Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 409,172 100 282,752 100 66,965 100 5.5 - 6 - 7.2 -
Less than 50 miles 133,229 32.6 139,917 49.5 3,514 5.2 6.8 2.1 9.4 2.6 10.6 0.7
50 - 99 miles 36,377 8.9 29,475 10.4 2,757 4.1 5.6 0.7 8.4 1 8.8 0.5
100 - 249 miles 74,716 18.3 49,016 17.3 11,125 16.6 8.3 0.7 12.2 1.6 11 1.6
250 - 499 miles 52,656 12.9 35,263 12.5 16,631 24.8 7.7 0.6 13.3 1.7 13.3 1.9
500 - 749 miles 45,953 11.2 16,894 6 13,111 19.6 9 0.8 9.5 0.7 9.8 1.9
750 - 999 miles 20,124 4.9 4,403 1.6 4,858 7.3 21.2 0.9 16.1 0.3 16.2 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 21,887 5.3 3,904 1.4 5,806 8.7 14.6 0.6 10.9 0.1 10.3 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 21,825 5.3 3,510 1.2 8,178 12.2 15.2 0.6 10.9 0.1 11.6 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 2,407 0.6 369 0.1 985 1.5 17.7 0.1 28.8 - 27.8 0.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 343,129 100 258,066 100 54,480 100 5.9 - 6 - 6.3 -
Less than 50 miles 123,220 35.9 136,067 52.7 3,401 6.2 6.9 2.1 9.4 2.5 10.2 0.8
50 - 99 miles 31,454 9.2 28,705 11.1 2,668 4.9 5.8 0.5 8.3 1 8.5 0.6
100 - 249 miles 65,374 19.1 41,614 16.1 9,401 17.3 9.1 0.8 11.2 1.6 9.8 1.5
250 - 499 miles 43,256 12.6 26,904 10.4 12,393 22.7 9.5 0.8 12.7 1.3 12 1.6
500 - 749 miles 35,074 10.2 15,217 5.9 11,704 21.5 10.3 0.9 9.8 0.7 9.8 2
750 - 999 miles 14,297 4.2 3,703 1.4 4,059 7.4 21.9 0.8 16.3 0.3 16.3 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15,231 4.4 3,148 1.2 4,647 8.5 15.8 0.5 10.8 0.1 10.2 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 13,766 4 2,461 1 5,604 10.3 18 0.6 11.7 0.1 12.5 1
More than 2,000 miles 1,457 0.4 247 0.1 603 1.1 26.6 0.1 34 - 32.1 0.3

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 303,534 100 204,416 100 38,094 100 5.4 - 6.6 - 5.6 -
Less than 50 miles 116,665 38.4 121,752 59.6 2,902 7.6 6.6 1.9 9.7 2.3 10.6 0.8
50 - 99 miles 30,214 10 20,814 10.2 1,984 5.2 5.7 0.7 5.1 0.6 5.5 0.4
100 - 249 miles 62,480 20.6 29,402 14.4 6,630 17.4 8.6 1 6.6 1.3 6.8 1.1
250 - 499 miles 35,254 11.6 13,254 6.5 6,342 16.6 10.9 0.8 8.5 0.6 8.9 1
500 - 749 miles 28,629 9.4 12,179 6 9,231 24.2 9.1 0.9 10.8 0.5 10.7 2.1
750 - 999 miles 8,019 2.6 2,285 1.1 2,484 6.5 11.2 0.2 12 0.1 11.7 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,657 3.8 2,616 1.3 3,829 10.1 10.6 0.3 11.2 0.1 10.5 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,969 3.3 1,959 1 4,343 11.4 12.9 0.3 8.5 0.1 8.7 0.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 171,531 100 94,217 100 30,129 100 7.4 - 5.8 - 5.2 -
Less than 50 miles 43,360 25.3 39,036 41.4 933 3.1 14.5 2.1 9.6 2.3 8.6 0.3
50 - 99 miles 11,810 6.9 8,455 9 844 2.8 8.1 0.6 10.7 1.1 10.4 0.4
100 - 249 miles 37,048 21.6 18,838 20 4,430 14.7 8.3 1.1 7.9 1.3 7.9 1.1
250 - 499 miles 24,207 14.1 10,481 11.1 4,996 16.6 6.9 0.5 8 0.8 8.2 0.9
500 - 749 miles 24,953 14.5 10,415 11.1 7,950 26.4 10.9 1.2 11.1 1.3 10.9 2.6
750 - 999 miles 7,910 4.6 2,265 2.4 2,462 8.2 10.9 0.4 12 0.3 11.7 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,636 6.8 2,615 2.8 3,827 12.7 10.6 0.5 11.2 0.2 10.6 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,960 5.8 1,957 2.1 4,337 14.4 12.9 0.4 8.5 0.2 8.7 1.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 132,004 100 110,200 100 7,965 100 7.2 - 9.1 - 9.3 -
Less than 50 miles 73,306 55.5 82,716 75.1 1,969 24.7 9 3 11.5 2.8 14.6 3
50 - 99 miles 18,404 13.9 12,359 11.2 1,141 14.3 6.3 1.2 10 1 11.9 1
100 - 249 miles 25,432 19.3 10,563 9.6 2,200 27.6 11.4 1.7 9.8 1.5 10.3 2.5
250 - 499 miles 11,046 8.4 2,773 2.5 1,346 16.9 29 1.8 15.4 0.4 16.2 2.2
500 - 749 miles 3,676 2.8 1,764 1.6 1,280 16.1 24.2 0.6 42.7 0.7 44 4.5
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 32,814 100 30,389 100 10,396 100 21.6 - 13.2 - 14 -
Less than 50 miles 3,888 11.8 8,809 29 186 1.8 27.7 3 41.3 7.8 46.5 1
50 - 99 miles 943 2.9 6,471 21.3 458 4.4 33.4 2 39.9 7.3 35.5 2.5
100 - 249 miles 1,688 5.1 5,862 19.3 1,406 13.5 30.3 1.6 26.6 5.4 25.2 3.4
250 - 499 miles 7,525 22.9 3,694 12.2 2,006 19.3 29.1 5.1 11.9 3 13.7 1.9
500 - 749 miles 5,297 16.1 3,023 9.9 2,462 23.7 32.8 3 28.7 3.3 28.8 4.1
750 - 999 miles 6,031 18.4 1,417 4.7 1,573 15.1 43.8 4.8 33.5 3 33.7 4.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 525 1.7 809 7.8 S S 37.9 0.6 36.6 3.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 498 1.6 1,255 12.1 S S 38.6 0.9 38.7 3.5
More than 2,000 miles 761 2.3 89 0.3 242 2.3 29 2.2 28 0.2 28.3 1.6

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 300 100 16,823 100 5,725 100 25.4 - 22.2 - 23.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 972 5.8 S S S S 5.1 14.2 S S
100 - 249 miles S S 4,762 28.3 1,200 21 S S 26.4 11.3 25.5 11.9
250 - 499 miles 172 57.4 9,954 59.2 4,044 70.6 29 10.7 24.7 10 25.4 8.5
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 241 100 16,215 100 5,502 100 28.9 - 21.8 - 23.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 972 6 S S S S 5.1 14 S S
100 - 249 miles S S 4,762 29.4 1,200 21.8 S S 26.4 11.2 25.5 11.7
250 - 499 miles 113 46.9 9,346 57.6 3,821 69.5 21.9 11.7 25.5 10.1 26 8.7
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 2,977 100 41 100 45 100 24.2 - 20.8 - 21.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 467 15.7 7 17.5 3 7.4 16.1 4.3 24.8 6.6 21.8 3.7
250 - 499 miles 305 10.3 2 4.5 1 2.4 38.1 2.7 37.2 2.7 34.9 1.4
500 - 749 miles 1,148 38.6 S S S S 31.8 7.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 246 8.3 1 3.2 2 4.2 34.5 1.5 38.2 2 42.9 2.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 215 7.2 6 15 8 18.6 25.3 1.4 25.9 4.5 28.1 6.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 474 15.9 3 8.1 7 15 44.4 3.2 22.6 3.7 22.1 5.5
More than 2,000 miles 49 1.7 S S S S 41.2 1.6 S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 61,199 100 20,403 100 11,094 100 6.5 - 17.6 - 17.1 -
Less than 50 miles 7,717 12.6 S S 75 0.7 21.6 2.7 S S 46.6 0.3
50 - 99 miles 4,614 7.5 505 2.5 66 0.6 22 2.1 28.5 0.6 28.2 0.2
100 - 249 miles 8,632 14.1 7,039 34.5 1,651 14.9 10.4 1.2 26.4 7.4 25.3 4.2
250 - 499 miles 9,041 14.8 7,955 39 4,026 36.3 8.1 0.9 34.7 8.4 37.6 6.8
500 - 749 miles 10,032 16.4 1,025 5 917 8.3 10.5 1.3 15.5 1.6 19.7 2.3
750 - 999 miles 5,778 9.4 561 2.7 659 5.9 21.2 1.5 25.1 2.3 24.9 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,535 10.7 728 3.6 1,116 10.1 22 1.8 22.4 0.8 21 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7,900 12.9 892 4.4 2,217 20 20.2 2.2 22.9 2 24 3.5
More than 2,000 miles 949 1.5 S S S S 24.9 0.4 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 38,414 100 858 100 617 100 7.5 - 7.6 - 10 -
Less than 50 miles 7,072 18.4 93 10.9 3 0.5 25.3 3.4 11.6 1.5 14.9 0.1
50 - 99 miles 4,273 11.1 67 7.8 7 1.1 21.7 2.4 12.1 0.9 13 0.2
100 - 249 miles 7,124 18.5 171 20 42 6.7 9.5 1.5 11.6 1.4 11.8 0.6
250 - 499 miles 6,070 15.8 148 17.2 76 12.3 9.3 1.3 7.6 1.2 7.6 1
500 - 749 miles 6,473 16.9 161 18.8 124 20 9 1.6 10.1 1.1 9.6 1.7
750 - 999 miles 1,648 4.3 53 6.1 58 9.4 10.2 0.5 12.5 0.6 13.1 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,535 6.6 74 8.7 106 17.2 10 0.7 19.9 1.1 21.3 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,903 7.6 82 9.5 183 29.6 11.4 1 11.1 0.7 11.3 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 316 0.8 8 1 20 3.3 22.1 0.2 26.2 0.2 25.3 0.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 22,236 100 7,243 100 5,597 100 18.6 - 20.4 - 14.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 70 1.3 S S S S 47.7 0.7
50 - 99 miles 314 1.4 430 5.9 57 1 43.5 1.4 31.7 1.2 30.6 0.3
100 - 249 miles 1,376 6.2 979 13.5 242 4.3 44 2 39.6 3.1 40.1 1.6
250 - 499 miles 2,844 12.8 1,454 20.1 688 12.3 14.2 3.7 28.6 5.7 23.9 3.7
500 - 749 miles 3,459 15.6 853 11.8 765 13.7 17.3 3 19.7 4.6 24.7 4.2
750 - 999 miles 4,115 18.5 503 7 587 10.5 28 3 27.9 2.5 28 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,981 17.9 640 8.8 959 17.1 32 3.2 25 2.8 23.6 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,929 22.2 796 11 1,938 34.6 32 4.4 25.3 2.7 25.3 4
More than 2,000 miles 573 2.6 S S S S 42.9 1.2 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 213 100 5,568 100 S S 31.9 - 49.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S 2 0.1 S S S S 49.7 1.1
100 - 249 miles 31 14.7 1,586 28.5 428 15.5 30.4 14.4 39.6 16.3 37.7 17.4
250 - 499 miles 46 21.7 S S S S 41.3 16.4 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 7 3.3 2 - 14 0.5 43.9 17.8 44.3 18.3 43.5 18.6

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 89 100 16 100 102 100 40.5 - 24.7 - 33.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 247 100 6,718 100 2,011 100 24.9 - 17.5 - 13.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 101 41.1 4,303 64.1 940 46.8 26.6 16.4 27 11.2 26.5 13.3
250 - 499 miles S S 2,400 35.7 1,027 51.1 S S 20.4 16.1 24.7 12.9
500 - 749 miles S S 5 0.1 15 0.8 S S 16.3 0.3 20.5 1.6
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 10 0.2 28 1.4 S S 36.8 0.6 38.4 5.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,845 100 4,282 100 1,392 100 10.1 - 35.1 - 42.1 -
Less than 50 miles 2,291 47.3 2,267 52.9 38 2.7 16.8 8 38.5 8.9 37.5 2.6
50 - 99 miles S S 266 6.2 23 1.7 S S 47.3 2.1 41.4 0.5
100 - 249 miles 709 14.6 363 8.5 72 5.2 34.6 4.6 37.5 5.5 34.6 5.4
250 - 499 miles 359 7.4 405 9.5 S S 25.6 1.8 48.3 2.6 S S
500 - 749 miles 847 17.5 S S S S 47.2 6.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 49 1 S S S S 37.1 0.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 121 2.5 28 0.7 44 3.2 47.6 1.6 35.9 0.5 38.4 4.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 158 3.3 S S S S 31.4 1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.