Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 212,121 100 128,169 100 13,335 100 4.7 - 12.4 - 2.8 -
Less than 50 miles 80,340 37.9 98,595 76.9 2,119 15.9 8 2.3 15.3 2.9 15.4 2.2
50 - 99 miles 20,234 9.5 14,175 11.1 1,259 9.4 4.9 0.4 19.6 1.6 15.6 1.4
100 - 249 miles 31,959 15.1 7,841 6.1 1,563 11.7 7.1 0.9 13.1 1 11.6 1.5
250 - 499 miles 14,891 7 2,360 1.8 1,016 7.6 6.9 0.3 6.3 0.4 6.3 0.4
500 - 749 miles 12,017 5.7 1,237 1 968 7.3 12.3 0.5 10.4 0.2 10.1 0.6
750 - 999 miles 13,565 6.4 1,670 1.3 1,756 13.2 11.8 0.7 10.2 0.3 10.4 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14,364 6.8 1,075 0.8 1,528 11.5 10.3 0.6 9.1 0.2 10.4 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7,425 3.5 510 0.4 1,032 7.7 13.7 0.3 11.6 0.1 11.3 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 17,327 8.2 707 0.6 2,094 15.7 15.5 1.1 8.6 0.1 8.4 1.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 157,650 100 124,295 100 12,039 100 5 - 13 - 3.2 -
Less than 50 miles 68,786 43.6 96,320 77.5 2,078 17.3 10.6 3.1 15.8 2.9 15.8 2.4
50 - 99 miles 16,998 10.8 13,649 11 1,213 10.1 5.6 0.6 19.7 1.5 15.3 1.4
100 - 249 miles 24,247 15.4 7,543 6.1 1,491 12.4 7.3 1.1 13.2 1 11.8 1.7
250 - 499 miles 10,523 6.7 2,213 1.8 951 7.9 7.4 0.5 6.3 0.4 6.5 0.5
500 - 749 miles 7,108 4.5 1,122 0.9 875 7.3 15.5 0.6 11.9 0.2 11.6 0.7
750 - 999 miles 8,362 5.3 1,521 1.2 1,602 13.3 15.4 0.8 10.4 0.3 10.7 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,803 4.9 954 0.8 1,353 11.2 13.3 0.7 9.3 0.1 10.8 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,367 2.8 404 0.3 815 6.8 22 0.4 13.8 0.1 13.2 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 9,456 6 569 0.5 1,659 13.8 23.8 1.5 9.7 0.1 9.6 1.5

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 149,201 100 123,511 100 11,364 100 6 - 13.1 - 4 -
Less than 50 miles 68,214 45.7 96,195 77.9 2,076 18.3 10.6 3.1 15.8 2.9 15.8 2.6
50 - 99 miles 16,989 11.4 13,632 11 1,211 10.7 5.7 0.6 19.8 1.5 15.3 1.4
100 - 249 miles 21,546 14.4 7,429 6 1,454 12.8 9.5 1.3 13.6 1.1 12.2 1.8
250 - 499 miles 9,982 6.7 2,140 1.7 908 8 7.8 0.5 6.5 0.4 6.6 0.6
500 - 749 miles 6,550 4.4 968 0.8 752 6.6 16.6 0.6 10.7 0.2 10.4 0.6
750 - 999 miles 7,443 5 1,349 1.1 1,410 12.4 17.2 0.9 11.3 0.3 11.4 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,704 4.5 912 0.7 1,293 11.4 14.7 0.7 10.2 0.1 11.8 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,897 2.6 338 0.3 665 5.9 24.7 0.4 18.6 0.1 18.4 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 7,877 5.3 548 0.4 1,595 14 28.5 1.5 9.4 0.1 9.5 1.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 83,383 100 50,797 100 8,528 100 7.8 - 26.1 - 4.9 -
Less than 50 miles 22,011 26.4 35,200 69.3 825 9.7 16.1 3.6 30.8 6.4 30.1 2.4
50 - 99 miles 6,256 7.5 6,199 12.2 512 6 13.7 0.9 46.9 2.2 39.6 1.9
100 - 249 miles 14,963 17.9 3,633 7.2 764 9 13.6 1.8 21.3 2.6 19.2 1.6
250 - 499 miles 7,963 9.6 1,656 3.3 720 8.4 10.3 0.7 5.6 1.2 5.8 0.5
500 - 749 miles 6,541 7.8 966 1.9 750 8.8 16.6 1.1 10.7 0.9 10.4 0.8
750 - 999 miles 7,440 8.9 1,349 2.7 1,409 16.5 17.2 1.6 11.3 1 11.4 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,644 8 911 1.8 1,292 15.1 14.6 1.1 10.1 0.7 11.8 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,739 4.5 338 0.7 664 7.8 26 0.7 18.6 0.5 18.4 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 7,827 9.4 546 1.1 1,591 18.7 28.8 2.4 9.5 0.4 9.6 1.8

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 65,818 100 72,713 100 2,837 100 6.6 - 12.8 - 12.7 -
Less than 50 miles 46,203 70.2 60,994 83.9 1,252 44.1 9.4 3.3 15.5 3 18.6 4.9
50 - 99 miles 10,733 16.3 7,434 10.2 699 24.6 10 1.6 16.9 2.1 18 2.9
100 - 249 miles 6,584 10 3,797 5.2 690 24.3 14.5 1.4 24.5 1.3 23.7 3.4
250 - 499 miles 2,019 3.1 484 0.7 188 6.6 22.4 0.6 19 0.1 19.1 1
500 - 749 miles 9 - S S S S 49.7 - S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 61 0.1 1 - 2 0.1 38 0.1 42.3 - 44.8 0.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 158 0.2 1 - 1 - 43.2 0.6 34.5 - 38 0.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 484 100 709 100 606 100 25.3 - 33.1 - 28.1 -
Less than 50 miles 46 9.5 S S 1 0.2 29 5.8 S S 38.8 0.6
50 - 99 miles 9 1.8 S S S S 0.8 9.8 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 41 8.5 S S S S 29.7 1.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 97 20 151 21.3 121 20 27 12.7 43.4 13 39.2 13.2
750 - 999 miles 107 22.1 166 23.5 187 30.9 28.9 5 35.9 5.9 36.5 5.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 86 17.8 35 4.9 50 8.3 25.1 7.9 20.2 8.5 21.8 15.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 61 12.6 61 8.6 142 23.4 28.5 8.9 24 8.5 23.9 10
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,959 100 71 100 67 100 18.6 - 23.1 - 25.4 -
Less than 50 miles 527 6.6 9 13 - 0.7 26 1.9 34.6 4.2 35.6 0.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,671 33.6 30 41.3 13 18.6 29.6 4.8 35.8 5.6 28.3 3.8
250 - 499 miles 500 6.3 S S 1 1 28.5 1.4 S S 24.4 0.4
500 - 749 miles 462 5.8 3 4.1 2 3.5 37.3 1.4 41.5 1.1 43.9 1.3
750 - 999 miles 812 10.2 6 8.3 5 8.1 25.5 2 33.7 2.7 31.6 3.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,013 12.7 7 9.7 9 13.9 22.4 2.7 27.4 2.4 25.7 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 409 5.1 5 6.6 9 12.6 16 1.5 41.3 1.6 40.2 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 1,565 19.7 11 14.9 28 41.6 43.9 5.2 39.7 4.1 37.9 6

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 48,332 100 1,196 100 1,094 100 10.9 - 12.1 - 14 -
Less than 50 miles 8,046 16.6 179 15 6 0.5 13.8 2 16 1.6 18.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 2,623 5.4 121 10.2 12 1.1 17.1 0.9 26.1 2.8 28.4 0.7
100 - 249 miles 7,207 14.9 218 18.2 54 5 10 0.9 12.6 1.6 13.1 0.5
250 - 499 miles 4,191 8.7 119 10 54 4.9 15.2 0.9 18.1 1.2 18.3 0.6
500 - 749 miles 4,902 10.1 112 9.4 91 8.3 19.3 1 20.8 1.5 21 2.1
750 - 999 miles 5,089 10.5 113 9.4 118 10.8 13.2 1.2 9.6 0.7 9.5 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,830 12.1 113 9.4 163 14.9 14.3 0.8 22.4 1.4 21.8 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,858 5.9 90 7.5 185 16.9 16.4 0.5 37.6 1.4 39.4 3.3
More than 2,000 miles 7,586 15.7 130 10.9 412 37.7 14 1.6 14 1.6 14.8 4.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 46,585 100 952 100 732 100 10 - 10.9 - 14 -
Less than 50 miles 7,946 17.1 161 16.9 5 0.7 13.8 2.1 17.8 2 21.2 0.2
50 - 99 miles 2,475 5.3 113 11.9 11 1.5 17.4 0.9 28.8 3.3 31.2 0.8
100 - 249 miles 6,776 14.5 175 18.4 43 5.8 8.7 0.9 13.1 2 12.6 0.9
250 - 499 miles 3,972 8.5 106 11.1 46 6.3 13.7 0.9 18.9 1.6 18.8 1
500 - 749 miles 4,792 10.3 78 8.2 61 8.4 18.7 1 19.8 0.9 19.7 1
750 - 999 miles 4,997 10.7 90 9.5 94 12.8 13.2 1.2 12.7 0.9 13 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,698 12.2 104 10.9 147 20 14.1 0.8 22.4 1.6 22.1 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,616 5.6 43 4.5 85 11.7 13.7 0.4 19.6 0.8 20.1 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 7,312 15.7 82 8.6 240 32.8 14.8 1.7 15.4 0.9 15.3 1.4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,385 100 181 100 295 100 48.9 - 22.2 - 24.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 2 1.2 S S S S 45.6 1 S S
500 - 749 miles S S 34 18.5 29 9.9 S S 43.3 10.8 46.5 8.2
750 - 999 miles 83 6 19 10.7 20 6.8 48.5 13.5 30.9 12.1 29.4 15.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 120 8.6 6 3.3 8 2.8 16.7 11.3 47.8 4.6 44.7 3.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 43 23.7 134 45.6 S S 18.8 9.8 17.1 11.5

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 362 100 63 100 67 100 28.5 - 29.5 - 42.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 2 0.5 - 0.6 - 0.1 29.1 16 19.2 9.2 31.5 2.1
100 - 249 miles 196 54.1 33 52 8 12.1 28.5 9.6 30.3 8.7 35.2 15
250 - 499 miles 79 21.7 11 18.3 6 9.6 35.7 12.8 25.2 12 25.5 10
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 8 2.2 S S S S 47.2 5.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,139 100 2,678 100 202 100 26.1 - 28.3 - 27.4 -
Less than 50 miles 3,508 57.1 2,096 78.2 36 17.7 26.4 6.8 19.9 4.5 35.9 3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 505 8.2 S S 18 8.8 41 1.8 S S 48.5 2.4
250 - 499 miles S S 27 1 11 5.5 S S 36 0.5 36.9 3.2
500 - 749 miles 7 0.1 S S S S 42.6 0.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 115 1.9 S S S S 48.2 1.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 8 0.3 12 5.9 S S 40.7 0.2 42.1 3.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 285 4.6 8 0.3 23 11.2 41.5 1.7 37.2 0.1 37.1 4.8

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.