Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 237,290 100 285,018 100 114,425 100 4.1 - 4.3 - 13.2 -
Less than 50 miles 71,507 30.1 132,982 46.7 4,026 3.5 10.9 2.4 8.2 2.5 10 0.9
50 - 99 miles 16,336 6.9 37,998 13.3 3,506 3.1 12.3 0.7 28.8 4 29.8 1.8
100 - 249 miles 25,013 10.5 22,662 8 5,303 4.6 9.3 0.7 10.6 0.8 14 0.8
250 - 499 miles 33,911 14.3 25,154 8.8 14,676 12.8 7.3 1.1 16.3 1.3 24.7 1.9
500 - 749 miles 19,676 8.3 22,687 8 18,883 16.5 5.7 0.5 25.2 2.6 25.5 4.3
750 - 999 miles 26,741 11.3 11,543 4.1 16,288 14.2 9.2 0.9 15.2 0.5 23.9 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 35,049 14.8 30,712 10.8 48,871 42.7 4.1 0.8 21.8 1.9 21.3 4.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,487 3.6 1,244 0.4 2,643 2.3 7.4 0.3 16.3 0.1 15.6 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 570 0.2 36 - S S 24 0.1 36.3 - S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 174,729 100 248,002 100 81,536 100 6.7 - 6.8 - 12.9 -
Less than 50 miles 62,343 35.7 126,135 50.9 3,589 4.4 12.7 2.7 8.9 2.6 13.3 1
50 - 99 miles 13,218 7.6 37,378 15.1 3,446 4.2 16.1 1 29.3 4.1 30.3 2
100 - 249 miles 21,051 12 21,702 8.8 5,006 6.1 10.4 0.7 10.7 0.9 13.9 0.8
250 - 499 miles 25,257 14.5 16,473 6.6 7,346 9 7 1.3 9.4 0.8 9.4 1.1
500 - 749 miles 11,869 6.8 11,507 4.6 9,503 11.7 8.3 0.6 24.7 1 26 2.2
750 - 999 miles 17,153 9.8 6,709 2.7 7,729 9.5 14.3 1.1 16 0.3 16.9 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 19,660 11.3 27,091 10.9 42,821 52.5 5.1 0.7 22.4 2.1 21.8 5.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,061 2.3 1,001 0.4 2,080 2.6 14.4 0.3 22.1 0.1 21.6 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 116 0.1 S S S S 31.1 - S S S S

Truck3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 151,458 100 165,312 100 31,270 100 7.1 - 9.5 - 11.5 -
Less than 50 miles 54,033 35.7 100,877 61 2,385 7.6 11.6 2 11 2.1 11.4 0.9
50 - 99 miles 12,428 8.2 20,453 12.4 1,813 5.8 15.8 0.9 21.4 1.7 18.8 1
100 - 249 miles 19,950 13.2 17,008 10.3 3,636 11.6 9.6 0.5 6 0.9 5.5 1
250 - 499 miles 21,858 14.4 11,004 6.7 4,809 15.4 5.1 1.1 5.4 0.8 6.2 1.4
500 - 749 miles 9,922 6.6 5,794 3.5 4,672 14.9 10.4 0.7 35.8 0.9 37.5 2.6
750 - 999 miles 15,792 10.4 4,903 3 5,593 17.9 16.2 1.3 20.3 0.5 20.9 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14,313 9.4 4,521 2.7 6,871 22 4.4 0.6 14.5 0.4 13.5 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,121 2.1 751 0.5 1,488 4.8 16.1 0.4 29.4 0.1 29.3 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 40 - 2 - 1 - 39.6 - 23.8 - 20.3 -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 101,195 100 91,385 100 25,667 100 7.9 - 10.4 - 8.7 -
Less than 50 miles 20,245 20 43,329 47.4 1,099 4.3 18.7 2.3 16.5 3.9 15.5 0.8
50 - 99 miles 6,540 6.5 14,084 15.4 1,229 4.8 20.2 1.1 25.7 3.2 23.5 1
100 - 249 miles 12,829 12.7 10,838 11.9 2,355 9.2 13.2 0.9 8.5 1 9.3 0.8
250 - 499 miles 18,648 18.4 9,040 9.9 4,038 15.7 5.2 1.5 6.2 1.5 6.6 1.4
500 - 749 miles 9,837 9.7 3,992 4.4 3,120 12.2 9.9 1 10 0.5 9.7 0.7
750 - 999 miles 15,745 15.6 4,899 5.4 5,589 21.8 16.3 1.7 20.4 0.9 20.9 3.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14,259 14.1 4,509 4.9 6,856 26.7 4.4 1 14.5 0.7 13.6 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,053 3 692 0.8 1,381 5.4 15.2 0.5 24.6 0.2 24.9 1
More than 2,000 miles 40 - 2 - 1 - 39.6 - 23.8 - 20.3 -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 50,263 100 73,928 100 5,602 100 7.4 - 13.1 - 33.8 -
Less than 50 miles 33,789 67.2 57,548 77.8 1,286 23 8.8 1.8 13.7 2.1 15.6 4
50 - 99 miles 5,888 11.7 6,369 8.6 584 10.4 12.7 0.9 16.2 0.9 15 2.3
100 - 249 miles 7,121 14.2 6,170 8.3 1,281 22.9 9.5 1.1 14.8 1.2 15 4.4
250 - 499 miles 3,210 6.4 1,964 2.7 772 13.8 11.3 0.8 15.3 0.3 16.1 2.4
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 4 - 4 0.1 S S 35.4 - 34.4 0.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 54 0.1 S S S S 35.2 0.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 9,151 100 60,364 100 37,065 100 10.5 - 15.4 - 22.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,185 12.9 11,190 18.5 916 2.5 46.5 3.8 31.6 5.3 26.5 1.6
50 - 99 miles 788 8.6 S S S S 45.3 7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,035 11.3 4,599 7.6 1,340 3.6 37.8 3.6 38.2 2.9 44.5 1.8
250 - 499 miles 1,279 14 5,150 8.5 2,280 6.2 25.5 3 27 2.3 23.7 1.8
500 - 749 miles 985 10.8 5,137 8.5 4,411 11.9 9.5 1.4 21.6 3.2 23.4 3.1
750 - 999 miles 595 6.5 1,639 2.7 1,937 5.2 23.8 1.3 25.7 0.6 25.8 2.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,088 33.7 15,476 25.6 23,961 64.6 24.2 7.5 36.5 8.5 35.6 7.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 193 2.1 246 0.4 586 1.6 47.7 1.1 43.3 0.2 42.5 1.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,555 100 8,610 100 13,055 100 42.8 - 34.4 - 34.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 988 63.5 7,084 82.3 11,976 91.7 27.1 12.7 30.1 7.5 30.4 3.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,029 100 7,246 100 12,169 100 31.6 - 33.4 - 33.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 988 96 7,084 97.8 11,976 98.4 27.1 1.6 30.1 1 30.4 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,607 100 48 100 56 100 26.1 - 17.5 - 20.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S - 0.2 - 0.1 S S 43.8 0.3 37.5 0.1
250 - 499 miles S S 21 44.5 15 26.9 S S 31.3 7.5 39.7 6.1
500 - 749 miles 696 12.4 4 8 3 5.4 15.1 2.6 21.2 2 24.2 0.9
750 - 999 miles 725 12.9 5 10.4 5 9.7 36.4 4 30.2 3 33.6 3.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,271 22.7 10 21.1 13 24.1 24.8 3 17.1 3.2 18.7 3.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 748 13.3 4 7.4 6 10.2 46.4 4.5 34.8 2 34.9 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 75 1.3 S S S S 28.6 1.1 S S S S

Pipeline4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 6,960 100 13,668 100 S S 16.6 - 18.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles 6,911 99.3 13,584 99.4 S S 16.1 0.6 18 0.5 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 57,661 100 33,796 100 32,324 100 9.8 - 25.8 - 27 -
Less than 50 miles 6,777 11.8 4,950 14.6 399 1.2 16.4 1.4 38.2 5 40.9 0.7
50 - 99 miles 2,744 4.8 161 0.5 S S 19.6 0.8 44.8 0.4 S S
100 - 249 miles 3,701 6.4 S S S S 16.8 1.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 8,022 13.9 8,415 24.9 S S 13.5 0.9 47.7 5.3 S S
500 - 749 miles 7,719 13.4 11,167 33 9,369 29 9.9 0.9 43.6 7 43.4 7.3
750 - 999 miles 9,376 16.3 4,752 14.1 8,461 26.2 12.2 1.3 33.8 5 45.2 6.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14,482 25.1 3,530 10.4 5,900 18.3 11.1 1 34.7 5.7 33.1 8.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,406 7.6 240 0.7 557 1.7 18 0.7 29.1 0.4 29.5 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 434 0.8 29 0.1 S S 32.7 0.2 47.1 0.2 S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 49,990 100 852 100 715 100 10.2 - 10.2 - 12.7 -
Less than 50 miles 6,199 12.4 113 13.2 3 0.4 15.8 1.6 13.5 1.6 9.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 2,700 5.4 46 5.4 4 0.6 20 1 12.8 0.9 13 0.1
100 - 249 miles 3,584 7.2 92 10.8 20 2.9 18 1.4 13.8 1.1 13.6 0.4
250 - 499 miles 6,592 13.2 116 13.7 57 8 16.5 1 12 1.2 11.9 0.8
500 - 749 miles 6,433 12.9 112 13.1 91 12.7 11.5 0.9 13.3 0.7 12.8 0.8
750 - 999 miles 8,310 16.6 139 16.3 156 21.8 14.4 1.6 10.6 1.7 10.5 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,839 23.7 185 21.7 279 39 10.7 1 19.2 1.7 19.5 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,983 8 45 5.3 89 12.4 19.5 0.7 12 0.9 12.2 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 350 0.7 4 0.5 S S 38.1 0.2 45.1 0.2 S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 5,801 100 12,760 100 10,193 100 32.8 - 21.3 - 21.7 -
Less than 50 miles 540 9.3 4,755 37.3 393 3.9 39.9 8.9 37.3 11.6 38.7 3.4
50 - 99 miles 44 0.8 S S S S 35.4 0.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 857 6.7 406 4 S S 29.6 2.9 28 1.6
500 - 749 miles S S 1,272 10 1,131 11.1 S S 29.8 5.4 29.3 5.3
750 - 999 miles 864 14.9 2,097 16.4 2,529 24.8 38.9 2.1 34.6 5.5 34.2 6.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,220 38.3 3,118 24.4 5,135 50.4 25.8 8.1 37.4 9.4 35.8 9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 396 6.8 185 1.4 433 4.2 48.8 2 34.2 0.8 34.1 2.4
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 1,700 100 17,583 100 19,218 100 32.8 - 39.8 - 43.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 475 27.9 7,442 42.3 6,743 35.1 40.2 5.4 48.2 13.8 48 12.8
500 - 749 miles 438 25.8 7,185 40.9 S S 34.2 17 20.2 20 S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 403 23.7 S S S S 49.7 9.4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent 2007
(thousands)
Percent 2007
(millions)
Percent CV2 Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
CV Standard
Error of %
Total 4,900 100 3,220 100 564 100 23.7 - 31.2 - 32.4 -
Less than 50 miles 2,387 48.7 1,897 58.9 39 6.9 20.3 7.6 30.4 9.5 37.9 7.3
50 - 99 miles 374 7.6 459 14.3 44 7.8 37.9 1.3 48.6 5.5 48.2 2.3
100 - 249 miles 261 5.3 S S S S 42.6 1.9 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 266 8.3 124 22 S S 47.7 3 45.6 4.9
500 - 749 miles 88 1.8 13 0.4 11 2 36 0.6 28.7 0.4 30.6 2.2
750 - 999 miles 212 4.3 S S S S 46.8 2.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 91 2.8 150 26.5 S S 30.7 1.2 31.8 4.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 20 0.4 S S S S 32.4 0.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S - - 1 0.2 S S 20.5 - 16.3 0.4

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular state by mode have no data. For example, since Wyoming by "Water" has no data for any mileage grouping, the entire mode of "Water" for that state was removed from this table. However, if a state by mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groupings, then the entire state by mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, West Virginia by "Water" has a few rows absent of data but since the other rows within that mode do have data, that state by mode will be shown in its entirety for all the mileage groupings. Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.