Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 131,252 100 127,630 100 16,713 100 6.2 - 6.6 - 10.5 -
Less than 50 miles 56,373 43 82,330 64.5 2,054 12.3 5.6 1.5 6 2.9 5.5 1.4
50 - 99 miles 15,585 11.9 17,369 13.6 1,740 10.4 16.1 1.1 17.3 1.7 18.2 1.8
100 - 249 miles 25,461 19.4 16,428 12.9 3,357 20.1 11.8 1.4 18.5 1.8 18.7 3
250 - 499 miles 14,552 11.1 6,363 5 2,854 17.1 15.2 1.4 11.1 0.4 10.9 1.9
500 - 749 miles 6,700 5.1 2,608 2 2,004 12 11.3 0.5 19 0.4 19.2 2.1
750 - 999 miles 4,116 3.1 808 0.6 825 4.9 16.5 0.5 28.5 0.1 28.6 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,265 2.5 731 0.6 1,087 6.5 19.7 0.5 19.9 0.1 20.5 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,068 0.8 66 0.1 136 0.8 19.4 0.1 20.4 - 21.5 0.1
More than 2,000 miles 4,132 3.1 927 0.7 2,656 15.9 15.5 0.5 31.6 0.3 31.9 4.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 110,214 100 124,318 100 14,086 100 5.9 - 6.8 - 11.9 -
Less than 50 miles 49,155 44.6 81,134 65.3 2,018 14.3 3.9 1.7 5.9 3.1 5.8 1.4
50 - 99 miles 14,153 12.8 17,105 13.8 1,711 12.1 17.8 1.3 17.4 1.6 18.2 1.5
100 - 249 miles 22,290 20.2 16,138 13 3,291 23.4 13.9 1.6 18.8 1.8 19 2.5
250 - 499 miles 12,240 11.1 6,093 4.9 2,722 19.3 16.9 1.9 11.4 0.4 11.4 1.6
500 - 749 miles 4,658 4.2 2,139 1.7 1,609 11.4 14.6 0.5 22.1 0.4 22.5 2.4
750 - 999 miles 2,837 2.6 654 0.5 657 4.7 22.4 0.6 24.8 0.1 24.5 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,238 2 585 0.5 840 6 24.9 0.5 19.8 0.1 19.9 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 572 0.5 49 - 103 0.7 32.7 0.2 28.3 - 29.9 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 2,072 1.9 421 0.3 1,135 8.1 17.5 0.3 31.4 0.1 31.9 1.7

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 105,910 100 121,437 100 12,820 100 6.1 - 6.8 - 12.7 -
Less than 50 miles 48,436 45.7 80,644 66.4 2,004 15.6 4.6 1.8 6.1 3.2 5.9 1.5
50 - 99 miles 14,109 13.3 17,093 14.1 1,709 13.3 17.9 1.3 17.4 1.7 18.2 1.7
100 - 249 miles 21,652 20.4 14,867 12.2 2,920 22.8 13.7 1.7 18.3 1.7 18.2 2.1
250 - 499 miles 11,765 11.1 5,490 4.5 2,399 18.7 17.3 1.8 11.5 0.4 11.4 1.4
500 - 749 miles 4,031 3.8 1,767 1.5 1,289 10.1 14.7 0.5 21.9 0.3 21.8 1.9
750 - 999 miles 1,838 1.7 634 0.5 638 5 12.3 0.2 25 0.1 24.8 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,721 1.6 489 0.4 678 5.3 20.4 0.3 22.1 0.1 22.4 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 466 0.4 48 - 102 0.8 26.1 0.1 28.4 - 30 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 1,892 1.8 403 0.3 1,082 8.4 18.1 0.3 33.3 0.1 34.1 1.8

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 52,484 100 51,499 100 9,042 100 4.8 - 11.3 - 14.2 -
Less than 50 miles 15,703 29.9 26,435 51.3 729 8.1 12.8 2.9 11.9 4.1 11 0.8
50 - 99 miles 5,620 10.7 8,173 15.9 826 9.1 10.3 0.9 22.4 2.3 23.1 1.9
100 - 249 miles 11,754 22.4 9,351 18.2 1,858 20.5 8.9 2 23.6 2.4 22.3 2.8
250 - 499 miles 9,473 18 4,202 8.2 1,846 20.4 16.1 2.6 13.8 1.3 13.8 2.3
500 - 749 miles 4,028 7.7 1,764 3.4 1,286 14.2 14.7 1.3 21.9 0.8 21.9 2.4
750 - 999 miles 1,832 3.5 633 1.2 637 7 12.4 0.5 25.1 0.2 24.8 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,716 3.3 489 0.9 677 7.5 20.5 0.6 22.1 0.2 22.5 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 466 0.9 48 0.1 102 1.1 26.1 0.3 28.4 - 30 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 1,891 3.6 403 0.8 1,081 12 18.1 0.7 33.4 0.2 34.2 2.6

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 53,426 100 69,938 100 3,778 100 13.3 - 6.4 - 10.3 -
Less than 50 miles 32,733 61.3 54,210 77.5 1,275 33.7 7.5 3.7 7 2.5 6.4 2.7
50 - 99 miles 8,489 15.9 8,920 12.8 883 23.4 30.8 1.8 17.4 1.7 19.1 2
100 - 249 miles 9,897 18.5 5,516 7.9 1,063 28.1 29.7 2.5 14.3 1.1 16 2.9
250 - 499 miles 2,292 4.3 1,288 1.8 553 14.6 25.2 1 22.2 0.3 25.4 3.3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,172 100 2,815 100 1,214 100 22.1 - 24.2 - 23.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S 475 16.9 S S S S 38.4 6.6 S S
50 - 99 miles 19 1.6 10 0.4 1 0.1 49 3.3 44.9 2.7 35.5 0.8
100 - 249 miles 287 24.5 1,264 44.9 367 30.2 28.6 7.1 35.9 8.3 38.3 9.5
250 - 499 miles 321 27.4 598 21.2 320 26.4 31 9.1 33.5 8.7 31.7 11
500 - 749 miles 308 26.3 365 13 315 26 37.7 8.1 42.8 7 43.9 9.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 89 7.6 83 3 S S 45.4 4.6 49.4 7.5 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 23 2 15 0.5 44 3.6 22.6 4.2 15.7 5.9 15.5 10.1

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,109 100 S S S S 43.8 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 351 11.3 7 12.3 4 7.4 46.3 8 31.9 7.8 27.4 6
250 - 499 miles 154 5 S S S S 34.6 4.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 1.2 1 2.4 S S 41.8 1.1 40.9 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 157 5 3 6 10 18.7 33.5 5.1 25.1 5.4 32.7 9.7

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 18,830 100 2,049 100 2,364 100 18.5 - 30.6 - 44.6 -
Less than 50 miles 5,755 30.6 382 18.7 S S 38.9 5.1 48.9 5.9 S S
50 - 99 miles 1,279 6.8 S S S S 30.3 0.8 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,941 15.6 S S S S 20.8 2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 2,105 11.2 131 6.4 S S 21.5 1.6 46 1.6 S S
500 - 749 miles 1,990 10.6 464 22.6 392 16.6 23.8 2.5 47.9 5.1 49.2 3.2
750 - 999 miles 1,230 6.5 153 7.5 167 7 16.5 1.1 48.2 3.7 49.2 3.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,009 5.4 128 6.3 223 9.4 11.6 1.2 36.6 2.1 38.6 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 494 2.6 16 0.8 31 1.3 24.7 0.5 40.5 0.4 38.3 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 2,026 10.8 S S S S 17.7 2.4 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 17,025 100 428 100 295 100 21.6 - 29.1 - 35.6 -
Less than 50 miles 5,685 33.4 80 18.7 3 0.9 39.3 5.1 21.3 4.1 20.4 0.4
50 - 99 miles 1,273 7.5 46 10.8 5 1.6 30.5 0.9 33.8 1.8 37.8 0.4
100 - 249 miles 2,819 16.6 53 12.4 12 4 21.8 2 28.3 2.5 25 1.3
250 - 499 miles 2,007 11.8 56 13 24 8.2 23.1 1.6 30.3 1.2 29.8 1.4
500 - 749 miles 1,418 8.3 56 13.1 43 14.5 25.5 1.5 36.5 1.9 37.7 1.9
750 - 999 miles 1,110 6.5 S S S S 16.6 1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 758 4.5 23 5.3 32 10.9 14.7 1.4 36 0.8 36.4 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 494 2.9 16 3.7 31 10.4 24.7 0.6 40.5 1.5 38.3 5.1
More than 2,000 miles 1,460 8.6 25 5.8 68 23 17.1 1.9 43.4 1.1 43.4 4.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,553 100 1,337 100 S S 45.9 - 42.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 12 0.9 3 0.2 S S 42 2.9 44.1 11.6
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 79 5.9 89 4.4 S S 45.7 8.3 45.4 6.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 200 12.9 105 7.8 189 9.4 35.2 7.9 40.6 10.3 41.1 6.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 539 34.7 S S S S 32.2 10.8 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 154 100 S S 32 100 42.8 - S S 41.7 -
Less than 50 miles 62 40 S S S S 35.6 16.5 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S - 0.7 S S S S 45.8 3
100 - 249 miles 9 5.7 S S S S 49 10.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 97 100 2 100 S S 32 - 46.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 97 100 2 100 S S 32 - 46.1 - S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,209 100 1,263 100 S S 27.6 - 49.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 1,463 66.2 S S 12 4.5 35.9 8.4 S S 47.9 2.1
50 - 99 miles 153 6.9 S S S S 26.9 1.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 230 10.4 71 5.7 15 5.8 32.3 5.6 32.9 6.9 31.9 6.5
250 - 499 miles 207 9.4 S S S S 38.8 3.6 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 53 2.4 S S S S 41.9 3.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 18 0.8 S S S S 41.7 0.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 34 1.5 S S S S 39.1 1 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.