7 34.7 3.6 36.2 6 44.8
Truck5 344 75 68 96.3 11 91.9 163 34.3 6.7 34.7 3.6 36.2 6 44.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 683 S S S S S S 28.9
Private truck 232 50.6 57 80.8 5 42.9 78 43.1 12.3 41.8 11.2 37.2 14.6 9.9
Multiple modes S S 1 1.1 - 3.2 493 S S 37.7 18.1 36.8 17.7 27.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 1.1 - 3.2 493 S S 37.7 18.1 36.8 17.7 27.7
Other and unknown modes 12 2.7 2 2.6 S S 90 36.6 6.5 41.8 7.6 S S 40.3

SCTG1 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 747 100 145 100 69 100 S 18.8 - 24.8 - 31.9 - S
Single modes 480 64.3 140 96.2 67 96.2 181 24 11.4 26.6 6.6 32.4 6.1 38.9
Truck5 480 64.3 140 96.2 66 96.2 179 24 11.4 26.6 6.6 32.4 6.1 39.3
For-hire truck 336 45 110 75.9 64 92.9 837 27.5 10.4 26 11.2 32.6 7.3 15.7
Private truck 144 19.3 29 20.3 S S 52 45.6 9.5 39.1 9 S S 10.5
Air (incl truck and air) - - S S S S 2,590 30.2 - S S S S 11.9
Multiple modes 258 34.5 S S 2 3.6 S 47.2 11 S S 44 6.1 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 258 34.5 S S 2 3.6 S 47.2 11 S S 44 6.1 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,601 100 83 100 47 100 941 29 - 29.4 - 35.7 - 20.9
Single modes 2,311 88.8 78 94.1 44 93.7 1,396 30.8 3 31.5 3.6 38.6 4.1 24.9
Truck5 2,263 87 78 93.5 43 92.3 1,397 30.8 3.3 31.8 3.8 39.5 4.9 25.2
For-hire truck 2,000 76.9 38 46 39 82.5 2,112 32.3 6.1 29.2 8.7 38.3 4.9 21.3
Private truck 263 10.1 40 47.4 S S 90 36.7 5.5 41.1 10.8 S S 15
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,275 S S S S S S 19.4
Multiple modes 286 11 4 5.4 3 6.3 399 22.8 3 26.7 3.7 40.6 4.1 32.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 278 10.7 4 5.2 3 6.1 399 22.8 2.7 27.4 3.6 41.5 4.1 32.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 39 S S S S S S 47

SCTG1 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,176 100 65 100 S S S 21.4 - 40.2 - S S S
Single modes 790 67.1 61 93.8 S S S 21.9 9.6 42 5.5 S S S
Truck5 610 51.9 61 93.6 S S S 27.5 9.9 42.1 5.6 S S S
For-hire truck 263 22.3 S S S S S 41.5 11.2 S S S S S
Private truck 348 29.6 53 80.8 S S S 47.2 9.6 48.6 9.1 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,987 S S S S S S 14.4
Multiple modes 349 29.7 1 1.4 1 5.1 1,104 47.7 7.9 27.4 1.3 25.9 9.6 16.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 349 29.7 1 1.4 1 5.1 1,104 47.7 7.9 27.4 1.3 25.9 9.6 16.4
Other and unknown modes 37 3.2 3 4.9 S S 15 21.1 12.7 26.4 13.6 S S 17.9

SCTG1 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 668 100 100 100 51 100 197 24.1 - 28 - 26 - 35.7
Single modes 609 91.2 98 98.6 51 99.2 154 21.8 2.6 27.9 0.5 25.8 0.2 32.3
Truck5 609 91.2 98 98.6 51 99.2 154 21.8 2.6 27.9 0.5 25.8 0.2 32.4
For-hire truck 321 48.1 64 64.4 48 94.1 1,001 25.7 7.4 39 8.9 26.4 7.4 9.6
Private truck 288 43.1 34 34.2 3 5 68 26.9 7.6 29.2 8.9 31.3 7.4 18.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S - 0.8 311 S S S S 34.2 0.2 46.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 0.7 310 S S S S 32.9 0.1 47
Truck and water 1 0.1 - - - 0.1 1,451 38.7 0.1 35.3 0.1 35.4 0.3 0.1

SCTG1 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 244 100 4 100 S S 1,134 42.3 - 49.6 - S S 11
Single modes - 0.1 - 0.1 S S S 33.1 0.1 21.1 0.1 S S S
Truck5 - 0.1 - 0.1 S S S 33.1 0.1 21.1 0.1 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck - - - 0.1 S S S 10.6 0.2 34.2 0.2 S S S
Multiple modes 220 89.9 2 50.8 2 49.8 1,137 44.8 7.8 27.4 13.7 30.8 14.4 11.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 220 89.9 2 50.8 2 49.8 1,137 44.8 7.8 27.4 13.7 30.8 14.4 11.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 432 100 80 100 S S 324 26.6 - 40.1 - S S 34.6
Single modes 373 86.4 72 89.7 36 60.1 S 27.5 4.8 43.4 5.6 46.5 13.4 S
Truck5 373 86.4 72 89.7 36 60.1 S 27.5 4.8 43.4 5.6 46.5 13.4 S
For-hire truck 166 38.3 37 46.4 33 54 S 19.8 10.4 24.5 12.6 45.7 15.3 S
Private truck 208 48.1 S S S S 90 31 14.9 S S S S 19.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,127 S S S S S S 21.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.2 - 0.4 1,095 S S 33.8 2.9 40.3 2.7 12.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 16.3

SCTG1 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 1,511 100 187 100 75 100 703 23.9 - 25.7 - 35.4 - 14.4
Single modes 1,295 85.7 172 91.8 63 84.2 377 25.2 3.9 27.5 8.3 42.3 10.2 26.9
Truck5 1,290 85.4 172 91.8 63 84.1 255 25.4 4 27.5 8.3 42.2 10.2 29
For-hire truck S S 56 29.9 S S 745 S S 36.8 6.8 S S 15.6
Private truck 984 65.1 116 61.9 18 24 109 27.4 6.6 28.8 8 33.7 9.6 19.3
Air (incl truck and air) 6 0.4 - - - 0.1 3,096 39.3 1.3 36 0.1 33.2 0.1 45.4
Multiple modes 205 13.6 6 3.3 5 7.3 946 25.4 2.5 36.7 1.6 40.1 4.3 15.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 205 13.6 6 3.3 5 7.3 946 25.4 2.5 36.7 1.6 40.1 4.3 15.6
Other and unknown modes 10 0.7 S S S S S 38.6 6 S S S S S

SCTG1 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 215 S S S S S S 15.9
Single modes S S S S S S 183 S S S S S S 16.5
Truck5 S S 319 70.8 S S 163 S S 48.9 10.1 S S 18.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 205 S S S S S S 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 125 S S S S S S 49.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG1 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 2,487 100 613 100 57 100 178 21 - 17.5 - 16.6 - 23.1
Single modes 2,349 94.4 605 98.8 56 97.9 84 19.6 1.5 17.4 0.3 16.1 0.5 27.6
Truck5 2,343 94.2 603 98.5 56 97.9 84 19.7 1.6 17.4 0.4 16.1 0.5 27.7
For-hire truck 40 1.6 8 1.4 3 4.8 507 44.2 1.2 30.1 0.8 44.8 2.1 31.8
Private truck 2,303 92.6 595 97.1 53 93.1 79 20.2 1.9 17.6 0.6 17.1 1.7 26.4
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 0.5 S S 505 S S 47.1 0.2 S S 26.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 3 0.5 S S 505 S S 47.1 0.2 S S 26.3
Other and unknown modes S S 4 0.7 S S S S S 32.1 0.3 S S S

SCTG1 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
All modes 4 100 S S - 100 S 30 - S S 37.9 - S
Single modes S S S S S S 62 S S S S S S 36.5
Truck5 S S S S S S 62 S S S S S S 36.5
Private truck S S S S S S 62 S S S S S S 36.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
5 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
6 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no values. For example, specific state by commodity by mode rows are not shown in this table because there are no data for those rows. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.