Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Weight for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 212,121 100 128,169 100 13,335 100 465 4.7 - 12.4 - 2.8 - 16.1
Less than 50 lbs 49,070 23.1 872 0.7 417 3.1 540 6 1.2 11.3 0.1 18.3 0.5 17
50 - 99 lbs 13,477 6.4 497 0.4 169 1.3 328 18.4 0.9 10.3 0.1 14 0.2 18.1
100 - 499 lbs 31,463 14.8 2,382 1.9 568 4.3 247 7 0.9 8.4 0.3 7.9 0.3 10.8
500 - 749 lbs 8,224 3.9 1,341 1 236 1.8 181 11.4 0.5 15.1 0.2 12 0.2 14.8
750 - 999 lbs 6,428 3 1,225 1 166 1.2 135 19.2 0.5 6 0.2 11 0.1 8.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 49,469 23.3 15,640 12.2 2,591 19.4 155 9.5 1.9 8.7 1.8 6 1.4 6.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 40,010 18.9 57,205 44.6 6,601 49.5 124 8.4 1.3 16.8 2 6.5 2.5 17.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 11,829 5.6 43,795 34.2 1,905 14.3 44 26.7 1.4 14.8 2.2 20.8 2.9 15.2
More than 100,000 lbs 2,151 1 5,213 4.1 682 5.1 164 20 0.2 23.2 0.8 19.8 1.1 46.7

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 157,650 100 124,295 100 12,039 100 111 5 - 13 - 3.2 - 24.7
Less than 50 lbs 16,311 10.3 409 0.3 36 0.3 S 15.2 1.7 23.5 0.1 8.1 - S
50 - 99 lbs 7,359 4.7 321 0.3 37 0.3 106 33.9 1.2 19.4 0.1 13.7 - 23
100 - 499 lbs 22,164 14.1 2,012 1.6 363 3 174 7.8 1.2 8.6 0.2 7.8 0.2 10.9
500 - 749 lbs 7,061 4.5 1,254 1 203 1.7 166 8.4 0.4 14.4 0.2 11 0.2 13.7
750 - 999 lbs 6,226 3.9 1,204 1 159 1.3 131 19.7 0.6 5.7 0.2 10.6 0.1 9.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 46,279 29.4 14,879 12 2,492 20.7 155 7.9 2.3 7.2 1.7 5.5 1.6 7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 38,828 24.6 56,467 45.4 6,221 51.7 119 8.9 1.5 17.1 1.9 7.4 2.8 18.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 11,763 7.5 43,651 35.1 1,895 15.7 44 26.6 1.9 14.8 2.1 20.8 3.2 15.3
More than 100,000 lbs 1,658 1.1 4,098 3.3 633 5.3 S 25.4 0.2 30.7 0.9 21.6 1.2 S

Truck3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 149,201 100 123,511 100 11,364 100 92 6 - 13.1 - 4 - 23.9
Less than 50 lbs 12,402 8.3 399 0.3 25 0.2 S 19.6 1.6 24.3 0.1 12.5 - S
50 - 99 lbs 6,404 4.3 316 0.3 32 0.3 91 40.7 1.3 19.7 0.1 15.1 - 21.5
100 - 499 lbs 20,449 13.7 1,996 1.6 343 3 164 9 1.3 8.5 0.2 7.7 0.2 12.2
500 - 749 lbs 6,878 4.6 1,249 1 198 1.7 163 8.3 0.5 14.3 0.2 10.6 0.2 14.2
750 - 999 lbs 6,073 4.1 1,201 1 156 1.4 129 20.1 0.7 5.7 0.2 10.9 0.1 9.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 45,308 30.4 14,849 12 2,470 21.7 153 8 2.4 7.2 1.7 5.6 2 7.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 38,626 25.9 56,417 45.7 6,139 54 118 9 1.6 17.2 1.9 7.7 3 18.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 11,763 7.9 43,651 35.3 1,895 16.7 44 26.6 2.1 14.8 2.1 20.8 3.2 15.3
More than 100,000 lbs 1,298 0.9 3,432 2.8 106 0.9 39 31.3 0.3 36.2 1 44.9 0.5 19.3

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 83,383 100 50,797 100 8,528 100 501 7.8 - 26.1 - 4.9 - 15.6
Less than 50 lbs 7,918 9.5 29 0.1 16 0.2 439 26 2.3 21.2 - 16.8 - 40
50 - 99 lbs S S 51 0.1 23 0.3 459 S S 34.9 0.1 19.4 0.1 18.7
100 - 499 lbs 10,857 13 342 0.7 261 3.1 747 19.8 2.4 11.8 0.4 9.9 0.3 5.1
500 - 749 lbs 4,186 5 210 0.4 159 1.9 769 13.6 0.8 8.7 0.2 11.6 0.3 8.8
750 - 999 lbs 3,735 4.5 183 0.4 116 1.4 630 26.3 0.9 8.6 0.1 13.2 0.2 8.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 24,284 29.1 3,408 6.7 1,889 22.2 650 11.7 2.6 20.4 1.5 6.3 2.2 13.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 20,588 24.7 24,395 48 4,821 56.5 233 8.9 2.2 40 5 9.6 3.9 27.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6,482 7.8 20,831 41 1,178 13.8 57 29.1 2.6 19.9 4.8 31.7 3.9 20.5
More than 100,000 lbs 879 1.1 1,347 2.7 S S 52 39.7 0.5 44.9 1.3 S S 21

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 65,818 100 72,713 100 2,837 100 27 6.6 - 12.8 - 12.7 - 15.6
Less than 50 lbs 4,484 6.8 370 0.5 9 0.3 19 15.9 1 25.2 0.1 20.5 0.1 33
50 - 99 lbs 1,950 3 265 0.4 9 0.3 30 10.9 0.3 24.1 0.1 17.2 0.1 15.5
100 - 499 lbs 9,591 14.6 1,654 2.3 82 2.9 48 8.4 1.1 10.1 0.3 13 0.6 13.4
500 - 749 lbs 2,692 4.1 1,039 1.4 39 1.4 39 12 0.5 17.3 0.2 17.6 0.3 6.6
750 - 999 lbs 2,338 3.6 1,018 1.4 40 1.4 39 13.4 0.4 7.3 0.2 12 0.3 10.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 21,025 31.9 11,441 15.7 581 20.5 41 7.8 3.1 8.2 2.1 9.4 2.8 7.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,038 27.4 32,021 44 1,318 46.5 42 13 2.3 16.5 2.1 15.3 2.4 16.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,281 8 22,820 31.4 717 25.3 32 30.9 1.9 15.6 1.7 18.3 2.4 15.2
More than 100,000 lbs 419 0.6 2,085 2.9 S S 23 35.8 0.2 47.1 1.4 S S 16.8

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 484 100 709 100 606 100 982 25.3 - 33.1 - 28.1 - 16.6
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 106 21.8 41 5.9 78 12.9 1,787 18.7 9.9 21 4 35.4 8.5 14.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 359 74.3 666 94 527 86.9 834 24.9 9.1 32.4 3.6 26.5 7.6 16.4

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 7,959 100 71 100 67 100 1,178 18.6 - 23.1 - 25.4 - 6
Less than 50 lbs 3,908 49.1 9 13 11 16.2 1,190 31.4 7.7 30.2 3.9 24.3 5.9 6.7
50 - 99 lbs 954 12 5 6.9 5 7.9 1,062 25.8 3.6 24.1 1.7 23.7 2.5 9.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,715 21.5 16 22.3 20 29.9 1,247 24 5.1 37.2 6 47.5 5.4 11.4
500 - 749 lbs 183 2.3 S S S S 1,083 28 0.8 S S S S 16.5
750 - 999 lbs 153 1.9 3 3.7 3 4.5 1,131 41.8 1.1 36.8 2.6 44.3 2.8 21.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 955 12 29 40.7 21 31.2 706 19.7 6.8 48.6 8 43.3 6.8 37.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 90 1.1 5 6.9 S S S 39.5 0.5 28.1 4.7 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 48,332 100 1,196 100 1,094 100 897 10.9 - 12.1 - 14 - 7.2
Less than 50 lbs 32,017 66.2 436 36.5 380 34.7 910 11.8 2.8 15.3 3.4 20 3.9 7.5
50 - 99 lbs 5,932 12.3 164 13.7 131 12 789 19.2 1.4 20 1.4 19.1 1 7.1
100 - 499 lbs 8,246 17.1 299 25 203 18.5 666 9.7 1.4 11.5 2.2 16.7 2.5 9.3
500 - 749 lbs 1,041 2.2 56 4.7 32 2.9 577 39.4 0.8 33.5 1.8 35.2 1 21.6
750 - 999 lbs 192 0.4 S S S S S 43.2 0.2 S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 17 1.4 5 0.5 S S S 41 0.5 33.3 0.3 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 635 1.3 162 13.5 300 27.4 1,841 31.7 0.3 23.3 1.5 20.9 3.9 12.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 63 0.1 46 3.8 37 3.3 819 39 0.1 31.2 2.1 42.4 3.1 18.9

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 46,585 100 952 100 732 100 896 10 - 10.9 - 14 - 7.3
Less than 50 lbs 31,960 68.6 436 45.7 379 51.8 909 11.8 2.7 15.4 4.1 20 4.6 7.5
50 - 99 lbs 5,909 12.7 163 17.1 131 17.9 789 19.2 1.5 20 1.8 19.1 1.6 7
100 - 499 lbs 7,769 16.7 289 30.3 193 26.3 655 8.2 1.5 10.8 2.4 14.6 3.2 9.6
500 - 749 lbs 811 1.7 52 5.5 26 3.6 518 38.7 0.7 36 2.2 30.6 1.1 24.3
750 - 999 lbs S S S S 3 0.4 S S S S S 48.8 0.3 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,385 100 181 100 295 100 1,055 48.9 - 22.2 - 24.2 - 29.4
Less than 50 lbs 57 4.1 - 0.3 - 0.2 1,169 31.7 7.3 28.9 0.2 37.3 0.2 24.6
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,098 S S S S S S 3
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 935 S S S S S S 28.1
500 - 749 lbs 231 16.7 4 2.2 6 1.9 S 17.3 6.7 44.1 5.7 12.1 5.1 S
750 - 999 lbs 53 3.8 4 2.3 S S S 38 1.3 30.1 5.5 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 4 1.2 S S S S S 38.5 4.8 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 353 25.5 108 59.9 238 80.8 2,111 42 15 24.9 7.9 26.5 5.9 13.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 39 2.8 43 23.6 34 11.6 816 43.2 12.6 30.4 10.8 39.4 9.2 17.5

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 362 100 63 100 67 100 S 28.5 - 29.5 - 42.9 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 4 1.2 S S - 0.4 S 48 6.4 S S 31.8 14.4 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 45 12.4 6 9.3 2 2.5 S 36.2 11.9 43.3 11.5 40.9 11.8 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 283 78 53 84.8 62 91.5 S 27.8 7.8 29.9 4.2 45.9 9.2 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S 3 4.7 S S S S S 43.4 8.1 S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,139 100 2,678 100 202 100 142 26.1 - 28.3 - 27.4 - 40.7
Less than 50 lbs 741 12.1 27 1 1 0.7 155 30.7 4.9 34.5 0.5 37.9 0.5 40
50 - 99 lbs 186 3 13 0.5 S S S 46.7 1.6 35.3 0.3 S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S 2 1.1 S S S S S 35.1 1.6 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs 11 0.2 S S - 0.1 S 32.3 0.2 S S 35.4 - S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,984 48.6 S S 93 46.1 S 39.5 7.6 S S 38.6 6.6 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 546 8.9 576 21.5 81 40.1 S 49.4 2.6 46 5.3 32 9.1 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 431 7 1,069 39.9 13 6.5 40 39.4 4.8 17.2 8.3 46.3 2.9 25.6

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since North Carolina by "Pipeline" has no data for any weight grouping, the entire mode of "Pipeline" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the weight groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, North Carolina by "Air" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the weight groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.