Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 131,252 100 127,630 100 16,713 100 354 6.2 - 6.6 - 10.5 - 16.4
Less than 50 lbs 19,245 14.7 305 0.2 122 0.7 506 14.7 2.3 14 - 31.1 0.2 14.6
50 - 99 lbs 6,784 5.2 259 0.2 48 0.3 187 24.2 1.1 12.9 - 26.8 0.1 13.6
100 - 499 lbs 12,789 9.7 1,907 1.5 272 1.6 157 12.2 0.9 13 0.2 21.8 0.4 17.1
500 - 749 lbs 5,081 3.9 1,092 0.9 103 0.6 95 18.3 0.6 18.9 0.2 17.1 0.1 15.3
750 - 999 lbs 3,640 2.8 1,080 0.8 93 0.6 86 20.6 0.6 26.7 0.3 19.4 0.1 21.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 29,222 22.3 10,640 8.3 1,484 8.9 121 8.9 1.5 10.6 1.1 16.5 1.5 11.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 46,951 35.8 84,348 66.1 10,876 65.1 133 13.6 3.1 8.5 2.8 14.1 4.3 9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6,161 4.7 22,292 17.5 2,028 12.1 90 19 0.9 21.6 3 36.5 3.5 11
More than 100,000 lbs 1,379 1.1 5,708 4.5 1,688 10.1 321 21.4 0.2 16.3 0.7 27.7 3.3 35.7

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 110,214 100 124,318 100 14,086 100 94 5.9 - 6.8 - 11.9 - 10.8
Less than 50 lbs 8,339 7.6 142 0.1 12 0.1 97 31 2.7 10.9 - 11.8 - 18.4
50 - 99 lbs 3,051 2.8 181 0.1 12 0.1 67 23.6 0.8 11.8 - 16 - 14.8
100 - 499 lbs 10,302 9.3 1,720 1.4 144 1 84 14.2 1.2 12.2 0.2 13.9 0.2 12
500 - 749 lbs 4,857 4.4 1,068 0.9 92 0.7 87 18.6 0.8 19.3 0.2 16.4 0.1 15.7
750 - 999 lbs 3,466 3.1 1,063 0.9 78 0.6 73 20.5 0.6 26.9 0.3 14.9 0.1 16.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 28,203 25.6 10,283 8.3 1,293 9.2 113 8.5 1.8 10.6 1.1 11.2 1 10.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 44,592 40.5 82,646 66.5 9,332 66.3 117 14.4 3.1 8.8 2.9 15 3.9 7.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6,143 5.6 22,210 17.9 2,020 14.3 90 19.1 1.1 21.5 3 36.6 3.6 11.2
More than 100,000 lbs 1,262 1.1 5,005 4 1,102 7.8 268 20.9 0.2 17.5 0.7 24.7 2.6 15.6

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 105,910 100 121,437 100 12,820 100 83 6.1 - 6.8 - 12.7 - 8.3
Less than 50 lbs 8,001 7.6 140 0.1 10 0.1 76 32.7 2.8 11.1 - 11.3 - 14.1
50 - 99 lbs 2,886 2.7 180 0.1 11 0.1 61 25.1 0.9 11.9 - 18.6 - 14.7
100 - 499 lbs 9,392 8.9 1,713 1.4 136 1.1 80 13.5 1 12.2 0.2 14.9 0.2 12.2
500 - 749 lbs 4,293 4.1 1,062 0.9 90 0.7 85 19.4 0.7 19.5 0.2 16.3 0.1 15.5
750 - 999 lbs 3,366 3.2 1,055 0.9 74 0.6 69 21.1 0.6 27.1 0.3 15.1 0.1 16.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 27,089 25.6 10,238 8.4 1,256 9.8 111 9 1.9 10.7 1.2 11.5 1.3 10.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 44,419 41.9 82,533 68 9,255 72.2 116 14.4 3.4 8.8 2.8 15.2 3.7 7.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6,004 5.7 21,984 18.1 1,839 14.3 86 19.2 1.2 21.8 3.2 41.3 4 12.6
More than 100,000 lbs 460 0.4 2,532 2.1 149 1.2 68 20.2 0.1 21.2 0.4 28.4 0.5 29.2

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 52,484 100 51,499 100 9,042 100 216 4.8 - 11.3 - 14.2 - 22.5
Less than 50 lbs 5,603 10.7 25 - 6 0.1 S 46.8 4.2 33.8 - 15.5 - S
50 - 99 lbs 1,502 2.9 15 - 5 0.1 293 44.3 1.3 16.8 - 24.1 - 17.3
100 - 499 lbs 2,712 5.2 151 0.3 64 0.7 403 17.8 0.9 17.1 - 22.1 0.2 16.1
500 - 749 lbs 1,832 3.5 123 0.2 57 0.6 464 38 1.2 24.3 - 23.7 0.1 7.8
750 - 999 lbs 571 1.1 101 0.2 38 0.4 375 16.3 0.2 23.8 - 19 0.1 19.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 12,127 23.1 2,449 4.8 868 9.6 401 9.7 1.9 9.9 0.6 13.5 1.3 6.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 25,252 48.1 38,519 74.8 6,861 75.9 196 8.4 4.6 11.2 3.6 15.7 3.6 6.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,663 5.1 9,539 18.5 1,090 12.1 116 31.4 1.4 31.4 3.8 49.8 3.9 13.5
More than 100,000 lbs 223 0.4 576 1.1 54 0.6 S 41.5 0.2 35.7 0.4 38 0.2 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 53,426 100 69,938 100 3,778 100 43 13.3 - 6.4 - 10.3 - 6.4
Less than 50 lbs 2,398 4.5 115 0.2 4 0.1 39 7.1 0.5 11.7 - 12.7 - 11
50 - 99 lbs 1,383 2.6 164 0.2 6 0.2 37 12.9 0.4 12.6 - 17.1 - 10.4
100 - 499 lbs 6,680 12.5 1,561 2.2 72 1.9 46 12.4 1.5 13.1 0.4 17.9 0.4 19
500 - 749 lbs 2,462 4.6 939 1.3 33 0.9 35 12.5 0.4 20.8 0.4 10.3 0.2 10.1
750 - 999 lbs 2,796 5.2 954 1.4 36 0.9 37 26.4 1.5 30.3 0.5 15.4 0.3 18.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14,962 28 7,789 11.1 388 10.3 46 11.1 2.4 13 1.8 10 1.4 7.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 19,167 35.9 44,014 62.9 2,394 63.4 54 31.9 4.2 10.7 3.8 15.5 4.3 9.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,341 6.3 12,446 17.8 750 19.8 61 19.7 1.5 17.3 3.5 30.1 4.9 11.3
More than 100,000 lbs 237 0.4 1,957 2.8 96 2.5 58 29.8 0.1 29.6 0.7 42.6 1.2 32.2

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,172 100 2,815 100 1,214 100 423 22.1 - 24.2 - 23.5 - 21.3
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs 25 2.2 S S S S S 7.6 15.7 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 40.8 0.1 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 170 14.5 113 4 77 6.3 757 36.4 8.4 40.6 6 36.4 6.7 17.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 139 11.9 226 8 181 14.9 718 36.7 15.5 27.4 11 39.9 19.8 46.7
More than 100,000 lbs 783 66.8 2,462 87.5 953 78.5 398 29.5 7.3 26.3 5.7 26.9 9.4 41.2

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S 4 S S S S S S -
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 3,109 100 S S S S 1,007 43.8 - S S S S 10.3
Less than 50 lbs 338 10.9 2 3.5 2 4.3 1,008 25.6 9 22.8 3.9 21.7 3.9 13
50 - 99 lbs 166 5.3 1 1.9 1 2.4 1,082 40.1 2.8 24.6 1.3 26 2.1 17.9
100 - 499 lbs S S 7 12 7 14.3 1,119 S S 37.1 9 37.9 9.4 11.3
500 - 749 lbs S S S S 2 3.8 S S S S S 40.5 10.1 S
750 - 999 lbs 72 2.3 2 4.3 3 5 1,051 32.7 4.1 26.4 4.5 43.4 6.2 17.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 861 S S S S S S 24.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 18,830 100 2,049 100 2,364 100 779 18.5 - 30.6 - 44.6 - 8
Less than 50 lbs 10,696 56.8 156 7.6 110 4.6 799 20.3 3.8 27.4 5.5 34.6 4.7 8.5
50 - 99 lbs 3,694 19.6 76 3.7 36 1.5 464 40.1 3.1 39.1 2.3 36.7 1.7 8.8
100 - 499 lbs 2,365 12.6 164 8 127 5.4 773 8.3 2.5 33.7 5.2 38.7 4.9 9.7
500 - 749 lbs 162 0.9 17 0.9 S S 606 27.9 0.2 32.7 1 S S 16.8
750 - 999 lbs 172 0.9 S S S S 915 47.1 0.5 S S S S 24
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 55 0.3 10 0.5 7 0.3 S 38.2 0.2 23.6 0.3 33.8 0.7 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,614 8.6 1,086 53 1,476 62.4 1,420 41.1 4.2 42.7 9.9 49.1 11.2 21.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 47 S S S S S S 5.6
More than 100,000 lbs 72 0.4 S S S S S 36.4 0.6 S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 17,025 100 428 100 295 100 778 21.6 - 29.1 - 35.6 - 8.1
Less than 50 lbs 10,695 62.8 156 36.5 110 37.2 799 20.3 2.9 27.4 4.5 34.6 5 8.5
50 - 99 lbs 3,693 21.7 76 17.8 36 12.1 464 40.1 3 39.1 1.7 36.7 1.5 8.8
100 - 499 lbs 2,353 13.8 164 38.2 126 42.9 772 8.5 2.9 33.9 3.7 39 5.1 9.7
500 - 749 lbs 162 1 17 4.1 S S 606 27.9 0.3 32.7 1.8 S S 16.8
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 854 S S S S S S 25.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,553 100 1,337 100 S S 1,272 45.9 - 42.7 - S S 20.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 11 0.7 1 0.1 1 - 1,024 46.6 6.5 23.7 0.2 28.2 0.4 8.2
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 8 0.6 6 0.3 S S S 27.6 1.6 29.3 1.7 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,444 93 1,073 80.2 1,470 73.4 1,432 46.6 9.4 42.2 9.1 48.4 10.3 25.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 47 S S S S S S 5.6
More than 100,000 lbs 64 4.1 S S S S 2,081 37.9 8.4 S S S S 26

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 154 100 S S 32 100 1,376 42.8 - S S 41.7 - 27.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,228 S S S S S S 34.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 161 S S S S S S 36.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 81 52.3 S S S S S 36.1 13 S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 97 100 2 100 S S 212 32 - 46.1 - S S -
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 89 91.9 S S S S 212 40.6 13.3 S S S S -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,209 100 1,263 100 S S 78 27.6 - 49.6 - S S 21
Less than 50 lbs 211 9.5 7 0.5 - 0.2 43 21.3 1.7 23.2 0.3 37.3 0.1 27.8
50 - 99 lbs 40 1.8 2 0.2 - - S 25.6 2.2 22 0.3 48.7 0.1 S
100 - 499 lbs 122 5.5 22 1.8 1 0.3 35 28.5 2 36.2 1 38.1 0.3 36.5
500 - 749 lbs S S 7 0.5 - 0.1 S S S 28.1 0.4 48.6 0.2 S
750 - 999 lbs 3 0.1 1 0.1 S S 112 28.3 0.1 28.2 0.1 S S 32.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 964 43.6 347 27.4 S S 387 28.2 5.6 49.3 7.3 S S 19.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 745 33.7 S S 67 25.6 S 48.1 7.1 S S 29.9 11.8 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 17 0.8 S S S S S 49.3 1.5 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 4 1.4 S S S S S 44.7 3 S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.